suraj polymers nanded

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SURAJ POLYMERS NANDED India is a agricultural country. A recent boom in agricultural activities and the construction industry supplemented by an alarming growth in the construction of building, hosing societies, need of Irrigation system that have demand of PVC pipe is day to day increases than Suraj group has diversified its services in the segment of PVC pipes with a gamut of variants such as Rigid PVC pipes a fitting, casing pipes, SWR pipes, HDPE pipes, ASTM pipes and Sprinkler system. Demand of customers is increase I was decide the start of new enterprises, than go to few year I started a new plant complete in 1999. These international standard products are manufactured in new unit name as Suraj polymers. Using stake of the art techniques maintaining high quality and maximum cost efficiency and are put through stringent tests at regular intervals for pressure. Suraj Polymers Pvt. Ltd.,a unit of Suraj group manufacturing by PVC pipe is one of the progressive and Rapidly growing in recent year. Based at Nanded District of Maharashtra. It has started serving the people since 50 years with various products and started its own manufacturing of Rigid PVC pipes since 1999 which are useful for irrigation, water supply, Borewells and sanitary. The company is fully equipped by Atomized plants & machineries with the latest technologies, skilled and experienced technical staff. The group is directing by professional directors by their skill and knowledge supported by hardworking with honesty has proved the growth and achievement of long term goals with the short span of time. It has team of zealous and qualified workers, managers and marketing builders who by their striving efforts with enthusiasm are

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Page 1: Suraj Polymers Nanded

SURAJ POLYMERS NANDED India is a agricultural country. A recent boom in agricultural activities and the construction industry supplemented by an alarming growth in the construction of building, hosing societies, need of Irrigation system that have demand of PVC pipe is day to day increases than Suraj group has diversified its services in the segment of PVC pipes with a gamut of variants such as Rigid PVC pipes a fitting, casing pipes, SWR pipes, HDPE pipes, ASTM pipes and Sprinkler system. Demand of customers is increase I was decide the start of new enterprises, than go to few year I started a new plant complete in 1999. These international standard products are manufactured in new unit name as Suraj polymers. Using stake of the art techniques maintaining high quality and maximum cost efficiency and are put through stringent tests at regular intervals for pressure. Suraj Polymers Pvt. Ltd.,a unit of Suraj group manufacturing by PVC pipe is one of the progressive and Rapidly growing in recent year. Based at Nanded District of Maharashtra. It has started serving the people since 50 years with various products and started its own manufacturing of Rigid PVC pipes since 1999 which are useful for irrigation, water supply, Borewells and sanitary. The company is fully equipped by Atomized plants & machineries with the latest technologies, skilled and experienced technical staff. The group is directing by professional directors by their skill and knowledge supported by hardworking with honesty has proved the growth and achievement of long term goals with the short span of time. It has team of zealous and qualified workers, managers and marketing builders who by their striving efforts with enthusiasm are up grading the image of the group in the market. The ultimate and the end users are saying that the quality of our products are highly satisfying them because every batch products will be tested in our quality control in all respects which maintain a uniformly high standards of excellence. We have a vide range of quality inspection technologies with well experienced and trained quality control team. We are also arranging for the third party inspection through SGS, Rites etc, on the request of the customers, the group is registered with various Govt. & Semi Govt. Authorities like DIC, MSSIDC, ZillaParishad, Municipal Councils etc, and is a major supplier to them.

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Our products are PVC pipes & fittings, casing pipes (socketed). In range from 20mm to 200mm diameters with 2.5,4, 6, 8, 10 Kgicm2 working pressure classes with ISI Brands specified as per India standards. We have qualified, trained and experienced engineers for survey testing & installation of our PVC pipes. Quality, Strength & Durability is our Motive.

