the baroque period 1

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The Baroque Composers and Baroque music and instruments.

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  • 1. BAROQUE MUSIC0 The music of Europe between 1600 & 1750 UNCERTAIN ETYMOLOGIES-barocco (Italian, contradictory orparadoxical)- philosophical term-barocco (Portuguese, a crooked roundpearl)-parucca (Italian, wig or false hair)

2. BAROQUE MUSIC The term Baroque got its name from aterm used to describe over-decoratedchurch architecture.For a long time, many people thoughtthat baroque was a poor descendant of theart of Renaissance period. Now it isrecognized for what it was the beginning ofalmost all present musical styles. 3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND1. It was dominated in Germany by the Religious political war known as the Thirty Years War.2. It was dominated by the cultures of Louis XIV of France and its court.3. In Science, the principal names were Newton, Galileo, Bacon and Leibniz.4. The leading Philosophers of the period were Milton, Dryden, Defoe, Addison, Swift, Pope and Johnson.5. In painting, we saw the rise of Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, El Greco and Velasquez. 4. MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS1. Harmonic theory and figured bass came into being.2. It is the period that saw the beginning of orchestra composers specified which instruments will play what tune of music.3. Major and minor scales replaced old church modes.4. Italian words were used to tell how a music is to be played.5. Musical decorations such as trills and mordents were used. 5. MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS6. Music was written mostly for voices.7. Melodic lines were interwoven and used littledissonance.8. Music was extremely expressive and deals withpassionate emotions.9. Rhythm was free flowing.10. Thematic variations occurred in all aspects ofinstrumental music.11. Sequencing was also used. This was the repetitionof melodic patterns on successively higher orlower pitches. It became a typical part ofinstrumental music during mid-Baroque period. 6. VIENNA, AUSTRIA 7. MUSICAL FORMS0 Shifted from polyphonic music to homophonic named later as monody literally, one song orsolo song with instrumental accompaniment.0 Monodic Style first cultivated by a group ofFlorentine writers, artists and musicians namedas Camerata, a name derived from the Italianword for salon.0 Opera a large scale drama that is sung. Itcombines the resources of vocal andinstrumental music: soloist, ensembles, chorus,orchestra and sometimes ballet with poetryand drama, acting and pantomime. 8. MUSICAL FORMSPOPULAR MUSICAL FORMS1. Recitatives a type of dramatic singing for voice that lies between ordinary speech and pure singing (dramatic declamation). Its rhythm is free-flowing.2. Aria da capo a melody sung by a soloist in opera, oratorio or cantata. It follows the recitatives.3. Bel canto Italian beautiful music.4. Figured bass use of numerals below: a bass melody to indicate what chords are to be used. 9. MUSICAL FORMS5. Castrato type of dinging where young boys are castrated before they reach puberty to maintain the soprano or alto vocal registers and avoid the deepening of their voices.6. Basso-continuo refers to a performance group with a bass, chordal instrument (harpsichord, organ) and one bass melody instrument (cello, bassoon). 10. MUSICAL FORMS DRAMA FORMS1. Opera a drama in which the moods and emotions are heightened by combining the singing of the words with orchestral accompaniment, stage action and scenic effects.2. Oratorio a dramatic but unstageable telling of a biblical or religious story. It uses no scenery or costumes and no dramatic action. It uses a narrator, soloist, chorus and an orchestra. Its usually performed in churches and concert halls.3. Cantata a short, lyric form similar to the oratorio often limited to a soloist and using few instruments of the orchestra.4. Passion a dramatic presentation of the story of Easter. 11. INSTRUMENTS OF THE PERIOD0 Harpsichord, clavichord and the organ still the main keyboard instruments.0 The violin family reached its highestdevelopment making it the queen of the instruments.0 The oboe and the bassoon still dominated the woodwinds family. 12. HARPSICHORD 13. HARPSICHORD 14. HARPSICHORD 15. CLAVICHORD 16. ORGAN 17. ORGAN 18. ORGAN 19. OBOE 20. OBOE 21. BASSOON 22. BASSOON