synoptic: superpower geographies east asian neighbours

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Synoptic: Superpower Geographies

East Asian Neighbours

Wordle of advance info whole text

Wordle of advance info edited text

East Asia: The two key ideasGeopolitics.

is about global/regional scale political systems, allegiances and negotiations, including agreements often relating to resources and conflicts.

A superpower

.shows dominance of a region (or the world) in four spheres; economic, military, political and cultural.East Asia: Geographical overviewPhysical factors:- Relief / Oceans- Climate (Tropical / sub-tropical)- Natural resources (water / energy / food)

Human factors:- Superpower status (military, economic, political, socio-cultural)- Relationships and political allies / groupings- Development- Population structure / change- Urbanisation- Agriculture

Physical factors: Relief, rivers and tectonics

Much of Chinas western interior is mountainous, inhospitable Tibetan plateau>tectonics/fold mountains>population density (fig.13)Not many of Chinas rivers connect the coast to its interior>barrier to development?>expensive to create/use land linksJapan has a mountainous interior>tectonics/ island arcs>population density (fig13)Physical factors: Natural hazards in China

Natural hazards in Japan and N/S. Korea

Physical factors: Climate zones and food

What is the link between the climate, oceans and natural hazards in the region?Physical factors: Energy resourceshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/interactive/2012/jun/14/bp-world-energy-statistics-production-consumption-reserves

Physical factors: Energy resourcesSelected proved reserves as % of world total

Physical factors: Energy resourceshttp://www.eia.gov/countries/regions-topics.cfm?fips=ECS

Physical factors: Water resources

http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/scarcity.shtmlHuman factors: Population densityhttp://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/gpw-v3-population-density/maps

What is Chinas population distributed like this?Human factors: Vulnerable cities

https://support.rms.com/publications/OECD_Cities_Coastal_Flooding.pdfThis map links population, development and natural hazards in the futureHuman factors: Development contrasts (HDI)

Human factors: Military influence

Dark blue= Blue water navyPale blue= Developing blue water navyGreen= Green water navyHuman factors: Relationships and energy

Human factors: Energy Pathways

Human factors: Energy Futures

Research fracking (water intensive and has potentially serious side-effects/impacts)Human factors: Cold War allegiances

Further research and definitions of Cold War / WWII:http://www.history.com/topics/cold-warhttp://www.history.com/topics/world-war-iiHuman factors: Chinese empire

Human factors: Fall of Japanese Empire

Themes/ideas: Sustainability

Sustainable developmentEnvironmental safeguarding/ improvementEconomic needsSocial needsDevelopment: Rostows model

Topic map of overall themeSuperpowers: East AsiaFuturesPhysical / human featuresPlayersActionsIssuesEnergyOceansTopic map of overall themeSuperpowers:East AsiaFuturesFeatures/ CharacteristicsPlayersActionsIssuesPhysical featuresResourcesPoliticsClimateHuman featuresIGOsTNCsLocalPopulationRegionalGlobalTreatiesFDIUrbanisationDevelopmentTrade dealsHow can I be synoptic?Use of broad geographical themesLinks to areas of AS and A2 courseUse new information from researchParallel examplesGlobalisationDevelopmentInequalityUpdatesMediterraneanEast AsiaUse of broad geographical themesUse new information from researchParallel examplesFalklandsSustainabilityGoing GlobalWater ConflictLinks to areas of AS and A2 courseEnergy SecurityStatisticsExamplesGeopoliticsDevelopment GapTech FixUSA / EU / RussiaBiodiversityParallel examplesGeopolitical tension/conflict over resources:

> Falkland Islands conflicthttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-18425572http://www.cnbc.com/id/100537413

Superpowers (compare USA, EU and Russia with China):> Make a table of economic, military, political and cultural aspects using the resource booklet and extra info.https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

Regional inequalities and conflicts:

> Mediterranean / Arab Springhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2011/mar/22/middle-east-protest-interactive-timeline

Parallel examples: Falklands conflict

Parallel examples: Arab Spring

Further research / updatesUN / World Bank classification of countries as HIC, MIC, LIC etc..www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/wesp_current/2012country_class.pdfwww.data.worldbank.org

Global military strength (compare China with USA and Russia)www.globalfirepower.com

Chinas developing blue water navyhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10005395/Chinas-first-aircraft-carrier-preparing-for-first-long-distance-mission.html

Six Party Talks:http://www.cfr.org/proliferation/six-party-talks-north-koreas-nuclear-program/p13593

Japan (political, energy security issues, Senkaku islands)http://www.japanfpo.org/search/label/Energy%20Security

Ecological footprintshttp://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/how_we_work/key_initiatives/transforming_china/http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/how_we_work/key_initiatives/transforming_china/china_footprint/Further research / updatesBeijing Olympics impact on Chinas relationship with the world and internal policies:http://www.nytimes.com/learning/teachers/featured_articles/20010713friday.html

Chinas relationship with N.Korea and USAhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/10041679/Bank-of-China-shuts-North-Korea-account.html

N Korea and US relations/missile tests (loads of good stuff in related articles at bottom):http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-22443305

EU-China trade tariffshttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-22445640

Chinas relationship with ASEANhttp://www.asean.org/news/item/asean-china-dialogue-relations

Growth of Shanghaihttps://www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/habitat/profiles/shanghai.asp

http://www.theatlanticcities.com/jobs-and-economy/2013/03/shanghais-spectacular-growth-one-photo/4999/Some ideas for questionsExplain why there has been geopolitical tension in East Asia since the end of World War Two.

Examine the factors that have led to uneven development in the region of East Asia.

Examine the factors that have led to the emerging superpower status of China.

Assess the position of China as an emerging superpower.

Explain the contribution that globalisation has made to development and quality of life in East Asia.

To what extent does political tension threaten the future development of East Asia?

Assess the severity of potential sources of conflict in East Asia in future.

continued on the next slide.Some more ideas for questionsTo what extent are the disputes in East Asia are a threat to the stability and continuing development of the area as a whole?

Explain the roles that a range of Players and Actions could take in helping East Asian countries to develop further.

Explain how the growing economic power of East Asia could lead to social and political tension within the region and beyond.

Assess the sustainability of continued development in East Asia.

Discuss the global and regional impact of Chinas rise to superpower status in future.