talentos excepcionales. orientaciones psicopedagógicas

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  • 7/23/2019 Talentos excepcionales. Orientaciones psicopedaggicas.

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    F~chnrda hn xrcoc`a

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    NDNNN$%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

    Eahcmihch nh~fcxiwc0 Xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnvQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ

    A_INDXCFIADNV ZVIFAZNHCKKIFCV

    Nd famnkiav Hivxrixcmnv hn Oakax$

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    Vnfrnxcrc

    NH^FCFIAD

    Aorc rncmipchc zar ndfcrka zcrc mc Cvaficfid O~idciec nd f~ezmieindxa hn nvxc fad mc VNHOakax cdxn mc arhnd hn vnrwifia :8:8 hnm ?7 hn ndnra hnm ca ?::7$ _ncmipchc oc`a fadxrcxahn zrnvxcfid hn vnrwifiav %idificha nm 3 hn gnornra hnm ca ?::< y gidcmipcha nd `~dia 6: hnmeivea ca%- n`nf~xcdha mc fm~v~mc 30 Ao`nxa0 Hirnffid y faarhidcfid cfcheifc hn xrnvzraynfxav ,) y ndxrn axrcv- mc aomikcfid hn mc fm~v~mc 60 ,xne 3) ndxrnkc hn rnv~mxchav%hnm eivea- m~nka vindha dnfnvcria zcrc v~ ndxrnkc faezmnxc cfarhcr ndxrn mcv zcrxnv ~d

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    V~ohirnffid hn Fae~dihch Nh~fcxiwc$

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    Vn fadx fad mc cvnvarc y fadv~mxarc hn0@CI_A KI_CMHA KCMMA- Zrnvihndxn hn O~idciec2

    FC_MAV NH^C_HA WCVFA ^_ION- Cvnvary mc famcoarcfid hn

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    Ns~iza hn Cvnvarnv hn czaya O~idciec0@A_KN LNMON_X VCDFLNPCDH_NY HCWIH KADPMNP

    Ns~iza hn X~xarnv hn fceza nvznfgifa O~idciec0IVCONM F_IVXIDC CMLIZZLIA

    DCXCMIC IWADDN CFNWNHANMBID VCMFNHA ENDHIWNMVA

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    nh~fcxiwc- znhckkifc y hihfxifc$

    ZrnvndxcfidFea hnvfrioir s~ nv vnr ~d xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm1- Fea n|zmarcr- ihndxigifcr y hnvcrrammcr vid crr~idcr- mc zaxndfic hn ~d xcmndxa

    n|fnzfiadcm1- S~ vn rns~inrn zcrc mc garecfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm1

    Vi rn~dieav nd ~d fad`~dxa mc hiendvid coarhchc zar mcv dnfnvihchnv nh~fcxiwcv nvznficmnv n|fnzfiadcmnv DNNN zrnvndxnv nd mav nvfamcrnv- fadwindnrnwivcr mav nvx~hiav hn a vaorn mc rnmcfid ndxrn xcmndxa- idxnmikndfic y!a frncxiwihch hio~chc nd mcv r~xcv idwnvxikcxiwcv hn cdxca lcvxc mcv ev rnfindxnv- zarn`nezma0 Marndpa 39992 Vxnrdonrk 399;2 _ndp~mmi 399?2 Kcrhdnr 39982 Fvibvpndxeilcmyi 39 %?::- >?- 7;- 7 hn 3998 a Mny kndnrcm hn Nh~fcfid ,Xx~ma III-fczx~ma I0 Nh~fcfid zcrc znrvadcv fad mieixcfiadnv a fczcfihchnv n|fnzfiadcmnv- Crx$ 87 89)- Hnfrnxa ?:7> hn ?::6- hnfrnxa 3: hnm ?::?- Zraynfxa hn Cf~nrha 683 hn ?::7- y rnfindxnendxn mc rnvam~fid 83:3!:; mc f~cm rnginrn mav ondngifiav hn krcx~ihch fad

    nvxc zaomcfid w~mdnrcomn ,crxf~ma 6 xne ;) y vnk~iha endfiadc nd nm xx~ma II mav frixnriav hn ihndxigifcfid- vnmnffid y czmifcfid hn mav ondngificriav hn hiflckrcx~ihch nd v~ crxf~ma > d~enrcm 6 xne k0

    6$ Mav nvx~hicdxnv oc`a cmk~dc hn mcv vik~indxnv fadhifiadnv hn w~mdnrcoimihch s~n cfrnhixnd cdxn nm famnkia nm vazarxn rnvznfxiwawikndxn0k$ Mav nvx~hicdxnv fad fczcfihchnv y xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv0 fad hickdvxifa fnrxigifcha zar ~dc ndxihch faeznxndxn- s~n rnzarxns~n nm dia- dic a `awnd xindn fangifindxn idxnmnfx~cm ik~cm a v~znriar c 36:$

    Nd rnv~end- vad wcricv mcv rcpadnv s~n `~vxigifcd mc iezarxcdfic n idxnrv hn cxndhnr nvxc zaomcfid fad DNNN0 ^dc hn nmmcv- dcwnkc nd mav ndf~ndxrav-eawimihch- nvg~nrpav y azarx~dihchnv s~n zar mav hnrnflav hn mc idgcdfic- mc dinp y `~wndx~h vn rncmipcd c diwnm mafcm- dcfiadcm n idxnrdcfiadcm$ Vnk~ihc c nvxc yhndxra hnm eivea ecrfa- vn rnkivxrcd mav crxf~mav 87 cm 89 hn mc mny 33> y nd nvxn mxiea n|zrnvc0

    nm Kaoinrda Dcfiadcm gcfimixcr nd mav nvxcomnfieindxav nh~fcxiwav mc arkcdipcfid hn zrakrcecv zcrc mc hnxnffid xnezrcdc hn mavcm~edav fad fczcfihchnv a xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv y mav c`~vxnv f~rrif~mcrnv dnfnvcriav s~n znreixcd v~ garecfid idxnkrcm$

    Xceoid zrnvndxc mc idxndfid hn zahnr fadxrio~ir nd mc fadvxr~ffid hn d~nwcv r~xcv y frixnriav hn n|zmarcfid- ihndxigifcfid- idkrnva- zraeafid y nwcm~cfidc mc zaomcfid fad DNNN falnrndxnv fad mcv hnecdhcv y dnfnvihchnv vaficmnv- nvfamcrnv y zvifaznhckkifcv$

    Xrnv hn mcv nvxrcxnkicv zcrc lcfnr xrcdvgnrndfic znhckkifc hn mcv n|znrindficv nh~fcxiwcv hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm y makrcr xrcvfndhnr nd nvxn fceza hnnvx~hia y cffid- zahrcd vnr0

    Kndnrcr y zraeawnr cffiadnv idvxix~fiadcmnv s~n lckcd ngnfxiwav mav zridfiziav hn cxndfid nh~fcxiwc zcrc mcv znrvadcv fad mieixcfiadnv a fadfczcfihchnv y!a xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv endfiadchav nd nm Hnfrnxa ?:

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    _nfadafieindxav

    Mav zraxckadivxcv znhckkifav s~n czarxcrad cfxiwcendxn nd ondngifia y vamihcrihch fad mczaomcfid w~mdnrcomn n|fnzfiadcm- Nvfamcrnv fad Dnfnvihchnv Nh~fcxiwcv NvznficmnvN|fnzfiadcmnv ,NDNNN)- xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv- lcd viha ns~izav y kr~zav hn czaya cNDNNN fadgarechav zar ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv- zvifaznhckakav- arindxcharnv!cv nvfamcrnv-hirnfxiwcv idvxix~fiadcmnv- zchrnv y echrnv hn gceimic- diav- dicv y `wndnv nvx~hicdxnv hnhinp famnkiav hivxrixcmnv hn mc fi~hch hn Oakax$

    Nd nvxn vndxiha- mc Vnfrnxcric hn Nh~fcfid Hivxrixcm V$N$H `~dxa fad mc ^NM hn Fi~hch Oamwcry mc Cvaficfid O~idciec hnvhn nm Zraynfxa Xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv- rnfadafnd mc mcoar-

    vamihcrihch y faeznxndfic znhckkifc hn hiflav zraxckadivxcv y hn xahav y xahcv cs~nmmcvznrvadcv s~n lcd fadxrio~iha %y s~ipv vn s~nhnd vid endfiadcr% fad mc cfakihc- zraeafid yvnk~ieindxa hn ~dc zraz~nvxc cmxnrdcxiwc f~ycv nvxrcxnkicv lcd viha yc hn krcd ondngifia zcrcmav NDNNN$

    Ecnvxrcv y ecnvxrav zcrxifizcdxnv y famcoarcharnv0 Mc vik~indxn nv mc mivxc hn ecnvxrcv yecnvxrav s~n czarxcrad nd nm xn`iha hn nvxn haf~endxa c xrcwv hn wcriav ndf~ndxravrncmipchav zar enhia hn fadwnrvcxariav- xcmmnrnv- hnocxnv- hnmionrcfiadnv- fadvndvav-nmcoarcfid hn haf~endxav- himikndficeindxa hn garecxav- ndf~nvxcv- ndxrnwivxcv- idvxr~endxavy daxcv ndxrn axrav nd hignrndxnv nvzcfiav y xinezav%0

    _nfxarcv y _nfxarnv0 Famnkia Varrndxa0 K~ihaFcifnha$ Famnkia Gmarndxida Kadpmnp0 NhimecMnvenv$ Famnkia Ecrfa Gihnm V~rnp0 M~iv_ced Cycmc$ Famnkia Ecrc EnrfnhnvFcrrcdpc0 Omcdfc Dinwnv Avzidc$ Famnkia _cgcnm^rion ^rion0 Mihc Vagc _cernp$ Famnkia Fi~hchOamwcr Crkndxidc0 C~rc Ecrc Lik~nrc$ FamnkiaZcrcva Ecd~nmc Onmxrd0 Eyrice Frivxidc_cernp$ Famnkia Mc @ayc Oavfa I0 Gcoia L$Arxp$ Famnkia Eid~xa hn O~ndav Cirnv y McEcrc0 _~xl Ycmimn Lnrddhnp$ Famnkia _ahrikaMcrc Oadimmc0 @arkn Mckav Frhndcv$Faarhidcharnv y Faarhidcharcv

    Cfcheifav0 Famnkia Gmarndxida Kadpmnp0Crx~ra Dia _~oicda- Yamiec Vdflnp$ FamnkiaEcrc Enrfnhnv Fcrrcdpc0 Grnhy Oalrs~np$Famnkia _cgcnm ^rion ^rion0 Yaecirc _ahrk~np-Ecd~nm Onfnrrc- Ecrmnd Zmcxc _~nhc$ FamnkiaFi~hch Oamwcr Crkndxidc0 Hariv Ocs~nra-Knred Hcria Vimwc$ Famnkia Zcrcva Ecd~nmcOnmxrd0 _cgcnm L$ Kenp- Cdhrnc hnm ZimcrXarrnv$ Famnkia Eid~xa hn O~ndav Cirnv0 YnvihEamidc Gcmmc- Amkc Mnadar _ahrk~np- Lnmonrx_~p- Nmivc Zrnp$ Famnkia _ahrika Mcrc Oadimmc0Frivxidc Znp Cycmc- Eiryce Lnmndc Farrnhar$

    Ecnvxrcv y ecnvxrav faarhidcharnv yfaarhidcharcv hn mav ns~izav a kr~zav hnczaya idvxix~fiadcm c NDNNN0 Famnkia

    Varrndxa0 Fvcr Ecrxdnp$ Famnkia GmarndxidaKadpmnp0 Omnyhiv @$ O~ixrcka- Eyrice YamcdhcZidpd$ Famnkia Ecrfa Gihnm V~rnp0 KmaricNvznrcdpc Kadpmnp$ Famnkia Ecrc EnrfnhnvFcrrcdpc0 Cdc Gnmivc Hcp Zrnp- OrikixxnZinridc Eakammd$ Famnkia _cgcnm ^rion ^rion0Gcddy _ac- Ynddi Afceza$ Famnkia Fi~hchOamwcr Crkndxidc0 Kiemmnr Dnmmy _cernp-Chricdc Eimndc Zrinxa- M~p Mnyhnr Enma$ FamnkiaZcrcva Ecd~nmc Onmxrd0 Hcwih Fnrnra Fl$Famnkia Mc @ayc Oavfa I0 @cwinr Cdhrv MznpPczcxc$ Famnkia Eid~xa hn O~ndav Cirnv0 VimwicZcflnfa- Vcdhrc Mimicdc E~ap$ Famnkia

    _ahrika Mcrc Oadimmc0 Gcddy Z~ndxnv Onrehnpy Ec|ieimicda Cmpcxn$ Ecnvxrcv y ecnvxravzraeaxarnv hnm xcmndxa y zar ndhn eineoravhn mav ns~izav hn czaya idvxix~fiadcm0 FamnkiaVarrndxa0 Gcoia _ahrk~np- D~oic Vxnmmc_ahrk~np- Dnmmy Lihcmka$ Famnkia Ecrfa GihnmV~rnp0 @cwinr Lnrddhnp$ Famnkia EcrcEnrfnhnv Fcrrcdpc0 M~p Dnmmy Kcrfc _a`cv-dknmc Zcxrific Fcdhic- Omcdfc Mnadar K~pecd$Famnkia _cgcnm ^rion ^rion0 Ycdnxl Fr~p-Ecrivam Wnrc- Chricdc Nvzcc- D~oic EcrfnmcWcrkcv- Ecrxlc Yamcdhc Ocmmnvxnrav- Nmipconxl

    wimc- [imvd Lnrddhnp- Dnmmy Vceznr- D~oicGarnra- M~p Ecridc _a`cv- Dnvxar KnrcrhaS~idxnra- Fmc~hic Gcrgd- @nddy Cvxrih Vimwc-

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    7

    K~iaecr Znp$ Famnkia Fi~hch OamwcrCrkndxidc0 Krcfinmc Ecrxdnp- M~fnra Endhapc-Vcdhrc Farrnc- Cihc Lihcmka- Limhc Ck~imnrc-Cdkmifc Mimicdc Mnd- Fmc~hic Kadpmnp-Fmc~hic Crwcma- Ecrionm Vcdhawcm- Ynddy

    Crhimc- Ecrxlc Crcdka$ Famnkia Zcrcva Ecd~nmcOnmxrd0 Eik~nm dknm K~nrrnra- Omcdfc MnadarZcrchc- Eik~nm Cdxadia Kcmwiv- @cien Vdflnp-@ady Cdhrv _a`cv- Cmnyhc Kcixd- LnrddHcria Lnrddhnp- @arkn Awcmmn$ Famnkia Mc@ayc Oavfa I0 Cmn|iv Mnd- Nvznrcdpc Xawcr-Ynvih _a`c- M~iv Cmonrxa _ny- @cien _avnra-Vcdhrc _cdknm Zidxa- M~p Nvznrcdpc Xawcr$Famnkia Eid~xa hn O~ndav Cirnv0 YamcdhcFcmhnrd- @av Ikdcfia Ecmckd- KmaricKadpmnp- Eimndc Arxp- Ecrc hnm Xrdvixa-H~mgcry S~nwnha- Ec~rifia Vdflnp- Cmi|

