The Basics of Using MLA Style

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The Basics of Using MLA Style. MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION. Why Use MLA Format?. Provides consistent format within a discipline To allow readers to locate and retrieve sources used in an essay To properly acknowledge another authors ideas and work - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


<ul><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabThe Basics of Using MLA StyleMODERN LANGUAGEASSOCIATION</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabWhy Use MLA Format?Provides consistent format within a disciplineTo allow readers to locate and retrieve sources used in an essay To properly acknowledge another authors ideas and work To build your own credibility as a serious, knowledgeable writer To avoid plagiarism</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabUsing a Consistent FormatUsing a consistent format helps your reader understand your arguments and the sources theyre built on. It also helps you keep track of your sources as you build arguments. </p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabEstablishing CredibilityThe proper use of MLA style shows the credibility of writers; such writers show accountability to their source material.</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabAvoiding PlagiarismProper citation of your sources in MLA style can help you avoid plagiarism, which is a serious offense. It may result in anything from failure of the assignment to expulsion from school.</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>What does NOT need to be cited?</p><p>Proverbs or sayings A stitch in time saves nine.Well-known quotationsTo be or not to be. That is the question.Common knowledge Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.Your own field research, observations or surveysMy survey revealed that 15% of the Shakespeare class believes Francis Bacon wrote Shakespeares plays.</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabWhere Do I Find MLA Format?MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed.Composition textbookswww.mla.orgOWL website:</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabMLA Style: Two PartsWorks Cited Page Parenthetical Citations </p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>How Do I Cite?There are two parts to citing in the MLA style:</p><p>1.Parenthetical, in-text citations within the body of your essay or paper 2.List of Works Cited at the end of your paper</p><p>Note:References cited in the text must appear in the Works Cited. Conversely, each entry in the Works Cited must be cited in the text. </p><p>(Jones 23)</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabWorks Cited PageA complete list of every source that you make reference to in your essayWorks Cited entries are never numberedEntries are listed in alphabetical order by the last name of the author, or if the source has no author, then it is alphabetized by the first word of the articles title.</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Everything (outline, essay, Works Cited page) is double spaced.Use Times New Roman font, 12 pointOne-sided page (paper must be free of dirty/smudged printer markings)Label the page Works Cited (do not underline the words Works Cited or put them in quotation marks) and center the words Works Cited at the top of the page. Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries. The Basics of Good Form MLA Style (word processed papers)</p></li><li><p> All margins are 1 top, bottom and sides.Go to File:Page Setup: Margins to change the default margins of Word (which is 1.25). Every page must have a header with the students last name and the correct page number. Pagination begins with the outline and concludes with the last page, the Works Cited.Go to View: Header and Footer. Type in last name and click on page # button.</p></li><li><p>Most Citations Will Include:AuthorTitlePublication Information</p><p>Gore, Albert. An Inconvenient Truth: The Crisis of Global Warming. New York: Viking, 2007. PeriodUnderlined TitleLast Name, First Period City Colon Publisher Comma YearPeriodFor a book, most of this information can be found on the title page and reverse of the title page.</p></li><li><p>Sample Works Cited PageSources are listed alphabeticallyIndent all lines after the first inch foreach work listedThe entire Works Cited page is double-spacedTitle Works Cited is centered at the top of the page</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabBookByatt, A. S. Babel Tower. New York: Random House, 1996.Article in a MagazineKlein, Joe. Dizzy Days. The New Yorker 5 Oct. 1998: 40-45.Web page (When listing a web site, place the site's address inside angle brackets &lt; &gt;)Poland, Dave. The Hot Button. Roughcut. 26 Oct. 1998. Turner Network Television. 28 Oct. 1998 .</p><p>Works Cited: Some Examples</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabWorks Cited ListA newspaper articleTommasini, Anthony. Master Teachers Whose Artistry Glows in Private. New York Times 27 Oct. 1998: B2.