THE FUTURE IN ENGLISH 1) Use - Wikispaces . THE FUTURE IN...1 THE FUTURE IN ENGLISH 1) Use will-future going to-future Present Simple Present Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect prediction, assumption;

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  • 1

    THE FUTURE IN ENGLISH

    1) Use

    will-future going to-future Present Simple Present

    Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect

    prediction,

    assumption;

    spontaneous action;

    action happens

    without the speaker's

    intention

    planned action in the

    future;

    logical consequence

    (sth. is going to

    happen)

    future action is fixed

    (e.g. timetable,

    calendar)

    planned action in

    the near future with

    a reference to a

    future time.

    action will definitely happen

    (it usually happens)

    sth. will already have

    happened before a certain

    time in the future

    There is often very little difference between the future tenses. It often depends where you live (in Britain or the USA) and when you use the

    sentence (in spoken or written communication). In newspapers we often use the will-future, when the going to-future is used in oral communication.

    A written report: The headmaster will close the old gym.

    Oral: The headmaster is going to close the old gym.

    We can substitute the going to-future with the Present Progressive when using an expression of time.

    She is going to meet Frank at the airport at 8.30. She is meeting Frank at the airport at 8.30.

    2) Signal words

    There are no signal words that easily identify the future tenses. That's why you must understand and apply the different uses of each tense to each different circumstance.

  • 2

    3) Form

    will-future going to-future Present Simple Present Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect

    will + infinitive

    to be

    (am, are, is)

    +going

    to +infinitive

    infinitive

    3rd person singular

    (he, she,

    it)infinitive + -s

    to be

    (am, are, is)

    +infinitive + -ing

    will + be +infinitive + -ing will + have + past participle

    4) Examples

    will-future going to-future Present Simple Present Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect

    4-1 Affirmative sentences

    He will carry this

    bag for you.

    We are going to

    fly to Leeds in

    summer.

    The train leaves at

    6.45.

    I am going to a party

    tonight.

    They will be playing football

    on Sunday afternoon.

    She will have written the

    letter by tomorrow.

    will-future going to-future Present Simple Present

    Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect

    4-2 Negative sentences

    He will not carry

    this bag for you.

    We are not going

    to fly to Leeds in

    summer.

    The train does

    notleave at 6.45.

    I am not going to a

    party tonight.

    They will not be

    playing football on Sunday

    afternoon.

    She will not have

    written the letter by

    tomorrow.

    will-future going to-future Present Simple Present

    Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect

    4-3 Questions

    Will he carry this

    bag for you?

    Are we going

    tofly to Leeds in

    summer?

    Does the train

    leave at 6.45?

    Am I going to a

    party tonight?

    Will they be playing football

    on Sunday afternoon.

    Will she have written the

    letter by tomorrow.

  • 3

    THE FUTURE SIMPLE

    Use

    1) Future actions happen without the speaker's intention

    The sun will shine tomorrow.

    2)Subjective Predictions, assumptions: personal predictions which

    are not based on external factors.

    I think Sue will arrive in Paris at 6 pm.

    3) Spontaneous actions

    Hang on! I'll have a word with you.

    4) Expressing possibility, probability, uncertainty, promises

    Man will probably settle on other planets

    Im not sure where I will have lunch.

    We promise that we will help to clean the house.

    Signal words no clear unambiguous words which differentiate the use of the future

    simple

    Form

    will + infinitive

    Examples

    Affirmative sentences:

    He will play football.

    He'll play football.

    Negative sentences:

    He will not play football.

    He won't play football. or He'll not play football.

    Questions:

    Will he play football? Yes, he will/No, he wont

  • 4

    GOING TO

    Use

    1) planned actions in the future

    We are going to sing at the party.

    2) You are certain that sth. is going to happen in the

    future. (OBJECTIVE PREDICTIONS)

    Look at that car! It is going to crash into the yellow one.

    Signal words

    no unambiguous ones

    Form

    to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive

    Examples

    Affirmative sentences:

    I am going to play handball.

    I'm going to play handball.

    You are going to play handball.

    You're going to play handball.

    Negative sentences:

    I am not going to play handball.

    I'm not going to play handball.

    You are not going to play handball.

    You're not going to play handball.

    You aren't going to play handball.

    Questions:

    Am I going to play handball? Are you going to play handball?

    ATTENTION!!

    Do not mix up with the Present Continuous!

    going to-future Present Continuous

    He's going to run in the marathon. He's running in the marathon next Sunday.

  • 5

    EXERCISES

    Use the verbs in brackets in the correct future tenses will-future, going to-future, Present Simple Present or Present Continuous. There may be more

    than one correct answer.

    1. The train .......................................................................at 11:45. (to leave)

    2. We ...........................................................................dinner at a nice restaurant on Saturday. (to have)

    3. It ............................................................................... in the mountains tomorrow evening. (to snow)

    4. On Sunday at 8 o'clock I .........................................................................................my friend. (to meet)

    5. They .......................................................................... to London on Friday evening. (to fly)

    6. Wait! I ...................................................... you to the station. (to drive)

    7. The English lesson .........................................................at 8:45. (to start)

    8. I .............................................................my sister in April. (to see)

    9. Look at the clouds - it ...................................................... in a few minutes. (to rain)

    10. Listen! There's someone at the door. I ............................................................. the door for you. (to open)

  • 6

    Complete the sentences for situations in the future. Decide which tense you need to use. There may be more than one answer in some cases.

    1. Aaron is carrying two tyres he (change) ............................................. the tyres on a car.

    2. Next week (be) ............................the beginning of winter and the weather forecast says that there(be) .............................. snow

    tomorrow.

    3. Thats why many of the garages customers have made an appointment and (call in) ......................................... today to get

    their winter tyres.

    4. By the end of the day, Aaron (repair) ....................................................... about 80 tyres. (Future Perfect)

    5. He (be/probably) .................................................... tired after that.

    6. Its a lot of work for one day, but his customers promise that next year they (have) .......................................... their tyres changed earlier.

    7. Thats what they always say, but they(forget/surely) ..................................................................... about it by next year.

    8. Some customers have agreed that they(pick up) ......................................................... their cars tomorrow.

    9. They have decided to go home by bus, which(stop) ...................................................... in front of the garage every hour.

    Put the verbs into the correct form (will, going to, present simple or present continuous).

    1. I love London. I (probably / go) ................................................... there next year.

    2. Our train (leave) .. at 4:47.

    3. What (wear / you) ........................................................... at the party tonight?

    4. I haven't made up my mind yet. But I think I (search) ............................................ for a nice restaurant to celebrate my birthday.

    5. This is my last day here. I (go) .......................................................... back to England tomorrow.

    6. Hurry up! The conference (begin) ..................................................... in 20 minutes.

    7. My horoscope says that I (meet) ...................................................... an old friend this week.

    8. Look at these big black clouds! It (rain) .

    9. Here is the weather forecast. Tomorrow (be) ................................................... dry and sunny.

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