    Ecrxdnp$ Famnkia _ahrika Mcrc Oadimmc0 VcdhrcIwaddn Nvxrchc- Ecrxlc Ocroavc$Zvifaznhckakcv y zvifaznhckakav-Arindxcharnv nvfamcrnv- Zvifmakav yZvifmakcv- Xrcoc`charcv vaficmnv yNh~fcharcv nvznficmnv0 Famnkia Ecrfa GihnmV~rnp0 M~p Ndnihc _idfd- Lnrmidhc Kadpmnp$

    Famnkia Gmarndxida Kadpmnp0 Cdc HnmicOcrrckd$ Famnkia Ecrc Enrfnhnv Fcrrcdpc0Omcdfc Fcrrcdpc- Ecronmy Avzidc$ Famnkia_cgcnm ^rion ^rion0 Harc Ivconm _iwnrc- KmaricVxnmmc Lnrddhnp$ Famnkia Zcrcva Ecd~nmc

    Onmxrd0 dknmc Oioicdc Farxv$ Famnkia Mc @aycOavfa I0 Gcoid C~k~vxa Kcrpd$ FamnkiaFi~hch Oamwcr Crkndxidc0 Cdc Fnfimic Xarrnv-Vcdhrc Fcramidc Gc`crha$ Famnkia Eid~xa hnO~ndav Cirnv0 Fmc~hic Bcridc _ahrk~np$Famnkia _ahrika Mcrc Oadimmc0 Nmvc M~fcFcornrc- Cdc Zcfld- Ecrmnd Vcdhawcm$Faarhidcharcv s~n cfaezccrad ycvnvarcrad nm zraynfxa O~idciec nd nm ca?::> c ?::70 Faarhidcharc Vadic Ocroavc2 ca?::7 c ?::; Faarhidcharc _~voy Ecmckd$Krcficv c xahav y xahcv mcv nvx~hicdxnv

    zcrxifizcdxnv- c echrnv y zchrnv hn gceimics~n fadgicrad y czaycrad v~v li`cv n li`av$

    Zcrxifizcrad hn mc rnwivid gidcm0 FcrmavNh~crha Wcvfa ^rion y @~cd Fcrmav CmwivOndcwihnv$

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    Zk$ 9Nh~fcfid nd mc hiwnrvihchS~ vn ndxindhn zar xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm1Xizav hn xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcmFea vn ndxindhn mc ihndxigifcfid hnm xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm1Nh~fcfid zrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecricNh~fcfid ovifc vnf~dhcric y enhicIdvxr~endxav y rnfamnffid hn idgarecfidHiendviadnv y fcrcfxnrvxifcv arindxcharcv zcrc

    mc ihndxigifcfid nd nm c~mc$Vdxnviv

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    Zk$ ?;%Chczxcfid y xrcdvgarecfid f~rrif~mcr%_~xcv arindxcharcv

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    HIENDVID ZNHCKKIFC%Eahcmihchnv hn ihndxigifcfid%S~ ns~iza hn czaya n|znrxa vn rns~inrnzcrc cxndfid hn mav NDNNN1%Cmk~dcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv hnm ecnvxra y ecnvxrcs~n cxindhn NDNNN%Aovxf~mav hnm ecnvxra y mc ecnvxrc

    HIENDVID VAFICM FAE^DIXC_IC

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    Fczx~ma IIIIDXN_WNDFID

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    Zk$ 8>

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    Cmk~dav eahnmav xnrifavHiendvid fadfnzx~cmIdvxr~endxav y garecxavFrixnriav hn idkrnva nd evifc exaha V~p~bi

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    9

    HNXNFFID

    Fczx~ma IA_INDXCFIADNV ZVIFAZNHCKKIFCV ZC_C CXNDHN_ NDNNN

    NH^FCFID ND MC HIWN_VIHCH?

    Nm fnrnora hn fchc vnr l~ecda nv difa$ Cmk~dcv endxnv nvxd fcomnchcv zcrc frncr vidgadcv y vadnxav-eindxrcv s~n axrcv nvxd ns~izchcv zcrc fadvxr~ir z~ndxnv- fcrrnxnrcv y faez~xcharnv- hivncr

    cnrazmcdav y rnhnv wicmnv- fadh~fir fceiadnv y xc|iv- a o~vfcr rnenhiav zcrc nm fdfnr hn ecec y mcliznrxndvid$

    E$ Mnwidn

    F~m nv nm vndxiha hn mc,v) hiwnrvihch,nv) nd nm vnr l~ecda1 Neznfneav zar rnfadafnr s~nfchc vnr l~ecda nv difa n irrnznxiomn- da vama nd v~v rcvkav y fcrcfxnrnv vida xceoid yzridfizcmendxn krcficv c ~dc rnfrncfid fadvxcdxn hn zrafnvav dcx~rcmnv- oiamkifav yf~mx~rcmnv s~n mn hcd ihndxihch c mc wnp s~n ma xrcdvgarecd$ Mc hiwnrvihch lcfn- z~nv- cm~vid chignrndficv kndxifcv y ceoindxcmnv- livxrifcv- knakrgifcv y zvifamkifcv- vafianfadeifcv-zamxifa%ihnamkifcv- cdxrazamkifcv- nh~fcxiwcv y e~flcv axrcv$ Xahcv nvcv hignrndficvhnonrcd xndnrvn nd f~ndxc nd mc nvf~nmc zcrc mc garecfid y hnvcrramma hnm idhiwih~a$ Endxnvhignrndxnv- czrndhipc`nv hignrndxnv,E$ Mnwidn)6$

    Mc nvf~nmc nv ~d gara hadhn vn rndnd xahcv mcv f~mx~rcv hiwnrvcv s~n fchc ~dc hn mcvznrvadcv s~n mc idxnkrcd mmnwcd fadvika ,E$ H~fcrx)8$ Aovnrwcr s~n fchc dia y dic vadhignrndxnv nv gfim$ Xrcxcr cfnrxchcendxn nvcv hignrndficv hnvhn ma nh~fcxiwa nv ev higfim$ Ndnm c~mc ndfadxrceav hiwnrvihch idhiwih~cm- nvxa nv- nd f~cdxa c mc nxczc hn hnvcrramma-fadafieindxav zrnwiav- eaxiwcfiadnv- idxnrnvnv- n|znfxcxiwcv- nvximav hn czrndhipc`n- zrafnvavfakdixiwav2 hiwnrvihch vafiaf~mx~rcm- zrawndindxn hn mc znrxndndfic c a mc ihndxigifcfid fad ~dcnxdic a kr~za vaficm2 hiwnrvihch kndnrcfiadcm- zcrxif~mcrendxn mc s~n vn rnginrn c mc ornflcn|ivxndxn ndxrn mav nvx~hicdxnv y mav ch~mxav- vncd nmmav hafndxnv- x~xarnv a zchrnv hn gceimic$

    Mc nvf~nmc hnon hcr rnvz~nvxc c mcv dnfnvihchnv idhiwih~cmnv y kr~zcmnv hn mav v~`nxavrnvznxcdha v~v fcrcfxnrvxifcv- gcfimixcdha cm eivea xineza mc chczxcfid c mc vafinhch nd mcs~n vn hnvcrrammcd$ Xahc ndvncdpc lc hn cfaeahcrvn c mcv dnfnvihchnv hn fchc nvx~hicdxn2da hnon nvznrcrvn s~n vnc n|fm~viwcendxn m a nmmc s~ind vn chczxn c mav v~z~nvxavzrnhnxnreidchav hnm zrafnva nh~fcxiwa$

    Fea idxnkrcr mav vconrnv hnvhn mc hiwnrvihch1 Nd mc nmcoarcfid hn ~d zrakrcec s~nzrazific nm hnvcrramma hnm xcmndxa- hnond xndnrvn nd f~ndxc xahav mav gcfxarnv$ Da nv ma eivea~d zrakrcec zcrc ~dc fae~dihch idhkndc s~n zcrc ~dc zaomcfid s~n rns~inrn g~nrxnv havivhn rnvimindfic$ C~ds~n vn cfnzxc s~n- nd f~cdxa cm hnvcrramma fakdixiwa- mav zrafnvav hnczrndhipc`n da vad ik~cmnv zcrc xahav- nd mc zrfxifc zrnwcmnfn ma fadxrcria$ Czrndhneav ndxnrrixariav hignrndxnv2 nv mc idxnrrnmcfid ndxrn mcv znrvadcv y nm ceoindxn- vnc vxn vaficm-f~mx~rcm a dcx~rcm- nm s~n fadgarec nd mxiecv mcv nvxr~fx~rcv fakdixiwcv hn cs~nmmcv$ ^d dia~ixaxa y ~d dia ~rocda czrndhnd mc eivec fcxnkarc- zar n`nezma- mc hignrndficfid ndxrn mavnfa y ma ea`cha- ndxrn nm eawieindxa ckixcha hnm ria y nm eawieindxa v~cwn hn mav roamnv-

    ? Czarxcfiadnv hnm Zrnvihndxn hn mc Cvaficfid O~idciec- Hr$ @cira Kircmha Kcmma$6 Enm Mnwidn- Endxnv hignrndxnv- czrndhipc`nv hignrndxnv- ^d eahnma nh~fcxiwa zcrc hnvcrrammcr nm zaxndficmidhiwih~cm hn fchc dia$ Zcihv- Ocrfnmadc- ?::6$8 Ecrfnma H~fcrx Mc nh~fcfid nd mc hiwnrvihch- ~d ndgas~n cdxrazamkifa$Nd0 lxxz0!!{{{$fadv~hnf$ark!zcrxifizcdha!nh~fhiwnr$lxe

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    znra mc f~cmihch hn czmifcfid y hnvcrramma hnm fadxndiha z~nhnd vnr e~y hignrndxnv xnezarcm ynvzcficmendxn$

    Mc idxnmikndfic neafiadcm- mc idxnmikndfic zrfxifc- mc idxnmikndfic hnm |ixa- y e~flav axravxx~mav- vaornvcmnd nd xahav mav enrfchav hn miorav$ Nd nvc ecrcc hn rx~mav fad wivav hn

    faenrficm vn hnvxcfc mc fmcvigifcfid lnflc zar La{crh Kcrhdnr y cmk~dcv axrcv s~n xceoidxindnd v~ g~dhcendxa nd mcv findficv hn mc fakdifid$ Nd azidid hn cs~nm- hnonrceav hnhifcrendav xineza c mc fmcvigifcfid hn mav diav vnkd v~ rndhieindxa n idwnrxir ev nvg~nrpav ndcy~hcrmav c rnfadafnr y f~mxiwcr v~v lcoimihchnv y v~v haxnv dcx~rcmnv$ Da nvx hn evrnfarhcr s~n lcvxc clarc Kcrhdnr rnfadafn mc n|ivxndfic hn zar ma endav afla garecvns~iwcmndxnv hn idxnmikndfic- cmk~dcv hn mcv f~cmnv da vn zadnd hn ecdiginvxa nd zr~nocv hnzcznm y mzip$

    Xahc nvc hiwnrvihch hnonrc fadvxix~irvn nd nwihndfic zcrc nm idhivzndvcomn hnvcrramma hnexahav ev ngnfxiwav nd mc znhckakc y nd mc garecfid hnm idhiwih~a$ Mc s~n cs~ davidxnrnvc vn ndkmaoc nd mc vikmc DNN$ Vi oind fad nmmc vn v~znrcd cdxnriarnv hndaeidcfiadnvhivfrieidcxaricv- da makrc rnfaknr hnm xaha mcv dnfnvihchnv nh~fcxiwcv hnm idhiwih~a$ Nd fchc~da hn mav NDNNN nm ecnvxra a mc ecnvxrc ndf~ndxrc ~dc endxn hignrndxn s~n rns~inrn

    cxndfid idhiwih~cm nvznficm$ Mc krcd higif~mxch nd cxndhnr c nvxc zaomcfid v~oycfn nd nmhimnec ndxrn mc hiwnrvihch y mc ns~ihch- z~nv mc hignrndfic da hnon fadh~fir a hcr zi c mchnvik~cmhch$ Nv zrnfivcendxn mc hiwnrvihch nm rnxa e|iea hn mc nh~fcfid faea idvxr~endxahn ns~ihch$

    Nm hnrnfla c mc hiwnrvihch- fadvckrcha nd mc fadvxix~fid ,wcdvn- zar n`nezma- mav crxf~mav ; y;:)- n|ikn hnm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa chczxcfiadnv nd v~ f~rrf~ma s~n ma lckcd gmn|iomn y aznrcdxngrndxn c mcv dnfnvihchnv nvznficmnv2 vikdigifc s~n c fchc dia a dic vn mn hnond zrawnnr mcvfadhifiadnv zcrc nm zmnda y xaxcm hnvcrramma hn v~ zaxndficm idxnmnfx~cm$ Nd fadvnf~ndfic- ~dvivxnec nh~fcxiwa hnecvicha ~digaren ~ laeakdna vn xardc nd ~d nvs~nec id`~vxa nidxamnrcomn zcrc mcv DNN$ Ma `~vxa y ns~ixcxiwa rnv~mxc vnr mc cznrx~rc- mc nmcvxifihch y mclnxnrakndnihch hnm vivxnec- mc e~mxizmifihch hn azarx~dihchnv nd mav ceoindxnv nvfamcrnv yznhckkifav$

    Mc nh~fcfid nd mc hiwnrvihch vn makrc ndris~nfindha mc hiwnrvihch ndxrn mav nvfamcrnv fad mchiwnrvihch hndxra hn mcv idvxix~fiadnv y mc hiwnrvihch hnm zragnvarcha$ Fchc nvf~nmc hnvcrrammcv~ hideifc zrazic- nvfrion v~ livxaric y fadxrio~yn cm hnvcrramma f~mx~rcm hnvhn v~vznf~micrihchnv hn g~dfiadceindxa- czrawnflcdha v~v nvzcfiav- v~v hafndxnv- s~indnv vadv~`nxa y ao`nxa c mc wnp- y v~v nvx~hicdxnv- s~indnv da vama vad ao`nxa znhckkifa$ Cm ik~cm s~nmav nvfamcrnv- fchc hafndxn nv xceoid ~d vnr l~ecda difa n irrnznxiomn- fad v~ n|znrindfic-fadafieindxa y vcoih~rc$ Mc ris~npc nd mc hiwnrvihch hn idvxix~fiadnv- zragnvarnv y nvx~hicdxnvnv mc s~n gcfimixc s~n nm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa vn fadvxix~yc nd ~dc creadiavc lnxnrakndnihch hnmfad`~dxa$

    F~cdha ~d NDNNN zrawindn hn ~dc gceimic hn o~nd diwnm vafiaf~mx~rcm- mc idv~gifindfic hn mcnvf~nmc zcrc cxndhnr v~v hnecdhcv y znf~micrihchnv z~nhn wnrvn faezndvchc fad mc cxndfididhiwih~cm s~n v~ gceimic z~nhn oridhcrmn$ Zar nm fadxrcria- vi nm nvfamcr zrawindn hn eahnvxavndxardav vafiaf~mx~rcmnv- e~y zraocomnendxn v~ n|fnzfiadcmihch wc c v~grir hnxriendxa cm z~dxas~n mn z~nhn mmnwcr cm grcfcva nvfamcr zar gcmxc hn eaxiwcfiadnv c v~v f~riavihchnv- idxnrnvnv yzaxndficmihchnv$

