technical communication; definition and classification

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  5. 5. FORMAL DEFINITION A formal definition is a one-sentence explanation of the meaning of a word. When you write a formal definition, first assign the term to a class and then explain how it is different from other members of the class. Parts of Formal Definition Term Verb Class Characteristics Modems Are Electronic Devices That make possible the transmission of data to or from a computer via telephone. Hypertext Mark- Up Language (HTML) Is A code Used to make documents readable across a variety of platforms and software.
  6. 6. INFORMAL DEFINITION Informal Definition is using a familiar word or phrases for an unfamiliar word or phrase. It is also called a parenthetical definition. When defining a word that the reader will easily understand if shown a synonym or alternative phrase, show the synonym in parentheses immediately after the word. Radar An acronym for radio detection and range; a determining factor in anti- aircraft defense system. Stalemate A contest or competition in which neither side can gain an advantage or win. Hub-bub A noisy, confused mingling of sounds
  7. 7. EXPANDED, EXTENDED, OR IMPLIFIED DEFINITION Etymological Historical Negation/Elimination Operating Principle Comparison/Contrast Uses of Examples Explication This version of a definition is the longest, offering the freedom to provide insight into the origin of the term, additional meanings, synonyms and antonyms, and more.
  8. 8. Etymological A more formal statement about the language roots of a word. Technical terms may not have actual roots of this sort. The author explains that they are often acronyms that are better understood when the letters or parts of the word are explained.
  9. 9. Historical An explanation of where a term comes from, who first used it, or the circumstances in which it was first used.
  10. 10. Negation/Elimination
  11. 11. Operating Principle
  12. 12. Comparison/Contrast A discussion of the term as it compares to a term that has a different meaning. A discussion of the term as it relates to a term similar in meaning.
  13. 13. Uses of Examples
  14. 14. Explication
  17. 17. GENUS: The class to which the term to be explained belongs. SPECIES: The class member having characteristics or distinctive qualities of its own. BASIS: The main reason or principle that causes the objects to fall into one class.
  18. 18. First Dates DogsRock Music Schools ReligionWeight Loss Literature Friendships
  19. 19. A first date can end up being categorized as successful, a clingy, a boastful or awkward. Successful first dates include both parties expressing information about what they like, who they are, and so forth. Usually, these dates will end in tentative plans for a second one. Clingy dates end up with one of the parties practically begging for information about the other. However, the non-clinger is not interested. On boastful dates, one member of the duo talks about all of his or her skills, talents, and abilities. The listening end of the pair is never asked about his or her life. Awkward first dates generally involve lots of silence or one or both of the partners not knowing how to act appropriately. While many dates occur every day, they can generally fall into one of these categories. First Dates
  20. 20. Friendships Although friendship is something that most people enjoy, friendships are not all the same. Some friendships are forged from a long-term familiarity with one another, and other friendships can spring up just by spending one fun evening together. Not all friendships result in daily or even weekly time spent together; long-term friendships can be kept afloat using communication tools like the Internet and telephone, while other friendships result in sporadic get-togethers sometimes months or even years apart. People seek different things in friendship, meaning certain friendships result around trips to a diner or video games while other friendships may occur due to a work relationship or general common interests.
  21. 21. Schools Different students attend various types of schools; however, they can usually be classified as either public, private religious, private non religious, or alternative. Public schools are funded by the state, and the majority of students in the United States attend them. Private religious schools are based around a particular faith, such as Catholicism, Judaism, and so forth. The religion is part of the every day lives of the students and they also learn about the faiths. All types of private schools do not receive state funding. Therefore, private non religious schools are simply just that: schools which do not receive state funding and have the ability to make their own rules. Alternative schools can be made up of a variety of different categories, such as the Montessori program or technical schools. Most students who attend class in an actual school building go to one of these types of institutions.
  22. 22. Literature The word "literature" evokes the image of a book-lined shelf, or an evening spent in a chair with a novel. While written literature has been around since the advent of print, it has always taken on different forms. At its most basic, literature simply means written work, although some would argue that the term refers specifically to published works, or even to works that have garnered some critical acclaim. High literature connotes literature that has been accepted as academically beneficial. "Low" literature, like some young adult fiction, doesn't always have the intellectual value of high literature, but there is some crossover- the novels of Stevenson and Twain were originally written to a young adult audience but are considered classics today.
  23. 23. Weight Loss People looking to lose weight have a few options: exercise, diet, weight loss pills, and surgery. Exercising involves going to a gym, working out at home, or joining some sort of class or sports team. Those who are dieting can talk to a doctor about a plan for them. Weight loss pills can be taken, if proper precautions and directions are followed. Individuals who are severely overweight can talk to a doctor about having surgery to lose the weight that they need.
  24. 24. Religion The beliefs and practices known as religion can cause unity or contention, can hold many things in common while promoting very different values, can be as simple as the Golden Rule or complex as tradition allows. The Abrahamic religions- Islam, Christianity, and Judaism- all share a common father, Abraham. Nevertheless, the teachings of each religion vary to such a degree that many wars and conflicts have been fought between them. Nevertheless, most religions, from the Abrahamic beliefs to eastern religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, promote loving others, living moral lives, and working toward the benefit of humanity.
  25. 25. Rock Music The genre of rock music encompasses many distinct styles under the same umbrella. While the genre began with guitar - and piano-driven popular songs, today there are literally hundreds of variations on the original. Electronic rock contains elements of computer-generated or synthesized instruments, including drum machines and electronic guitars, in addition to some of the elements from the original movement. Heavy metal focuses less on melody and more on heavy guitars, while folk-rock typically uses a much more acoustic sound with instruments like banjos and harmonicas. Emerging in the late 1970s were glam rock and punk rock, which share a stripped-down sound and emphasize aesthetics, while punk rock tends to be more aggressive and glam tends to be more theatrical. Even today, rock music tends to share a distinctive beat with electric or acoustic guitars.
  26. 26. Dogs Dogs are domesticated animals that have been living with humans for generations. Dogs can be classified in a number of different ways. For example, they can be classified by breed. Examples of different breeds include beagles, basset hounds, poodles and countless others as defined by the American Kennel Club (AKC). They can also be classified by their role in the lives of their masters and the work they do. For example, a dog might be a family pet, a working dog, a show dog, or a hunting dog. In many cases, dogs are defined both by their breed and their roll. For example, a dog could be a beagle that is a family pet.


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