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    There are two ways of Testing1.Manual Testing2.Automation Testing

    1.Manual Testing:It is a way of testing in which one will perform all the phases of software testing life cycle

    like Test planning, Test development, Test execution, Result analysis, Bug tracking, and Reporting areaccomplished manually, successfully with human effortsDrawbacks of Manual Testing:

    More number of people are required

    Time consuming

    Human mistakes (no accuracy)

    Tiredness

    Simultaneous action are not possible

    Cannot repeat the same task again and again in a perfect manner.

    2.Automation Testing:Automation testing is a process in which all the drawbacks of manual testing are addressed

    properly and provides speed and accuracy to the existing testing process.Drawbacks of Automation Testing:

    Tools are expensive

    Cannot automate all the area

    Lack of expertise

    Automated Tool:Automated tool is an assistant of a test engineer, which works based on the instructions and

    information given by a test engineer.

    General Frame Work to learn any automated Tool:A test engineer should learn the following to work with any automated tool

    How to give the instructions?

    Hoe to give the information?

    How to use its recording facility?

    Hoe to use its play back facility?

    How to analyze the results?

    Types of Automated Tools:A black box testing tools are broadly divided in to Three types

    1. Functional tools (QTP, Win runner)2. Management Tools (Test Director/Quality Center)3. Performance tools (Load Runner)

    QTP (Quick Test Professional)

    Type Of The Tool: Functional ToolCompany: Mercury Interactive incorporationScripting Language: VB- ScriptVersion: #5.5,#6.5,#7.0,#7.6,#8.0,#8.2(2005),#9.0,#9.1,#9.2

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    Anatomy of QTP:

    Vbwindow(emp).vbedit(ename).set Sri BalajiVbwindow(emp).vbedit(eage).set27Vbwindow(emp).vbedit(esal).set20000Vbwindow(emp).vbedit(edeisig).setTE

    Vbwindow(emp).vbedit(submit).set click.

    VbWindow("VbWindow").VbEdit("VbEdit").Set "10"VbWindow("VbWindow").VbEdit("VbEdit_2").Set "20"VbWindow("VbWindow").VbButton("ADD").ClickVbWindow("VbWindow").VbButton("SUB").ClickVbWindow("VbWindow").VbButton("MUL").ClickVbWindow("VbWindow").VbButton("DIV").ClickVbWindow("VbWindow").VbButton("CLEAR").Click

    Adding Manager:Adding manager is a feature provided by QTP which is used for showing all the list of addings

    while opening the QTP so that the user can select the desired addings and then enter in to the QTP,Before the user access the QTP the adding manager will make the QTP compatible with all the selectedenvironments.

    By default QTP is always compatible with standard windows environment.Whenever we purchase QTP we get Three built-in addings.

    1.Activex2.Visual Basic3.Web.

    E name

    E age

    E Sal

    E DesigSubmit

    EMP

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    A part from the above add-ins one needs to purchase the add-inns by paying extra cost.

    QTP screen can be divided in to five parts1.Test Pane2.Active screen3.Data Table

    4.Debug Viewer Pane5.Tool Options

    1.Test Pane:Test pane is an area provided by QTP, which is used for developing, viewing, and modifying the

    test screen. It represents the test scripts in two views(a). Expert view

    (b). Key word view(a). Expert view: It represents the script in VB script format(b). Keyword view: Keyword view represents the script using a graphical user interface (GUI) which isfurther divided in to four parts.

    Item

    OperationValue

    Documentation

    2.Active Screen:Active screen is an area provided by QTP, which holds the snapshots of each and every script statements

    and used for the following.

    Easily understanding the script

    Easily enhancing the script.

    3.Data-Table:The date table is originally called as formula1 sheet developed by third party and integrated with QTP.

    Features: It is used for holding the test data

    It isolates the test script from the data source.

    It provides the facility to import the test data from different data

    sources like excel files, data base and flat files (a file with out having format)

    It allows the user to interact with the data directly

    Note: QTP maintains two copies of data tablesi. Design time data tableii. Run time data table

    4. Debug Viewer Pane:Definition of Debugging: Debugging Is a process of executing the script or a program in a user desired

    passion with some temporary breaks in order to identify the errors.Debug viewer pane is an area provided by QTP which is used for viewing, modifying or setting the current

    values of variables or expressions during the execution break with the help of three Tabs by name Watchexpression, Variables and Command

    5.Tool- Options:All the options available in the menu bar, file tool bar and testing tool bar are known as tool-options.

    RECORDING AND RUNNING

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    Record and Run Settings:For every new test one has to compulsorily do this settings before recording or running. These settings

    will make to understand on which applications it need to concentrate while recording or running.

    Navigation: Activate the menu item test

    Select the option record and run settings Select one of the following options

    Record and run test on any opened windows based applicationRecord and run on these application (opened on session start)

    If at all second option is selected then click on add button

    Browse the desired application part

    Click on OK

    Click on apply & OK.

    Operational overview of Recording:During recording QTP will do the following..

    1. It will generate corresponding script statements for every user action on the

    application.2. It will store the required related information in the object repository.

    Operational overview of Running:During running QTP will doing the following..

    1. It will read the script statement and understands what action to beperformed on which object.2. Then it realizes it need to identify the object first to perform the action3. To identify the object it requires some information for that information itwill go the object repository and search.4. Once the information is found using this information it will try to identify theoriginal object.5. Once the object is identified it will perform the action on it.

    Recording Modes:There are there types of recording mode

    (a). Context sensitive recording mode or Normal recording mode(b). Analog Recording Mode(c). Low-level Recording mode.

    (a). Context sensitive Recording mode:It is used for recording the operations performed on the standard GUI object in different

    situations

    (b). Analog Recording Mode:It is a special recording mode provided by QTP, which is used for recording the continuous

    operations

    Navigation: Keep the tool under normal recording mode

    Activate the menu item test

    Select the option analog recording

    Select one of the following option

    o Record relative to the screen

    o Record relative to the following window

    If at all second option is selected specify the window title with the help of the Hand

    Icon

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    Click on start analog record

    (c). Low-Level Recording:It is a special recording mode provided by QTP, which is used for recording at least some

    minimum operations on the non-supported environments also.