    Mc nh~fcfid hnon znreixir cm vnr l~ecda mc rncmipcfid hn v~v zaxndficmihchnv ,xcmndxa-idwndxiwc y frncxiwihch0 XIF) c mc wnp s~n mn mmnwn- nd v~ idxnrrnmcfid vaficm- c mc chnf~cfid yxrcdvgarecfid hn v~ ndxarda enhicdxn nm fadafieindxa idxnkrcha ,f$i$)$

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    I$ S~ vn ndxindhn zar xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm1

    Nm xcmndxa nvx faez~nvxa zar nmnendxav fakdixiwav y cgnfxiwav s~n vn hnvcrrammcd vaorn mc ocvn hn

    hnxnreidchcv fadhifiadnv oiamkifcv y vaficmnv$ Da nv ~d rcvka nvxcomn zcrc xahc mc wihc- z~nhn

    ecdignvxcrvn nd mcv zrienrcv nhchnv y hn`cr hn n|zrnvcrvn hnvz~v a wifnwnrvc$ Z~nhn ecdxndnrvn

    vinezrn a da n|zrnvcrvn d~dfc$ Nmma hnzndhn hn mav rnf~rvav fakdixiwav- hn mcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv hn mc

    znrvadcmihch a hn mcv fadhifiadnv ceoindxcmnv s~n rahncd cm v~`nxa$

    _$ Marndpa ,?::>)

    Vi vn eircd mcv hignrndxnv zavx~rcv xnrifcv n|z~nvxcv nd wcriav haf~endxav n idwnvxikcfiadnvvaorn nm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm y mc v~znrhaxcfid- vn ndf~ndxrc s~n n|ivxn ~d hivndva cfnrfc hnmfadfnzxa- zar ma f~cm z~nhn fadfm~irvn s~n mc hivf~vid da nvx pcd`chc$

    Nd nm fcva zcrxif~mcr hnm zraynfxa Xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv- mcv cfnzfiadnv vad emxizmnv y ndwcriav fcvav c`~vxchcv c mcv hnecdhcv faxihicdcv a nd hnvcrramma nd fchc famnkia hivxrixcm$ Mcn|znrindfic id vix~zafa c zafa hn`c mnnr mc dnfnvihch vndxihc hn mcv ecnvxrcv y ecnvxrav fadrnmcfid c v~ hnvna n idxnrv zar garecrvn nd mc hiendvid hn mav nvfamcrnv fad dnfnvihchnvnh~fcxiwcv nvznficmnv n|fnzfiadcmnv- NDNNN2 fadafnr y czrndhnr ev cfnrfc hn eahnmav hnihndxigifcfid y xnarcv hn mc frncxiwihch- fcrcfxnrvxifcv- axrcv n|znrindficv- fceoia f~rrif~mcr-iddawcfid n idwnvxikcfid nh~fcxiwc- idxnkrcfid n idfm~vid nvfamcr- nm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm ymav zraomnecv a higif~mxchnv hn czrndhipc`n- ndxrn axrcv- nv hnfir- ~dc garecfid s~n idfm~yc mcg~dhcendxcfid y zrag~dhipcfid nd mc hiendvid hn mav NDNNN hnvhn nm ndxndhieindxa yfaezrndvid hn xnarc y zrfxifc$

    Cmk~dav haf~endxav fadvxr~ihav nd Famaeoic zcrc czaycr mc cxndfid nh~fcxiwc c nvx~hicdxnvfad fczcfihchnv a xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv- rnginrnd s~n mc znrvadc fad xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnvnvznfgifav zrnvndxc ~d hnvnezna v~znriar y zrnfafihch nd ~d rnc nvznfgifc hnm hnvcrramma$Nd nm fcva idxnrdcfiadcm xceoid mcv rngnrndficv vad wcrichcv y fad ecyar zrag~dhipcfid nd nmnvx~hia hn mc v~znrhaxcfid$ ^dc czra|iecfid cm fadfnzxa lc viha nvx~hichc nd nm eahnma hnmc hafxarc _cs~nm Marndpa nd F~oc- vxn mmnwc v~ daeorn y nm xcmndxa nvx faez~nvxa zarnmnendxav fakdixiwav y cgnfxiwav s~n vn hnvcrrammcd vaorn mc ocvn hn hnxnreidchcv fadhifiadnvoiamkifcv y vaficmnv$ Da nv ~d rcvka nvxcomn zcrc xahc mc wihc- z~nhn ecdignvxcrvn nd mcvzrienrcv nhchnv y hn`cr hn n|zrnvcrvn hnvz~v a wifnwnrvc$ Z~nhn ecdxndnrvn vinezrn a dan|zrnvcrvn d~dfc$ Nmma hnzndhn hn mav rnf~rvav fakdixiwav- hn mcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv hn mcznrvadcmihch a hn mcv fadhifiadnv ceoindxcmnv ,gcwarcomnv a hnvgcwarcomnv) s~n rahncd cmv~`nxa ,?::>0 3>:)$

    O~idciec lc rnfakiha idgarecfid id vix~ hnvhn nm ?::> y vn g~viad fad mav zrafnvav hnidwnvxikcfid nezrndhihav nd nm ?::< m~nka hn wcriav ndf~ndxrav fad hirnfxiwcv- ecnvxrav yecnvxrcv- nvx~hicdxnv y zchrnv hn gceimic- V$N$H y fadv~mxarnv n|xnrdav- makrcdha fadfrnxcrfad ev fmcrihch vafia fae~dixcric n idxnrkndnrcfiadcm ~dc zrienrc czra|iecfid fadxn|x~cm cmfadfnzxa hn xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- mc f~cm hnvfrion nm xrcoc`a fad mav diav- dicv y `wndnv hnmxcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm hn afla famnkiav hivxrixcmnv- cv0 ~dcazarx~dihch cmnkrn y nvznrchc zcrcn|zmarcr- zraeawnr y garxcmnfnr mav v~nav- nvznrcdpcv- idxnrnvnv y xrcoc`a- eawihav zar

    mc wam~dxch frncharc hnm nvg~nrpa- mc frncxiwihch n idwndxiwc fadxn|x~cm nd mc f~cm vn xindn

    azfid hn nmnkir ~d fceza a hiendvid nvznfgifc fad v~v hnriwchcv$

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    Xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm03) V~`nxa s~n czrnlndhn fad ~d cmxa krcha hn idxnrv y faezraeiva nd ~d fceza

    nvznfgifa hnm fadafieindxa y nv fczcp hn frncr- xrcdvgarecr y rnznrf~xir fad v~ aorc$?) Znrvadc s~n vaornzcvc mav nvxdhcrnv cfcheifav y nvx miknrcendxn zar ndfiechnm zraenhia$

    Nm zrienr fadfnzxa iezmifc mc ihndxigifcfid hn faezadndxnv fakdixiwav- cgnfxiwav y vaficmnv-rns~inrn ~d cfaezcceindxa znrxidndxn y ~d vnk~ieindxa- zcrc zraeawnr azarx~dihchnv yv~eidivxrcrmn rnf~rvav$ Hnvhn nvxn fadfnzxa- vn z~nhn rncmipcr ~dc ihndxigifcfid czaychc ndxfdifcv n idvxr~endxav da garecmnv>2 fad nm vnk~dha vn hirikn ev c mc v~znrhaxcfid y mcihndxigifcfid z~nhn wnrvn y ngnfx~crvn fad ecyar dgcviv nd mav idvxr~endxav a xfdifcvgarecmnv7$

    C$ S~ xizav hn xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm n|ivxnd1

    Vindha ~da hn mav eaxiwav hn nvx~hia hn nvxn haf~endxa- rncmipcr czarxcfiadnv c mc fcxnkarcXcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- zar clarc- da nv idxndfid zrag~dhipcr a fndxrcrdav nd enhihcvzvifaexrifcv faea kndnrcmendxn af~rrn f~cdha vn xrcxc hn v~znrhaxcfid$

    Mc v~znrhaxcfid nd hnvfrizfid hnm zragnvar Eik~nm Hn P~oirc;- vikdigifc aoxndnr ~d z~dxc`nik~cm a v~znriar c 36: nd ~d xnvx hn idxnmikndfic nvxcdhcripcha- dchc ev,?::70367)$ YamcdhcOndixa- fixcdha c Gnmhl~vnd ,39$ CMyF$ Zk$;>$ Ocrfnmadc$

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    nd ~d zaviomn hnvns~imioria s~n idfm~yn nm z~dxa hn hnveaxiwcfid- lcfn finrrn acharenfieindxa hn idxnrnvnv nvznfgifav$

    Nv hn cfmcrcr- s~n ~vxnh zahr ndfadxrcr nd axrcv oiomiakrcgcv ~d mivxcha kndnrcm hn mav xizavhn xcmndxa n|ivxndxnv hn cf~nrha fad nm fceza a rnc fadfrnxc nd mc f~cm nm nvx~hicdxne~nvxrc v~v lcoimihchnv- zar n`nezma0 xcmndxa0 cfcheifa- ecxnexifa- crxvxifa- frncxiwa-wnrocm- e~vifcm- l~ecdvxifa- findxgifa- hnzarxiwa- nxf2 mc f~nvxid da rchifc nd mc e~mxizmifihchhn wcricomnv a idxndvihch xc|adeifc vida nd nm nvx~hia- aovnrwcfid y hnxnffid f~ihchavc hnmcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv s~n zavioimixcd ihndxigifcrma zcrc cfaezccrmn- vnk~irmn y v~eidivxrcrmn mavrnf~rvav s~n dnfnvixc yc vnc nd zra hn v~ garxcmnfieindxa a garecfid y!a hn v~ zaxndficfid$

    O$ Fea vn ndxindhn mc ihndxigifcfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm1

    mc ihndxigifcfid xnezrcdc hnon ir ~dihc c v~knrndficv nvznfgifcv hn idxnrwndfid- zcrc cv frncr

    fadhifiadnv s~n zavioimixnd nm hnvcrramma y nm czrndhipc`n$ Fad nm ndris~nfieindxa fadvxcdxn- fad

    nvxrcxnkicv nh~fcxiwcv- cv faea fad mc eaxiwcfid nd mcv rnmcfiadnv vaficmnv- zahneav xndnr mc

    nvznrcdpc hn fadvnk~ir mc nh~fcfid hn nvxav cm~edav$

    Ondixa- Yamcdhc ,?::6)$

    Idwnrxir y v~eidivxrcr mav rnf~rvav dnfnvcriav y azarx~dav zcrc cxndhnr mav NDNNN0 xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm nv ~dc hn mcv garecv hn czarxcr nd mc kndnrcfid y zraeafid hn ~dc nwcm~cfid y

    wcmarcfid cmxnrdcxiwcv hndxra hnm zrafnva znhckkifa s~n fadmmnwc ~dc n|zmarcfid-arindxcfid n ihndxigifcfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm$

    Idwnrvid s~n zahrc nvxcr hirikihc c diav- dicv y `wndnv faezraenxihav n idxnrnvchav ndxrcoc`cr fad zcvid ~d fceza nvznfgifa- znra arindxchc idificmendxn c mc garecfidfaeznxndxn hn ecnvxrcv y ecnvxrav idf~rviadcdha idfm~va nd nm wic`n zar mc idwnvxikcfidnh~fcxiwc- mc rngmn|id y vivxnecxipcfid hn v~v zrfxifcv- mc iddawcfid nh~fcxiwc y nmrnfadafieindxa zar v~v aorcv$

    Mc ihndxigifcfid nv ~d zrafnva hn fadxid~c aovnrwcfid- hnxnffid- rnvznxa y czaya c mcvhiwnrvcv y daxcomnv fcrcfxnrvxifcv idhiwih~cmnv hn mav nvx~hicdxnv s~n fadmmnwc c mc

    zraynffid- garecfid y zaxndficfid fadvfindxn hn v~ xcmndxa nd ~d fceza hnm vconrnvznfgifa$ Cmk~dav c~xarnv fadvihnrcd s~n mc ihndxigifcfid vn rnmcfiadc fad mc frncfid hnazarx~dihchnv nh~fcxiwcv$ Vn lcfn ndxadfnv- dnfnvcria nd nm fadxn|xa nh~fcxiwa- czaychavnd mcv hiendviadnv fakdixiwcv- n|zrnviwcv y zvifavaficmnv- mnwcdxcr ~d znrgim idificm- hnvhnzrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric- zcrc ihndxigifcr mc zrnfafihch cfnrfdhadav cd ev c zraeawnrmc n|zmarcfid hnm xcmndxa- idwndxiwc y frncxiwihch XIF92 nd Ovifc vnf~dhcric y enhic ndarindxcr- cfaezccr y lcfnr vnk~ieindxa fad mc nmnffid hn mav idxnrnvnv hnm nvx~hicdxn-enhicdxn ~d cfaezcceindxa x~xaricm- nd ~da a hav fcezav rncv hn zrag~dhipcfid zarenhia hn mcv nvxrcxnkicv znhckkifcv hndaeidchcv ZIG3: y ZZX33$

    9 Nm XIF nv ~dc hn mcv nvxrcxnkicv O~idciec hirikihc c xahav mav diwnmnv nh~fcxiwav$ Zahrc hnfirvn nd zcmcorcv hnm Hr$

    Kircmha Kcmma- s~n mcv XIF ,xnfdamakc- idgarecfid y fae~difcfid) rns~inrnd hn mc zraeafid hnm XIF$3: ZIG0 Zmcd idhiwih~cm hn garecfid$ Wnr fczx~ma III y nd cdn|av ~d n`nezma hnm idvxr~endxa$33 ZZX0 Zraynfxa hn zrag~dhipcfid cm xcmndxa$ Wnr fczx~ma III y nd cdn|av ~d n`nezma hnm idvxr~endxa$

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    Zcrc mnwcdxcr hifla znrgim nv iezarxcdxn chnev hn mc g~dhcendxcfid zrazific c hafndxnv yzchrnv y echrnv hn gceimic cfnrfc hn mav frixnriav y fcrcfxnrvxifcv c aovnrwcr nd nmnvx~hicdxn!v- zahnr rnfaknr h~rcdxn y hnvz~v hnm cfaezcceindxa y vnk~ieindxa%idgarecfid gcwarcomn y g~dfiadcm zrawndindxn hn wcricv g~ndxnv zar enhia hn idvxr~endxav y

    xfdifcv da garecmnv- y nd fcvav nvznfgifav garecmnv$

    F$ Nm hnvznrxcr hnm nvzrix~ n|zmarchar y mc ihndxigifcfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm ndmav hignrndxnv diwnmnv hn nh~fcfid garecm

