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  • SYNERGY magazine"Our Rights, Our Freedoms"

    Essay and photo competition

    No.47 I-2010

    Thomas Hammarberg

    Commissioner for Human RightsELSA and ELS

    Official alumni association

    Magazine of The European Law Students Association

    From Intellectual Property Law to a new Focus:

    The Year of Change

  • Stay ahead of EU legislation and policymaking the simple way.

    Your one-stop shop for EU news.

    Visit www.europeanvoice.comto register for a free trial.

    New Commission set tostart work on 10 FebruaryThe new European Commissionis on course to take up office on 10 February, after a delay causedby MEPs refusal to approve theappointment of Rumiana Jeleva,Bulgarias nominee for Europeancommissioner.Bulgarias replacement nomi-nee, Kristalina Georgieva, a vice-president of the World Bank, willhave a hearing before MEPs on 3February. The European Parlia-ment will then vote on JosManuel Barross second team on 9February. If the vote in Strasbourgis positive, as is now expected, thenew Commission will be sworn in-to office at the European Court ofJustice the following day.This timetable was to be con-firmed by the Parliaments politi-cal group leaders who are meet-ing this morning (21 January).Jerzy Buzek, the president ofthe Parliament, had last night (20January) received all but four ofthe evaluation letters from thevarious Parliament committees.His spokeswoman said: The

    content is positive for all of them.As European Voice went topress, Manfred Weber, the centre-right co-ordinator on thecivil liberties committee washolding out on approval for Cecilia Malmstrm as home af-fairs commissioner.The other three evaluationsoutstanding were of Neelie Kroes,Olli Rehn and Algirdas emeta,whose performances were allconsidered unsatisfactory in var-ious respects. But the MEPs arenot expected to reject Barroso IIover any of these three.The Parliament had beenscheduled to vote on the BarrosoII team on 26 January, whichwould have allowed the Commis-sion to take up office on 1 Febru-ary. But on Tuesday, Jeleva re-signed, having failed to commandthe support of the Parliaments de-velopment committee. She per-formed badly in the hearing andwas accused of being inaccurate inher declarations of financial inter-ests. An opinion from the Parlia-ments legal service had given aclean bill of health to the declara-tion she made as a commissioner-

    designate, but found fault with thedeclaration she had made whenshe was an MEP in 2007-09.Joseph Daul, the leader of thecentre-right European PeoplesParty (EPP) group to which Jele-va belongs, accepted her resigna-tion only reluctantly. He said thatshe had been the victim of awitch-hunt and treated unfairlyin her hearing. But he ruled outtrying to remove a commissionerfrom the Socialists and Democ-rats or Liberal groups in revenge.Jos Manuel Barroso, the pres-ident of the Commission, will meetGeorgieva today, either in Brusselsor Strasbourg (21 January).He said that he intended to putGeorgieva forward for the sameportfolio as was earmarked forJeleva international co-opera-

    tion, humanitarian aid and crisismanagement. Georgieva hasbeen working at the World Banksince 1993 and is an expert with-out political affiliations, thoughshe has been acting as an adviserto Bulgarias Prime MinisterBoyko Borisov. She has workedon humanitarian aid pro-grammes and is expected to passher hearing without difficulty.Im not planning any changesto portfolios, Barroso said.According to the revisedtimetable, the Commission presi-dent would have his new team inplace before he meets national gov-ernment leaders on 11 February,when they will hold an informalsummit in Brussels to discuss eco-nomic policy and climate change.Jeleva also resigned as Bulgar-ias foreign minister, a post shehad held since July. She has beenreplaced by Nikolay Mladenov,the defence minister.Borisov said as he announcedthe nomination of Georgieva: Iwant to make it possible for theEuropean Parliament to elect aEuropean Commission soon andlet the Commission start working.

    Simon Taylorsimontaylor@economist.com

    Burning questionYes or No to a 30% carbon cut?Page 17

    21 27 January 2010Volume 16 Number 3

    Planning for the year ahead?Visit our online diary, now updated withkey EU dates in 2010.European Voice, your companion through the six months of Spains presidency of the EU

    www.europeanvoice.com/diary

    The EU mulls making loans to Greece as aform of self-help for the eurozone. PAGES 2 AND 20

    NEWSCaptured funding A row over how to finance carbon-capturetechnology threatens to delay projects. PAGE 3

    Stockholm urges EU adoption of its home-grown bank levy system, rather thana US import. PAGE 18

    Fear and stereotyping Dominique Mosiexplores Europeansdefensive crouch on identity, and Kazakhstanspresidentwrites about Western stereotypes.