</p><p>A source with no known authorCigarette Sales Fall 30% as California Tax Rises. New York Times 14 Sept. 1999: A17.</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabWorks Cited ListA TV interviewMcGwire, Mark. Interview with Matt Lauer. The Today Show. NBC. WTHR, Indianapolis. 22 Oct. 1998.</p><p>A personal interviewMellencamp, John. Personal interview. 27 Oct. 1998.</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>What If?What if a chart needs to be cited?Cite a chart or a map in the same way as an anonymous book. Add the word Chart or Map following the title.Serbia. Map. Chicago: Rand, 2004</p><p>What if a political cartoon needs to be cited? Cite the cartoon as a story title with an author. Cite the authors name, then title of the cartoon, label it as a cartoon, and then the publication and date.Rall, Ted. Search and Destroy. Cartoon. Village Voice [New York] 23 Jan. 2001:6</p></li><li><p>When Should I Cite?Many students plagiarize unintentionally. Remember, whenever you quote, summarize or paraphrase another author's material you must properly credit your source.</p><p>If you are using another persons idea, you must cite your source!</p><p>My mom always said make your bed (Mom 12).When in doubt, give credit to your source!</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabQuotingWhen quoting any words that are not your ownQuoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marks</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabSummarizing &amp; ParaphrasingWhen summarizing facts and ideas from a sourceSummarizing means to take ideas from a large passage of another source and condense them, using your own wordsWhen paraphrasing a sourceParaphrasing means to use the ideas from another source but change the phrasing into your own words</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabElectronic Source InformationSome browsers translate the URL into symbols. To copy the correct URL, right click the mouse and select Properties: the correct URL will be listed.</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Purdue University Writing LabWhat other types of sources might you need to list on your Works Cited page?</p><p>Study the basics of MLA citation format. When something odd comes up, look it up.Works Cited</p><p>Purdue University Writing Lab</p><p>*Rationale: Welcome to Cross-referencing: Using MLA Format. This presentation is designed to introduce your students to the purposes of documentation, as well as methods for effectively using parenthetical citations and a Works Cited page. The twenty-two slides presented here are designed to aid the facilitator in an interactive presentation of strategies for using MLA style. This presentation is ideal for the beginning of a research unit in a humanities course or any assignment that requires MLA documentation.This presentation may be supplemented with OWL handouts, including Using MLA Format. (, Paraphrase: Write It in Your Own Words (, Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing (, and Avoiding Plagiarism (</p><p>Directions: Each slide is activated by a single mouse click, unless otherwise noted in bold at the bottom of each notes page.</p><p>Writer and Designer: Jennifer Liethen KunkaContributors: Muriel Harris, Karen Bishop, Bryan Kopp, Matthew Mooney, David Neyhart, and Andrew KunkaDeveloped with resources courtesy of the Purdue University Writing LabGrant funding courtesy of the Multimedia Instructional Development Center at Purdue University Copyright Purdue University, 2000.*Key Concepts: This slide allows the facilitator to explain the purposes for using MLA documentation. MLA format provides writers with a system for cross-referencing their sourcesfrom their parenthetical references to their works cited page. This cross-referencing system allows readers to locate the publication information of source material. This is of great value for researchers who may want to locate your sources for their own research projects. The proper use of MLA style also shows the credibility of writers; such writers show accountability to their source material. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarismthe purposeful or accidental use of source material by other writers without giving appropriate credit. The next slide provides additional information on plagiarism.</p><p>Click to reveal each item.*Using APA properly will allow you to communicate more effectively with other researchers who also use APA. When a style is used consistently, others can easily find where youve listed your resources.*This slide explains how using APA can establish your credibility as a researcher.*Key Concepts: Plagiarism is a serious offense in the university system, and may result in punishments ranging from failure of the assignment, failure of the course, or expulsion from school. </p><p>There is a handout on OWL about plagiarism and can be found at</p><p>Click to reveal each item.