Supplementary Exercises

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<p>UNIT-21. Is done was done (passive 1)The office is cleaned every dayThe office was cleaned yesterdayCompare active and passiveSomebody cleans the office every day (active)The office is cleaned every day (passive)</p> <p>Somebody cleaned the office yesterday (active)The office was cleaned yesterday (passive)</p> <p>B. The passive is:</p> <p>Present simple am/is /are (not) + past participle (cleaned, done, invented, built, injured, taken, etc.)</p> <p>Past simple was/were (not) + past participle</p> <p> Butter is made from milk Oranges are imported into Britain How often are these rooms cleaned? I am never invited to parties This house was built 100 years ago These houses were built 100 years ago When was the telephone invented? We werent invited to the party last week Was anybody injured in the accident? Yes, two people were taken to hospital</p> <p>C. was/were born I was born in London in 1962 Where were you born?</p> <p>D. passive + by</p> <p> We were woken up by a loud noise The telephone was invented by Alexander bell in 1876 My brother was bitten by a dog last week</p> <p>EXERCISES</p> <p>21.1 Write sentences from the words in brackets ()1. The office is cleaned every day2. Are these rooms cleaned every day?3. Glass is made from sand4. Stamps are sold in a post office5. This rooms isnt used very often6. Are we allowed to park here?7. How is this word pronounced?</p> <p>Sentences 8-15 are past8. The office was cleaned yesterday9. The house was painted last month10. Three people were injured in the accident11. My bicycle was stolen a few days ago12. When was this bridge built?13. Were you invited to the party last week?14. How were these windows broken?15. I wasnt woken up by the noise</p> <p>21.2 correct these sentences</p> <p>1. This house was built 100 years ago2. Football is played in most counties of the world3. Why was the letter sent to the wrong addres?4. A garage is a place where cars are repaired5. Where were you born?6. How many languages are spoken in Switzerland? 7. Somebody broke into our house but nothing was stolen8. When was the bicycle invented?</p> <p>21.3 Complete the sentences. Use the passive (present or past) of these verbs1. The room is cleaned every day2. I saw an accident yesterday. Two people were taken to hospital3. Paper is made from wood4. There was a fire at the hotel last week. Two of the rooms were damaged5. Where did you get this picture? It was given to me by a friend of mine6. Many American programmes are shown on British television.7. Did Jim and Sue go to the wedding? No, they were invited but they didnt go8. How old is this film? It was made in 19659. My car was stolen last week but the next day it was found by the police</p> <p>UNIT 22. Is being done has been done(Passive 2)</p> <p>A. Is/are being (present continuous passive)Somebody is painting the door. (active)The door is being painted (passive)</p> <p> My car is at the garage. It is being repaired (= somebody is repairing it) Some new houses are being built opposite the park. (= somebody is building them)</p> <p>Compare the present continuous and present simple The office is being cleaned at the moment (continuous)The office is cleaned every day (simple)</p> <p> In Britain football matches are usually played on Saturday, butNo matches are being played next Saturday.</p> <p>B. Has/ have been . (present perfect passive)</p> <p>Somebody has painted the door (active)The door has been painted (passive)</p> <p> My key has been stolen (= somebody has stolen it) My keys have been stolen (= somebody have stolen them) Im not going to the party. I havent been invited (= nobody has invited me) Has this shirt been washed? (= Has somebody washed it?)</p> <p>Compare the present perfect and past simple:The room is clean now. It has been cleaned (present perrfect)The room was cleaned yesterday (past simple)</p> <p>I cant find my keys. I think theyve been stolen (present perfect)My keys were stolen last week (past simple)</p> <p>22.1 Whats happening?1. the car is being repaired2. A bridge is being built3. The windows are being cleaned4. the grass is being cut</p> <p>22.2 look at the pictures. What is happening or what has happened? Use the present continuous (is/ are being) or the present perfect (has/have been )</p> <p>1. The office is being cleaned2. The shirts have been ironed3. The window has been broken4. The roof is being repaired5. The car has been damaged6. The houses are being knocked down7. The trees have been cut down8. They have been invited to a party</p> <p>22.3 use the words in brackets () to complete the sentences1. I cant use my office at the moment. It is being painted 2. We didnt go to the party. We werent invited 3. the washing machine was broken but its Ok now. It has been repaired4. the washing machine was repaired yesterday afternoon5. A factory is a place where things are made6. How old are these houses? When were they built?7. A: Is the computer being used at the moment?B: yes, Jim is using it8.