Importance Of PVC Pipe And Fittings To The World

As thermoplastic polymers go, PVC orpolyvinyl chloride must be one of the most widely used all around the world. A wide variety of industries use PVC due to its durability and affordability. Nowhere is this truer than in the construction industry where PVC pipe and fittings are extensively used for plumbing systems in the building of new homes. The development of PVC has been somewhat chequered and the popularity we see today has taken a long time to come into fruition. The first PVC was developed by the B.F Goodrich Company around ninety years ago. The work of this company however had limitations, PVC at the time was not as versatile as it is now, and originally the material was regarded as being brittle and unworkable. Thanks to the work of B.F Goodrich however the PVC pipe and fittings we sec today came that little bit closer to existence. After combining plasticizing agents with the original material its uses became far more diverse. This combination of plastics and vinyl meant that this modem PVC was malleable and could be adapted to a variety of different purposes. In addition to malleability however, it was the long lasting nature and strength which led to the construction industry realizing the benefits of this wonder material. Unlike copper and other metals, PVC pipe and its fittings will never rot, rust is not a problem and hence, after installation costs, maintenance costs are largely non-existent. Even after the combination of plasticizing agents PVC did not become widely used industries found it hard to find suitable applications for at least another decade. Many for this material, despite its obvious qualities. The first uses for the material could not be further removed from the construction industry. Early tyre manufacturers started using PVC for the tread on tyres as they would last longer.

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HISTORY

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Plastics pipe products cover a wide range including: 1. electrical and communications conduit, 2. pressure pipe for water, gas, wastewater and industrial process fluids, 3. non pressure pipes for drainage, sewer, DWV.

Today plastics pipe materials can be found in the majority of pipe applications and in many cases are used almost exclusively because of their excellent resistance to chemicals and environmental effects that have corroded and fractured concrete, clay, steel and cast iron. They are cost effective and have provided excellent performance. Here is a brief history of the development of plastics pipe materials in Australia with the emphasis on the two main materials Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) and Polyethylene (PE). There are many other common plastics pipe materials including Polypropylene (PP), Cross linked Polyethylene (PEX), Polybutylene (PB) and to a lesser extent Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) and Polyamide (PA or better known as Nylon). PVC Vinyl Chloride was first prepared in a laboratory in 1838 and polymerised Vinyl Chloride (or what we now refer to as PVC) in the early 1870's by Baumann, although its commercial success did not start until the following century. The first PVC pipes were manufactured in Germany in the early 1930's — being used in construction for the Berlin Olympics facilities. Wavin has a sample of this early PVC pipe on display at their factory in Twist. These early PVC materials were derived from coal and acetylene and manufactured by extrusion. Manufacturing advances in PVC production led to the use of oil as a raw material which in turn led to mass production in the period after WW II. This coincided with major post war shortages of

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conventional materials such as steel and natural rubber which forced industries to look at synthetic materials.

Berlin, Oil, Sewerage

A Belgian company converted twin-screw Italian pasta machines to extruders suitable for processing PVC and this led to PVC pipe being used to replace steel in electrical conduits and attracted interest from a Dutch provincial water authority which was the genesis of Wavin - now an international pipe and fitting company. In the 1950's, as in Europe, production of rigid or unplasticised PVC pipe in Australia started as electrical conduit.

Conduit

Australian PVC pipe manufacture commenced relatively late, possibly influenced by local PVC resin manufacture which started in 1954. By 1960 PVC had been used very extensively elsewhere in the world - Japan had 6,1,0001uns of PVC water pipe in service with 10 years experience, while Italy, Germany, and Holland had 32,000kms, 16,000kms, and 8,000 kms of pipe installed with 12 years, 25 years, and 9 years experience respectively. Vinidex was founded in 1960 and immediately manufactured PVC conduit from twin screw extruders developing what was for years the biggest application for PVC pipe, namely telecommunication conduits for the PMG (now Telstra) replacing asbestos cement pipes. Humes Ltd. were also active in a joint venture with a Japanese company Sekisui which provided PVC pipe technology including raw materials and extruders.

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Iplex, an established plastics fabrication company in Adelaide seeing a trend towards above- ground plumbing in the UK followed suit and developed a range of PVC fittings to replace cast iron and lead soil waste and vent systems. Also around this time Hardie Extrusions was formed. Other notable companies of this era that pioneered PVC pipes and fittings production included ACI-Nylex, Knox Schlapp (RKS), ACI-Sloane, Vinlon,and Gay-Dor.

The success and growth in plasticspipe systems resulted in several mergers and acquisitions over the ensuing years. ACI-Nylex, ACI-Sloane and Vinlon were acquired by Humes Ltd. Humes Ltd. Plastics Division was subsequently sold in 1989 with part of the business being acquired by Vinidex and the remainder by Hardie Iplex. Hardie Extrusions absorbed Iplex Plastics and GavDor to become Hardie Iplex Plastics which in turn acquired Knox Schlapp (and part of flumes) to ultimately become Hardie Iplex Pipelines in the early 90's. When the Crane Group and Wavin acquired the company it became Iplcx Pipelines.