    OBJECT REPOSITORY

    Object Repository:Object repository is a storage place where one can store the objects information and it also acts

    as interface between the test script and the AUT(application under test) in order to identify the originalobjects during execution

    Types of Object Repository:There are two types of object repository they are

    1. Per-Action Repository

    2. Shared Repository

    (1). Per-Action Repository:If at all this type is selected as an object repository then the QTP will be automatically creating

    and managing an individual repository for every action.

    (2). Shared Repository:Shared repository has to be created and managed manually once a shared repository to created it

    can be shared among number of tests

    Advantages: Easy to maintain

    Re-usability

    Navigation for creating a shared Repository or Converting a per action in to shared: Collect the objects information in to the object repository

    Click on export

    Browse the desired location

    Specify the file name with .TSR extension

    Click on save button

    Navigation for Creating the Shared Repository to the currant test: Activate the menu item test

    Select the option settings

    Select the resources tab

    Select the option shared in the object repository type section

    Browse the desired repository file Click on apply & OK

    Note: .TSR means Test Shared Repository

    OPERATIONS ON OBJECT REPOSITORY

    Navigation for adding the objects in to the object repository:

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    Open the object repository

    Click on add objects button

    Click on the title bar of the window

    Click on ok

    Select one of the following options

    o Only the selected objects

    o Selected objects and all its direct childreno Selected objects and all its descendents

    Click on OK

    Navigation for deleting the objects form the object repository: Select the desired object to be deleted in the object hierarchy

    Right click on it

    Select the option delete

    Confirm the deleting by clicking on

    Navigation for Re naming the objects:Select the desired object in the object hierarchy

    Right click on it Select the option Rename

    Specify the desired name

    Navigation for updating the properties list: Select the desired object in the object hierarchy

    Click on add/Remove button

    Select the desired properties to be added in to the properties list

    Deselect the properties to be removed from the properties list

    Click on OK

    Highlight:Highlight button is used for highlighting the corresponding object in the AUT so that a test

    engineer can clearly understand which objects information is that.

    OBJECT IDENTIFICATION

    Object identification:Object identification is based on four types of properties and an ordinal identifier

    Types of properties:1. Mandatory Properties2. Assistive properties3. Base-Filter Properties4. Optional Filter properties

    A test engineer can specify the list of mandatory properties, List of assistive properties, List of base filterproperties, list of ordinal filter properties and an ordinal identifier.

    QTP learns the information in the following in case only normal brain:First of all the QTP will learn all the mandatory properties at a time and then think weather theseproperties are sufficient to identify the object uniquely. If it feels sufficient then it will stop learningotherwise it will learn the first assistive property and once again stops and thinks weather these properties

    YES

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    are sufficient to identify the object uniquely. If it feels sufficient then it stops learning otherwise learnsthe second assistive property and checks weather these properties are sufficient or not. This processcontinuous till the QTP satisfies or up to the end of the assistive properties list. At the end of the assistiveproperties list also if it feels not satisfied then it will finally learn the ordinal identifier and stops learning.

    QTP learns the information in the following way in case of smart brain also:

    While learning the mandatory properties along with them it will learn the base filter properties,optional filter properties and stores them in the secret place.It considers the mandatory properties only and check weather these properties are sufficient to

    identify the object uniquely. and repeats the above process.

    Note: In the above learning process except base filter properties and optional filter properties all theremaining information learnt will be stored in the object repository.

    QTP will use the information in the following way to identify the object during execution:First of all QTP will use all the properties present in the object repository except ordinal

    identifier and try to identify the object. If at all the object is not identified then it will forget about allthese properties and freshly enters in to the secret place.

    QTP will consider all the base filter properties and try to identify the object and forms a list of

    all the objects that are matched with the base filter properties.If the list contains only one object then that is the object otherwise it will take the support of firstoptional filter property and try to match with all the object present in the list and forms a new list of allthe objects that are matched with that property and then check weather the list is containing one objector more that one object. If the list is containing more than one object then it will consider the secondoptional filter property and repeats the whole procedure till the list contains on object or up to the end ofthe optional properties list.At the end of the optional filter properties list also if the list is containing more than one object then itwill finally go to the object repository and check weather the ordinal identifier is available or not. If at allthe ordinal identifier is available it will identify the object roughly using that otherwise HANDSUP.

    Ordinal Identifiers:There are three types of ordinal identifiers

    1.Location2.Index3.Creation time

    1.Location:If at all the location is selected, as an ordinal identifier then the QTP will generate a sequence of

    numbers from 0,1,2,3 based on the sequence of the objects located in AUT.

    2.Index:If at all the index is selected as an ordinal identifier than the QTP will generate the numbers

    from 0,1,2,3. Based ob the sequence of the programs of the objects.

    3.Creation Time (specially for web pages):

    If at all creation time is selected as an ordinal identifier the QTP will generate the number from0,1,2,3, based on the loading time of the web pages

    Smart Identification:When ever the QTP is unable to identify the objects with the help of the properties present in the object

    repository then the special mechanism provided by QTP to identify the object smartly with some otherproperties is known as smart identification.

    Navigation for Object identification Configuration:

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    Activate the menu item tools

    Select the option object identification

    Select the desired environment

    Select the desired object type

    Specify the desired list of mandatory properties and assistive properties with the

    help of corresponding add/ remove buttons

    Select the ordinal identifier

    Smart identification Select the check box enable smart identification

    Click on configure button

    Specify the desired list of base filter properties and optional filter properties

    with the help of add/remove buttons

    Click on OK

    Click once again on Ok

    Object Spy:Object spy is a handy feature provided by QTP which is used for showing the complete objects

    information like list of properties and their values, list of methodology, syntax for methodology and

    description of methods then and there on the spot immediately of both test objects as well as runtimeobjects.

