team building - football/soccer

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  • What do you do with football skills and stamina? Team Building { The Road to Success Copyright: Rinus Michels, Netherlands Kimmo Haapea
  • General Introduction Types of Team Building Complexity of Football Limits of Team Building External Factors on the Psychological Team Building Process Levels of Development Steps in the Development Process Performance Level Value of the Team Building Introduction 2
  • General Introduction Leonard Bernstein, conductor, orchestra leader: Individually you are very accomplished, but as an orchestra you will have to travel a long and difficult road. You think you have achieved the ultimate level, but the perfection of the orchestra can be taken from 95 to 100 % Not enough that you play your own instrument correctly, you must also be harmonic with the orchestra Football coach must think how he/she can create a team that can produce the best possible outcome in difficult (constantly pressurized) situation No note book The quality of the players The quality of the coach Introduction 3
  • General Introduction Anticipation and Decision Making Constantly changing situation Hundreds of Millions of possibilities during the match Split-second decision making Take into account your team-mates and the opponents Team efficiency vs showing off The aim of the match Outside pressure Money Perfect match? Pro level, amateur level any difference in the pressure to succeed? Introduction 4
  • General Introduction Pressure to Succeed Ever higher demands for the peformance level of the team Striving to perfection Team defensive preformance Result: higher demands on attacking and building up -qualities Individual and team level Structural learning process Academies Awareness of the team tactical effectivity Cohesiveness of the team Match analyses as the key Introduction 5
  • General Introduction Types of Team Building Teamwork is as old as the game itself. Increasing demands and pressure put on the coaches and players Structural means which help the players perform More speed & higher difficulty level -> players have to perform at a higher level Individually and within the team Players had much more time in the earlier days! PSYCHOLOGICAL team building process TEAM TACTICAL team building process Introduction 6
  • General Introduction Psychological Team Building Process Obvious approach Better mentality better environment for the team tactical team building process Players willingness to work MOTIVATION! Willingness to win What works today. Is not guaranteed to work tomorrow -> remain alert Changes in the tension level which factors affect? -> the coach must stay alert in each training session and feel the atmosphere & ACT ACCORDING TO THE MENTAL ATTITUDE OF THE PLAYERS Before the game During the game: positive and negative developments Tact, harshness, continuous improvement Consistent, clear and honest behaviour from the coach! Introduction 7
  • General Introduction The Team Tactical Team Building Process At least as imortant as mental team building Team tactics a structural process Based on a developed playing style Reguires strucutral training work using clear team tactical guidelines Organizational team building Strategical team building Tactical team building Introduction 8
  • General Introduction Organizational team building Concerns the guidelines of team organization, team structure and the organizational form (4-4-2, 4-3-3 and so on) Traffic lights prevent chaos Every player has a role and function within the team organization Conduct through experience Action is taken fast and automatically Too stiff approach? Strategical team building A series of guidelines how a team or a line or a group defend, build up, or attack Continuous positioning in relation to each other Introduction 9
  • General Introduction Tactical team building How to prepare team tactically to the match next Saturday? Which variations do I use? Based upon specific resistances from a match Football is complex Connection between the complexity of the game and the quality of the players The best players are very clever (~ the up 5 % of the people) Space and time dimensions in a match quick reflection to upcoming situations In comparison to the business world, space and time dimensions are different Introduction 10
  • General Introduction Complexity Factors of Team Building Team tactically the most sport Size of the team demanding Unpredictability Roles of the individuals; versatility is expected Continuous action Most decisicive demands placed on individual qualities of players Technically Players are Physically (incl. psychologically) directors Tactically (insight) Intelligence, fast reaction to altering situations All players are quarterbacks Players sport Played by feet discipline Contact sport Adequate training, team spirit Playing time, tempo -> physical Introduction 11
  • General Introduction The Complexity of football is determined by The size of the team Individual qualities combined with versatility Unpredictability: the players have to make quick TEAM EFFICIENT decisions out of several options in ever changing situations The ball is played with feet Physical contact sport The duration of the match The measurements of the field Players game team tactically Constant action Tempo Team tactical guidelines a necessity
  • General Introduction Limitations of Succeeding in the Team Building Every coach attempts to improve his teams performance by helping to develop an extra team tactical dimension in every player = team efficiency/ by each member of the team Scoring chances can be created by good team play, but the team needs a player with the ability to score in order to succeed The same goes with other roles ~ duels Introduction 13
  • General Introduction Limitations in Succeeding in the Team Building Quality of the players (most important factor) Physics, technics, mentality, tactics LIMITING FACTORS: Balance Between defending, building up and attacking One of the most difficult tasks of the coach Success Powerful weapon in team building process Opponent The countermeasures What worked in the last game wont necessarily work in the next one Luck Unpredictability WC 1978 CL Final 1999
  • General Introduction Psychological Team Building Process External Factors Performance level is never a constant factor Tension between self-interest and the interest of the team Power struggle Between board members, coach and bms, coach and assistant coach Self-interest vs the best of the team Statements Board member, a coach, a player, The coach must always be on the look-out & focus on TBP! Only the coach is able to build a team and a team efficient style of play -> the coach must have credibility and clear football vision Self-confidence Introductionthe big picture, but the details are what matter Not 15
  • General Introduction Levels of Development All levels Challenges of coaches at all levels Make players perform better Reach the limits of the performance level of the team Big difference in the potential of all players in the talent pool -> difference in quality Coach must possess an adequate technical level (exceptions?) Theoretical knowledge of the game Theoretical knowledge of the team building process Ability to communicate No more street football compensation Whoever wins is correct?? Youth football: keeping the players busy vs teaching the game Organizing the training sessions efficiently Training football realistic situations 16 Introduction
  • General Introduction World Class Level of Development Relationship betw. Team Building and Performance Level Brazil 1994 In 1970, Brazil used 4-2-4, in 1980s 4-4-2 Also Parreira used 4-4-2 from the preparation on Everyone must take a part in defence, even Romario Few touches during the build up - midfielders Team spirit vs the stars dream of all the Brazilians Unity and Team Spirit No money talk in the team WC bigger than money No press, family members, agents, frends to the training camp The team members could only communicate with each other in the training camp Scrimmages especially helpful Not the result but the execution what counted Introduction 17
  • General Introduction World Class Level of Development Relationship betw. Team Building and Performance Level Why was Parreiras 4-4-2 different? Full backs helped in build up Centre backs covered the positionsof full backs The role of defending midfielders in defence and attack Attackers had to move a lot and go deep Not allowedto play close to each other durin the build up Had to be able to receive the ball in the flanks and behind the defensive line Sh