The ease and speed of installation of the new PVC system in field trials created wide trade and Government interest, leading to the development of Australian Standards K138 for pressure and non-pressure pipes, A159 for pressure fittings, and A160 for non-pressure fittings. These Standards were largely based on the British standards. The first Australian PVC sewer lining project was undertaken by the Mildura Sewerage Authority in 1964 where a 30 year old concrete sewer that had suffered extensive attack by hydrogen sulphide and was collapsing. The product used was supplied by Humes and known as "S-Lon". The project was a complete success and repeated on another Mildura sewer in 1968. Inspections in 1979 confirmed the relined sewer was in perfect condition with no degradation or root intrusion.

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Manufacture of PVC pipe for water supply commenced in the mid 60's, when the State Rivers and Water Supply Commission of Victoria (SR&WSC) conducted an installation ill Bendigo. This followed a trial installation for domestic and stock water supply. at Rainbow West using imported Cellulose Acetate Butyrate (CAB) pipe. Full approval for urban reticulation was afforded by SR&WSC in 1967.

The Public Works Department (PWD) in NSW first used PVC in 1967 in Merriwa Shire and followed up with further Shireprojects in succeeding years. Thus PVC pipe quickly gained acceptance in rural and regional projects in NSW and Victoria throughout the late 60's where PVC replaced Asbestos Cement (AC) pipes which had a poor performance history particularly in areas of reactive soil conditions.

The 1 Q70' s saw spectacular growth in the use of PVC pipe - in the order of a compounding 25% pa. - with market substitution into SWV and the commencement of I 00mm sewer house connection and 150mm mains reticulation trials. PVC was fully approved for sewer and SWV applications during the 70's.

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company profile

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SURAJ POLYMERS NANDED SURAJ PLASTIC & ALLIED INDUSTRIES is an ISO : 9001 — 2000 Certified Company. They are a renowned manufacturing unit of Agricultural PVC Pipes, Agricultural Sprinklers, Rigid PVC Pipes, Agricultural PVC Fittings, Water Storage Tanks, Mixed Fertilizers, etc. The products are high on demand in Agricultural mainly for irrigation purposes. They manufacture the goods mar as per the Indian standards(ISI) under the guidelines of bureau of Indian standards. reel They boast the growth of their company which is registering progress of 85% per quality products with customized specifications. They are committed to customer year. This unprecedented success is attributed to their commitment to cater high satisfaction with theirquality products and unbeatable services. Consequently, they yea are reckoned as one of the credible Mixed Fertilizers Manufacturers based in India.

SURAJ PLASTIC & ALLIED INDUSTRIES was incepted in the year 1998. It is located at Nanded in Maharashtra. Shri Ramesh V Parsewar is the CEO of their company under whose headship they have been scaling new heights in their business endeavors.. Name of CEO Shri Ramesh V. Parsewar 411 Year of Establishment 1998 Nature of Business Manufacturer Number of Employees 80 Annual Turnover rs (20 — 25 Crores ) Market Covered Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Madhya PradeshInfrastructure

They have developed state of the art infrastructure at their manufacturing unit. The unit is installed with 10 advanced production machinery for the efficient manufacturing of Plastic Water Storage Tanks, HDPE Pipes, Rigid Pipe, PVC pipe fittings, etc. The production process is supervised by a team of efficient professionals.

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Quality Control They have installed an advanced in-house testing laboratory with the latest testing, equipment as per the Indian standards. Every product is tested on different physical and chemical parameters before they are supplied in the market. They exercise total quality control over other processes of business as well.

Network

They thrive on their well established distribution network that is spread in very nook and corner of the market. Theirproducts are supplied in the states like Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Orissa. Subsequently, they are one of the reliable Sprinkler Irrigation System Suppliers in India.

LOCATION OF PROJECT

Selection of the site for the industry is very important. Location is selected is 110 according to the consideration of common factory like, supply of raw material, SI worker's fuel, capital resources, marketing facilities, transportation facilities, development policies and development of assisting industry are essential for selection of location. All factors are available in nearest of Nanded city, Ample land is available in bear by MIDC area plant is located at Nanded to Osman Nagar Road at Gundegaon 3 Km from MIDC. Area has got on added advantage in lieu of availability of water, transport facility, easily available labour, etc. The location has all the advantage of developed land, road, electric line of high and low tension. Power substation etc, the location is also hear to the Cidco, Hudco and also location cover by five to ten

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village. Than grater employment create by progrect. Also benefits of project day by day per capital income of people increase.

