teaching literature in secondary schools

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Teaching Literature in Secondary Schools . Dr. Buchanan ENG 499 Fall 2012. Teaching Literature. What is literature? Why teach literature? Who we teach? How to teach literature? Student centered Lead students through task-oriented interactions Engage students in challenging tasks - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Teaching Literature in Secondary Schools

Teaching Literature in Secondary Schools Dr. BuchananENG 499Fall 2012Teaching LiteratureWhat is literature?Why teach literature?Who we teach?How to teach literature?Student centeredLead students through task-oriented interactionsEngage students in challenging tasksScaffold to support constructionMove from near to home to far from homeIndividual, Small Group, Large GroupInstructional SequenceBefore teaching: Set GoalsBefore reading: Frontload activitiesBeginning to read: Set purposeDuring reading: Guide students readingAfter reading: Reflect on experienceFollow up: Extend understanding beyond text

Three Phases of Teaching LiteratureEnter (Frontload)ExploreExpandEnterGateway ActivitiesFreewritingThink-Pair-ShareInterviewsMinilecturesBooktalks

EnterK-W-LQuick WritesTea PartyOpinionnariesScenariosRole Play

ExploreReader ResponseInterpretive CommunityFormal analysisCritical SynthesisReader ResponsePersonal Triggers Suppositional ReadersConceptual ReadinessSynergistic TextsAssociative RecollectionsCollaborative AuthorsImagine ThisReader ResponseCharacter ContinuumCharacter MapsFocal JudgmentsOpinion SurveyInterrogative ReadingJump StartsTitle TestingInterpretive CommunityThink AloudJump-In ReadingCommunal JudgmentDefining VignettesReaders TheaterAssaying CharactersPsychological ProfilesVenn DiagrammingFormal AnalysisFormal Discussion QuestionsLiterary Rules of NoticeIntertextualityStudents WriteAuthors SpeakTeachers ReadCritical SynthesisMoral/PhilosophicalHistorical/BiographicalFormalist/New CriticalRhetorical.FreudianArchetypical Critical SythesisFeministMarxistDeconstructionistReader ResponseNew HistoricalPost-Colonial CriticismQueer Theory or Gender Theory Classroom strategies to explore theorySmall Group QuestionsJigsaw GroupsRole PlayingCounter QuestionsBattle of the Book Critiques Discussion QuestionsEngage students in creating questions Connect book to livesVolunteer contributionEngage everyone

QARs (Question-Answer Relationships) (Raphael, 1982)Text-Based QuestionsRight There QuestionsThink and Search Questions (inference)In My Head QuestionsAuthor and Me (not in the story, life experience)On My Own (dont need to read book)

Question Levels (Hillocks, 1980)Level 1: Basic Stated InformationLevel 2: Key DetailsLevel 3: Stated RelationshipsLevel 4: Simple Implied RelationshipsLevel 5: Complex Implied RelationshipsLevel 6: Authors GeneralizationsLevel 7: Structural Generalizations

Questioning Circles

Rules for QuestioningConsider purpose and choose questions accordinglyInvolve as many students as possibleAsk follow-up questionsAllow for wait timeListen to all answers, not just the ones you are expectingTeach students to ask their own questionsTeaching DiscussionSilent DiscussionsThree Index-Card DiscussionListen and Follow UpStudent Created Questions