the existence of caustics and cusps in a rigorous ray tracing representation
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996 A. Physical Oceanography OLR (1986) 33 (12)
Two hypothetical basal melting scenarios are com- pared: (1) zero melting everywhere and (2) melting sufficient to balance any large-scale patterns of ice-shelf thickening that would otherwise occur. As a result of the temperature-dependent flow law, sim- ulated ice-shelf velocities for the second scenario are reduced by up to 20% below those of the first. Results support the hypothesis that melting patterns presently maintain ice thickness in steady state and conform to patterns of oceanic circulation presently thought to ventilate the sub-ice cavity. Differences between the simulated and observed velocities are too large in the extreme southeastern quarter of the ice shelf to permit verification of either basal melting scenario. Dept. of the Geophys. Sci., Univ. of Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
86:6798 StOssel, Achim, 1985. Thermodynamic calculations of
ice production in the northern Baltic proper. Dr. hydrogr. Z., 38(6):261-284. Eichenstrasse 46, 2000 Hamburg 20, FRG.
86:6799 Sturman, A.P. and M.R. Anderson, 1986. On the
sea-ice regime of the Ross Sea, Antarctica. J. Glaciol., 32(110):54-59.
A study of the sea-ice regime using ESMR passive microwave data and supporting information, shows air flow has a dominant influence on sea-ice distribution and movement, with oceanic circulation playing a more minor role. Broad areas of ice convergence and divergence were identified by assimilating the rather limited oceanic and atmos- pheric information with observed sea-ice variations. In spite of some basic physical similarities of the Weddell and Ross seas, it is apparent that the major differences in their sea-ice regimes are due to the differing roles of oceanic and atmospheric circu- lation in each area. Dept. of Geogr., Univ. of Birmingham, BI5 2TT, UK.
86:6800 Thorndike, A.S., 1986. Diffusion of sea ice. J.
geophys. Res., 91(C6):7691-7696.
The field of motion of sea ice is such that a Lagranglan element will be progressively deformed. The Lagrangian element spreads out at a rate determined by the mean field (usually more impor- tant), and by the random field, which gradually mixes the element with the surrounding ice. A mechanism for this mixing is discussed. The simplest mode of deformation for sea ice may be a finite shear displacement along a single crack. If the ice deforms in this way, the result will be a complete reshuffling of the ice pack. In terms of the relative
diffusion of pairs of points, the model predictions have a weak resemblance to actual ice behavior. Dept. of Phys., Univ. of Puget Sound, 1500 North Warner, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.
A240. Optical properties 86:6801
Burenkov, V.I., A.P. Vasilkov and L.A. Stephantzev, 1986. Mesoscale variability of the ocean spectral reflectance. Okeanologiia, 26(2):212-218. (In Russian, English abstract.)
86:6802 Spinrad, R.W., 1986. A calibration diagram of specific
[light] beam attenuation. J. geophys. Res., 91(C6):7761-7764. Sea Tech, Inc., Corvallis, OR, USA.
86:6803 Yang, Y.-R. and Tsutomu Morinaga, 1986. Optical
properties of seawater in Tokyo Bay. Bull. Korean Fish. Soc., 19(3):234-240. (In Korean, English abstract.) Dept. of Fishing Tech., Natl. Fish. Univ. of Pusan, Nam-gu, Pusan 608, Korea.
A260. Acoustics 86:6804
Floyd, E.R., 1986. The existence of caustics and cusps in a rigorous ray tracing representation. J. acoust. Soc. Am., 79(6):1741-1747. Arctic Submarine Lab., NOSC, San Diego, CA 92152-5000, USA.
86:6805 Frazer, L.N., 1986. Applications of multifold Kirch-
hoff-Helmimltz path integrals to sound propa- gation in the ocean. Part I. Theory. J. acoust. Soc. Am., 79(6):1748-1759. Inst. of Geophys., Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.
86:6806 Gulin, O.E. and V.I. Klyatskin, 1986. On resonance
structure of acoustical field spectral components in the ocean excited by atmospheric pressure. Fiz. Atmosf. Okeana, 22(3):282-291. (In Russian, English abstract.)
86:6807 Hang, Ruheng, Long Men and Xiecheng Wang,
1985. Measuring transmission loss of underwater sound with a telemetry sonobuoy. Tropic