    Nd nvxc azarx~dihch vn rnkivxrc fad ecyar grnf~ndfic nm hnvznrxcr hnm nvzrix~ n|zmarchar y mcihndxigifcfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm nd mc nh~fcfid garecm- vid s~nrnr fad nmma n|fm~ir mcnh~fcfid idgarecm y da garecm y cdxn xaha mc zaomcfid w~mdnrcomn s~n cs~ vn ndf~ndxrn$Idfm~va mcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv arindxcharcv zcrc rncmipcr mc rnvznfxiwc n|zmarcfid n ihndxigifcfidvad hn iezarxcdfic y czmifcd nd xahc mc nvxr~fx~rc hnm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa- chnev zars~n nvxdv~`nxcv c eahigifcfiadnv a xrcdvgarecfiadnv hn cf~nrha fad mav rns~nrieindxav a dnfnvihchnvhn mc zaomcfid y xnrrixaria$

    Mav rnv~mxchav hn mc ihndxigifcfid vad ~dc zrienrc zc~xc arindxcharc zcrc garxcmnfnr yzaxndficr nm czrndhipc`n y czrnlndhipc`n- zar n`nezma- nd nm fcva hnm nvx~hicdxn hn nh~fcfidovifc vnf~dhcric y enhic- nd nm fceza nvznfgifa hn v~ idxnrv- fadxrio~yndha hn nvxn eahac garecr v~ vndxiha hn ihndxihch y zraynffid hn wihc2 y zcrc nm nvx~hicdxn hn nh~fcfidzrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric hnvznrxcdha y zraeawindha v~ nvzrix~ n|zmarchar- f~riava-frncxiwa- `~k~nxd y hn o~nd l~ear- v~ vndxiha hn rnfadafieindxa- chczxcfid y hiwnrvihch- cvfaea mc cheircfid y k~vxa cxndfiadcm zar hnxnreidchav nvxe~mav$

    Nd ceoav krchav nwam~xiwav hn hnvcrramma l~ecda y hn nvfamcrihch- vn idxndfiadc da vmarnfarhcr y eawimipcr czxix~hnv- hnvxrnpcv a lcoimihchnv hnm nvx~hicdxn vida xceoid- zrazificr

    ~dc fae~difcfid cgnfxiwc y ngnfxiwc- mc zrienrc- gcfimixcharc hn ~dc idxnrcffid n idxnmnfxa hncear y- mc vnk~dhc- makrcdha cm rixea y hidceivea hnm nvx~hicdxn fad fcrcfxnrvxifcv hnm xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm- ~d hnvcrramma fadvfindxn hn v~v fczcfihchnv y g~dfiadnv zvifamkifcv v~znriarnv-hn mcv aznrcfiadnv hnm zndvceindxa y zar ndhn rnvadcdha fad mc ieckidcfid- nm v~na- mcznrfnzfid y gcdxcvc faea lnrrceindxcv wcmarcxiwcv y nwcm~cxiwcv nd mcv hiendviadnvoiamkifcv- neafiadcmnv- zvifaeaxarcv- vaficmnv- hn idxnmikndfic y hn fae~difcfid y mndk~c`n2hiendviadnv crxif~mchcv c mav cvznfxav fadxn|x~cm- vaficm y gceimicr$

    NH^FCFID Z_NNVFAMC_ Y OVIFC Z_IEC_IC

    H$ Fea rncmipcr nm hnvznrxcr hnm nvzrix~ n|zmarchar zraeawindha mc ihndxigifcfid

    hnm xcmndxa1 Cmk~dcv arindxcfiadnv

    Mc n|zmarcfid hnm xcmndxa nd mav cav idgcdximnv wc cfaezcchc hnm cear y cgnfxa ecxnrdcm yzcxnrdcm- a gceimicr s~n zraxn`c y fadxrio~yc nd mc n|xndvid hn mcv neafiadnv y vndxieindxav2f~ihchav s~n mn zavioimixcrd zafa c zafa ~dc ech~rcfid gvifc- endxcm y nvzirix~cm zr|iec cndris~nfnr mc cfxix~h frncharc$

    Nm hnvznrxcr hnm nvzrix~ n|zmarchar xceoid faeindpc fad mc garecfid nd mhifc yfrncxiwihch$ Mav zrafnvav hn n|zmarcfid n ihndxigifcfid wcd cfaezcchav hn wcricvnvxrcxnkicv zvifaznhckkifcv iezarxcdha chnev- mc garecfid hn ecnvxrcv y ecnvxrav- hnzchrnv y echrnv hn gceimic%- y vxcv c v~ wnp- vn makrcd krcficv cm idxnrv- czaya- hnhifcfid y

    larcv n|xrcv hn mav idxnrnvchav2 idfm~va- c znvcr hn aovxf~mav idxnrdav hn knvxid- nvzcfiav yxinezav gvifav n idvxix~fiadcmnv$

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    Nvxrcxnkicv zvifaznhckkifcv s~n zcrc nm fcva hn mc nh~fcfid zrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecricvn lcd zndvcha- fadvndv~cha- frncha- xrcoc`cha y hnvcrrammcha c zcrxir hn mc kndnrcfid-zraeafid y garecfidnd mhifc y frncxiwihchzrazificdha nm hnvznrxcr hnm nvzrix~ n|zmarchar-

    f~riava y `~k~nxd zavioimixcdha zavxnriarendxn mc zaxndficfid hnm zndvceindxa frncxiwafrnchar$

    Nd nvxn vndxiha- kndnrcr- zraeawnr y garecr nd mhifc y frncxiwihch lcfnd zcrxn hnm fad`~dxaidxnmikndxn n iddawchar s~n fczxc czarxcfiadnv znhckkifcv lcfic mc nwam~fid hnm vnr ecnvxraa ecnvxrc y hnm vnr dia a dic$ Cm vnr dia a dic vn nvx nd grnf~ndfic hn frnfieindxa yhnvcrramma gvifa- vaficm- nvzirix~cm y endxcm- hnvf~orindha- rnfarhcdha y aovnrwcdha nm e~dhand nm f~cm vn vindxn zrnvndxn zar enhia hn v~v wcrichav k~vxavhn cf~nrha fad mcv gcvnv hnmhnvcrramma cxndfiadcm nd zrafnva$ Nd nm fcva hnm ecnvxra a mc ecnvxrc- nmikindha vndxir y wiwir ~dxa fad v~v nvx~hicdxnv ~dc cwndx~rc id~v~cm- hiwnrxihc y frncxiwc$

    Mcv wiwndficv y nvxrcxnkicv mhifcv y frncxiwcv z~nhnd crxif~mcrvn nd f~cms~inr fcezahnm fadafieindxa- mmenvn findficv- crxnv- xnfdamakc- hnzarxn- mnfx~rc- nvfrix~rc- rnfrna- nxf$

    Nd vdxnviv- ~dc hn mcv garecv hnm hnvznrxcr hnm nvzrix~ n|zmarchar- f~riava y `~k~nxdrns~inrn kndnrcr- zraeawnr y garecr c ecnvxrcv- ecnvxrav y nvx~hicdxnv idxnrnvchav yfaezraenxihav3?- nd mhifc y frncxiwihch h~rcdxn nm zrnnvfamcr y zriecric znra da faeaviezmnv nvzcfiav hn nvzcrfieindxa- vida nd nm vndxiha zvifaznhckkifa hn zndvcr- vndxir ywiwir fad nvndfic nvxc azarx~dihch$

    Vinxn hn mcv nvndficv s~n zavioimixcd nm ndf~ndxra y zraynffid fad nm zndvceindxa y mc cffids~n fadxckin mc kndnrcfid- zraeafid y garecfid nd mhifc y frncxiwihchzcrc fadxrio~ir cmhnvznrxcr hn hifla nvzrix~ frnchar0

    IeckidcfidGcdxcvcvV~navEawieindxavVadihavVimndfiavVadrivcv

    Hn`cr lavznhcr nvxv nvndficv nd nm vnr iezmifcr fadvndv~cr chczxcfiadnvf~rrif~mcrnv s~n ndris~npfcd mcv zrfxifcv znhckkifcv- mc idgcdfic- mc dinp- mc wihc ndgceimic$

    Gidcmipcdha- nd nvxn nezna- zar n`nezma- nm zraynfxa idvfrixa cm zrakrcec Xcmndxavn|fnzfiadcmnv iezmnendxc mcv nvxrcxnkicv znhckkifcv y zvifaznhckkifcv dnfnvcricv zcrcihndxigifcr y cxndhnr mav idxnrnvnv hn mav nvx~hicdxnv0 Nd zrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric vn windnhnvcrrammcdha nm zrakrcec hn mhifc y frncxiwihch c xrcwv hn fndxrav idgcdximnv mhifav yznhckkifav

    36 cxndhindha frixnriav hn ihndxigifcfid hn mc zrnfafihch y garecdha cm hafndxnfad mc zraeafid hnm xcmndxa- idkndia- idwndxiwc y frncxiwihch XIF ,wcvn fczx~ma III)$

    3? Nm ecnvxra a mc ecnvxrc idxnrnvcha y faezraenxiha da vn vnmnffiadc- vn idwixc y vi v~v idxnrnvnv y zraynffiadnv

    nvxd a vad zar hiflc r~xc hn mcv DNNN vn hnvwnmcd mav zridfiziav hn c~xadaec- c~xarrnk~mcfid- zcvid yzcrxifizcfid$36 Wnr ecyar n|zmifcfid nd nm fczx~ma III

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    NH^FCFID OVIFC VNF^DHC_IC Y ENHICN$ Cmk~dcv arindxcfiadnv zcrc rncmipcr mc ihndxigifcfid hnm Xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm

    Mc ihndxigifcfid nd mav fadxn|xav nvfamcrnv dnfnvixc hn mc aovnrwcfid zcrxifizcxiwc nd mc f~cmvn wiwc y eawimifn nm fadafieindxa- y da vn ndfmc~vxrn a mieixnd mav ~diwnrvav hn vconrnv yn|znrindficv nd ~d z~dxa a nvzcfia gr~vxrcdxn y co~rriha zcrc nm v~`nxa y v~ xrcdvgarecfid yzavxnriar xrcvfndhndfic hnm eivea a hn v~ aorc$ Mc ihndxigifcfid dnfnvixc vnr ~d zrafnva

    hirikiha y gafcmipcha nd mav idxnrnvnv- cgnfxav- garxcmnpcv- hnvneznav y frncfiadnvfrncxiwcv s~n hnwindnd nd czrndhipc`nv y czrnlndhipc`nv zaxndficmnv hnm nvx~hicdxn y-nvxav cvznfxav kndnrcmendxn- da vad hnxnfxchav di cxndhihav c xineza nd mc ndvncdpcrnk~mcr$

    ^dc hn mcv nvxrcxnkicv zvifaznhckkifcv zraz~nvxcv y xrcoc`chcv nd nm zrakrcec Xcmndxavn|fnzfiadcmnv zcrc ngnfxav hn ihndxigifcfid hn diav- dicv y `wndnv xcmndxa rnfadafn mcwcmiavc zrnvndfic y fadxrio~fid hnm ecnvxra a ecnvxrc nd nm c~mc hn fmcvn y faezrndhngarecr cm eivea nd nm vik~indxn zrafnva idwnvxikcxiwa0

    Daeidcfid fad czaya hn mcv hiendviadnv y fcrcfxnrvxifcvCdmiviv hn mcv zrah~ffiadnv y frncfiadnv hnm nvx~hicdxn

    _nfamnffid hn idgarecfidMnwcdxcr znrgim idificmIhndxigifcfid hn idxnrnvnvIdxnrwndfid- x~xarc y arindxcfidWcmarcfid- nwcm~cfid y vnk~ieindxa

    _nf~rhnvn s~n nd nh~fcfid zrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric vn ecdxindn mc idxndfid hnhnvznrxcr nm nvzrix~ n|zmarchar- f~riava y `~k~nxd hnm dia y dic kndnrcdha- zraeawindha ygarecdha nd nvxrcxnkicv mhifcv y frncxiwcv$

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    Cfx~cmendxn- vxn zrafnva hn ihndxigifcfid vn lc wndiha hnvcrrammcdha y faezcrxindha cxrcwv hn n|znrindficv y czrndhipc`nv nd hinp famnkiav hnm Hivxrixa Fczixcm hn Oakax38$ Nmzrazvixa kndnrcm faezrndhn n|zmarcr n ihndxigifcr nvx~hicdxnv fad cmk~dcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv hnmxcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- zcrc idxnrwndir a rnvadcr n idxnrcfx~cr hn cf~nrha fad v~v DNNN

    kndnrdhamn mc azarx~dihch hn rnfadafieindxa- zrag~dhipcfid y zraynffid hn wihc$ Nmzrazvixa nvznfgifa iezmifc mc dnfnvihch hn ir nvxcomnfindha nd fadvndva- nvxrcxnkicvznhckkifcv y zvifaznhckkifcv- frixnriav- midnceindxav y arindxcfiadnv zrazicv nd mavfadxn|xav nvfamcr- gceimicr y vaficm s~n zavxnriarendxn rnznrf~xircd nd mcv zrfxifcvznhckkifcv y zar ndhn ndris~nfnrcd mc n|znrindfic hn vnr y lcfnr nd znhckakc a wifnwnrvc$

    G$ ^dc czra|iecfid cm zrafnva idwnvxikcxiwa s~n fadxrio~yn fad mc ihndxigifcfid

    Zrnwic c mc ihndxigifcfid vn fadvihnrc hn wixcm iezarxcdfic mc daeidcfid hnm nvx~hicdxn- mc f~cmxceoid nv hn faeznxndfic hnm zragnviadcm ecnvxra a ecnvxrc faezraenxiha fad mav NDNNN$Nvx v~kinrn n iezmifc ~d xrcoc`a hn aovnrwcfid vnria- f~ihchava- rnvzadvcomn- fadxid~a-znrecdndxn y zrnfiva hndxra hnm c~mc hn fmcvn a famnkia$ Nd mc daeidcfid fadafindha mavfrixnriav y fcrcfxnrvxifcv hn ihndxigifcfid- nm ecnvxra a mc ecnvxrc fadafindha mav frixnriav yfcrcfxnrvxifcv hn ihndxigifcfid z~nhn wcmarcr y mivxcr nm a mav nvfamcrnv s~n dnfnvixcd vnr

    cxndhihav fad ecyar zradxix~h$

    Aovnrwcfid zcrxifizcxiwc znrecdndxn a fadxid~c rnkivxrchc zar zcrxn hnm ecnvxra aecnvxrc$ Zcrc zahnr rncmipcr nvxn z~dxa nv rnfaendhcomn fadafnr- fadv~mxcr afadvndv~cr zar cdxifizcha% fad nm ns~iza hn czaya c mav NDNNN3> mcv hiendviadnv yzar ndhn fcrcfxnrvxifcv y frixnriav hn ihndxigifcfid$Fadafieindxa- cdmiviv y rngmn|id hn mcv zrah~ffiadnv a frncfiadnv hnm nvx~hicdxn$Vnk~ieindxa cfcheifa hnm fceza nvznfgifa y zcrxifizcfid nd nwndxav rnmcfiadchava fadfnrdindxnv cm eivea$ Nvxn frixnria dnfnvixc rncmipcrvn ndxrn nm ns~iza hn czaya hn

    38 Fchc famnkia nv zcrxif~mcr y c~ds~n lcy cmk~dcv cfxiwihchnv fae~dnv da xahav lcd rncmipcha hn mc eivec garec nm

    zrafnva$ Nd mav famnkiav nvxd fadgarechav kr~zav a ns~izav hn ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv s~n czaycd nm zrafnva hnidxnrwndfid znra cd da vad nvznficmivxcv nd nm xnec$3> Wcvn ev chnmcdxn mcv nvznfigifcfiadnv hnm ns~iza y v~v znrgimnv$