    Navigation for Object SPY:

    Activate the menu item tools

    Select the option object spy

    Click on the hand icon

    Click on the desired object

    Types Of Objects:There are two types of objects 1.Run time objects

    2.Test objects

    1.Run time objects:All the original objects present in the AUT are known as run time objects

    2.Test Objects:Test objects are the reference objects created by the QTP for run time objects, stored in object

    repository and used by the QTP for the original objects

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    QTP LIFE CYCLE

    QTP life cycle contains Six phasesI. Test planningII. Generating the basic testIII. Enhancing the testIV. Debugging the testV. Executing the testVI. Analysis the Results

    I. Test Planning:In this phase the automation test lead will do the following

    1. Under standing the requirements2. Identifying all the areas to be automated3. Analyzing both the negative and positive flow of the application4. Preparing the automation test plan document based on the analysis5. Preparing the tool ready with all the pre configurational settings for thefurther operations

    II. Generating the basic test:In this phase the automation test engineer will generate the basic test engineer will generate the

    basic test for both the +ve and ve flow of the application

    IIII. Enhancing the Test:One can enhance the script in the following ways

    1. Inserting the check points2. Synchronizing the test3. Parameterising the test (Data Driven Testing)4. Inserting the out put value statements5. Inserting the transactional points for measuring transactions6. Inserting the programmatic statements7. Adding comments8. Inserting the script statement manually

    1.Check Point:Checkpoint is defined as validation pointer test point which checks the objects state or

    bitmap state or data state during execution at any point of time

    Operational over view of checkpoint:Checkpoint works in two phases

    i. Pre-execution Phase: It captures the expected value

    Generates the corresponding test script statement

    ii. While-execution phase: It captures the actual value

    Compared the actual value with the expected value

    Displays the result

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    Types Of Checkpoints:

    a. Standard checkpointsb. Bitmap checkpointc. Text checkpoint

    d. Text area checkpointe. Data base checkpointf. XML checkpointg. Page checkpointh. Table checkpointi. Image checkpointj. Accessibility checkpoint

    a. Standard Checkpoints:

    Standard checkpoint is used for checking the standard GUI objects properties value, it can be

    inserted in two ways

    i. Through applicationii. Through Active Screen

    Navigation through application:

    Keep the cursor in the desired location

    Keep the tool under recording mode

    Activate the menu item insert

    Go to checkpoint

    Select the option standard checkpoint

    Click on the desired object in the AUT Click on OK

    Select the desired properties to be checked

    Specify the desired expected values

    Click on OK

    Stop Recording

    Navigation through active screen:

    Keep the cursor on the desired statement so that the corresponding snapshot is

    displayed in the active screen

    Go to active screen right click on the desired object

    Select the option insert standard check point Click on OK

    Select the desired properties to be checked

    Specify the desired expected values

    Select one of the following options

    Select one of the following options

    o Before current step

    o After current step

    o Click on OK

    Hidden CheckpointsFor WebCheckpoints

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    (b) Bitmap checkpoints:Bitmap checkpoint is used for checking the complete bitmap or apart of a bitmap. It can

    be inserted in two waysi. Through applicationii. Through Active Screen

    Navigation through application: Keep the cursor in the desired location of the screen

    Keep the tool under recording mode

    Activate the menu item insert

    Select the option bitmap check point

    Click on the desired bitmap

    Click on OK

    If at all one need select a part of bitmap then select it using the select area button

    If at all one need save only the selected part then select the check box save only

    selected area

    Click on OK

    Navigation Through Application: Keep the cursor on the desired statement so that the corresponding is displayed in

    the active screen

    Go to the active screen

    Right click on the bit map

    Select the option insert bitmap check point

    Click on OK

    If at all one need to select a part of bitmap then select it using select area button

    IF alt all one need to save only the selected part select the check box save only

    selected area

    Select one of the following option

    o Before currant step

    o After currant step Click on OK

    (C). Text Checkpoint:Text checkpoint is used for checking the text present on a specified object. It can be

    inserted in two waysi. Through applicationii. Through Active

    Navigation through application: Keep the cursor in the desired location of the screen

    Keep the tool under recording mode

    Activate the menu item insert

    Click on check point

    Click on text checkpoint

    Click on the desired text

    Select the following option

    o Match case

    o Exact match

    o Ignore space

    o Text not displayed

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    Click on OK

    Navigation through Active Screen: Keep the cursor on the desired location so that the corresponding

    snapshot is available in the active screen

    Right Click on the desired position

    Click on insert text checkpoint Click on desired text

    Select the following option

    o Match case

    o Exact match

    o Ignore space

    Text not displayedClick on ok

    (d) Text Area Check Point:Test area checkpoint is used for checking the test presenting a specified area. It

    can be inserted only through the application but not through the active screen

    Navigation through application:

    Keep the cursor on the desired location of the screen

    Keep the tool under recording mode

    Activate the menu item insert

    Select the opinion text area checkpoint

    Select the exact area through cross hair pointers

    Choose the following options

    o Match case

    o Exact match

    o Ignore space

    o Text not displayed Click on OK

    Stop Recording

    (e) Data Base Checkpoint:Data base check point is used for checking the contents of the data base

    Navigation: Activate menu item insert

    Go to check point

    Select the option data base checkpoint

    Select the option specify AQL statement manually

    Click on meet Click on create

    Click on new

    Select the desired driver

    Slick on next

    Click on finish

    Click on select

    Select the desired database

    Click on ok

    Click on ok

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    Click on ok

    Specify the designed query statement

    Click on finish

    Select the desired contents to be checked

    Select one of the following option

    o Before current step

    o After current step

    Click on ok

    (f) XML Check Point:XML is an universally understandable language which is mainly used for data

    informationNote: XML check point is used fro checking the contents of an XML file

    Navigation: Activate the menu item insert go to check point

    Select the option XML check point

    Browse the desired XML file Click on OK

    Select the desired contents to de checked

    Select one of the following option

    o Before current step

    o After current step

    Click on OK

    (g) Table Check Point:This is used for checking the contents of a table

    Navigation: Keep the cursor on the desired statements, so that the corresponding

    page will be displayed in the active screen

    Go to active screen

    Right click on the page

    Select the option, Insert standard check point

    Select the desired table in the object hierarchy

    Click on ok

    Select the desired properties to be checked

    Select one of the following option

    o Before currant step

    o After currant step

    Click on ok

    (h) Image Check Point:This is used for checking the properties of an image

    Navigation: Keep the cursor on the desired statement, so that the corresponding page will be displayed in the

    active screen

    Go to the active screen

    Right click on the page

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    Select desired image in the object hierarchy

    Click on ok

    Select on ok

    Select the desired properties to be checked

    Select the one of the properties to be checked

    o Before currant step

    o After currant step

    Click on ok

    (i) Accessibility Check point:Accessibility check point is used for checking the w3c standards( for web

    consortium standards) in order to confirm weather the page can be accessed all over the world or not