Thus may plant has taken into account the following factors.

1. Transport facilities 2. Nearness to market.

3. Availability of labour

4. Availability of fuel & water

5. Climative conditions.

6. Financial & other Aids. 7. Land & Building

8. Facility for expansion

9. Existence of hospitals, marketing centers, schools, banks, post offices, clubs etc.

10. Other welfare facilities.

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company obectives

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SURAJ POLYMERS NANDED 1. In order to increase coverage, to scale up to the levels required, we should concentrate on more sustainable and more affordable solutions to the problems of water supply both in rural & urban areas

2. PVC Pipes are the ideal choice of material of Rain Water Harvesting systems .

3. Monetary gains to the entrepreneurs, which an entrepreneurs aims at, as well as the gains to the society with this new application can fructify.

4. An All India campaign on Rainwater Harvesting with a mandating in new as well old buildings in various states as well as mandating on use of poly vinyl chloride pipes due to its advantages would help in effective utilization of water and benefit society.

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production department

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PRODUCTS: SURAJ PLASTIC & ALLIED INDUSTRIES and its range of products are synonymous to high quality and performance. They deal in a wide range of products that includes HDPE Pipes Agricultural PVC Fittings, Rigid PVC Pipes, Sprinkler Irrigation System, Water Storage Tanks, etc. In addition to this, they also deal in sprinklers, water sprinkler systems, Mixed Organic Fertilizers and so on. Their products are manufactured from excellent raw materials accessible in the market. You can avail their products in different sizes, ranges, and specifications as per the requirement of the esteemed clients. Their products are high on demand in agriculture sector for irrigation purpose. They offer the products at the most discounted rates as against the ordinary market. Besides, they are acknowledged as one of the trusted Agricultural PVC Fittings Manufacturers in Nanded.

RIGID PVC PIPES

AGRICULTURAL PVC

HIGH DENSITY FITTINGS POLYETHYLENE PIPES

SPRINKLER WATER STORAGE

IRRIGATION SYSTEM TANKS

ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

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1. Rigid PVC Pipes They manufacture and supply the finest quality Rigid PVC Pipes in the market. Rigid PVC Conduit Pipes that they supply in the market are extensively used for Agricultural Irrigation & Drinking Water Purpose. These Rigid PVC pipes are fitted in portable water supply system. They are flexible yet tough in texture. They offer Rigid PVC pipes in different ranges and specifications as per the requirement. Besides, They are one of the reputed Rigid Polyvinyl Chloride Pipes Manufacturers in India.

Features : 1) Manufactured from virgin pipe grade raw materials (PE80, PE63) 2) Excellent corrosion & chemical resistance. Inert to most acidic & alkaline soln 3) High floor characteristics. Light in weight

4) Easy to handle & transport. 5) Excellent flexibility combined with strength. 6) Good abrasion resistance. 7) Smooth inner walls minimizes frictional losses.

Specifications : As per the Specifications pertaining to Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) 1) BIS CODE : 4985 - 2000 2) Sizes Manufacturing from : 20 mm to 180 mm

3) Sizes Range starts from 20mm L 25mm 50mm 63mm 110mm 140mm 32mm 75mm 160mm 40mm 90mm 180mm

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1) in Classes : 1,2,3

2) Pressure Rate in Kgf2 : 2.5 Kgf, 4 Kgf, 6 Kgf & 10 Kgf) A

II in Plant resting Facilities available as specified by Bureau of Indian Standards.

2. ;Agricultural PVC Fittings

They are specialized in offering a wide range of Agricultural PVC Fittings in the market. The Agricultural PVC Pipe Fittings offered by them are used as the accessories of Rigid PVC pipes that are used in irrigation purposes. These pipe fittings are accessible in different ranges and specifications as per the requirement. These are tough, endurable and long lasting in nature. In addition to this, they are reckoned as one of the major Agricultural Pipe I.ittings Suppliers in Maharashtra.

