the antecedents of functionalism

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The Antecedents of Functionalism. The Functionalist Protest. Structuralism was too limiting What does the mind do? Functionalism is all about applying knowledge. Evolution before Darwin. Plato and Aristotle Christian thought Divine Creation Erasmus Darwin Set it and forget it - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • The Antecedents of Functionalism

  • The Functionalist ProtestStructuralism was too limitingWhat does the mind do?Functionalism is all about applying knowledge

  • Evolution before DarwinPlato and AristotleChristian thoughtDivine CreationErasmus DarwinSet it and forget itJean LemarkEnvironmental changes result in structural changesCharles Lyell

  • Humans and Ape-like creatures

  • Charles Darwin (1809-1882)Party Boy from Rich Family

  • HMS BeagleCaptain Fitzroy was a deeply religious manTrip lasted from 1831-1836

  • Journey of the HMS Beagle

  • Survival of the Fittest (or good enough)

  • The constant battle between creationism and evolutionary perspectives exists today

  • Darwins ContributionA focus on animal psychology, which formed the basis of comparative psychologyAn emphasis on the functions rather than the structure of functionsThe acceptance of methodology and data from Many fieldsA focus on the description and measurement of individual differences.

  • Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911)Darwins CousinHereditary GeniusEugenics: Good genes

  • Statistical methodsMental testsAssociation of IdeasMental ImageryArithmetic by Smell

  • George John Romanes (1848-1894)Anecdotal method: the use of observational reports about animal behavior.Introspection by analogy: a technique for studying animal behavior by assuming that the same mental processes that occur in the observers mind also occur in the animals mind/

  • Romanes believed cats were the most intelligent of all creatures

  • Ontogeny recapitulates Phylogeny

  • C. Lloyd Morgan(Lloyd Morgans Canon). The notion that animal behavior must not be attributed to a higher mental process when it can be explained by a lower mental process