    Navigation: Keep the cursor on the desired statement sot heat the corresponding page is displayed in the

    active screen

    Go to the active screen

    Right click on the page

    Select one of the following options

    o Before currant step

    o After currant step

    Click on ok

    2.Synchroniztion:Synchronization is a process of matching the speeds of both the tool and the application

    in order to keep them in sync with each other to obtain proper testing resultsHere the main concept is making the tool to wait till the application finishes its work it can be

    done in three ways1. Inserting the synchronization point

    2. Increasing the default time3. Inserting the wait statementNavigation for inserting the synchronization point:

    Keep the cursor in the desired location

    Keep the tool under recording mode

    Activate the menu item insert

    Go to step select the option sync point

    Click on desired object

    Click on ok

    Select the desired property

    Specify the desired property value

    Specify desired extra time Click on ok

    Stop recording

    In order to avoid above navigation one can directly type the statement in the desired location with thefollowing syntax:SYNTAX: Object hierarchy. Wait property Property name property value, extra time in millisecondsExample: Window (flight reservation).win button(delete order).wait propertyenabled,true,17000

    Navigation for increasing the default time:-

    Activate the menu item test

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    Select the option settings

    Select the run tab

    Specify the desired time in milliseconds in the object synchronization time out field

    Click on apply and ok

    Syntax for Wait Statement:

    Wait (time in seconds)Example: Wait (17)

    Data Driven Testing: -Data driven testing is a concept introduced in the automation in order to implement re- testing

    Steps to be followed to perform data driven testing: Collect the test data in to the data table

    Generate the basic test

    Parameterize the test

    Execute the Test

    Analyze the result

    Parameterization:Parameterization is a process of replacing the constant values with parameters or variables in

    order to increase the scope of the test. Parameterize can be done in three ways1.Through data driver wizard2.Through key word view3.Manually

    Navigation Through Data Driver Wizard: Activate the menu item tools

    Select the option data driver

    Click on parameterize

    Click on next

    Click on the parameter option button Select the desired column name

    Click on ok

    Click on next

    Click on finish

    Finally click on ok

    Navigation Through Key word view: Go to key word view

    Select the desited constant value

    Click on configure the value button

    Select the option parameter

    Select the desired column name

    Click on ok

    To avoid the above navigation one can directly type manually as follows:

    A= datatable(v1,1)Vbwindow(form1).vbedit(val1).set AVbwindow (form1).vbedit(val2).set datatable(v2,1)Vbwindow(form1).vbbutton(Add).ClickVbwindow(form1).vbedit(res).check checkpoint(RES)

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    Navigation for parameter zing the check point: Right click on the check point statement

    Select the option check point properties

    Select the option parameter

    Click on the parameter options button

    Select the desired column name

    Click on ok

    Once again click on ok

    4.OUT PUT VALUE: -Out put value is a feature provided by QTP, which is used for capturing a value

    from an application or from a database or from a XML file and stores it under specified column in theruntime data table

    Operational overview of out put value: -The out put value feature works in two phases

    1. Pre-Execution Phase2. While Execution Phase1.Pre-Execution phase:

    It will capture the field name from which it need to capture the valueIt will generate the corresponding script

    2.While-Execution phase:Captures the actual value from the fieldStores it under a specified column in the run time data table

    Types of Out Put Values:There are five types of out put values

    1.Standard Out Put Value: - It is used for capturing property value of a standard GUIobject

    2.Text Out Put Value: - It is used for capturing the text present on a specified object3.Text-Area Out Put Value: - It is used for capturing the Text present in a specified area4.Data Base Out Put Value: - It is used for capturing a value from the database5.XML Out put Value: - It is used for capturing a value from the XML file

    Navigation for Standard Out put value through application: Keep the cursor in the desired location

    Keep the tool under recording mode

    Activate the menu item insert

    Go to out put value

    Select the option standard out put value

    Click on the desired object in the AUT Click on OK

    Select the desired property to be captured

    Click on modify

    Specify the desired column name

    Click on Ok

    Once again click on ok

    Stop recording

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    Navigation For standard check point through Active Screen

    Keep the cursor under the desired location

    Click on active screen

    Right click on desired location

    Click on insert output value

    Click on ok Select the desired property

    Click on modify

    Specify the desired column name

    Click on ok

    Once again click on ok.

    5.Inserting the transaction points for measuring the transaction: -

    It is a concept introduced in QTP which is used for calculating the time taken byan application to perform a specific task or the execution time of a block of statementTo do the same QTP has provided two options

    1.Start transaction2.End transaction

    Navigation for inserting transaction points: Keep the cursor in the desired location

    Activate the menu item insert

    Select the option start transaction

    Specify the transaction name

    Select one of the following option

    o Before currant step

    o After currant step

    Click on ok

    To avoid the above navigation one can directly type the following statementsmanually in the desired location

    Services.start transaction transaction name----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Services.end transaction transaction name

    6.Inserting the Programmatic statements: -

    There are five types of programmatic statements in the V.B script1.Normal statements (or) Object calls2.Conditional statements3.Looping statements4.Comments5.Utility statements

    Reporter utility object: -

    It is used for reporting an user defined message to the result window

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    SYNTAX: Reporter.reportevent status,object name,messageExample:Reporter.reporevent micdone,my report,add button is working fine.

    Status:Pass 0

    Fail 1

    Done 2Warning 3

    IV. Debugging The Test:

    Debugging:Debugging is a process of executing the script or aprogram in a user desired

    passion with some temporary breaks in order to identify the errorsTo do the same QTP has provided step commands and break point feature.

    Step commands: -There are three step commands

    1.Step into2.Step Out3.Step over

    1.Step into:Step into is used for executing a single statement then it will step in to the

    function or action and stops the execution.