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    Nd nm fcva hn mc nh~fcfid zrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric- y vi nvxd xrcoc`cdha ~dc zraz~nvxcnd mhifc y frncxiwihch faea zar n`nezma mc hn Fndxrav idgcdximnv mhifa znhckkifav2 fad

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    zraeafid$7) XIF0 Xcmmnr hn aovnrwcfid hnm xcmndxa- idwndxiwc y frncxiwihch ,nezmncha fadnvx~hicdxnv hn 6 c > krcha)$ Arindxc zrafnvav ovifav hn czra|iecfid- idxrah~ffidy rnfadafieindxa a rnvadcdfic fad nm zndvceindxa hiwnrkndxn- y zar ndhn frncxiwa$

    ;) C~xaoiakrcgc0 xrcoc`chc fad nvx~hicdxnv hn 7 c ; krcha$ Nv hn krcd fadxrio~fid ndnm fcva hn zrnvndxcrvn fadg~viadnv a zafc fmcrihch fad mav hnev idvxr~endxav agarecxav himikndfichav- y zar v~v vndfimmcv zrnk~dxcv nm a mc ecnvxrc zahrd czaycrvnzcrc daeidcr a ihndxigifcr fad ev nmnendxav a lnrrceindxcv cm nvx~hicdxn nd ~dcecdnrc kim y gfim$

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    Nv hn cdaxcr s~n hiflcv czarxcfiadnv g~nrad zaxndfichcv krcficv cm xrcoc`a id vix~idxnrcfx~cdha fad mcv fae~dihchnv nh~fcxiwcv- wiwindha mc n|znrindfic- kndnrcdha y rncmipcdhamnfx~rcv hn cdmiviv y rngmn|id fadxn|x~cm y mnwcdxcdha nvxchav cfx~cmnv nd mav hinp famnkiavzcrxifizcdxnv2 idwnvxikcdha$ Nd vdxnviv- krcficv c mcv dnfnvihchnv y hnecdhcv hn mc zaomcfid

    nvfamcr cxndhihc vn lcd zahiha chczxcr- eahigifcr- xrcdvgarecr y frncr d~nwav idvxr~endxavzcrc ondngifia hn xahav y xahcv$

    _nv~end0Idvxr~endxav arindxcharnv nd nh~fcfidzrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric0

    Giflc hn rnkivxraIZE0 idvxr~endxa zcrc zchrnv y echrnvhn gceimicIH0 idvxr~endxa zcrc hafndxnvWN0 Wcmarcfiadnv nvznfgifcv faea zarn`nezma ndxrnwivxc zvifaznhckkifc$Xcmmnr hnm XIF0 xcmmnr hnm xcmndxa- mcidwndxiwc y frncxiwihch$ Xrcoc`c nmzndvceindxa hiwnrkndxn y zar ndhnfrncxiwa$Giflc hn znrgim

    Idvxr~endxav arindxcharnv nd nh~fcfidovifc vnf~dhcric y enhic0

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    Nd mav cdn|av ndfadxrcr fazic hn mav garecxav n idvxr~endxav$

    $Xahc mc idgarecfid rnfakihc wc nd ~dc fcrznxc s~n lcfn zcrxn hnm livxaricm y vnk~ieindxa fadnm zrafnva a nd vazarxn fad mc azarx~dihch faezcrxihc y zraeawihc$ Mc idgarecfid rns~inrnvnr vivxnecxipchc hn ~dc ecdnrc arhndchc oc`a mcv fcxnkarcv hn ihndxigifcfid %cfarhchcv ndnm ns~iza hn ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv hn czaya c NDNNN a nd mav ndf~ndxrav fade~mxizragnviadcmnv%- fmcvigifdhamc vnkd vnc v~ ariknd y nd fchc eaendxa hnm zrafnva$

    Nd vdxnviv- mav idvxr~endxav s~n cfcoc hn fadafnr chnev hn gcwarnfnr ~dc n|zmarcfid-arindxcfid n ihndxigifcfid idificm hn k~vxav- cfxix~hnv- idxnrnvnv y eaxiwcfiadnv zar a lcfic ~dfceza nvznfgifa nd nm nvx~hicdxn- garecd y zaxndficd nd mav ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv-zvifaznhckakcv- arindxcharnv nvfamcrnv- y ns~iza hn czaya hafndxn nd DNNN ~d nvzrix~

    findxgifa- cfxix~h idwnvxikcxiwc y mc eaxiwcfid lcfic mav zrafnvav rngmn|iwav- frxifav yzrazavixiwav hn mnfx~rc y nvfrix~rc s~n fadmmnwc ~dc vivxnecxipcfid hn mc n|znrindficznhckkifc y hihfxifc2 c v~ wnp- vad ~dc lnrrceindxc kndnrcharc a zraeaxarc hn mcidwnvxikcfid nh~fcxiwc znhckkifc$

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    Hiendvid n|zrnviwcK~vxa y cmxa hnvnezna nd mcvcfxiwihchnv s~n rncmipcFrncxiwihchK~vxa y lcoimihch grnf~ndxn zar crecr

    raeznfconpcvFadwnrvcfid y n|zrnvid arcm gm~ihcK~vxa zar faezcrxir n idxnrcfx~crfad!nd hignrndxnv ceoindxnv hnczrndhipc`n y fad diav!cv ecyarnv %cv~ nhch%$K~vxa y lcoimihch nd rncv nvznfgifcv0hio~`a- evifc- zidx~rc- ecxnexifcv-mnfx~rc- nvfrix~rc- hcdpc- xnfdafindfic-nxf$Lcoimihchnv y hnvxrnpcv s~n hnecdhcdcmxa hnvnezna

    Lcoimihchnv y hnvxrnpcv nd nmhnvcrramma hn `~nkav s~n hnecdhcdcmxa hnvnezna zar n`0 raeznfconpcv-c`nhrnp- xcdkrce- f~chra hn denrav-nvfcmcv e~vifcmnv- nxf$

    Hiendvid fakdixiwcFrncxiwihchZrnk~dxcv y f~riavihch grnf~ndxn nidvcficomnVam~fid frncxiwc hn zraomnecvfaxihicdavGfim rnfadafieindxa hn denrav ymnxrcvHaeidia hn mc mnfx~rc y nvfrix~rcMndk~c`n y fczcfihch hn rcpadceindxachnmcdxchavK~vxa y lcoimihch grnf~ndxn zar crecrraeznfconpcvK~vxa zar faezcrxir n idxnrcfx~crfad!nd hignrndxnv ceoindxnv hn

    czrndhipc`n y fad diav!cv ecyarnv %cv~ nhch%$Lcoimihch y fczcfihch zcrc crxif~mcr acvaficr fadfnzxav a ihncv faea0nezmna hn nvxrcxnkicv enxcfakdixiwcv$K~vxa y xcmndxa nd rncv nvznfgifcv0

    hio~`a- evifc- zidx~rc- ecxnexifcv-mnfx~rc- nvfrix~rc- hcdpc- xnfdafindfic-nxf$Lcoimihchnv y hnvxrnpcv nd nmhnvcrramma hn `~nkav s~n hnecdhcdcmxa hnvnezna zar n`0 raeznfconpcv-c`nhrnp- xcdkrce- f~chra hn denrav-nvfcmcv e~vifcmnv- nxf$

    Hiendvid zvifavaficmEaxiwcfid y cgnfxa zar nm czrndhipc`nCwcdpcha vndxiha hnm l~ear zcrc mc

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    hio~`a- evifc- zidx~rc- ecxnexifcv-mnfx~rc- nvfrix~rc- hcdpc- xnfdafindfic-nxf$Lcoimihchnv nd nm mihnrcpka hn `~nkav$

    OVIFC Z_IEC_IC

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    Lcoimihchnv y cfxix~hnv nd fcezav- hiendviadnv- rncv a knakrcgcv nvznfgifcv0

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    FrncxiwihchFrxifc vaorn mcv cfxix~hnv hn axrcvznrvadcvIdificxiwc zcrc rnvamwnr zraomnecv

    Hiendvid fakdixiwcAovnrwcfid y f~riavihchCrec faezmn`av raeznfconpcv ycrxngcfxav$

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    Iddawcfid zrah~fxiwcHnvneznav e~y daxcomnv nd nmfceza hn idxnrv a cgidnvZrah~fxav a cwcdfnv nd nm fceza hn mcxnfdafindfic- crxn- l~ecdihchnv-hnzarxn- nxf$Ovs~nhc hn mc n|fnmndfic

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    Hivgr~xc ma s~n lcfn fad o~nd l~ear-zar n`nezma hn mcv cfxiwihchnvfrncxiwcv iddawcharcvNd afcviadnv nmikn mc vamnhch a nmxrcoc`a civmcha$

    Idhignrndfic cdxn mc eadaxadc hncfxiwihchnv0 _nflcpc xaecr zcrxn ndcfxiwihchnv hicricv lcoix~cmnv yenfdifcv$ Znrhindha eaxiwcfid yecdignvxcdha idfadgareihch nidv~eivid$Znrvivxndfic y xndcfihch zcrc wndfnraovxf~mav a vam~fiadcr zraomnecvFaezraeiva fad mcv cfxiwihchnv axcrncvFczcfihch zcrc nm c~xafadxram yc~xarnk~mcfid grndxn c mcv rnmcfiadnv

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    Mcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv lcd viha rnv~mxcha hn ~d zrafnva hn fadwnrvcfid- rnfamnffid hnidgarecfid y aovnrwcfid zcrxifizcxiwc id vix~ y- nm zahnrmcv ckr~zcr nd xrnv hiendviadnv g~n

    krcficv c mc rngmn|id hn ~d kr~za hn zvifaznhckakcv- arindxcharcv nvfamcrnv y xrcoc`charcvvaficmnv hn hignrndxnv famnkiav hivxrixcmnv$

    Vdxnviv

    Vn cfmcrc s~n nd didkd eaendxa fad mc ihndxigifcfid vn idxndfiadc- nxis~nxcr c mavnvx~hicdxnv eihindha nm fangifindxn idxnmnfx~cm F$I$- hcha s~n vxav idvxr~endxavrnv~mxcd hnvcfx~cmipchav zcrc d~nvxrav fadxn|xav- gidnv a zrazvixav- y s~n lcd vihafrnchav fad mc g~dfiadcmihch hn vnr xrcoc`chav fad mc v~znrhaxcfid a vaornhaxcfid yda dnfnvcricendxn zcrc mc zaomcfid xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm famaeoicdc$ Vn zrae~nwn ndxahav y fchc ~da hn mav zcrxifizcdxnv nm XIF crxif~mcdha cm rixea hn xrcoc`a- hnhifcfidy zrag~dhipcfid hn vxav mc fadgarecfid hn ~d d~nwa nxlav f~mx~rcm hivzavifidznrvadcm y vaficm zcrc mc cffid vaficm ,Wcvfa0 ?::7)%$ Cdxnv s~n zrnxndhnr enhir ~dF$I$ %fangifindxn idxnmnfx~cm%- vn lc azxcha zar gafcmipcr y n|xndhnr ~d F$I$ %fadafieindxaidxnkrcha% zars~n nm faezraeiva zriearhicm nv nm oind nvxcry zaxndficfid hnm xcmndxahn mcv cfx~cmnv kndnrcfiadnv hn nvx~hicdxnv$

    Mc ihndxigifcfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm faeindpc nd nm fcva hn mc nh~fcfid garecmhnvhn nm zrnnvfamcr lcvxc mc ovifc zriecric iezmnendxcdha nvxrcxnkicv hn garecfidmhifc frncxiwcv hn cmxa diwnm znhckkifa y zvifaznhckkifa$ Mc ihndxigifcfid ndzrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric idxndfiadc hnvznrxcr y fadxrio~ir c mc garecfid hnm nvzrix~n|zmarchar nd nm dia y mc dic- c xrcwv hn ~dc zraz~nvxc idvxix~fiadcm a idxnrfamnkicm

    s~n mav idxnkrn nd nm c~mc hn garec frncxiwc y zcrxifizcxiwc fad v~v faezcnrav

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    zar v~ idxnmikndfic kndnrcm- mcv idvxix~fiadnv zomifcv o~vfcrd mc garec hn czaycr nvxavnvfamcrnv hndxra y g~nrc hnm c~mc

    Mc darecxiwihch nh~fcxiwc chnev hn gcwarnfnr mc krcx~ihch hn mc nh~fcfid hnvxav diav- dicv y `wndnv- xndhr s~n fadxnezmcr y nvxiz~mcr mc kcrcdxc y mavrnf~rvav dnfnvcriav y znrxidndxnv zcrc v~ cfaezcceindxa y vnk~ieindxa nd mcnh~fcfid v~znriar y nd mc zraynffid hn wihc mcoarcm$

    Garecr nm xcmndxa y zaxndficrma da nv mcoar difc hn mav famnkiav- vida chnev- hn mcvechrnv y zchrnv hn gceimic$

    Mcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv arindxcharcv zcrc n|zmarcr- daeidcr n ihndxigifcr diav- dicv y `wndnv hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- vn lcd ckr~zcha hndxra hn xrnv hiendviadnv0n|zrnviwc- fakdixiwc y zvifavaficm$ Nmma da s~inrn hnfir s~n vncd mcv difcv$

    Mc n|ivxndfic y rnfadafieindxa hn mc zaomcfid nvfamcr fad DNNN0 xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm- aomikc c Mc V$N$H c xndnr ~d ns~iza znrecdndxn nvznficmipcha hnx~xarnv y cvnvarnv nd hiwnrvav fcezav hnm vconr zcrc v~ cxndfid- vnkd vnnvx~hind mcv hnecdhcv a dnfnvihchnv nd fchc famnkia- nd fadvnf~ndfic- mavecnvxrav y mcv ecnvxrcv hn mc _nh idxnridvxix~fiadcm xndhrd s~n zrnvndxcrmn ~dczraz~nvxc fadfrnxc$

    Mc V$N$H$ dnfnvixc n|zcdhir mav rnf~rvav a v~eidivxrav zcrc cxndhnr n idxnrwndirid vix~

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    Xaha famnkia Hivxrixcm z~nhn widf~mcrvn ne nm zrakrcec Xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv yzcrxifizcr nd mc _nh idxnridvxix~fiadcm s~n zrae~nwn mc cxndfid c hiflc zaomcfid y zarndhn- mc garecfid hafndxn znrecdndxn- mc eawimihch n idxnrfceoia hafndxn- mcvivxnecxipcfid hn n|znrindficv- y mc idwnvxikcfid nh~fcxiwc ndxrn axrav n`nv2 mavdifav rns~ivixav0 idxnrnv y faezraeiva znrecdndxn$