</p><p>*Key Concepts: There are many rules for following MLA format, and the facilitator should stress that it is nearly impossible to memorize them all. Students best course of action is to utilize the official MLA handbook or the MLA section in an updated composition textbook as guides for properly using the documentation format. Since the Modern Language Association, a professional group of English and Foreign Language professors and instructors, periodically updates the guide, students should be certain that they are using the most current information possible. The most recent edition of the MLA guide was published in 1999. The MLA web site at also provides some limited information on recent changes to the guide. There are other resources for finding current information on MLA format. The Purdue University Writing Lab has a printable handout on MLA style at its web site: The web site also provides other links for MLA style information on the web. For quick questions on MLA format, students can also call the Writing Lab Grammar Hotline at 494-3723.</p><p>Click to reveal each item.*Rationale: This slide establishes the two areas of MLA documentation, the Works Cited page and parenthetical citations.**Key Concepts: This slide explains the purpose of a works cited page. Students may also understand this to be called the bibliography page. The facilitator may stress that each source referenced within the paper should also appear on the works cited page. The works cited page appears at the end of the paper.*Good Form involves the publishing of the manuscript. Remind students that publishing worthy means the final copy--it has been proofread for errors in grammar and material, and it follows the MLA Good Form standards.</p><p>Good Form involves [click] the title page, the outline, the paper, and the Works Cited page.The title page will be introduced on the next slide, but everything else is double spaced. [click]The chosen font is Times New Roman (do not allow students to use a script font just because they like it), and it is 12 points. This font and size must be consistent throughout. [click]</p><p>Students should use one-side of the paper only. Also, since the school now has ample supply of computers and printers, please stress the appearance of the paper. Toner smudges, words barely readable, and lines across the pages should not be apparent. Remind students to be proud of the work that they just completed. [click]</p><p>The icon at the top can be clicked to show the Good Form Requirement page. Mention that it is attached at the back of the handout.</p><p>*The margins are also important for Good Form. All margins must be 1 all around. [click] Set the default in Word by going to File: page set up: margins. Have the students click on default to make this consistent. [click]The format of Good Form also includes the pagination and name inserted in a headerfound within the one inch top margin. [click]\</p><p>Go to View: Header/Footer: Type in last name and click on the # button. ***Examples: This slide provides examples of a few commonly used citation formats. The web page example will prove to be the most confusing for students (particularly because MLA just released information on citing web pages). The web page example lists the authors name (if available), the title of the article in quotation marks, the title of the web site underlined or italicized, the date of publication, the publisher, the date information was accessed by the user, and the web address in brackets. Students may not find all of this information when they look at a web page, particularly the authors name, the date, and the publisher. The facilitator should remind students that they should list in order the information that they do have. </p><p>Click to reveal each example.*Examples: This slide offers examples of citations for a newspaper article and for a source (in this case, a newspaper article) with no author. The facilitator might ask students how to alphabetize a source with no author within a Works Cited page. They should alphabetize according to their next best piece of information--here, the first word of the article, Cigarette.</p><p>Click to reveal each example.*Examples: Interviews can be tricky to cite on a Works Cited page. The facilitator may wish to remind students to list the name of the person being interviewed first. For the TV interview example, Mark McGuire was interviewed by news anchor Matt Lauer on The Today Show. In the second example, John Mellencamp was interviewed in person by the writer of the paper.</p><p>Click to reveal each example.*For science, social studies or math research papers, a chart or map may need to be inserted within the paper and cited on the Works Cited page [click]. It is easy to cite [click].Treat the map or chart as a book and be certain to label it. [click].</p><p>Political cartoons need to recognized as an article would be cited. Begin with the authors name, then the title of the cartoon, label it as a cartoon, and give the text in which the cartoon was published. If the publications name does not recognize the city (such as the Chicago Tribune), put the citys name in brackets directly following the name. End with the date.</p><p>**Key Concepts: The next two slid...</p></li></ul>