teachers' perceptions of e-learning in malaysian secondary schools
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Teachers Perceptions of E-Learning in Malaysian Secondary Schools
Cheok Mei Lick & Dr Wong Su Luan[Universiti Putra Malaysia]
Introduction Previous initiative, to increase ICT usage in schools known as the Smart Schools project found that 80% of the teachers used ICT less than one hour per week, and this was also mostly limited to word-processing (UNESCO, 2013).
IntroductionMalaysian Education Blueprint (2013-2015), 1BestariNet and software will be provided to all schools.1BestariNet project (MOE) provides access to a personal online integrated learning space, known as FROG VLE and high-speed connectivity by June 2014. Will cost Malaysian taxpayers RM1.5 billion and implementation expected to run over 13 years.
IntroductionMalaysian context of VLE usageSupplementary to face-to-face teaching in the classroomTeachers slow uptake of e-learning. Why?According to Lortie (1975) it is because teachers are not sure if the changes will work.
Purpose of the study is to understand why the slow uptake of e-learning.7IntroductionSo Guskey (1986) proposed 2 advise: Management need to understandwhat motivates teachers processes by which change occursPurpose of this study
Research QuestionsWhat are the benefits of e-learning for teaching as perceived by teachers?What are the barriers of e-learning implementation as perceived by teachers?What suggestions do they have to improve the e-learning teaching and learning environment in schools?IntroductionInitial evidence seemed to suggest that many schools are experiencing difficulties with the implementation and development of VLE.This study is an attempt to understand the reasons for this by studying teachers attitudes and perceptions.Measures can then be taken to maximize the uptake of the VLE.MethodsParticipantsThe participants of this study included 60 in-service teachers; 40% are males and 58% females. 57% are above 40 years old.Only 18% of the participants claimed not to have received any training.
MethodsInstrumentTo explore the teachers perceptions towards the e-learning, three open-ended questions were asked through a survey form distributed to secondary school teachers.Data collected were analysed for key themes and patterns
Finding: Benefits_studentsCreate interest Easy access to materials and resourcesImprove learning outcomeIncrease self-directed learnersFlexibleIncrease ICT usage and awarenessIncreased interaction
Finding: Benefits_teachers Easy to use Organised their teaching materials and resourcesReduced printing
Finding: Barriers_within the schoolTimeTraining and exposureNeed of technical supportRole of managementNot proficient in EnglishValidity of informationToo large a classPoor internet connectionInsufficient laptops/computers/LCDs
Finding: Barriers_beyond the schoolNo internet connection at home
Findings: SuggestionsTrainingTechnical supportFacilitiesAwareness programmesFrog VLEs RelevanceRestrictions on access
Discussion & conclusionThis study examined teachers perceptions towards FROG VLE implemented since 2013 in all schools nationwide. Lacking in facilities are the number one challenge among the teachers studied. Teachers are in need of ongoing training in technology integration. Lackadaisical attitude among teachers, administrators, government agencies
Discussion & conclusionAssessment remains the same
Prof. Sugata [FROG Leap Conference 2013] offered two suggestions: Reduce administrative loadGive teachers the liberty to play with the VLE (trial and error period)
To concludeThe only source of knowledge is experienceMalaysian teachers must start experimenting and experiencing with e-learning or we will be left far behind.Future research is suggested to explore schools where teachers succeed in delivering e-learning lessons despite the multiple odds against them.