Swm Consolidated

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solid waste management

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  • Solid Waste Management Situationer

  • SWM SITUATIONERWASTE GENERATIONCOLLECTIONTRANSFER & TRANSPORTDISPOSALSTORAGEPROCESSING & RECOVERYInterrelationship Among Elements of Solid Waste Management System

  • SWM SITUATIONERAsian Development Study (2003): MM generates about 6,700 tons of garbage per day. (As huge as 1 level of SM Manila or SM Megamall Building A)

    Recent Report on MM solid waste (2007): MM generates 7,200 tons of waste.

    An average Filipino generates an estimated volume of 0.3kg to 0.7kg per day in rural & urban areas respectively.WASTE GENERATION

  • SWM SITUATIONERWASTE GENERATION

  • SWM SITUATIONERSTORAGE

  • SWM SITUATIONERCOLLECTIONApproximately Php 3.54 billion is spent annually on collection & disposal of MMs solid waste;

    In 2001, from 5 to 24% of the total expenditures of MMs LGUs went to SWM;

    Based on survey conducted by the National Demographic & Health, 30% of households had access to waste collection at varying frequencies.

  • SWM SITUATIONERCOLLECTIONFrequency of waste collection varies ranging from twice a week to once every two weeks;

    Collection efficiency in urban areas is estimated at 70%;

    Collection efficiency in rural areas is estimated at 40%;

    Waste not collected are mostly indiscriminately dumped, burnt, goes to our water system or to open dumps.

  • SWM SITUATIONERTRANSFER & TRANSPORTA transfer station is established if the hauling distance from the source to the disposal facility is far.

    Smaller dump truck transfers the collected waste to a bigger dump truck.

    The big dump trucks then transport the solid waste to the disposal facility.

  • SWM SITUATIONERPROCESSING & RECOVERYNo reliable data on the extent of recycling and composting in the country.

    Recycling remains largely an informal-sector activity.

    In 1997, only 6% of SW is recycled in MM. In 2000, recycling rate is at 13%.

    NSWMC database (3rd quarter of 2007):

    Total No. of Solid Waste MRFs in the country = 2,186 Barangay served = 2,459

  • Promotion of Alternative Technologies for the Management of Residual WastesPROCESSING & RECOVERY

  • Imus, Cavite

  • Imus, Cavite

  • Best Practices on ESWM Implementation in RizalMunicipality of Teresa, Rizal

  • PROCESSING & RECOVERY

  • SWM SITUATIONERDISPOSAL732 open dumps in the country92 with Rehabilitation Plan

  • SWM SITUATIONERDISPOSALControlled Dump Facilities

    Improvement only in the operation such as provision of [1] daily soil cover; [2] drainage system; perimeter fence; scheduled waste picking, etc.

    Most are ill-sited.

    Deadline for Closure: Feb. 16, 2006

    Should be properly rehabilitated. 280 CDFs in the country80 with Rehabilitation Plan

  • SWM SITUATIONERDISPOSALSanitary Landfills (SLFs)

    Engineered Facility;

    Engineering Control over potential environmental impacts arising from its development & operation;

    Passed the Siting Requirement for SLF 15 operational SLFs in the country20 SLFs under construction

  • SWM SITUATIONERENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF IMPROPER SWMGround & surface water contamination;Local flooding;Air pollution;Release of greenhouse gases;Foul odor

  • HEALTH IMPACTS OF IMPROPER SWMSWM SITUATIONER

  • SWM SITUATIONER

  • HEALTH IMPACTS OF IMPROPER SWMSWM SITUATIONERThreat to health of sanitation workers & wastepickers

    Burning of waste releases toxic gases

  • REGULAR COST OF LGU GARBAGE COLLECTIONSWM SITUATIONERCOSTING CLEAN COMMUNITIES

  • R.A. 9003 Salient Provisions

  • REPUBLIC ACT 9003Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

    First law signed by Her Excellency President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

    Approved on January 26, 2001

    Took Effect on February 16, 2001

  • INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM (National Level)The National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC)

    Oversees the implementation of SWM plansPrescribe policies to achieve the objectives of the ActComposed of 17 members: 14 members from the government sector3 members from the private sector

  • NSWMC Members (Government Sector-14)MMDA;

    LPP;

    LCP;

    LMP;

    Liga ng mga Barangays;

