teaching approach: literature


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TEACHING APPROACH: LITERATURE. DR.HUSNIAH SAHAMID UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA. Teaching Approach. Moody (1983: 23) to "provide a framework, or sequence of operations to be used when we come to actualities each approach has its own target or aim. Read more: . Differing Philosophies. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



TEACHING APPROACH:LITERATUREDR.HUSNIAH SAHAMIDUNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIATeaching ApproachMoody (1983: 23) to "provide a framework, or sequence of operations to be used when we come to actualitieseach approach has its own target or aim.Read more:

Differing PhilosophiesRichards and Rodgers (1986) different philosophies at level of approach reflected through different types of activities in different uses for activity types.

Importanceacquainted with variety of approaches, techniques, activitiesstimulate and develop students' interest knowledge of literature Approaches: varietyVariety of approachesOverlappingDifferent names , almost similar approachSelected approaches for discussionDo own readings, references !Teaching approaches : selected1. skills based approach2. information-based approach3. language-based approach4. personal response approach, 5. paraphrastic approach, 6. moral-philosophical approach 7. stylistics approach Literature in the ClassroomRegard inappropriate to the language classroomSeparation: - study of language & study of literature,integrated approach to teaching literature in the language classroom1. Skills Based ApproachPurpose(s) for readinggain informationverify existing knowledgecritique a writer's ideas or writing style. Enjoymentenhance knowledge language being read. Purpose of Readingdetermines the approach to reading comprehension text :letters, words, sentences, paragraphs - encode meaning. ANDReader uses knowledge, skills, and strategies to determine what that meaning is. Reading ResilienceDevelop skill of reading resilience: ability to read and interpret complex and demanding literary texts.

Decoding Skills

automatic word recognitiondependent on phonic knowledgeallows reader to attend to meaningSOslow, belabored decoding overloadsshort-term memory and impedes comprehension.Skills Based ApproachReading skills: decoding, understandingHierarchy of Reading tasks(Later: Barrets Taxonomy)Encoding SkillsWriting tasksReading, writing connectionsSkills - based approachPeceptual skillsRecogniseIdentifyActivitiesKeep a reading journaluse to map:reflections, improve reading practices and skillsunderstanding of reading text2. information-based approach teaching knowledge about literaturesource of informationexamine history, historical backgroundcharacteristics of literary movements 3. Language based approachIncorporate language and literature syllabus by studying the language.

4 Personal response approach (Thematic approach)Encourages learners active involvement emotionally, intellectually, draw own experiences, feelings, opinions

also known as Thematic approachtexts chosen according to same theme compare to learner

5. Paraphrastic approach surface meaning of textparaphrase ,re-word the story in simpler languagetranslating it into another language beginners of target language 6. moral-philosophical approach read a particular literary textsearch for moral values awareness of values assist students to understand themes in future readings. 7. Stylistics Approach closer understanding ,appreciation of literary text combination of linguistic analysis and literary critic (Lazar, 1993) interpretationmake meaningful interpretations Beyond surface meaning

An example of an activity?Example: activityLook at a text closelyMark certain linguistic featuresstudents to look at language featuresextracting possible clues contribute to meaning, interpretation of the text (Carter, 1996). End of notes


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