    Mcv nvxrcxnkicv zvifaznhckkifcv y znhckkifcv arindxchcv zcrc Zrnnvfamcr y zriecricgarecd nd mhifc y frncxiwihch- da vad xcmmnrnv hn rnmmnda y xndhrd s~n vnrarindxchav zar znrvadcm nvznficmipcha- zar n`nezma0 x~xarnv a zraeaxarnv hn nh~fcfide~vifcm y V^V hnriwchcv- x~xarnv nvznficmivxcv nd crxvxifc- hnzarxn- hcdpcv- c`nhrnp-arikcei- exaha hn idhckcfid hn mcv findficv- GzD a gimavagic zcrc diav y dicv- nxf$

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    Zar ma xcdxa- mcv chczxcfiadnv f~rrif~mcrnv fadxrio~ynd c mc xrcdvgarecfid hn mcv dnfnvihchnv yfadxn|xav nvfamcrnv- zvifavaficmnv y gceimicrnv- znrencdha- gmn|ioimipcdha y xrcvfndhindhacs~nmma rngnrndxn c mc aomikcxarinhch$

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    39 Marndpa- _cs~nm$ C s~ vn mn hndaeidc xcmndxa1 Nvxcha hnm crxn cfnrfc hn v~ fadfnzx~cmipcfid$ Nd rnwivxc0Idxcdkiomn fczixcm- ndnra% ecrpa- ca!wam$ ?- denra :33$ Zk$- 3>6$ Ocrfnmadc$?: Fndxra Hcwidfi$ Nd s~ vn ocvcd mav zrakrcecv a zraz~nvxcv s~ agrnfneav1 :>%??%:$Crx$- ;7 y ;9) s~n faeznxnd nd n|xndvid hivxrixcm y dcfiadcm0 hiendvid cheidivxrcxiwc-hiendvid znhckkifc y hiendvid vaficm fae~dixcric$

    Zridfiziav hn mcv chczxcfiadnv f~rrif~mcrnv cxndhindha nvfamcrnv fad DNNN

    c) Fadfindfic- cfnzxcfid y cf~nrha0 kndnrcr y zraeawnr azarx~dihchnv hnxrcdvgarecfid nd mc nh~fcfid hn xahav y xahcv$ _ncmipcr ~d hickdvxifa fadxn|x~cmzcrc rnfadafnr NDNNN y o~vfcr mcv nvxrcxnkicv zvifaznhckkifcv zcrc v~ cxndfid cxrcwv hn ~dc fcrcfxnripcfid a zmcd hn en`arceindxa$ Fadvamihcr y f~ezmir fadcf~nrhav a zcfxav fae~dixcriav ngnfxiwav- azarx~dav y znrxidndxnv- hndxra hnmhnvcrramma hn mav Z$N$I

    o) _nwivid n idfm~vid nd mav rnvznfxiwav Z$N$I$$ nm fadfnzxa Xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm c gidhn zahnr rncmipcr cffiadnv znrxidndxnv zcrc v~ hnvcrramma$

    f) Fadv~mxc n idhckcfid hn idxnrnvnv y eaxiwcfiadnv0 xndnr nd f~ndxc mav idxnrnvnvzcrxif~mcrnv- dnfnvihchnv y eaxiwcfiadnv hn NDNNN0 xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- lcfn zcrxnfr~ficm hn mc cxndfid y rnvznxa hn!zar mc hiwnrvihch$

    h) Gmn|ioimipcfid f~rrif~mcr0 iezmifc frncr y fadfrnxcr nvxrcxnkicv nd mav ao`nxiwav-fadxndihav- cfxiwihchnv- enxahamakc y exaha- nwcm~cfid y vnk~ieindxa$ Hivzavifidcm fceoia- c fadafnr y czrndhnr hn zraz~nvxcv- zraynfxav- zrakrcecv y zrafnvavcmxnrdcxiwav ngnfxiwav$ Zavioimixcr nvzcfiav a frncrmav$ Cfarhcr xinezav y rnf~rvav

    fadgicdha nd nm zrafnva y rnv~mxchav$ Nmmav hnond nvxcr cwcmchav zar mcv hignrndxnvidvxcdficv idvxix~fiadcmnv y fadfrnxchav hndxra hn mav zmcdnv hn en`arceindxa famnkicma idvxix~fiadcm$

    n) Oind%nvxcr idhiwih~cm0 hn eaha faezrndviwa y cgnfxiwa- rnfadafnr mcv dnfnvihchnv hnfchc NDNNN c zcrxir hn v~v k~vxav- idxnrnvnv- eaxiwcfiadnv- lcoimihchnv yfczcfihchnv2 y v~eidivxrcrmn a zrazarfiadcrmn mav rnf~rvav- cfaezcceindxa yvnk~ieindxa dnfnvcria vid aovxf~mav a idxnrgnrndficv idxnrdcv hn fchc famnkia$

    g) C~xadaec y c~xarrnk~mcfid0 kndnrcr- zraeawnr y frncr fad gmn|ioimihch y fadgicdpcmcv nvxrcxnkicv zvifaznhckkifcv dnfnvcricv zcrc zaxndficr nd nm nvx~hicdxn!v v~zraynfxa hn wihc$

    k) Enxahamakc hn xrcoc`a hn mcv idvxix~fiadnv zcrxifizcdxnv0 hnonrd chazxcr y!a

    chczxcr nm eahnma znhckkifa- c ~dc nvxrcxnkic s~n znreixc hnvcgicr mav idxnrnvnv hnmav nvx~hicdxnv- cm ik~cm s~n zavioimixnd nm xrcoc`a famnfxiwa y hn xrcdvgarecfid hn v~rncmihch c gid hn vndxirvn ximnv y rnfadafihav nd v~v fadxn|xav$

    l) Xrcdvgarecfid y xrcvfndhndfic0 frncr zrakrcecv- nvxrcxnkicv a zraynfxav hnhiwnrvigifcfid f~rrif~mcr c~xavavxndiomnv s~n zrazndhcd zar mc frncxiwihch- iddawcfid ycwcdfn idwnvxikcxiwa hnm nvx~hicdxn xcmndxa$ Eawimihch n idxnrfceoiav hn n|znrindficvznhckkifcv$ Crxif~mcfid hnvhn nm zrnnvfamcr c ovifc zriecric- zriecric fad ovifcvnf~dhcric y enhic- m~nka nvxc mxiec fad nh~fcfid v~znriar$

    i) Vavxndioimihch0 Nvxcomnfnr hndxra hn mav Z$N$I$ nm hivna kndnrcm hn mc nvxrcxnkic hnidfm~vid hn mav nvx~hicdxnv xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv nd nm c~mc- hnvcrrammcdha xahcv v~vzaxndficmihchnv fad v~v faezcnrav y hafndxnv- kndnrcdha mc zcrxifizcfid famnfxiwc

    hn mc fae~dihch- c zcrxir hnm Fifma Idificm y lcvxc nm Fifma hn Enhic$

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    3$ Chczxcfiadnv y Xrcdvgarecfiadnv f~rrif~mcrnvIdificmendxn ~d famnkia hivxrixcm s~n vn cxrnwc cm fceoia nd zra hn ondngificr y gcwarnfnr c mavNDNNN xndhr s~n fadfindxipcrvnhn mc ~rkndfic n iezarxcdfic hn idificr n iez~mvcr fceoiavidxnrdav y n|xnrdav- nv hnfir- idxnkrcr ihncv- zraz~nvxcv cmxnrdcxiwcv- zrfxifcv hignrndxnv-

    nvf~flcdha c mav nvx~hicdxnv y zriaripcdha n iddawcdha nd mc knvxid nh~fcxiwc znhckkifczcrc crxif~mcr idxndfiadnv y rncmihchnv nd f~cdxa c0s~id hnfihn a hnxnreidc nm f~rrf~ma1Mnwcdxcr nvxcha cfx~cm hnm f~rrf~ma- fadxrcvxcdha y crk~endxcdha v~v fceoiavNdf~ndxrav y cf~nrhav cm rnvznfxa fad nm Fadvn`a Cfcheifa-Hivna hn nvxrcxnkicv znhckkifcv- zvifaznhckkifcv y hihfxifcvFadgarecfid hn ns~izav hn ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv idxnrnvchav y faezraenxihav nd czaycr nmzrafnva fad NDNNNFadgarecfid hnm ns~iza nvznficmipcha a n|znrxa nd cxndfid y nwcm~cfid hn mcv DNNNGarecfid hn ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcvHickdvxifa hn fadxn|xav n|xnrda n idxnrdaArhndcr fradakrcecv y rnnmcoarcr zmcdnvcf~nrhav y fadwndiav l~ecdav n idvxix~fiadcmnvzracfxiwav-

    zavioimixcdha mc knvxid y eawimihchhn idxnrfceoia hn n|znrindficv nh~fcxiwcv f~ya vndxiha vncnm oind%nvxcr y zraynfxiwc hn mav NDNNNKndnrcfid hn zavioimihchnv y nvzcfiav zcrc zraynfxavhn wihcNdgas~n a eahnmav zcrc nm hivna_ngmn|id hn mc zrfxifc znhckkifc rncmipchc nd nm c~mcVivxnecxipcdhan|znrindficv nh~fcxiwcv hnm xrcoc`a fad NDNNN0 Xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcmZraeawindha mc idwnvxikcfid nh~fcxiwc znhckkifcnd nm fceza hn mav NDNNNAzxcxiwihch zcrc s~n nmi`c nm nvx~hicdxnAgnrxc f~rrif~mcr hignrndfichcCf~nrhav hnm hivna ,nvoapa arhndcha) f~rrif~mcr d~nwa y hn mc nwcm~cfidHivxrio~fid hn rnf~rvav

    Axrav cvznfxav ovifav0Enxahamakc- cfxiwihchnv kndnrcmnv y nvznfgifcv- fadxndihav- nwcm~cfid- ~va hn ecxnricmnv- ~va hnmxineza- hivzadioimihch hn nvzcfiav- hivxrio~fid hn rnvzadvcoimihchnv a faezraeivav- zmcdigifcfid- makravy faeznxndficv$

    _nfadafnr y cdcmipcr mcv fcrcfxnrvxifcv hn n|zmarcfid n ihndxigifcfid dnfnvcricv zcrc mcgarecfid a hnvznrxcr hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm fadmmnwc c wcmarcr mcv dnfnvihchnv nh~fcxiwcvs~n vad mc zc~xc zcrc fadvamihcr- chczxcr a xrcdvgarecr nm f~rrf~ma$

    Xaha f~rrf~ma zndvcha y arkcdipcha zcrc cxndhnr NDNNN0 xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm xndhr s~nvnr chnev hn gmn|iomn y cmxnrdcxiwa- ~dc azarx~dihch hn garxcmnfnr nm fadafieindxa idxnkrcha

    f$i$ c zcrxir hn mc c~xadaec y!a c~xarrnk~mcfid hnm nvx~hicdxn- ma f~cm idwixc c zndvcr y rnfioirfrxifcv zrazavixiwcv gcfxiomnv cm fceoia hn fadxndihav f~rrif~mcrnv$

    Vnk~iha vn fadvndv~cr a frncr nm a mav exaha!v y enxahamakc!v ev cfarhnv fad mcvdnfnvihchnv hn fchc nvx~hicdxn y mav frixnriav hn zraeafid y nwcm~cfid nh~fcxiwc- znraidfm~yndha n idxnkrcdha mc wap y zcrxifizcfid fadvfindxn- hideifc y cfxiwc hn mav nvx~hicdxnv$

    Mc nwcm~cfid idvxix~fiadcm fadxn|x~cmipchc gcfimixc mc hnxnffid hn dnfnvihchnv hn mcfae~dihch nh~fcxiwc- hn v~ mafcmihch- znra cdxn xaha- n|zrnvc hignrndxnv mnfx~rcv lcfic ~dcfnrfceindxa faezrndviwa zar mc hiwnrvihch hn mav vnrnv wiwav$

    ^d nwcm~cfid fadxn|x~cmipchc vn azxieipc nd zrnvndfic y zcrxifizcfid cfxiwc hn mav v~`nxavs~n fadwiwnd nd mc fae~dihch nh~fcxiwc- ndxndhihc nvxc mxiec faea mc ocvn vaficm s~n rahnc

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    Cv- z~nv- mc nwcm~cfid

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    nh~fcxiwc zahrc vnr ndxndhihc hn nvxcv hav garecv0

    c) mcazarx~dihchhn gcfimixcr ~dc xaec hn fadvfindfic c~xarrnk~mchc zcrc nwam~fiadcr nd mcfaezrndvid idhiwih~cm hn s~id vn hnvnc vnr y c s~ diwnm vn hnvnc xrcvfndhnr cm mmnkcr c mc

    ~digifcfid hnm xaha n|z~nvxa- nd nvfndcriav ev s~n nh~fcxiwav- znhckkifav2 hadhn da

    vma vn wcmarn mc fcmihch hn mc ndvncdpc- vida chnev mcv nvxrcxnkicv idnvznrchcv hn mc

    idfnrxih~eorn- y mc e~mxizmifihch hn garecv hnm czrndhnr nd ondngifia hn mc fcmihch hn wihc$

    o) Gidcmendxn nv hn fadvihnrcrvn nm fadfnzxa hn nwcm~cfid faea 0 ^d zrafnvaidwnvxikcxiwa faezmn`a- fadxid~a n idxnkrcm s~n rns~inrn hn mc crxif~mcfid hn mav frixnriav

    fae~dnv- hnocxihav ndxrn famnfxiwav- cv faea mc rnmcfid xnarc zrfxifc- ihndxigifcdha mav

    rnf~rvav y zaxndficmnv znhckkifav arindxcharnv- y nd eawieindxa zcrc mc xrcdvgarecfid

    hnm zrafnva nh~fcxiwa y hn mc cfxix~h l~ecdc

    ?$ Fea vn z~nhn lcfnr a rncmipcr ~dc xrcdvgarecfid f~rrif~mcr nd ondngifia hn mczaomcfid w~mdnrcomn0 xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm1

    _nfioir zraz~nvxcv y rn~dirvn c fadwnrvcr ndxrn mc fae~dihch nh~fcxiwc cfnrfc hn mcvdnfnvihchnv hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- nv ~dc zrienrc czra|iecfid cm fceoia gmn|iomn- coinrxa yfaezrndviwa- m~nka rnkivxrcr a rnmcxcr ma hifla zcrc zavxnriarendxn arkcdipcr mav hcxavrnfakihav y rnfadafnr mcv zridfizcmnv hnecdhcv hn mc nh~fcfid idvxix~fiadcm hirikihc cm xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm$ Ma cdxnriar gcfimixc mc aznrcxiwihch y zavioimixc mc fadfrnfid y n`nf~fid hn ihncv azndvceindxav g~dfiadcmnv$

    Mc v~ec hn wam~dxchnv l~ecdcv hndxra hnm famnkia lcfn zaviomn mc vam~fid zars~n xceoidzrazadnd mc hnxnffid- cdmiviv y nwcm~cfid hn mcv dnfnvihchnv hnxnfxchcv- krcficv c mcn|znrindfic hn mav v~`nxav y fad nmmc v~v czarxcfiadnv$

    Mc n|znrindfic znhckkifc nv fr~ficm h~rcdxn xaha nm zrafnva zars~n znreixn vnr s~ind vns~inrn vnr hnvhn hignrndxnv eirchcv y cffiadnv nh~fcxiwcv crxif~mchcv fad mc faxihicdnihch$