    2.Step Out:Step out is used for executing all the remaining statements from the position of

    pointer in the function of the action and comes out of the function or action and stops execution

    3.Step Over:

    Step over is used for executing the single statement if that statement is afunction call or action call then it will execute all the statements in side the function or action once andstops the execution

    Break Point:Break point is the feature provided by QTP, which is used for breaking the

    execution temporarily

    Navigation: Activate the menu item debug

    Select the desired option

    ExampleFunction my func( )Msg box HaiMsg box hellowMsg box How r uEnd function

    My func

    Msg box byeMy funcMsg boxsee u

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    My funcMsg welcome

    Debug viewer Pane:Debug viewer pane is used for viewing, modifying or setting the currant

    value of the variables or expressions during the execution break with the help of three tabs by name1.watch expressions2.Variables3.Command

    Dim aA= 10B= 20

    Msg box a

    Msg box b

    Msg box a

    V. Executing the Test:

    In this phase one will execute the test

    VI. Analyzing the results:In this phase one will analyze the results..

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    ADVANCED CONCEPTS

    Regular Expressions: -When ever the QTP is unable to identify the objects due to the regular changes in

    the objects properties values dynamically during the execution then to overcome this problem one need toreplace the corresponding property value in the object repository with a suitable regular expression

    Navigation: Open the object repository

    Select the desired object in the object hierarchy

    Select the desired property in the properties list

    Click on the constant value options button

    Replace the constant value with suitable regular expression

    Select the check box regular expression

    Click on ok

    Click on ok

    Batch Testing Or Batch execution: -Executing a group of script files at a time is known as batch execution. To do the

    same QTP has provided a special tool by name test batch runnerBefore using the test batch runner one need to do the following settings in QTP

    Activate the menu item tools

    Select the opt option

    Select the run tab

    Select the check box allow other mercury products to run tests and components

    Click on ok

    Navigation for test batch runner:

    Start ProgramsQuick test ProfessionalToolsTest batch runner

    Once the test batch runner is opened add all the desired script files and save it

    as a batch file with .mtb extension

    When ever required open the batch file and execute it

    Recovery Scenarios:During the execution QTP may face some problematic situation where in it needs to recover by

    itself and continue the execution. To do the same a test engineer would have defined a solution well inadvance and made it available to the currant test before starting the execution.

    QTP may face four types of problematic situations1.Problems related to pop-up window2.Problems related to object state3.Problems related to test execution4.Problems related to application crash

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    To define the solution for the above problems QTP has provided four trigger events1.Pop up window2.Object state3.Test run error4.Application crash

    Navigation for object test: Activate the menu item tools

    Select the option recovery scenario manager

    Click on new scenario button

    Click on next

    Select the trigger event as object state

    Click on next

    Clixk on next

    Click on the hand icon

    Click on the desired object in the AUT

    Click on ok

    Click on next

    Specify the desired properties with the help of add/remove button Click on next

    Once again click on next

    Select the recovery operation as function call

    Click on next

    Browse the desired library file

    Select the option define new function

    Specify the desired function name

    Write the body of the function

    Click on next

    Deselect the check box add another recovery operation

    Click on next

    Specify the desired scenario name

    Click on next

    Select the desired check boxes

    o Add scenario to the currant test

    o Ass scenario to default test settings

    Click on finish

    Click on save

    Browse the desired location and save the file by specifying a file name with .QRS

    extension

    Click on close

    Environment Variables:The variables that may be varied in different environments and need to be used in the

    multiple scripts, should not be directly used in the scripts. They need to be declare separately in anenvironment file that file need to be associated to the test and then the variables in that file need to beused in those test so that when ever the values need to be updated in different environments one canupdate them very easily in the environment

    So all the tests using those variables will be automatically updated such kind of variablesseparately declared in the environment file are known as environment variablesThere are two types of environment variables

    1.Built in variables2.User defined variables

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    1.Built in variables:These variables will be by default available with all the tests so that one can directly use

    them in any test with the following syntax

    SYNTAX: environment.value(built invariable name)

    Example: var = environment.value(05)Msg box var

    2.User defined variables:These variables need to be declared by us according to our need and need to be stored in

    a separate environment file. Whenever required one need to associate these files to the current test anduse those variables

    Navigation for creating an environment file with environment variables: Activate the menu item test

    Select the option settings

    Select the environment tab

    Select the variable type as user defined

    Click on new

    Specify the variable name and the value

    Click on ok

    Click on export

    Browse the desired location

    Specify the desired file name with .XML extension

    Click on save

    To avoid the above navigation one can directly develop the XML file as follows

    flight path d:\program files\mercury b 203

    Navigation for associating an environment file to the current test:

    Activate the menu item test

    Select the option settings

    Select the environment tab

    Select the variable types as user defined

    Select the check box load variables and value from external files

    Browse the path of the environment file

    Click on apply and ok

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    In order to avoid the above navigation one can directly type the following script statement in the startingof the script

    Syntax: environment. Load from file path of the env file

    Example: environment. Load from filed:\envfile122.xml invoke application environment. Value(flight

    Path)

    Virtual object configuration:

    Virtual object configuration is a process of making the QTP treat a specified area or an userdefined object as a specific object

    Navigation:

    Activate the menu item tools

    Go to virtual objects

    Select the option new virtual object

    Click on next

    Specify the desired class(type) of the object Click on next

    Mark the area in the application with the help of mark object button

    Click on next

    Select one of the following options

    o Entire parent hierarchy

    o Parent only

    Click on next

    Specify the desired object name

    Specify the desired collection name

    Click on finish

    Virtual object manager:Virtual object manager is a feature provided by QTP which is used for creating and

    managing the virtual objects

    Once a virtual object is created it will be available to all the tests unless until we delete it.

    Framework:Framework is a generic work (outline work) or a set of guidelines designed by an expert to

    perform a task in an effective, efficient and optimized way

    Types of frame works: - (Mainly)1. Linear frame work

    2. Modular frame work3. Key-word driven frame work4. Hybrid frame work5. Data frame work

    1.Linear Framework Generate the basic test

    Enhance the test

    Debug the test

    Execute the test

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    Analyze the test

    2.Modular Framework: Develop the individual components for each and every task

    Make them as reusable components

    Prepare the required drivers based on the end to end scenarios

    Execute the drivers

    Analyze the result

    ActionsACTIONS:Action is a set of script statements used for performing a specific task

    Types of Actions:There are three types of actions

    1.Normal actions2.Re-usable actions3.External actions

    Note: External actions are not editable .The re-usable actions called in another test are known as externalactions

    Operations On Actions:

