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Military Energy and our National Energy PolicyJoseph Kopser1We can do betterIntroduce yourself [name/role]

Try to include personal story about why energy matters to the Army (i.e. the issue of energy has changed dramatically in the Army over the last couple of years. I have served in the military as a civilian for over X years and .)

1Threats to Energy2

The Army of today not only faces natural disasters, but also manmade threats such as terrorist attacks. Our Installations are Power Projection Platforms reliant on a vulnerable civilian grid.

Some examples of these threats include violent storms, hurricanes, tornados and even Tsunamis (like the one that devastated Japan), that strike unexpectedly, or downed power lines caused wind and/or snow storms.

The Army is moving forward to address these threats, so the Army of tomorrow has the same access to energy, water, land and natural resources as the Army of today.

Addressing these threats are operationally necessary, financially prudent and mission critical.


Problem Statement

BLUF: We cant continue business as usual with regard to how energy is employed on the battlefield.Energy-state relationships intersect geopolitical concerns as state-run companies will control an increasing share of the worlds hydrocarbon resources (NMS 2011)Energy costs have risen over 300% since 2000$10 increase per Bbl = $1.2B cost to DoDEIA 2011 oil ref. case projects $118/Bbl (2009 $) by 2025bulk liquid (water/fuel ) comprises ~ 70-80% of ground resupply~ 1 casualty per 24 to 50 OEF fuel/water convoys Proliferation in powered devices drives average Soldier load to ~ 5 lb of assorted batteries per day of dismounted patrol Increases in vehicle weights increase fuel consumption, reduce rangeWithout energy, the Army stands still and silent --GEN Peter Chiarelli, VCSA, Army - Air Force Energy Forum, 20 July 20113What is it?: The energy and associated systems, information and processes required to train, move, and sustain forces and systems for military operations.Operational Energy Initial Capabilities Document (ICD), draft version 1.4, 29 July 2011

EIA projected a diesel price of $2.40/gal for 2011 EIA base case used by OSD Comptroller & OMB; Actual DLA price = $3.95

Army and USMC Operational Energy (OE) is inextricably linked to fuel & water; closely tied to waste;

Operational impacts are many:Heavy reliance on vulnerable ground convoys -Fuel and water comprise 70-80% of ground resupply e, after initial combat -18% of US casualties in OIF and OEF are related to ground resupply Heavy reliance on contractor support for operational forces -In Afghanistan, 85% of supplies are moved by local (Jingle) trucks, not green suitFuel is the biggest single item shipped into Afghanistan -Quantity is increasing: average of 479K gal/day in 2008, 1.1M gal/day in 2009, estimated 1.4 M gal/day in 2010 -FBCF in Iraq about $5-30 per gal; FBCF in Afghanistan ranges from $10 up to $100s of dollars per gal in extreme instances) - ~50% of fuel is used to produce electricity; Base Camp energy efficiency is very low (perhaps as low as ~10%)

Growing energy demand (USMC example):250% Increase in Radios300% Increase in IT/Computers200% Increase in # of Vehicles75% Increase in Vehicle WGT30% Decrease in MPGMTVR 4.3 MPGHMMWV 8.0 MPGMRAP 4.0 MPG

Marine Rifle Co. batteries since 2001:684% by capacity (Watts)1,294% by quantity380% by weight2,400% by cost

3OPERATIONAL ENERGYNET ZERO STRATEGYPower and Energy4Grand ChallengesGive soldiers and leaders capability to manage energy status, resources, performanceSignificantly reduce energy footprintProvide flexibility and resiliency by developing alternatives and adaptable capabilities

SoldierBasingVehiclesInstallationTacticalNon Tactical


In their joint testimony to Congress, the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff stated, to remain operationally relevant and viable, the Army must reduce its dependency on energy, increase energy efficiency, and implement renewable and alternate sources of energy."The Army has both installation and operational energy requirements.

The Army groups power and energy into three areas: soldier power, vehicle power and basing power.

An example of soldier power is how were lightening Soldier loads to help them become more agile and self-reliant through advanced portable power systems, lighter batteries, universal charging devices and water purifiers. An average Soldier needs 7 different types of batteries for a mission, and on a 3-day patrol may carry 15 or more pounds of batteries.

Army vehicle power includes tactical (air and ground) vehicles and non-tactical vehicles. In non-military terms, non-tactical vehicles include our 80,000+ passenger cars, trucks, buses and ambulances.

The Armys effort falls in basing power, which focuses on the fuel, water and energy at our installations and base camps. The cornerstone of basing power is Net Zero, which is a holistic approach to addressing energy, water, and waste. This is key to the creating energy efficiency and reducing our overall demand.

4Why Should the DOD be a participant?The DOD is budgeting $1.6 billion for initiatives that will improve energy use and $9 billion in energy-security investments for the department across the next 5 yearsThese initiatives compare with $16.3 billion the department has budgeted for petroleum for military operations in 2013.5Energy Security Priorities6President Barack ObamaRecent comments 25-26 JAN 12

"I will not cede the wind or solar or battery industry to China or Germany because we refuse to make the same commitment here."

The Defense Department isn't embracing clean energy just because it feels good. Our military isn't leading on this issue just because it's the right thing to do for our climate. They're doing it because it's important to our national security."Energy Security Priorities7Secretary of Defense Leon Ponetta31 JAN 12

"It's essential that we continue to develop innovative energy solutions to advance our military missions and use our precious resources wisely. The Department is taking the lead on this because saving energy on the battlefield means saving lives and money.

Energy Security Priorities8

Why Texas?Central Texas is home to UT-Austin, UTSA, and Texas A&M 3 leaders in Energy R&DThe region sits in the middle of our countrys largest collection of oil, natural gas, wind, and solar energy resources. Each year the DOD spends millions on R&D here on campus in some pretty amazing research programs that help our Soldiers on the battlefield and our Veterans when they return. Austin is the Capital of Texas and home to the Texas Army and Air National Guard. In the last 12 years of war, the Texas Army National Guard has deployed more Soldiers than any other state.In a 100 mile radius, Austin is in the middle between:Fort HoodFort Sam HoustonCamp MabryLackland AFBRandolph Air Force Base.9

Examples of Texas in the Lead10