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    SYMBOLISM OF HINDU TEMPLE IN KERALA:

    EMPHASIS ON SPACE AND FUNCTION

    Tatjana Vorinski

    Pro!ssor: Ka"a C#o$i%anikan&i$i"

    Mani'a" Instit(t! o t!)#no"o*$+ Mani'a" S)#oo" o Ar)#it!)t(r!

    ,P"annin*

    Mani'a"+ -./-0

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    Cont!nts

    Introduction................................................................................................................4

    Symbolism of temples today: changes?.....................................................................5

    Education?...............................................................................................................5

    Distribution of wealth?............................................................................................6

    hanges in li!ing habits.........................................................................................."

    #indu religion............................................................................................................. $

    oncepts..............................................................................................................$

    %hilosophy.......................................................................................................... &'

    (ythology.......................................................................................................... &) *ituals................................................................................................................&+

    Space manifest of religion: ,astu Shastra.............................................................&5

    -ature and architecture..................................................................................... &"

    #uman body and architecture............................................................................&

    omparati!e analysis of architecture of two temples............................................)&

    %admanabhaswamy temple............................................................................... ))

    /rishna 0emple at 1uru!ayur............................................................................. )+

    ulture of /erala....................................................................................................... )+

    2rigins and in3uence............................................................................................)+

    cti!ity manifest of culture in temples  meeting point of art and religion...........)+

    omparati!e analysis of acti!ities of two temples................................................)4

    originally...........................................................................................................)4

    present time......................................................................................................)4

    onclusion: Symbolism of temples...........................................................................)4

    *eferences................................................................................................................)5

    e*eferences.............................................................................................................. )5

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    Intro&()tion

    Study that in!estigates boundaries between religion and culture with their physical

    manifestation in form of temple architecture in /erala state. 7hat is the role of 

    temples in modern India? Is there a need for functional restoration? #ow does

    architecture respond? 7e8ll gi!e answer on these 9uestions by gi!ing parallel

    analysis between %admanabhaswamy temple& and 1uru!ayur Sri /rishna 0emple)

    while we eamine !arious aspects of space and function.

    &http:;;en.wi

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    S$%1o"is% o t!%'"!s to&a$: )#an*!s2

    ll the ma>or temples in ancient India were more

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    it now all degenerated into mute followers of rituals and superstitions

    (

    Each modern temple should ha!e a dedicated place for spending some

    time on reading and meditation. It is common practice to sit down

    somewhere in the temple premises before lea!ing. But nowadays most people spend such time loo

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    is distributed among the needy who belie!e in it. 0here should be a

    system to spend part of temple income e!ery month for the bene@t of 

    the poorC who are regular worshippers at the temple. 2f courseC priests

    need money to pay for the temple epensesC maintenance and

    essential de!elopment. But what is the point in ha!ing money in ban<

    deposits in the name of an all powerful 1od? Hor a hungry man food is

    1od and for someone in painsC a pain

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    Hin&( r!"i*ion

    Hinduism. There is one root word in the term /Hindu. It is called hidi. Hidi means a

    man who moves on the path of spirituality, and who neglects all the worldly 

     pleasures and other passions for that spiritual upliftment. He is a Hindu. 0ow, when

     people as1 me, /2hat do you mean by Hindu?, I say there are ve letters in the

    word Hindu. H stands for honesty, I stands for integrity, 0 stands for nobility, 4

    stands for devotion, and 5 stands for unity. And, I say any person who strives for 

    these ideals is called patasheela, which means ve good things. 6ou may believe

    in any cult you want, any path you want, but do you believe in honesty, do you

    believe in integrity, and nobility, devotion, and unity If you do, you are a Hindu. 7o

    this is why we say to people of other religions, /"o and convert others, as you li1e.

    8hristians, go and convert. Islamic people, go and convert others. 9ut Hindus never 

    convert anyone because anyone who holds to these ve values is a Hindu by birth. 2hy should I try to convert you :

    Con)!'ts

     0he term L#indu8 is related to the word Sindhu  the name of a ri!erC which is

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    &'''' B.. and that the earliest of the #indu scriptures  0he *ig ,eda  was

    composed well before 65'' B.. 0he word O#induismO is not to be found anywhere

    in the scripturesC and the term O#induO was introduced by foreigners who referred to

    people li!ing across the *i!er Indus or SindhuC in the north of IndiaC around which

    the ,edic religion is belie!ed to ha!e originated.

     0here is no Pone #induismQC and so it lac

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    P#i"oso'#$

     #indu is an indi!idual who accepts and li!es by the religious guidance of the ,edic

    scriptures. 7hile the teachings of the #indu tradition do not re9uire that you ha!e a

    religious aJliation to #induism in order to recei!e its inner teachingsC it can be !ery helpful to formally become a #indu because it pro!ides one a formal connection to

    the Pworlds oldest continually eisting enlightenment tradition.O

    /Hinduism is not *ust a religion with a long history. 0or is it *ust the religion that 

    gave birth to ;ainism and 9uddhism. It is more than a set of dates and related ideas.

    Hinduism is also a di

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     0he boy desires to learn moreC so the father instructs him in a more concrete way.

    P%leaseC HatherC tell me more about this Self.Q

    PesC dear oneC I willCQ Rddala

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    M$t#o"o*$

    #induism is generally associated with a multiplicity of 1odsC and does not ad!ocate the worship of one particular deity. 0he gods and goddesses of #induism amount to

    thousands or e!en millionsC all representing the many aspects of only one supreme bsolute called PBrahmanQ.

     0herefore CCUto believe that the multiplicity of deities in Hinduism ma1es it 

     polytheistic is erroneous. The ig +eda says> !1am sath, +ipraah bahudhaa vadanti ?The Truth is one@. However, to e&uate 9rahmanB with "odB is imprecise. It is neither the old man in the s1yB concept, nor the idea of something capable of  being vengeful or fearful. C

     0he doctrine of Spiritual ompetence Ldhi

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     Sunil ,aidyanathanC 0emples of South IndiaC English edition %ublishers and Distributers %!t. Mtd.C (umbaiC )'').

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     Rit(a"s

    (ore interesting are the consecration rites whichC according to !astu  shastra tets

    from dierent regional traditionsC call down the cosmos  the gods AC to inhabit the body of the temple in its full tree dimensions.

    lthough e!ery #indu home contains its own altarC a place for personal worshipC

    the temple holds a special place in the life of the people. In dierent religious

    traditionsC the churchC