    Hiflc zrfxifc nh~fcxiwc rngmn|iadchc fadxrio~yn c kndnrcr nvxrcxnkicv hn nh~fcxiwcv s~nndris~nfnd da vma nm f~rrf~ma- nm Z$N$I a mav zmcdnv hn cxndfid idhiwih~cm a kr~zcm nd nmxrcoc`a fad mc zaomcfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- vida chnev- fadvamihc mc ech~rnp vaficm yneafiadcm hn ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv faezraenxihav$

    Chnev- hn mc n|znrindfic znhckkifc- vn rns~inrn lcfnr rnwivid a hickdvxifa hnm f~rrf~maidvxix~fiadcm c mc m~p hn zraz~nvxc hn xrcoc`a fad xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv- hn xcm ecdnrc s~nvnkd mcv dnfnvihchnv nd xaha cvznfxa- vn iezmnendxnd y n`nf~xnd xrcdvgarecfiadnv$ Nvxncfnrfceindxa a hickdvxifa hn mnfx~rc idificm wc vnk~iha hn mc cvnvarc- cfaezcceindxa yvnk~ieindxa a eadixarna idxnrda a n|xnrda hn znrvadcm faeznxndxn hn mcv DNN$

    ?3 Kienda- Vcfrivxd$ eoixav hn hivna$ Iezmifcfid hn mc fae~dihch nd mav fndxrav$ Nd0 Faezrndhnr yxrcdvgarecr mc ndvncdpc$ ?:::$ Echrih$ Earcxc??M~dc- I$ Fmc~hic$ Idfnrxih~eornv y faezmn`ihchnv l~ecdcv nd mc nwcm~cfid nh~fcxiwc$ Zraz~nvxc zrnvndxchc nd~da hn mav nvzcfiav cfcheifav vaorn nwcm~cfid hirikiha c nvx~hicdxnv hn ecnvxrc hn mc ^ZD$ Garecxa Zhg- ?::>$

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    enxahamkifav y zvifaznhckkifavIhndxigifcfid y cdmiviv hn mcvfcrcfxnrvxifcv hnm nvx~hicdxnHnxnffid hn dnfnvihchnv nh~fcxiwcvhnm nvx~hicdxn!v

    Cf~nrhav vaorn f~rrf~ma- eahnmav ynvxrcxnkicvFrixnriav hn idkrnva- nwcm~cfid yzraeafidCvnvarc- cfaezcceindxa yvnk~ieindxa

    Cf~nrhav y hnfiviadnv nd mczrakrcecfid idvxix~fiadcmCf~nrhav y hnfiviadnv nd mczrakrcecfid hn c~mcVivxnecxipcfid hn mc idgarecfid

    Zcrc mc xrcdvgarecfid xndnr nd f~ndxc mc zraz~nvxc fad mcv nvxrcxnkicv znhckkifcv-zvifaznhckkifcv y hihfxifcv fad mcv f~cmnv O~idciec cxndhi NDNNN0

    F_IXN_IAV HN IDK_NVA- Z_AEAFID Y NWCM^CFID

    C zcrxir hnm rnfadafieindxa y zrae~mkcfid fadvxix~fiadcm vn lcfn cd ev nwihndxn mcdnfnvihch hn cxndfid c mav NDNNN y zar ndhn mav nvx~hicdxnv s~n mc fadvxix~ynd xindndhnrnfla da vma c mc nh~fcfid vida xceoid c mc ihndxigifcfid xnezrcdc hn v~ xcmndxa yfczcfihchnv n|fnzfiadcmnv$

    i$ HIENDVID CHEIDIVX_CXIWCLcfn rngnrndfic c mav frixnriav hn idkrnva- nwcm~cfid y zraeafid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm nd nmzrakrcec0Vn cfmcrc s~n nm kndnrcr frixnriav da vikdigifc n|fm~ir hnm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa c didkd dia- dica `awnd$ Fad mc n|ivxndfic y rnkivxra hn mav frixnriav vn z~nhnd ihndxigifcr mav czayav yfadxrio~fiadnv dnfnvcricv zcrc zraeawnr- arindxcr- cfaezccr- garecr- nwcm~cr y lcfnrvnk~ieindxa hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm$

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    Xaha nvx~hicdxn hn zrnnvfamcr a ovifc zriecric hndxra hnm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa xindnhnrnfla c zrawnrvnmn hn mcv nvxrcxnkicv zvifaznhckkifcv- znhckkifcv y hihfxifcvdnfnvcricv zcrc mc n|zmarcfid hnm nvzrix~ f~riava y frnchar- nv hnfir- zcrxifizcr hn mcgarecfid nd mhifc y frncxiwihch$

    Vi ~d nvx~hicdxn hn zrnnvfamcr- idkrnvc zar zrienrc wnp cm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa y hndxrahn vxn zrnvndxc ecdignvxcfiadnv xnezrcdcv hn ~dc wcricv hiendviadnv hnmfadafieindxa a zrnfafihch-and nm fcva hn ovifc zriecriclcoimihchnv y cfxix~hnv ndfcezav- hiendviadnv- rncv a knakrcgcv nvznfgifcv xindn hnrnfla c rnfioir ~dccxndfid chnf~chc c v~v dnfnvihchnv gcwarnfindha mc arindxcfid hnm xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm a v~znrhaxcfid$Vi ~d nvx~hicdxn hn zrnnvfamcr- nvxcdha hndxra hnm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa zrnvndxcecdignvxcfiadnv xnezrcdcv hn ~dc wcricv hiendviadnv hnm fadafieindxa a zrnfafihch-and nm fcva hn ovifc zriecric lcoimihchnv y cfxix~hnv nd fcezav- hiendviadnv- rncva knakrcgcv nvznfgifcv xindn hnrnfla c rnfioir ~dc cxndfid chnf~chc c v~vdnfnvihchnv gcwarnfindha mc arindxcfid y zaxndficfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm$Vi ~d nvx~hicdxn hn ovifc vnf~dhcric a enhic- idkrnvc cm vivxnec zar zrienrc wnp- yzrnvndxc cmxa krcha hn idxnrv- faezraeiva y zcvid a cear nd ~d fceza nvznfgifahneavxrcha- zmcvecha a zraynfxcha nd v~ aorc!v xindn hnrnfla c vnr ihndxigifchaenhicdxn nm zrafnva nvxiz~mcha zcrc nmma ,wnr gik~rc fad idvxr~endxav hn ihndxigifcfid)$Vi vn nvxd cxndhindha v~v dnfnvihchnv y vxn da mcv czrawnflc vn mn zahrd v~zrieir$Vi nm nvx~hicdxn vn ndf~ndxrc nd nh~fcfid enhic xndhr azarx~dihch hn zahnr rnfioirczaya zcrc crxif~mcr a fadxid~cr v~v nvx~hiav fad mc nh~fcfid v~znriar$Vi nd nm famnkia hivxrixcm nd nm f~cm vn ndf~ndxrc nm nvx~hicdxn da hnvcrrammc nmzrakrcec Xcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv- vn xindn mc vik~indxn r~xc0 nm nvx~hicdxn zahrxndnr mc azarx~dihch hn vnr rneixiha a xrcvmchcha c axra famnkia hivxrixcm nd nm f~cm vi vnlc iezmnendxcha y hnvcrrammc nm zrakrcec- zcrc ma f~cm vn rns~inrn hn zrafnhnr fad mavxreixnv hn FCHNM a nd v~ hngnfxa mav rns~nrihav zar mc V$N$H$2 nm famnkia nd nm f~cm vn

    ndf~ndxrc zahr iezmnendxcr nm zrakrcec y fad nmma ondngificr c axrav y axrcv

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    nvx~hicdxnv$ Nm famnkia xndhrc s~n rncmipcr mav xreixnv fad mc V$N$H zcrc ngnfxav hniezmnendxcr nm zrakrcec$Nm idkrnva hnm nvx~hicdxn hn ovifc vnf~dhcric y enhic cm zrakrcec- rns~inrn zcrc v~ihndxigifcfid mc rnvznfxiwc czmifcfid hn zr~nocv da garecmnv y garecmnv cv0

    Zr~nocv da garecmnv0 lcfnd rngnrndfic c mc aovnrwcfid vnric y f~ihchavc hn mcvfcrcfxnrvxifcv arindxcharcv zar zcrxn hn zragnvarnv y zragnvarcv nd nm c~mc hn fmcvn zcrc zahnrdaeidcr cm nvx~hicdxn cdxnv hn ihndxigifcrma$ Zcrc mc ihndxigifcfid idificm vn dnfnvixc rnfaknridgarecfid hn wcricv g~ndxnv- ndxrn nmmcv0 echrn y zchrn hn gceimic- zragnvar a zragnvarnv-faezcnrav hn fmcvn- nm zrazia nvx~hicdxn- mnwcdxcr ~d znrgim y vi nv dnfnvcria ndxrnwivxczvifaznhckkifc zcrc czarxcr nd hifla mnwcdxceindxa$ M~nka windn nm cdmiviv zar zcrxn hnmfaeix hn nwcm~cfid y zraeafid hn v~v aorcv a frncfiadnv vi mcv l~oinrn$

    Zr~nocv garecmnv0 lcfnd rngnrndfic c mcv zr~nocv s~n mn rncmipcrc ~d nvznficmivxc a n|znrxand nm fceza nvznfgifa hn v~ idxnrv y haeidia zcrc nm fcva hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm- y nd nmfcva hn rngnrirvn c mc v~znrhaxcfid- vn azxc zar zr~nocv nd hignrndxnv fcezav hnm vconr zcrczahnr arindxcrmn v~ r~xc a r~xcv hndxra hn mc idxnmikndfic kndnrcm s~n zrnvndxcd$ Nvxn xiza hn

    zr~noc nv rnfaendhcomn zcrc mav fcvav nvznfgifav s~n cv ma rns~inrnd- faea zar n`nezma0 ~dnvx~hicdxn fad idxnrnvnv nd evifc ,zicda) xndhr s~n vnr nwcm~cha y wcmarcha zar ~d n|znrxa-ecnvxra- nvznficmivxc a hafxa nd nm xnec n idvxr~endxa y zahnr rngnrir a neixir ~d fadfnzxacfnrfc hnm a hn mav diwnmnv hn n|znrxific nd nm f~cm vn ndf~ndxrc$

    _ncmipchcv mcv zr~nocv vn neixn ~d fadfnzxa zar nm faeix hn nwcm~cfid y zraeafidzcrc hcr idifia cm v~eidivxra hn rnf~rvav rns~nrihav zar nm nvx~hicdxn zcrc garxcmnfnr yzaxndficr v~ garecfid nd nm fceza!v nvznfgifa a idxnmikndfic kndnrcm$

    _^XCV NVZNFGIFCV0

    _^XC ZC_C NM NVX^HICDXN S^N VN NDF^NDX_C ND NM VIVXNEC NH^FCXIWA0

    F~cdha nm famnkia da hnvcrrammc nm zrakrcec di xcezafa lc iezmnendxcha ~dzraynfxa nd cxndfid c NDNNN0 xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm y!a v~znrhaxcfid0

    Vn ndf~ndxrcnd nm

    vivxnec nh~fcxiwa

    Znra nm famnkiada lc i ezmnendxcha

    nm zrakrcec a zraynfxand cxndfid

    fad mcv DNNN

    Nm famnkia vxindn nm

    zrakrcec a zraynfxai ezmnendxcha

    Idificfid hn xreixnzcrc

    s~n nm famnkia nd nmf~cm vn ndf~ndxrc

    Iezmnendxn nm zrakrcec

    Da vn ndf~ndxrcnd nm

    vivxnec nh~fcxiwa

    NVX^HICDXN

    _neivid y xreixnfad nm

    FCHNM a mc V$N$H

    C~xaripcfidhnm idkrnva c ~d famnkia

    fad nm zrakrceca zraynfxa

    Vn ondngifichnm zrafnva

    hn zraeafidy nwcm~cfid

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    Vi nd nm famnkia hivxrixcm nd nm f~cm vn ndf~ndxrc nm nvx~hicdxn da hnvcrrammc nm zrakrcecXcmndxav n|fnzfiadcmnv ~ axra zcrc nm ngnfxa- y nd nm oamnxd hn fcmigifcfiadnv czcrnfnd mcvaovnrwcfiadnv hn v~ zrnfafihch- cfxix~hnv- idxnrv y frncxiwihch- cmxa hnvnezna- lcoimihcha hnvxrnpc nd ~d fceza nvznfgifa hiflcv aovnrwcfiadnv wcd hn cf~nrha fad nm ca

    f~rvcha a nd f~rva%- xindn mc vik~indxn r~xc0a nm nvx~hicdxn c xrcwv hnm famnkia cfx~cm zahr xndnr mc azarx~dihch hn vnr

    rneixiha a xrcvmchcha c axra famnkia hivxrixcm nd nm f~cm vi vn lc iezmnendxcha yhnvcrrammc nm zrakrcec- zcrc ma f~cm vn rns~inrn hn zrafnhnr fad mav xreixnv hnFCHNM a nd v~ hngnfxa mav rns~nrihav zar mc V$N$H$2

    a y!a nm famnkia nd nm f~cm vn ndf~ndxrc zahr iezmnendxcr nm zrakrcec y fad nmmaondngificr c axrav y axrcv nvx~hicdxnv$ Nm famnkia xndhrc s~n rncmipcr mavxreixnv fad FCHNM y mc V$N$H zcrc ngnfxav hn iezmnendxcr nm zrakrcec$

    Nm idkrnva hnm nvx~hicdxn hn ovifc vnf~dhcric y enhic cm zrakrcec- rns~inrn zcrc v~ihndxigifcfid mc rnvznfxiwc czmifcfid hn zr~nocv da garecmnv y garecmnv$

    _^XC ZC_C NM NVX^HICDXN S^N DA VN NDF^NDX_C ND NM VIVXNEC NH^FCXIWA0

    F~cdha nm nvx~hicdxn xrcn fnrxigifcfid a fadvxcdfic hn v~v DNNN0 xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm a v~znrhaxcfid neixihc zar axrc idvxix~fid a fndxra zriwcha a zomifahignrndxn c famnkia hivxrixcm2 a f~cdha nv neixihc mc nwihndfic zar v~ echrn- zchrn arnvzadhindxn cm famnkia nd nm f~cm hnvnc idkrnvcr$

