the confident writer

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The Confident Writer. Chapter 8: Narrating and Describing. What is Hughes’s thesis? Why is he writing? How are the details organized? What pattern(s) of organization does he use? Can you think of any such defining moments in your own life?. “Salvation” by Langston Hughes. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Confident Writer

The Confident WriterChapter 8:Narrating and Describing1Salvation by Langston HughesWhat is Hughess thesis? Why is he writing?How are the details organized?What pattern(s) of organization does he use?

Can you think of any such defining moments in your own life?

2What Are Organizational Patterns?Organizational patterns areThought patternsOptions for helping a writer achieve unity and coherenceFrameworks for ideasDetermined by topic, audience, and purposeOne organizational pattern is narration.Narration is the storytelling patternAnother pattern is description.Description brings subjects to life.

Which pattern should you use?3Use Narration to Tell a StoryUse narration to develop your topic as a story.

A narration develops a series of events that take place over a period of time.

Tell your readers what you learned from the experiencereflect!Tools for NarrationDetermine the storys significance.Follow the sequence of events.Choose a point of view.Add dialogue for accuracy and variety.4Use Narration to Tell a StoryDetermine the Storys SignificanceFollow a Sequence of EventsTry to understand the meaning of the event.

On notebook paper, do Exercise 8.1 on page 201.In what order did the events occur?

Which details are necessary?

What transitions words will maintain a time sequence?

5Use Narration to Tell a StoryChoose a Point of ViewAdd Dialogue for Accuracy & VarietyPOV=the perspective from which a story is told

1st Person: I3rd Person: he, she, it2nd Person: you (Avoid using this one!)Dialogue=quoting what someone says

Dialogue makes people come alive.

Dialogue allows people to speak for themselves.6Rules for Using DialogueNew speaker, new paragraph.

Put around the words of the speaker.George said, Really? I cant believe it!

Attribute words to the speaker. Ron said,Alexis repliedHamilton quipped

Place ending punctuation inside .Trish murmured, You know I love you.You know, Trish murmured, I love you.You know I love you, Trish murmured.

After establishing speakers, you can omit attributions.

Using DialogueLarry approaches Bob, who is reading with a very intent look on his face, and asks him, Whuh you reading, Bob?

Ees book on how crocs keel prey with death roll, answers Bob without looking up from the book. I geet from childs seshun of library.

Larrys brow furrows with intrigue. Roll keel dem? His fists clench as he struggles toward an epiphany.

Oh, yeah. It snap neck, Bob replies. When he notices Larrys look of enthusiasm, he cannot help asking, Why? But Larry dashes off without a reply.

Several hours later, Larry rings Zebras doorbell. Peese, he says, when Zebra opens the door, Eet wid dinner. Zebra just stares a Larry, wondering at his remarkable resemblance to the Pillsbury Dough Boy, the proffered basked of dinner rolls, and look of bland innocence.

Comic Strip toNarrative:Use the above cartoon to write a brief narrative that includes description.

Use Description to Enliven Your WritingUse description to bring your topic to life.

Tools for DescriptionFind a controlling idea.Choose sensory details.Consider your audience and purpose.

10Use Description to Enliven Your WritingFind a Controlling IdeaChoose Sensory DetailsA controlling ideaIs the overall impression that a person, place or object conveysIs part of your thesisControls your selection of details

Sensory details appeal to your five senses:TouchTasteSmellHearSee11Use Description to Enliven Your WritingConsider Your Audience & Purpose When you describe, you can have either:An objective purposeA subjective purposeTo decide on a purpose, ask yourself:Who am I writing this for and why?

12Think through Your Topic Questions to Consider:What is your topic, and why have you chosen it?Is your purpose to relate an event or to create an impression?If your topic is an event or story, then what makes it significant?If your topic is an impression or feeling, then what is the controlling idea?Is the topic something you know and care about?Will the topic interest readers or seem important to them?What is your central idea, thesis, or message?What point of view will you take?What examples or sensory details will bring this topic to life?How will dialogue add realism to your story or enliven your description?13Plan and Write Your EssayAsk yourself the 5 Ws and a H Questions:Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?Plan your essay with:A three-level outlineMain Idea Major details Minor detailsA coherence patternTime order, emphatic order, and spatial order

Look at Figure 8.4 on page 221.14