- Ive never seen these flowers before. What are they called?9. some trees were blown in the storm last night10. the bridge is closed at the moment. It was damaged last weekAnd it hasnt been repaired yet</p> <p>Supplementary exercises53. Write the quiz questions. Use the past simple passive</p> <p>QUIZ MASTER: welcome to our General Knowledge Quiz. Weve got some interesting questions For you tonight, Marianne, so are you ready?</p> <p>MARIANNE: ReadyQUIZ MASTER:Ok, number 1: when was the toothbrush invited? Was it the 15 or the 17 century?MARIANNE: the 15th century, I think-in china</p> <p>QUIZ MASTER: That right. Number 2. Where(2) were compact discs developed?MARIANNE: In japan.</p> <p>QUIZ MASTER: Japan and the Netherlands together, actually. And number 3: (3)where was dynamite invented in Canada, Sweden or Greece?MARIANNE: In Sweden by Alfred Novel.QUIZ MASTER: Ok, number 4: In wich century(4) were glasses first made?MARIANNE: Im not sure. The 15 century?QUIZ MASTER: No, Im sorry. It was in the 13th century by two Italians. And for your fifth question: when (5) were contact lenses first produced?MARIANNE: 1956QUIZ MASTER: correct. And your last question:Where (6) was the first petrol car built?MARIANNE: In Germany by Mr. Daimler and Mr. Benz.QUIZ MASTER: thats right. Congratulations, Marianne.You did very well</p> <p>MARIANNE:</p> <p>54. look at the picture of Hartsons jam factory. A visitor is being shown around the Factory by Mr. Jones, the manager. Complete the passive (present simple or continuous).</p> <p>The machines (1)are switched on at 7.30 a.m every day and (2)are turned off at 5.30 p.mThe factory(3) is locked at 6.30 p.m. by our security guards and all the staff(4) are checkedBefore they go home. We dont want our jam to disappear! Now as you can see, strawberryJam(5) is made here today. And over there the jars of jam(6) is being putted into boxes by ourTeam. Hartsons jam(7) isnt exported because this country buys everything(8)</p> <p>Present tenses (I am doing / Ido) for the future</p> <p>This is Bens diary for next week</p> <p>He is playing tennis on Monday afternoonHe is going to the dentist Tuesday morningHe is having dinner with kate on Friday</p> <p>In all these examples, Ben has already decidedAnd arranged do these things.</p> <p>Im doing something (tomorrow) = I have already decided and arranged to do it A: What are you doing on Saturday evening? B: Im going to the theatre A: What time is Cathy arriving tomorrow? B: Half past ten. Im meeting her at the station Im not working tomorrow , so we can go out somewhere Ian isn playing football next Saturday. Hes hurt his leg</p> <p>Im going to (do) is also possible in these sentences</p> <p> What are you going to do on Saturday evening? Alex is getting married next month.</p> <p>You can also use the present continuous for an action just before you being to do it.This happens especially with verbs of movement (go/come/leave, etc):Im tired. Im going to bed now. Goodnight.Tina, are you ready yet ? yes, Im coming </p> <p>C. Present simple (I do) with a future meaningWe use the present simple when we talk about timetables, programmes, etc(for public transport, cinemas etc):</p> <p>My train leaves at 11.30 so I need to be at the station by 11.15What time does the film begin this evening?Its Wednesday tomorrow. Tomorrow is Wednesday.</p> <p>You can use the present simple to talk about people if theirs plans are fixed likeA timetable:</p> <p>I start my new job on MondayWhat time do you finish work tomorrow?</p> <p>Compare:</p> <p>Present continuous Present simpleWhat time are you arriving? What time does the train arrive?Im going to the cinema this evening the film begin at 8.15 (this evening)</p> <p>EXERCISES19.1 A fiend of yours is planning to go on holiday soon. You ask her aboutHer plans. Use the words in brackets to make your questions.</p> <p>1. Where are you going? Scotland2. How long are you going for? Ten days3. When are you leaving? Next Friday4. Are you going alone? No, with a friend5. Are you travelling by car? No, by train6. Where are you staying? In a hotel</p> <p>19.2 Tom wants you to visit him, but you are very busy. Look at your diary for theNext few days and explain to him why you cant come.</p> <p>T: Can you come on Monday evening?Y: Sorry, but Im playing volleyballT: what about Tuesday evening then?Y: No, not Tuesday. Im working lateT: and Wednesday evening?Y: No, not Wednesday. Im going to the theatreT: well, are you free on Thursday?Y: Im afraid not. Im meeting with Julia</p> <p>19.3 have you arranged to do anything at these times?</p> <p>19.4 put the verb into the more suitable form. Present continuous or present simple1. Im going to the cinema this evening2. Does the film begin at 3.30 or 4.30?3. We are having a party next Saturday. Would you like to come?4. The art exhibition finishes on 3 May.5. Im not going out this evening. I am staying at home6. Are you doing anything tomorrow morning? No, Im free. Why?7. We are going to a concert tonight. It starts at 7.308. I am leaving now. Ive come to say goodbye9. A: have you seen Liz recently? B: No, but we are meeting for lunch next week10.