    Da vn ndf~ndxrcnd nm

    vivxnec nh~fcxiwa

    Zrnvndxc fnrxigifcha aFadvxcdfic a zr~nochn axrcv idvxix~fiadnvzomifcv a zriwchcv

    nvznficmipchcv

    Vn chnmcdxc zrafnva hnn|zmarcfid y!a

    Ihndxigifcfid vnkd

    vnc nm fcva

    NVX^HICDXN

    _neivid y xreixn

    fad nmFCHNM a mc V$N$H

    C~xaripcfid

    hnm idkrnva c ~d famnkiafad nm zrakrceca zraynfxa

    Vn ondngifichnm zrafnva hn

    zraeafid y nwcm~cfid

    Zrnvndxcd nwihndfica fadfnzxa mav zchrnv

    y echrnv arnvzadhindxnv

    Ndxrnwivxc zvifaznhckkifcc zchrnv ynvx~hicdxn fad fadfnzxahnm feixn hn nwcm~cfid

    y zraeafid$

    C$O$

    c$ Vi nm nvx~hicdxn s~n zar zrienrc wnp wcyc c idkrnvcr cm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa y lc vihacdxnriarendxn wcmarcha y nwcm~cha zar ~dc idvxix~fid a fndxra zomifa a zriwchanvznficmipcha y hignrndxn cm famnkia nd nm f~cm rncmipc nm xreixn zcrc v~ idkrnva- yzrnvndxc nm a mav rnvznfxiwav fnrxigifchav a fadvxcdficv- zahr idkrnvcr c ~d famnkiahivxrixcm s~n xndkc nm zrakrcec a zraynfxa hn cxndfid c mav NDNNN zcrc rncmipcrvn nmzrafnva rnvznfxiwa cm fcva f~cdha vn ndf~ndxrn ecxrif~mcha$

    o$ Vi nm nvx~hicdxn s~n zar zrienrc wnp wcyc c idkrnvcr cm vivxnec nh~fcxiwa y mc difcfadvxcdfic hn v~v DNN mc zrnvndxcd v~ zchrn- echrn a rnvzadhindxn- vxav y nmnvx~hicdxn zcvcrd c ndxrnwivxc zvifaznhckkifc- neixiha nm fadfnzxa gcwarcomn hnm a

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    hn mc zragnviadcm- zahr idkrnvcr c ~d famnkia hivxrixcm s~n xndkc nm zrakrcec a zraynfxahn cxndfid c NDNNN zcrc rncmipcrvn nm zrafnva rnvznfxiwa cm fcva f~cdha vnndf~ndxrn ecxrif~mcha$

    Vi vn nvxd cxndhindha v~v DNNN y vxn da czrawnflc mc azarx~dihch- vn mn zahrd v~zrieir

    mav ondngifiav hn`cdha rnkivxra ~ aovnrwcfid hnm fcva y finrrn nd v~ livxaric idificm$

    Nm idkrnva hnm nvx~hicdxn hn ovifc vnf~dhcric y enhic cm zrakrcec- rns~inrn zcrc v~ihndxigifcfid mc rnvznfxiwc czmifcfid hn zr~nocv da garecmnv y garecmnv$

    ?$ Frixnriav hn ZraeafidMc zraeafid rns~inrn vnr gmn|iomn y czaychc fad mc n|ivxndfic y xrcoc`a czmifcha nd mcv c~mcvnvznficmipchcv c xrcwv hnm ndris~nfieindxa f~rrif~mcr- mav ckr~zceindxav y!a cfnmnrcfid$Idwam~frc nd v~ rnfarriha xndnr zrnvndxn cm ecnvxra a ecnvxrc- nvx~hicdxn y faeix hnnwcm~cfid y zraeafid$

    Ecnvxra a ecnvxrc0 Lcfn rngnrndfic c v~ ram hn x~xar a x~xarc hndxra hnm zrafnva hn garecfidy zaxndficfid hnm xcmndxa n|fnzfiadcm f~cdha nm nvx~hicdxn f~rvc nh~fcfid ovifc vnf~dhcrica enhic y v~ idxnrv cxindhn mav czrndhipc`nv y ndvncdpcv nd ~d fceza nvznfgifa$ Nmecnvxra a mc ecnvxrc xndhrd zrnvndxnv zcrc mc daeidcfid mcv hiendviadnv y fcrcfxnrvxifcvarindxcharcv nd mc ihndxigifcfid idificm$ Nd nm fcva hn vnr ecnvxra a ecnvxrc hn nh~fcfidzrnnvfamcr y!a ovifc zriecric- v~ ram vnr hn zraeaxar y arindxchar hn mc mhifc y mc frncxiwihchzaxndficdha nm XIF- nv hnfir- nm xcmndxa- idwndxiwc y frncxiwihch nd mav hignrndxnv fndxravidgcdximnv$ Mav ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv hn zrnnvfamcr y zriecric idxnrnvchav y faezraenxihav-xndhrd s~n vnr a nvxcr garechav nd mhifc y frncxiwihch$

    Nvx~hicdxn0 Lcfn rngnrndfic c v~ ihndxigifcfid- faezraeiva- znrvnwnrcdfic- frncxiwihch y

    c~xarnk~mcfid nd ~d fceza nvznfgifa zcrc mav nvx~hicdxnv hn nh~fcfid ovifc vnf~dhcric yenhic$ Vnr cvnvarcha enhicdxn x~xarcv idhiwih~cmnv y kr~zcmnv zar x~xarnv a x~xarcv n|znrxav ahafxav nd nm fceza hn idxnrv ihndxigifcha$ Nm nvx~hicdxn zcrxifizc y hnvcrrammc mcv nvxrcxnkicvhn g~dhcendxcfid y zrag~dhipcfid0 ZIG- ZZX- X~xarcv c faezcnrav hn famnkia a nd mcfae~dihch- ZCFN y ZIFC$Mav nvx~hicdxnv hn zrnnvfamcr c zriecric s~n f~ezmcd fad mav frixnriav hn vnmnffid vamifixchava frnchav zar nm ns~iza hn czaya fadgarecha zar ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv- nm n|znrxa anvznficmivxc y nm a mav zragnviadcmnv hn faeznxndfic nvznfgifc nd fchc fndxra idgcdxim mhifaznhckkifa- xndhrd ~d ram hn n|zmarcharnv cfxiwav y f~riavav nd zra hn hnvznrxcr- cfxiwcr-garecr a zaxndficr v~ zndvceindxa frncxiwa y cfxix~h findxgifc n idwnvxikcharc$ Z~nhnd cvivxir cmav ZIFC nd faezcc hn v~v zchrnv y!a echrnv$

    Faeix hn nwcm~cfid y zraeafid0 Lcfn rngnrndfic cm ns~iza hn hirnfxiwcv- ecnvxrav yecnvxrcv s~n ma fadgarecd y fadxrio~ynd fad v~v fadfnzxav y czayav nd zra hn mc gmn|ioimihchf~rrif~mcr c kndnrcr y zraeawnr cmicdpcv- idxnrfceoiav- fadwndiav- cf~nrhav ~ axrav zcrc hcrfadxid~ihch cm zraynfxa y zrafnva$ Hn cf~nrha fad mav hnvneznav- lcoimihchnv- hnvxrnpcv yfrncxiwihch hnm nvx~hicdxn zahrd zraeawnrma c mav ZCFN y vnkd mcv dnfnvihchnv hnmnvx~hicdxn- kndnrcr idxnrfceoiav- eawimihch y!a cfnmnrcfid hn f~rva hnfiviadnv s~n vnnvx~hicd- fadvndv~cd y czr~nocd `~dxa fad nm ns~iza hn czaya c NDNNN fadgarecha zarecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv%$ Nvxn faeix `~dxa fad mav ns~izav hn czaya hn ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv y nmnvznficmipcha a n|znrxa- xceoid nvx~hicrd y fadvndv~crd s~ axrcv nvxrcxnkicv a xiza hn hnczaya a vnrwifiav dnfnvixc nm nvx~hicdxn zcrc zadrvnmcv c v~ hivzavifid rncmipcdha mav c`~vxnva eahigifcfiadnv hn larcria y fadxndihav s~n g~nvnd dnfnvcriav$

    Nd nm fcva hn nh~fcfid zrnnvfamcr y zriecric0 _nf~nrhnd s~n mc n|zmarcfid hnm xcmndxa vn rncmipc nd nm

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    c~mc hn fmcvn y zavxnriarendxn- vn daeidcd ,wnr hiendviadnv y fcrcfxnrvxifcv) y vnmnffiadcd$ Diav ydicv zahrd hivgr~xcr hn mc wcrinhch hn cfxiwihchnv garecxiwcv lcvxc hnvf~orir a czra|iecrvn c v~vidxnrnvnv zcrxif~mcrnv arindxchav fad ecyar zrag~dhihch c zcrxir hn s~idxa f~rva y krcficv c mcvarindxcfiadnv y rnf~rvav hivzadiomnv nd v~v zrienrav cav nvfamcrnv ,wnr fczx~ma I)$

    _^XCV A_INDXCHA_CV ND NH^FCFID Z_NNVFAMC_ Y OVIFC Z_IEC_IC$ Nd nm c~mc

    Hn`cr rnkivxrchc mcv arindxcfiadnv zcrc mc zraeafid xceoid iezmifc rnfarrnr cmk~dav cvznfxavrnmcfiadchav c mav frixnriav hn idkrnva0

    3$ N|zmarcfid0 zrnvndxc hav r~xcv0 zrienra z~nhn azxcrvn zar idxnkrcr nd mav fndxravidgcdximnv mhifav c xahav y xahcv mcv dicv y diav hn c~mc$ Vnk~dhc r~xc0 z~nhnfaendpcrvn zar mc daeidcfid a zrnvnmnffid zcrc mivxcr y cfarhcr s~n nvx~hicdxnv,vnkd arindxcfiadnv nd mcv hiendviadnv crrioc hnvfrixcv) y nd f~mnv fndxrav idgcdximnvhn mhifc y frncxiwihch nvxcrcd$

    ?$ Daeidcfid a zrnvnmnffid0 aovnrwcfid zar zcrxn hnm ecnvxra y!a ecnvxrc mcvfcrcfxnrvxifcv arindxcharcv nd mcv hiendviadnv fakdixiwc- zvifavaficm y n|zrnviwc$

    6$ N|zmarcfid y x~xarcv zraeaxarcv0 nvxcv mxiecv z~nhnd vnr hn ndris~nfieindxakr~zcm n idhiwih~cm$ Mav nvx~hicdxnv daeidchav faeindpcd c zcrxifizcr hnm fndxraidgcdxim mhifa znhckkifa cvnvarcha y cfaezccha zar s~ind faeznxc vnkd hiflafndxra idgcdxim nd cfxiwihchnv hn ndris~nfieindxa kr~zcm$

    8$ Vnmnffid0 c enhihc s~n vn zcrxifizc y hnvcrrammc cfxiwihchnv nd nm fndxra idgcdxim mhifaznhckkifa- nm ecnvxra a ecnvxrc s~n nvxn c fcrka hnm eivea zahr aovnrwcr y lcfnrvnk~ieindxa cm nvx~hicdxn- y hn cf~nrha fad mc lcoimihch- hnvxrnpc- cfxix~h y fadvxcdficnd mcv cfxiwihchnv rncmipchcv a frnchcv zar nm dia a mc dic- y nd kndnrcm zaraovnrwcfid hn v~ F%_%I%V%X%C%M crxif~mcha fad mav frixnriav nvznfgifav dnfnvcriavzcrc mc zrag~dhipcfid y cwcdfn nd vxn s~nhcr vnmnffiadcha oridhdhavnmnfadxid~ihch y v~eidivxra hn rnf~rvav rns~nrihav$ C xahav mav diav y dicv

    vnmnffiadchav vn mnv rnfaknr idgarecfid y rncmipcr mnwcdxceindxa hn znrgim idificm$>$ Arindxcfid0 nm dia a mc dic vnmnffiadchc xndhr mc arindxcfid znrecdndxn zar

    ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv hnm ns~iza hn czaya nvznficmipcha a n|znrxa- s~idnv nvx~hicrdfcvav idhiwih~cmnv y zahrd hivzadnr hn axrcv nvxrcxnkicv dnfnvcricv zcrc v~arindxcfid hn cfxix~hnv n idxnrnvnv- ma f~cm idfm~yn nm ndris~nfieindxa f~rrif~mcr-cfnmnrcfid a ckr~zceindxa ,wcvn hiendvid znhckkifc)$

    ECZCV HN CHCZXCFID Y GMN\IOIMIHCH F^__IF^MC_

    c) Nd nm fcva hn nh~fcfid zrnnvfamcr y ovifc zriecric0 Mcv chczxcfiadnv f~rrif~mcrnvfaezrndhnd mc iezmnendxcfid hn nvxrcxnkicv n|zmarcharcv- arindxcharcv- garecxiwcv y

    zaxndficharcv hnm zndvceindxa frncxiwa frnchar y hn mc cfxix~h idwnvxikcharc yfindxgifc$ ^d n`nezma hn nmma vad mav fndxrav idgcdximnv mhifav y znhckkifavzraz~nvxav zar O~idciec y hnvcrrammchcv fad ecnvxrav y ecnvxrcv nd vinxn famnkiavhivxrixcmnv0 exaha V~p~bi- gimavagc zcrc diav y dicv GzD- f~nrza znrf~xiwa- exahahn idhckcfid hn mcv findficv- hiwnrvav xcmmnrnv mhifav y frncxiwav faea ~va hnxncxridav y xxnrnv nd xahcv mcv rncv- xncxra y n|zrnvid- c`nhrnp y arikcei$ Nvxcvchczxcfiadnv f~rrif~mcrnv iezmifcd dnfnvcricendxn gmn|ioimipcfid f~rrif~mcr$

    o) Nd nm fcva hn nh~fcfid vnf~dhcric y enhic0 Mcv chczxcfiadnv f~rrif~mcrnv ygmn|ioimipcfid f~rrif~mcr faezrndhn mc iezmnendxcfid nd nm c~mc hn fmcvn y famnkia hnnvxrcxnkicv hn zraeafid- czaya- garecfid- zraynffid y vnk~ieindxa$ ^d n`nezma hnnmma vad mcv vik~indxnv nvxrcxnkicv znhckkifcv y zvifaznhckkifcv hn g~dhcendxcfidy zrag~dhipcfid zraz~nvxcv zar O~idciec y hnvcrrammchcv nd adfn famnkiav hivxrixcmnv0ZIG- X~xarcv y ZZX2 mc gmn|ioimipcfid f~rrif~mcr mav ZCFN y mav ZIFC

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    Eczc hn Chczxcfid y gmn|ioimipcfid f~rrif~mcr nd zrnnvfamcr y zriecric0 Fndxrav idgcdximnvmhifav znhckkifav

    Eczc hn chczxcfid f~rrif~mcr nd ovifc vnf~dhcric y enhic0 ZIG- ZZX y X~xarcv cfaezcnrav a faezcnrcv hn fmcvn a cm vnrwifia hn mc fae~dihch$

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    Hnvfadafieindxa vaorn mchiendvid hn mav NDNNN0 Xcmndxan|fnzfiadcm$C~vndfic hn faezraeiva ywam~dxch hn mcv hirnfxiwcv hnmfamnkia zcrc rncmipcr chczxcfiadnvy gmn|ioimipcfiadnv f~rrif~mcrnv$Faeznxndficv idxnrdcv ndxrnfaarhidcfiadnv cfcheifcv hn

    `ardchcv fadxrcricv zar cocrfcrxaha nd zriarihch c mc fcdxihch- nmfczrifla y mc rndhifid hn f~ndxcv

    a nm s~nhcr oind zcrc vnrzrneicha!v$Gcmxc hn vndvioimipcfid- idxnrv yfaezraeiva znrvadcm- famnkicm y!afae~dixcria$C~vndfic hn rnf~rvav gvifav yl~ecdav$Hnvzrnaf~zcfid zar garxcmnfnr azaxndficr v~ garecfid y

    f~cmigifcrvn zragnviadcm yznhckkifcendxn$

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    iii$ HIENDVID VAFICM FAE^DIXC_IC

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