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1. Revolutionary Voices of the American Revolution Alex Lee 8-7 2. Introduction This journal is in the voice of John Walton, who is a loyalist within the American Revolution. Through this revolution, there are two different sides. One side is the patriots, the other is the loyalists. The patriots are the ones who support the colonists, while the loyalists support the British. John Dalton is extremely loyal to the British and will do anything to ensure the victory of what he supports. The event that began this revolution was the French-Indian War. This war was when the British were fighting against the French and Indian in order to protect the 13 colonies. Because there was a enormous amount of money invested in the war, the British put taxes on the colonists in order to make up for the expenses during the FrenchIndian War. Even though this doesnt affect the Loyalists, this causes the patriots to become furious as they think it isnt fair that they are being taxed. This journal describes the events that John experienced throughout the American revolution. 3. John Walton: The Act of Rage. 1765 Day and night, I can hear the hollers of patriots echoing in the streets of Boston, disturbing my sleep and working hours as a shoemaker. The feeling of annoyance courses through my body. Enraged voices shout things like no voice, no taxation and no taxation without representation. Two chaotic weeks have passed since the Stamp Act. What the patriots are doing is simply just insane! The patriots are crossing the line! The Stamp Act was declared during 1765. It was implemented when Britain started taxing every piece of paper that changed hands in the colonies. This included newspapers, marriage licenses, wills, diplomas and land deeds. All these documents had to carry a British stamp before it could be considered legal. This was the final act that unleashed the fury of the patriots. But why would they be? I do not understand! Before the Stamp Act, there were many other acts such as the Quarter Act, Navigation Act, and Sugar Act. The Quarter Act stated that the colonist had to provide quarters for all the redcoats that were stationed in America. The Navigation Act suggested that almost everything was to be bought from Britain. They also had to sell almost everything they produced to Britain as well. Myriad of patriots were irritated by this act. But why? Their goods were all going to Britain. Britain was essentially their home country, where they came from. Without Britain, they wouldn't even be alive! The Sugar Act made the patriots even angrier. This act taxed the molasses that the colonists loved to import. All these acts seemed fair for me. The money was going to a good cause, benefiting us. Why must others still rebel? 4. John Walton: The Act of Rage. 1765 After the Stamp Act was announced, riots broke out. There were countless demonstrations and violent speeches against the British. To many, the Stamp Act seemed like the death of liberty, but not to me. The patriots didn't mind paying taxes to their local government. How come they couldn't pay taxes to Britain? Angry men formed a group called the Sons of Liberty. They charged into the homes of stamp collectors and warned them to resign. When the stamp tax collectors refused, they hurled rocks at their houses and smashed many of their belongings. Oh, the pity I felt for the tax collectors was overwhelming. But the disappointment towards the Sons of Liberty surpassed that. They were outrageous. Their monstrous actions almost shaped them into animals! I see absolutely no point in rebelling toward taxing things such as our sugar and paper work. It is completely logical that we have to give some of our money to Britain, as the money is spent towards the military and security of the colonies. This is madness! This has to be stopped immediately! 5. John Walton: The Act of Rage. 1765The Sons of Liberty punishing a tax collectorThe Stamp Act 6. John Walton: The Incident on King Street. March 26, 1770 Bang! Bang! The sound of firing muskets startled me from my sleep. From my window I saw a large crowd gathering on King Street. Redcoats stood on one side, citizens on the other. Smoke began to gather above the crowd. I saw snowballs and stones shooting through the gray smoke. Suddenly, 2 bodies fell onto the cold white snow. Then 3 more bodies fell. The icy white snow drank up the blood eagerly, turning red as wine. The patriots refer to this event that occurred on March 5, 1770, as the Boston Massacre. But as for us loyalists and people of Britain, we refer to this event as the Incident on King Street. How dare they blame us for the deaths of 5 people! They drew death upon themselves. They were the ones who started this atrocity! We fired for self-defense, and self-defense only, nothing else. It all started with a mischievous boy, Edward Garrick, who was insulting an innocent redcoat named Hugh White. Without a doubt, private White