- you are on the train to London and you ask another passenger:Excuse me. What time does this train get to London?11. You are talking to HelenHelen, Im going to the supermarket. Are you coming with me?12. You and a friend are watching television. You say:Im bored with this programme. What time does it end?13. Im not using the car this evening, so you can have it.14. Sue is coming to see us tomorrow. She is travelling by train and her train arrives at 10.15</p> <p> UNIT 20. (Im) going to (do)</p> <p>A:I am going to do something = I have already decided to do it, I intend to do it;A: are you going to watch the late film on TV tonight?B: No, Im going to have an early night</p> <p>A: I hear Sarah has won some money. What is she going to do with it?B: shes going to buy a new car</p> <p> Im just going to make a quick phone call. Can you wait for me? This cheese looks horrible. Im not going to eat itB:We use I am doing (present continuous) when we say that we have arranged to doFor example, arranged to meet somebody, arranged to go somewhere:</p> <p> What time are you meeting Ann this evening? Im leaving tomorrow. Ive got my plane ticket</p> <p>I am going to do something=Ive decided to do it (but perhaps not arranged to do it): Your shoes are dirty. Yes, I know. I am going to clean them (=Ive decided to clean)But, I havent arranged to clean them. Ive decided not to stay here any longer. Tomorrow Im going to look for somewhereElse stay</p> <p>Often the difference is very small and either form is possible</p> <p>C.You can also say that something is going to happen in the future. For example:</p> <p>The man cant see the wall front of himHe is going to walk into the wall.</p> <p>When we say that something is going to happen, the situation now makes this clear.The man is walking towards the wall now, so we can see that he is going to walk into it.</p> <p>Some more examples:Look at those black clouds! Its going to rain. (The clouds are there now)I feel terrible. I think Im going to be sick. (I feel terrible now)The economic situation is bad now and things are going to get worse.</p> <p>D.I was going to (do something)= I intended to do it, but I didnt do itWe were going to do travel by train, but then we decided to go by car instead.Peter was going to do exam, but he changed his mindI was just going to cross the road when somebody shouted stopYou can say that something was going to happen (but didnt happen):I thought it was going to rain. But it didnt </p> <p>EXERCISES20.1 Write a question with going to for each situation1. your friend has won some money. You ask:What are you going to do with it?2. Your friend is going to a party tonight. You ask:What are you going to do wear?3. your friend has just bought a new table. You ask:Where are you going to putting it?4. your friend has decided to have a party. You ask:Who are you going to invite?</p> <p>20.2 read the situations and complete the dialogues. Use going to1. You have decided to tidy your room this morning.F: are you going out this morning?Y: No, Im going to tidy my room</p> <p>2. You bought a sweater, but it doesnt fit you very well. You have decided to take it back.F: That sweater is too big for youY: I know. Im going to take it back</p> <p>3. You have been offered a job, but you have decided not to accept it.F: I hear youve been offered a job.Y: thats right, but Im not going to accept it.</p> <p>4. You have to phone Sarah. Its morning now, and you have decided to phoneHer tonight.F: Have you phoned Sarah yet?Y:No, Im going to phone her tonight</p> <p>5. You are in a restaurant. The food is awful and you have decided to complain.F: This food is awful, isnt it?Y: Yes, its disgusting</p> <p>20.3 What is going to happen in these situations? Uses the word in brackets1. There are a lot of black clouds in the skyIts going to rain.</p> <p>2. It is 8.30. Tom is leaving his house. He has to be at work at 8.45, but the journeyTakes 30 minutes.He is going to late.</p> <p>3. There is a hole in the bottom of the boat. A lot of water is coming in through the holeThe boat is going to sink</p> <p>4. Lucy and Chris are driving. There is very little petrol left in the tank. The nearest petrol Station is a long way away.They are going to run out petrol.</p> <p>20.4 complete the sentences with was/were going to</p> <p>UNIT 21. WILL/SHALL 1</p> <p>AWe use Ill (= I will) when we decide to do something at the time of speaking:Oh, Ive left the door open. Ill go and shut it What would you like to drink? Ill have an orange juice, please. Did you phone lucy? Oh no, I forgot. Ill phone her now</p> <p>You can not use the present simple (I do / I go etc.) in these sentences: Ill go and shut the door. (not I do and shut)</p> <p>We often use I think Ill and I dont t...</p>

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