    TESDA; and

    PIADENR (Chair);

    DILG;

    DOST;

    DPWH;

    DOH;

    DTI;

    DA;

  • NSWMC Members (Private Sector-3)A representative from the Non-Government Organizations (NGOs);

    A representative from the Recycling Industry (present Vice Chairman);

    A representative from the Manufacturing or Packaging Industry;

  • INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM(Local Level)

  • NSWM Framework

  • MANDATORY! Solid Waste Diversion Within 5 years upon the effectivity of the Act (by year 2006), the LGU should divert at least 25% of the waste from disposal facilities through re-use, recycling, composting and other resource recovery activities. Waste diversion goals should be increased every 3 years thereafter (year 2009).

  • ANO ANG DAPAT NATING GAWIN BILANGMAMAMAYAN?

  • Avoid buying disposal goods such as throwaway razors, etc.

    Avoid the use of unnecessary packaging.

    Consider reusable items;

    Maintain & repair durable products;

    Reuse bags, containers, and reusable items;Practice the 3Rs: REDUCE, RE-USE, RECYCLE! AVOID Generating Waste!

  • Borrow, rent, or share items used infrequently;

    Sell or donate goods instead of throwing them out;

    Choose recyclable products and containers and recycle them;

    Select products made form recyclable materials.

    Compost biodegradable wastes;Practice the 3Rs: REDUCE, RE-USE, RECYCLE! AVOID Generating Waste!

  • MAGSEGREGATE!

  • TYPES OF SMALL SCALE COMPOSTERS FOR BACKYARD COMPOSTINGTwin PitsTower TiresBottomless CompostersClay Flower PotsPlastic BagCompost BinsComposting in Households

  • Sanctions & Penalties

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 1, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places

    Fines & Penalties:Php300 to 1,000 and/orRendering of community service for not less than 1 day to not more than 15 days where such prohibited acts are committed (or both)

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 2, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Undertaking activities or operating, collecting or transporting equipment in violation of sanitation operation and other requirements or permits set forth in or established pursuant to the Act.

    Fines & Penalties:Php300 to 1,000 and/orImprisonement of not less than 1 day to not more than 15 days (or both)

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 3, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Open burning of solid waste.

    Fines & Penalties:Php300 to 1,000 and/orImprisonement of not less than 1 day to not more than 15 days (or both)

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 4, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Causing or permitting the collection of non-segregated or unsorted waste.

    Fines & Penalties:Php1,000 to 3,000 and/orImprisonement of not less than 15 days to not more than 6 months (or both)

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 5, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Squatting in open dumps.

    Fines & Penalties:Php1,000 to 3,000 and/orImprisonement of not less than 15 days to not more than 6 months (or both)

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 6, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Open dumping, burying of biodegradable or non-biodegradable materials in flood prone areas

    Fines & Penalties:Php1,000 to 3,000 and/orImprisonement of not less than 15 days to not more than 6 months (or both)

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 7, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Unauthorized removal of recyclable material intended for collection by authorized persons

    Fines & Penalties:Php1,000 to 3,000 and/orImprisonement of not less than 15 days to not more than 6 months (or both)

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 8, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Mixing of source-separated recyclable material with other solid waste in any vehicle, box, container, or receptacle used in SW collection or disposal.

    Fine:For the first time shall pay a fine of Five Hundred Thousand Pesos (P500,000.00) plus an amount not less than five (5%) percent but not more than ten percent (10%) of his net annual income during the previous year.

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 8, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Mixing of source-separated recyclable material with other solid waste in any vehicle, box, container, or receptacle used in SW collection or disposal.

    Penalty:The additional penalty of imprisonment of a minimum period of one (1) year, but not to exceed three (3) years at the discretion of the court, for shall be imposed for second or subsequent violations of the provision.

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 9, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Establishment or operation of open dumps as enjoined in the Act, or closure of said dumps in violation of Section 37 of the Act.

    Fine:For the first time shall pay a fine of Five Hundred Thousand Pesos (P500,000.00) plus an amount not less than five (5%) percent but not more than ten percent (10%) of his net annual income during the previous year.

  • Fines and Penalties Para. 9, Section 3, Rule XVIII, IRR

    VIOLATION:Establishment or operation of open dumps as enjoined in the Act, or closure of said dumps in violation of Section 37 of the Act.

    Penalty:The additio