    Navigation for inserting a new action: Activate the menu item insert

    Select the option call to new action

    Rename the desired action

    Select the one of the following options

    o At the end of the test

    o After the current step

    Click on ok

    Navigation for splitting an action in to two actions: Save the action

    Keep the cursor on the first statement of the second path

    Activate the menu item step

    Select the option split action

    Select one of the following options

    o Independent of each other

    o Nested

    Specify the desired action name

    Click on ok

    Navigation for making an action as reusable action: Select the desired action

    Activate the menu item step Select the option action properties

    Select the check box reusable action

    Click on ok

    Navigation for renaming the action: Activate the menu item step

    Select the option action properties

    Specify the desired name

    Click on ok

    Navigation for calling on existing action:

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    Activate the menu item insert

    Select the option call to existing action

    Browse the desired test

    Select the desired action

    Select one of the following options

    o At the end of the test

    o After the currant stepClick on ok

    Key word driven framework: Create the folder structure as follows

    Crate the required test data file and save them in the corresponding folders Create the required shared repository files and save them in the corresponding

    folder

    Create the required library files and save them in the corresponding folder

    Create the required environment files and save them in the corresponding folder

    Create the required recovery files and save them in the corresponding folder

    Open the main test and associate all the required files to each

    Develop the script in such a weather it executes based on the key words

    specified in the data tableExample:

    Var= data table (keys,1)Select case varCase L1Login( )Ins ord( )Logout( )

    CaseL2Openord( )Logout( )Case L3Login( )Logout( )End select

    Specify the desired key words under the corresponding column in the data table and save the test in thecorresponding folder

    When ever required open the test and execute it and analyze the result

    Methods

    First method Capture bitmap:

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    It is used for capturing a snap shot of an object or an window during executin and storesit in the desired location

    Syntax: Object hierarchy.capturebitmap Path of the location with a file name.bmpextensionExample:Window(flight

    Reservation).dailog(openorder).winbutton(ok).capturebitmapD:\fl_automation\b1.bmp

    Second Method- Exist method:It is used for checking the objects existence if the object is existing then it will return a value True, and

    make the QTP to continue the execution, If at all the object is not existing it will make the tool to wait tillobject exists. Once the object exists it will return true and make the QTP to continue the execution. If atall the object is not existing up to the maximum time then it will return false and make the QTP tocontinue the execution

    Syntax: variable=object hierarchy.exists(time in seconds)Example: Var= window(flight reservation).exists(12)

    Wait property:Wait property is used for making the tool to wait based on the object properties valueSyntax: object hierarchy.wait property property name, property value, extra time in mille seconds

    Wait:it is used for making the tool to wait till the specified time is elapsed.Syntax: Wait Time in seconds

    Simple and regularly used methods: -

    The first method among those is click method.

    1. Click method: -Click method is used for clicking on specified object

    Syntax: Object hierarchy.click(x,y,[button] )

    2. Double click: -It is used for double clicking on a specified object

    Syntax: Object hirerarchy.dblclick(x,y, [button])

    3.Set Method: -Set method is used for setting a value in to an edit box or selecting or deselecting acheck box or selecting a radio buttonSyntax: Object hirerearchy.setvalue

    Object hierarchy of check box.set on/offObject hierarchy of radiobutton.set

    Case study-1:Develop the script customer id, custname, cust age, cust phone number and clicking on submit button

    CustCust Id:

    Cust Name:

    Cust Age:

    Cust Ph no:

    Submit

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    Vbwindow(cust).vbedit(cust).set.CustidVbwindow(cust).vbedit(custname).setnameVbwindow(cust).vbedit(custage).setageVbwindow(cust).vbedit(custphno).setphonenoVbwindow(cust).vbutton(submit).click

    Second Case studyDevelop the script of selecting Testing tools, sql server, live projects check boxes and clicking on nextbutton..

    Vbwindow(mindq).vbcheckbox(testingtools).seton

    Vbwindow(mindq).vbcheckbox(sqlserver).setonVbwindow(mindq).vbcheckbox(liveproject).set onVbwindow(mindq).vbbutton(next)click

    Third Case Study

    Develop the script for deselecting the testing tools check box,selecting the QTP and live project checkboxes and clicking on next button

    Vbwindow(mindq).vbcheckbox(testing tools).set offVbwindow(mindq).vbcheckbox(QTP).setON

    Testing Tools

    SQL Server

    QTP

    Live Project

    NEXT

    Testing Tools

    SQL ServerQTP

    Live Project

    NEXT

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    Vbwindow(mindq).vbcheckbox(liveprojects).setonVbwindow(mindq).vbbutton(next).click

    Fourth Case Study:

    Develop the script for entering the name, age, country, and selecting the gender, selecting the check box

    photo profiles only and clicking on search button

    Matrimony

    Vbwindow(matrimony).vbedit(name).setsri balajiVbwindow(matrimony).vbedit(age).set25Vbwindow(matrimony).vbedit(country.set IndiaVbwindow(matrimony).vbradiobutton(female).setVbwindow(matrimony).vbcheckbox(photo profile only).set on

    Vbwindow(matrimony).vbbutton(search).click

    Select Method:Select method is used for selecting an item in a combo box or a list box

    Syntax:Object hierarchy.selectitem name

    Fifth Case Study:

    Develop the script for entering train number, train name, date of journey, selecting starting point,selecting destination point, selecting berth, selecting class

    RES

    Name

    Age

    Country

    o Male

    o Female

    Photo profiles

    onlySEARCH

    Train No:

    Train Name:

    Date of Journey:

    From

    To

    UB First A/c

    LB Second A/CMB Third A/C

    Sleeper

    Break Fast

    Lunch

    Dinner

    NEXT

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    Vbwindow(res).vbedit(trainno).set2085Vbwindow(res).vbedit(Trainname).setGodavariVbwindow(res).vbedit(Date of journey).set15-aug-08Vbwindow(res).vbcombobox(from).select SecVbwindow(res).vbcombobox(To).selectTpgVbwindow(res).vbradiobutton(LB).setVbwindow(res).vbradiobutton(sleeper).set

    Vbwindow(res).vbcheckbox(breakfast).set onVbwindow(res).vbcheckbox(dinner).set onVbwindow(res).vbbutton(next).click

    Activate Method:It is used for activating a window or a dialog.Syntax: Object hierarchy. Activate

    Close Method:It is used for closing the window or a browserSyntax: Object hierarchy. Close

    Set Secure:Set secure method is used for setting an encrypted data in to an edit box

    Type Method:Type method is used for performing any kind of key board related operationSyntax: Object hierarchy. Type key valueExample:Dialog (login). Winedit(agent name).type mic tab