Specifications : As per the Specifications pertaining to Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

Items : i Elbow Male Threaded Adapter (NI I A) Li End Cap (Plain & Threaded) Reducer Tee Female Threaded Adapter (ETA) Coupler Reducing Male Threaded Adapter (RNI I A) 1 Reducing Female Threaded Adapter Tail Piece

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(RFTA)

Sizes Covered Presently : 1) 63 nim

2) 75 mm

3) 90 mm

4) 1 10 mm

Pressure Rating :

1) Light Weight

2) 4 Kgf

3) 6 Kgf

4) 10 KO'

3.High Density Polyethylene Pipes

They are engaged in the manufacture and supply of High Density Polyethylene Pipes in the industry. The HDPE Pipes offered by them are commonly used in Agricultural Irrigation System and Potable Drinking Water. Their HUM pipes are accessible in different sizes, length, and diameters as per the demand of the clients. These are corrosion resistant and have the abrasion free functional life. In addition to this they are considered as one of the prime HDIT Plastic Pipes Manufacturers in Nanded.

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Specifications : As per the Specifications pertaining to Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

1) IS CODE 4984 - 1995

2) PE 63 PN 4 DN 40 mm to DN 110 mm

3) PE 63 PN 6 DN 32 mm to DN 110 mm

4) PE 63 PN 10 DN 20 mm to DN 110 mm

4.Sprinkler Irrigation System Sprinkler Irrigation System enables irrigation in the same way as the natural rain facilitates. Their Pivot Sprinkler Irrigation System is used for distributing water through spread head so that water flow breaks into small drops for equal irrigation on the earth surface. The system is designed to ensure maximum water saving combining high quality, affordability and ease of installation. All the products are made out of high strength and chemical resistant engineering plastic. Moreover, they are one of the leading Irrigation System Suppliers in India.

Applications

Suitable for all field crops like Wheat Pulses Cotton Gram Vegetables Soya beans

Items : ❑ Spray Pop Ups Pop Up Accessories Flexi Pipes Nozzles for Spray Pop Ups Swing Joints Floppy Sprinkles Jain Floppy Saddle0

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5. Water Storage Tanks They present superior quality Water Storage Tanks in the market. The Plastic Water Storage Tanks offered by them are used for storage of water for drinking and general purposes. These over head tanks are made from excellent raw materials making them highly endurable and long lasting in nature. These are accessible in different sizes and specifications as per the requirement. Apart from that, they are reckoned as one of the renowned Potable Water Storage Tanks Suppliers in India.

Specifications :

Sizes :

200 Ltrs

500 Ltrs

1000 Ltrs ❑ (Storage Capacity in Liters)

Layers :

Double Layer

Triple Layer

Four Layers (Tuff Puff)

All the above are NON-ISI and Commercial Only

Finance department

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Finance is the most important resource in the business. As we know that every activity of the business starts from the finance & end at the finance continuously but every businessman cannot fulfill the requirement of finance on his own. Therefore in order to overcome from the lack of finance problem. Government formed different Financial institutions. The role that finance department plays today is concern with planning & effective utilization of the firm resources as the firm resources are scared, utilization of it properly is most important. This department looks after the capital pf the company made a long term plans for company. It keeps the record of all cash & credit transaction control on the cast of running the company. The department is also required to prepare annual reports of profit & loss of the company. It also tells us how company is making progress & what needs to be done to improves its financial position. Financial management is the important task for the every industrial unit. Financial management is mainly concern with raising fund in the most economics & suitable manner. financial manager has to plan future operations & controlling current performances & future development through financial accounting, budgeting, statistical & other method. It holds importance as it has an impact on the all activities of the firm. Its primary responsibly is to discharge the finance successfully. All business decision has financial implication & a single decision may financially affect different department of organization The financial sector is in a process of rapid transformation. Reforms are continuing as part of the overall structural reforms aimed at improving the productivity and efficiency of the economy. The role of an integrated financial infrastructure is to stimulate and sustain economic growth. The US$ 28 billion Indian financial sector has grown at around 15 per cent and has displayed stability for the last several years, even when other markets in the Asian region were facing a crisis. This stability was ensured through the resilience that has been built into the system over time. The financial sector has kept pace with the growing needs of corporate and other borrowers. Banks, capital market participants and insurers have developed a wide range of products and services to suit varied

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customer requirements. The Reserve Bank of India (R131) has successfully' introduced a regime where interest rates are more in hne ith market forces

OBJECTIVE OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT

1) To raise finance from different available sources for the purpose of expansion & diversification.