become furious and struck Garrick in the face with the butt of his musket. The boy ran off in tears, but then came back with a group of friends. Snowballs and stones were hurled at private White. The chaos attracted more redcoats, which helped defend private White. But more citizens came as well. Gradually there were 400 howling citizens attacking 13 redcoats. When the situation got out of hand, Captain Thomas Preston warned the citizens to stop and go home. However, they didn't listen and continued. Without a choice, the redcoats were forced to fire in order to protect themselves. When the commotion cleared, there were 5 dead and 6 injured. As you can see, the redcoats were not the ones who started it! They were left with no choice but to fire. If they hadnt, then they would be the ones dead instead! 7. John Walton: The Incident on King Street. March 26, 1770 Even worse, after the Incident on King Street, a sinful man named Paul Revere created an engraving of propaganda against Britain. How dare he! This engraving showed the redcoats firing upon completely innocent citizens. This was absurd! How dare he produce false information! The citizens carried stones, clubs and snowballs. They used these weapons to constantly injure the redcoats! The patriots call this a massacre because they want the British to feel guilty. The death of 5 people is not a massacre; they are over exaggerating this event! Even if it were, it was not our fault we cause these deaths. These wicked patriots are just making this incident seem like something it isnt! I really don't understand what these patriots are doing! They start a fight with us, and then they blame us for the deaths of their men. Being under the rule of the King is perfectly fine. Why must others still rebel? The patriots should really come to an end with this chaos, and open their eyes to see that King George really just wants the best for all of them, for all of us. 8. John Walton: The Incident on King Street. March 26, 1770Paul Reveres engraving of the Boston MassacrePaul Revere 9. John Walton: The Spark of War. May 3, 1775 The regulars are out! The awful voice of Paul Revere woke me up from my deep slumber. The loud beating drums and the tolling of church bells added on to the noise. Suddenly I saw lights in houses and men heading out their homes and digging muskets from freshly plowed fields and haystacks. Finally, I thought to myself, the British were coming to get revenge and show these patriots a lesson. This night of April 19, 1775, marked the beginning of the Battle of Lexington and Concord.Over the past few days I lived with my sister, Daniela, in Lexington because I heard rumors that the British were coming. There was word that Sam Adams and John Hancock; the leaders of the Sons of Liberty were hiding near by. I wanted to witness the patriots paying for their wrongdoings. I couldn't wait! When the redcoats finally came, I stood on a large grassy hill in order to see their vicious battle. Bang! The first shot was fired, but I didn't know by whom. Bang! Bang! More shots were fired on both sides. As the smoke cleared I could see 8 unmoving minutemen with blood oozing out of their body and 10 injured. The others ran for cover. What cowards these minutemen are. An enormous smile formed on my face. Yes! The British were winning! 10. John Walton: The Spark of War. May 3, 1775 When the redcoats marched off to Concord, they went to the center of town and chopped down the Liberty Pole as well as burnt it. Gray smoke filled the air, blocking my vision. Yes, yes, yes! Finally the patriots were paying for their crimes! When the minutemen raced toward the bridge that crossed the stream, the redcoats fired across the clear water, and two minutemen were killed. Then, the minutemen fired and seconds later, three redcoats were dead and one was dying in pain. At least 10 were wounded. Darn it! The patriots cannot win! This is not acceptable! While the redcoats marched back to Lexington, the minutemen ambushed them from both sides of the road. Muskets were fired from behind stonewalls, barns, and houses. Every step of the long journey, the redcoats were constantly ambushed by minutemen. Shots were fired and men were injured, but they still persevered and moved on. Luckily, Lord Percy, a British officer arrived with 1,000 fresh soldiers. Sparks of hope ignited in my body. The British were certain to gain victory! These new troops held off the minutemen while the exhausted soldiers rested. It was long after dark when they finally reached their barracks. Many redcoats were already severely injured. No, no, no! The hope in all my heart has dropped to the ground and down to hell. Hell, that is what exactly I feel. Why, why must the patriots continue to rebel after all that's happen? 11. John Walton: The Spark of War. May 3, 1775The minutemen fighting in the Battle of Lexington and ConcordLord Percy 12. John Walton: Declaration of Exaggeration. July 18, 1776 He has abdicated Government here