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    Descriptive Programming: -If at all the objects description is specified in the program itself then that type of programming is

    known as descriptive programming

    Dialog(text:=login,width:=320).windedit(attached text:= Agent Name:).set jnreddyDialog(text:=login).winedit(attachedtext:=password:).setsecure xxxxxx

    Dialog (text:=login).winbutton(text:=ok).clickWindow(text:=flight reservation).close

    GetRoProperty:It is used for getting the current value of the runtime objects propertySyntax: Variable=Object hierarchy.getroproperty(property name)

    Sixth Case Study:Develop the script for clicking on a ok button if it is existing and enabled otherwise the correspondingmessage should be reported to the result window

    Form 1

    Var= vbwindow.(form1).vb button(ok).exixtsIf( var=true) thenVar2= vbwindow.(form1).vbbutton(ok).getroproperty(enabled)If(var2=true) thenVbwindow.(form1).vbbutton(ok).clickElseReporter.report edit,3,my report,Ok button is visibleEnd if

    ElseReporter.report edit,3,my report,form dowsnot existsEnd if

    Seventh Case study:Develop the script for selecting the product id, entering quantity, clicking on cal button and checkingweather it is working fine or not

    PRODUCT

    OKAY

    YY

    PID

    PNAME

    PRATE

    QUANTITY

    AMOUNT

    CAL

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    Vbwindow(product).vbcombobox(pid).select 007Q=5R=vbwindow(product).vbedit(prate).getroproperty TextEV=r*qVbwindow(product).vbedit(quantity.set qVbwindow(product).vb button(cal).clickAV=vbwindow(product).vbedit(amount).getroproperty textIf (EV=AV) thenReporter.reportevent, 0,my report,cal button is workingElseReporter.report event,3,my report,cal button is not workingEnd if

    Simple VB script functions used for comparisons and calculation: -

    1. CINT:Used for converting a value in to integer value

    2.CSTR: It is used for converting a value in to string

    3.CDBL:It is used for converting a value in to Boolean value

    4.CBOOL:It is used for converting any value in to Boolean value

    5.LTRIM:It is used for trimming the left side spaces

    6.RTRIM:It is used for trimming the right side spaces

    7.TRIM:It is used for trimming the both side spaces

    8.LEFT:It is used for getting the left side sub stringSYNTAX::var=left(string or variable, no of chars)

    9.RIGHT:It is used for getting for right side sub stringSYNTAX::var= Right(string or variable, no of chars)

    10.MID:It is used for getting the middle sub stringSYNTAX: var=mid (string or variable, starting char no, no of chars)

    11.UCASE:It is used for converting a string in to upper case

    12.LCASE:It is used for converting a sting in to lower case

    13.Round:It is used for rounding any decimal value to nearest highest integer

    Eight-case study:

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    Develop the script for selecting product id, quantity, clicking on cal button, If it is existing and enabledand checking weather it is working fine or not

    Product

    Vbwindow(procuct).vbcombobox(productid).select 007Q=10Vbwindwo(product).vbedit9prate).getroproperty(Text)R= vbwindwo(product.vbedit(prate.getroproperty(text)Ev=R*QVar1= vbwindow(product).vbbutton(cal).existsIf cstr(var1)=cstr(true) thenVar2=vbwindow(product).vbbutton(cal).getropropertyexistsIf cstr(var2)=cstr(true) then

    Vbwindow(product).vbbutton(cal).clickAv=vbwindow(product).vbedit(amount).getroproperty(text)If cint(Av)=cint(Ev) then

    Reporter.report event micpass,myreport,result is passElseReporter.reportevent mic fail,my report,result is failEnd ifElseReporter.reportevent mic warning,my report,cal button does not existsEnd ifElseReporter.reportevent mic warning,my report,cal button is disabledEnd if

    Get to property:Gettoproperty is used for getting the text objects properties value

    SYNTAX: var= object hierarchy.gettoproperty (property name)Example: var= vbwindow9form1).vbbutton(add).gettopropery(text)

    Note: Text objects property means the properties present in the object repository+properties present inthe secret place

    Set to property:Settoproperty Is used for setting the text objects properties value temporarily during the

    execution

    PID

    PNAME

    PRATE

    QUANTITY

    AMOUNT

    CAL

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    SYNTAX: Object hierarchy.settoproperty property name,property value

    Tenth case study:Develop a script for clicking ona button for three times whose text property value will be dynamicallychanging from start to stop and stop to start

    OR

    Form 1

    Vbwindow(form1).vbbutton(spb).clickVbwindow(form1).vbbutton(spb).settoproperty text,stop

    Vbwindow(form1).vbbutton(spb).clickVbwindow(form1).vbbutton(spb).settoproperty text,startVbwindow(form1).vbbutton(spb).click

    DATA TABLE METHODS

    Data table methods:Data table methods are used for performing the operations on the runtime data table

    1. Add- sheet:It is used for adding the new sheet for the runtime data table

    SYNTAX: Data table.add sheetsheet name2.Delete- sheet:It is used for deleting a specified sheet from the run time data table

    SYNTAX: Data table.delete sheetsheet name3.Import: It is used for importing the data present in all the sheets in an excel file to the runtime datatable

    SYNTAX: Data table.import path of the excel file4. Import Sheet:It is used for importing specified sheet of data from the excel file to the specified sheetin the runtime data table

    SYNTAX: Data table. Import sheet path of the excel file, source sheet id, destination sheet id

    5.Export:It is used for exporting the complete data present in the run time data table to a specifiedlocation

    SYNTAX: Data table. export Path of the location with a file name.xls extension

    6.Export Sheet:It is used for exporting the data present in a specified sheet in the run time data table toa specified location

    SYNTAX: Data table .export sheet path of the location with a file name.xls extension, sheet id tobe exported.