    NEWSClassical dilemma

    Europe increases aid, sends paramilitary police and counts the cost of re-building the Caribbean island. PAGE 3

    NEWSHelping Haiti

    BUSINESSThe Swedish model

    Staying afloatPaolo De Castro maintains buoyancyPage 14

    PRESIDENTIAL HOPES A moment of optimism about relaunching EU activity is shared by European Commission President Jos Manuel Barroso

    (left), European Parliament President Jerzy Buzek (centre), and Spanish Prime Minister Jos Luis Rodrguez Zapatero (right), before the European

    Parliament plenary debate on 20 January on the programme of the Spanish presidency of the Council of Ministers. REUTERS

    POSITIVE THINKING Strasbourg spring

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    InsideThe fall of Rumiana Jeleva Page 4Candidates on the brink Page 4Our verdict on the latest inquisitions Pages 5-11The task ahead for Barroso II Comment, Page 15In defence of Catherine Ashton Letters Page 16

    EuropeanVoice_Elsa_A4:Layout 1 12/2/10 15:36 Page 1

  • Synergy

    ELSA International in Brussels, Belgium produces Synergy. The articles are contributions from stu-dents, young and experienced lawyers as well as academics. The articles are edited at the discretion of the Editors. Please do not hesitate to visit Syn-ergy Online www.elsa.org/aboutelsa/publications/synergy

    Contributions

    Synergy is published twice a year for ELSAs members in 40 countries in Europe. Would you like to contribute with articles or pictures for the Magazine? Please contact ELSA International for further information and guidelines.

    Advertising

    Should you like to advertise your courses, services, company or products, please do not hesitate to contact ELSA International in Brussels. Rates are available upon request from:advertisements@elsa.org

    Editor

    Frida Orring

    ELSA InternationalPhone: +32 2 646 26 26Fax: + 32 2 646 29 23E-mail: elsa@elsa.orgWebsite: www.elsa.org

    ELSA Internationals Corporate Partner

    ELSA Internationals Human Rights Partner

    ELSA Internationals Media Partner

    ELSA Internationals Marketing & IT partner

    ELSA's Partner Law Students' Association

    The European Law Students Association, ELSA, is an international, independent, non-political and non-profit-making organisation comprised and run by and for law students and young lawyers. Founded in 1981 by law students from Austria, Hungary, Poland and West Germany, ELSA is today the worlds largest independent law stu-dents association.

    Our Philosophy

    Vision A just world in which there is respect for human dignity and cultural diversity.Purpose To contribute to legal education, to foster mutual understanding and to pro-

    mote social responsibility of law students and young lawyers.Means To provide opportunities for law students and young lawyers to learn about other cul-

    tures and legal systems in a spirit of critical dialogue and scientific co-operation. To assist law students and young lawyers to be internationally minded and professionally skilled. To encourage law students and young lawyers to act for the good of society.

    Our Network

    ELSA is a unique and growing Network of 30 000 law students and young lawyers from more than 200 universities in 40 countries across Europe. ELSA currently has members and observers in: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Russian Fed-eration, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom. Furthermore, ELSA co-operates with other student organisations across the world, for instance ILSA in North America, COLADIC in South America, ALSA in Asia, ALSA in Australia, ALSA in South Africa and AEJCI in Ivory Coast.

    ELSAs Members

    ELSAs members are internationally minded individuals who have experience in foreign legal systems and practices. Through our activities such as Seminars & Conferences, Aca-demic Activities and the Student Trainee Exchange Programme our members acquire a broader cultural understanding and legal expertise.

    Our Special StatusELSA has through its activities and commitment within the international community gained a special status with several international institutions. In 2000, ELSA was granted Participatory Status with the Council of Europe. Furthermore, ELSA has Consultative Status with several United Nations bodies; in 1997 ELSA obtained Special Consultative Status with UN ECOSOC, in 1994 ELSA was granted Consultative Status in Category C in UNESCO. ELSA also obtained Observatory Status with WIPO in 2005. In addition, ELSA has a co-operation agreement with UNHCR and co-operates with U