2) To maintain adequate cash to meet commitments when due & tine expansion were necessary.

3)To achieve an adequate growth of profit over a period of year.

SOURCES OF FINANCE

Own capital

Government banks

Industrial institutions

PROBLEMS:

1. The company face problems like-

2. Lack of training facility to workers,

3. Heavy competition from MNC,

4. Problem of electricity break down

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Utilities: -

Machinery Power: -The entire unit requires 50K. W.1-1. per day

Man Power: -21-person total required

Water:-The water consumed is about 46.00 litersper day Pollution: -Adequate pollution control measure both for Air and water should be arranged proper exhaust effluent treatment arrangement provision of personal protective equipment to employee etc should be kept in mind.

Transportation: -Transportation play important role in the whole process whether it is local or out side the state. For supply of manufactured items from one place to another every industry required good transport. For transportation there should large number of trucks with sufficient drivers. Drivers should be well aware of driving and manufactured item in order to send product from one place to another very safely and soundly there should not more or less in quantity of oil otherwise there can be dispute between two party in order to avoid all these risk a production house required a well developed, social and beneficial transportation. Transportation itself has its own value or it is a main part of technical aspect, technical aspects totally depend upon transportation. Transportation should be good and healthy by its all means.

Plant And Machinery:-In order to convert raw material into finished Good plant machinery is required. Plant machinery cost near about or more than 50% expenses out of total cost. Plant and machinery contain heavy implements, which work due to power mainly known as electricity. 41IP The List Of Machinery Goes This Way

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Distillation unit

Condenser

Receivers

Pumps

Burners

Tanks

FINANCIAL ASPECTS In the estimation of the cost of the project the requirement and cost of various fixed assets land, building, plant & machinery and other miscellaneous assets is considered. Besides these cost there are certain preliminary and pre-operative expenses, which are incurred in procurement and installation of these assets. These are also part of project cost. Once project is setup, in order to run it working capital is required. Since the requirement of this margin money is of long term in nature it is also considered as apart of project cost.

Land Covered And The Cost of Land: -The total covered area of the plant is estimated at 7,700 square meters. This includes the area required for the main production plant utilities section laboratory, administrative office, godown, and public conveniences. Taking this into consideration and provision roads and payments & future expansion the land requirement for proposed pant has been estimated 10,000 square meters. The cost of the land varies exact location of the plant, general development in the area and local rules etc. the cost of this land category MIDC area is estimated at Rs.23. lakhs. Work on the site development depends upon the topography soil conditions sub soil water level surrounding such roads and their link for transpiration for the site development, clearing of site, leveling construction of road there will be no highly expenses towards site development.

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marketing departmment

SURAJ POLYMERS NANDED

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This report provides a preliminary analysis of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) free pipe materials in construction. PVC reduction and elimination has become a priority for many government institutions, healthcare organizations, and design firms due to the serious environmental health impacts associated with the lifecycle of PVC. The pipe market represents about 50% of total PVC use in the United States. In the effort to provide leadership on pollution prevention and the protection of environmental health, the significance of modeling PVC free alternatives cannot be understated. Based on the inventory of PVC pipe use provided, there are readily available PVC free alternatives for all pipe applications, many with a longer history on the market than PVC. Primary alternatives include ductile iron, copper, high density polyethylene (HDPE), cross liked polyethylene (PEX), concrete, and steel. Project specific design conditions may make these alternatives either less or more costly than the comparable PVC, but in general the alternative materials are cost competitive. Familiarity with a particular material is a large driver in material choice. 2) Summary of Pipe Sectors & Alternatives The major pipe sectors are: • Water - potable water delivery

• Sewer - sanitary (waste water transport outside of the building) and storm (site runoff transport)

• Conduit /Ducting - protection of electrical and communication wire, typically called conduit for above ground uses, and duct for below ground applications.

• Drain/Waste/Vent (DWV) - waste water transport within the building.

• Agriculture, Irrigation and Drainage - water delivery for irrigation and ground drainage

For each of the major piping sectors, there are a variety of alternative PVC free piping materials. This report will look at the primary alternatives (those alternative products with a large market share) in each sector using the premise that the

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