    7.Set currant row:It is used for making the QTP focus on a specified rowSYNTAX: Data table. Set currant row (row number)

    8.Set next row:It is used for making the QTP focused on the next of the currently focused rowSYNTAX: Data table. Set next row

    START

    SPB

    NC:Button

    Text:start

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    9.Set Prev Row:It is used for making the QTP focus on the previous row of the currently focused towSYNTAX: Data table. Set prev row

    10. Value Method:It is used for getting a value from a specified sheet, specified column and currentlyfocused row.

    SYNTAX: Variable= Data Table. Value ( column name, sheet id)

    11. Get Sheet:It is used for making the QTP to focus on a specified sheetSYNTAX: Data table. Get sheet (sheet id)

    12Get Row Count:It is used for getting the row count of a global sheetIf at all one wants to get the row count of a specified sheet first of all they need to make the

    QTP to focus on a specified sheet and then get the row count

    SYNTAX 1: Variable= Data Table. Get row countSYNTAX 2: Variable= Data Table. Get sheet (sheet id). Get row count

    Example:Data table. Addsheet SriData table.import sheet e:\Sri\td122.xls,1,3N=Data table.get sheet( 3).getrowcountFor i= 1 to n

    Data table. Set currant row( i )Vbwindow(form1).vbedit(val1).set data table(v1,3)Vbwindow(form1).vbedit(val2).set data table(v2,3)Vbwindow(form1).vbbutton(add).clickExp val= data table.value(ev,3)Act val= vbwindow(form1).vbedit(res).getroproperty(text)If (exp val= act val) thenData table (res,3)= passElse

    Data table (res,3)= failEnd ifNextData table.export sheet D;\fl_automation\log\file2.xls,3Data table.delete Sri

    Input/Out put Parameters:

    One ca pass number of values in to the function while calling and a function can return only one value.

    Example:

    Function add(a,b) Main programRes= a+b Add(10,20)Add= res Msg box varEnd function

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    Input/Out put parameters concept is used for passing some values in to the action to return some valuesonce the execution is finish

    To do the same one has to declare the desired number of input parameters and out put parameters atthe action, which is about to be called

    Navigation:

    Activate the menu item test Select the option action properties

    Select the parameters tab

    Declare the desired number of input/output parameters

    Using the corresponding add buttons

    Click on OK

    Exmaplevbwindow("Form1").VbEdit ("val1").set parameter ("a")

    vbwindow("Form1").VbEdit("val2").Set parameter ("b")vbwindow("Form1").VbButton("ADD").Clickvar= vbwindow("Form1").VbEdit("res").GetROProperty "text"parameter ("c")= varvbwindow("Form1").Vbbutton("SUB").Clickvar1=vbwindow("Form1").VbEdit("res").GetROProperty "textA"parameter ("d")=var1vbwindow("Form1").VbButton("CLEAR").Click

    At the calling point one need to specify the input values in a sequence separated by commas and thevariable names in a sequence in order to catch the return value

    Example: Take the new test

    Run action "action1[inout122]", one iteration,20,30,r1,r2msg box r1msg box r2

    Automation Object Model

    Automation object model: (AOM)Automation object model is a concept provided to automate the operations on QTP through scripting

    Dim qtappDim qttest

    Set qtapp= create object (quicktest.application)Qtapp.launchQtapp.visible

    Qtapp.opend:\aom1, trueSet qttest=qtapp.testQttest.runQttest.close

    Qtapp.open d:\aom122, trueSet qttest= qtapp.test

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    Qttest.runAttest.close

    Qtapp.quit

    Data Base Connection

    M.S Access Connection:Dim con, rsSet con = createobject("adodb.connection")Set rs= createobject("adodb,recordset")

    con.provider= "microsoft.jet.oledb.4.)0"con.open "d:\test data.mbd"rs.open "select * from info", conDo while not rs.eof

    vbwindow("Form1").VbEdit("val1").Set rs.fields("v1")

    vbwindow("Form1").VbEdit("val2".set rs.fields("v2")vbwindow("Form1").VbButton("add").Clickrs.movenext

    Loop

    Oracle connection:Con .open provider =oraoledb.1;server=local host;uid=scott;pwd=tiger;database=testdata;

    SQLServer connection:Con.open provider= sqloledb.1; server=local host; uid=sa; pwd=; database= test data;

    Happy learning Best of Luck

    QTP 9.0,9.1,9.2

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    QTP 9.0: Test menu item is renamed as Automation

    Settings option is moved from test menu item to file menu item

    Quality center connection option is moved from tools menu item to file menu item

    Step menu item is removed and all the options present under it are kept in the edit menu item

    A new menu item window is introduced used for managing the window

    A new option by name function definition generator is introduced which is used for creating thefunctions easily

    New options are provided for commenting and un commenting the block of statements

    A new option by name check syntax is introduced under tools menu item used for checking thesyntax of script

    Some of the options related to the resources like object repository, recovery scenario managerare moved from tools menu item to a new menu item resources

    A new menu item resourced is introduced with some new options like object repository managerand associate repositories

    Object repository manager is used for creating and managing the shared repositories with outhaving any connection to the test

    Anatomy of QTP 9.0:

    QTP 9.0 screen can be divided in to 7 parts

    1. Test pane2. Active screen3. Data table4. Debug viewer pane5. Tool Options6. Information screen7. Missing resources screen

    6.Information screen:Information pane is used for viewing the syntax related information during the syntax

    CheckMain change: One can associate one or more shared repositories to an action a part from its localrepository

    7.Missing resources:When the test is being open if at all any associate resources like repositories, library files,

    recovery files are missing then the complete information related to that will be shown in the missingresource pane

    QTP 9.1: A new feature by name navigate and learn is introduced present in multiple pages or windowscontinuously by navigating

    A new feature by name object repository comparison tool is introduced which is used forcomparing two shared repositories

    QTP 9.1 is compatible with windows vista operating system and .net frame 2.0 environment

    The script editor is made user friendly

    The company has announced that they will provide license for all the add ins also

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    QTP 9.2: A new feature by name screen recorder is provided which is used for recording the movie of theexecution and that can be played back during the result analysis for better understanding

    One can handle the object repositories dynamically through scripting with the help of an utility

    object repositories collectionExample:

    Repath= d:\r1.tsrRepositories collection.remove all( )Repositories collection.add(repath)vbwindow("Form1").VbEdit ("val1").set 10

    vbwindow("Form1").VbEdit("val2").Set 20vbwindow("Form1").VbButton("ADD").Click

    Pos= repositories collection.find(repath)Repositories collection.remove(pos)

    Object spy functionality is enhanced in such a weather one can view multiple objects informationcontinuously by keeping the mouse pointer over the object

    QTP 9.2 is compatible with the following browser

    Internet explorer 7.0

    Mozilla fire fox2.0

    Net space navigation 8.1.0