sudan - assessment of agricultural information needs

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ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION NEEDS IN AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN & PACIFIC (ACP) STATES EASTERN AFRICA

Country Study: Sudan Final Report Prepared by: Yasir Gasm Elseed Adam Bashir on behalf of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Project: 4-7-41-254-7/h

November 2008

ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION NEEDS IN AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN & PACIFIC (ACP) STATES EASTERN AFRICA

Country Study: Sudan Final Report Prepared by: Yasir Gasm Elseed Adam Bashir on behalf of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Project: 4-7-41-254-7/h

November 2008

Disclaimer This report has been commissioned by the CTA to enhance its monitoring of information needs in ACP countries. CTA does not guarantee the accuracy of data included in this report, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof. The views and opinions expressed in this report are those of the author alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of CTA. CTA reserves the right to select projects and recommendations that fall within its mandate.

(ACP-EU) Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) Agro Business Park 2 6708 PW Wageningen The Netherlands Website: www.cta.int E-mail: cta@cta.int

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AcknowledgementsI would like to thank Prof. Azhari A. Hamada, Director General, ARC (Sudan) for his approval and giving me the time to conduct this study. Thanks are also extended to Mr. Fahad Omer Ali for his help in collecting data for Annex 2 and his arrangements during interviews. Thanks and gratitude to Mr. Gashaw Kebede, Regional Coordinator for his valuable comments, patience during reviewing this report. Deep thanks and appreciations to the staff of the different interviewed institutions for their help during the interviews. Last but not least, thanks are extended to CTA for their honour of selecting me to do this study.

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List of AcronymsABS ACP AGORA AOAD ARC ARRC ARRINENA ASARECA ASSCO CABI CARE CBS CD-ROM CFC CGIAR CIAT CIFOR CIMMYT CIP CIRAD COMESA CPA CTA DAAD DANIDA DIC DORA DSL E mail E. government EC ESS FAO FFS FINIDA FNC FYSP GA GDP GIS GNPC GS GSMA GSTV GTZ Ha. HINARI IAEA IC ICARDA Agricultural Bank of Sudan African, Caribbean and Pacific Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture Arab Organization for Agricultural Development Agricultural Research Corporation Animal Resource Research Corporation Association of the Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East and North Africa Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa Arab Sudanese Seed Company Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere Central Bureau of Statistics Compact disc-Read only memory Common Fund for Commodities Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research International Center for Tropical Agriculture Center for International Forestry Research International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center International Potato Center French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development Common Market for East and South Africa Comperhensive Peace Agreement Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation German Academic Exchange Sevice Danish International Development Agency Documentation and Information Centre Distribution of Reference Books on Agriculture Digital Subscriber Line Electronic mail Electronic government European Community Elobeid Seed Station Food and Agriculture Organization Farmer Field School Finnish International Development Agency Forests National Corporation Five Year Stratigic Plan General Administration Gross Domestic Product Geographic Information System Greater Nile Petrolium Company Gezira Scheme Gadarif State Ministry of Agriculture Gezira State Television German Agency for Technical Cooperation Hectare Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative International Atomic Energy Agency Information and Communication International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas

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ICM ICRA ICRAF ICRISAT ICT IDRC IFAD IFPRI IGAD IITA ILRI IPGRI IPM IRRI ISNAR IT ITOCA ITU IUCN IWMI JICA LAN M.Sc. MARF MFC MIS MoA MOST NART NCR NGARA NGO NIC NPPC NTC P & CS PC PRA QAS RAN RWS SAU SCC SDG SDI SHAM SIDA SIS SMS SNR SUDATEL TEEAL TTE TV

Information and Communication Management International Centre for development oriented Research in Agriculture International Centre for Research in Agro Forestry International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Information and Communication Technology International Development Research Centre International Fund for Agricultural Development International Food Policy Research Institute Inter Governmental Authority on Development International Institute for Tropical Agriculture International Livestock Research Institute International Plant Genetic Resources Institute Integrated Pest Management International Rice Research Institute International Service for National Agricultural Research Information Technology Information Training and outreach Centre for Africa International Telecommunication Union International Union for Conservation of Nature International Water Management Institute Japan International Cooperation Agency Local Area Network Master of Science Ministry of Animal Resources and Fishery (Sudan) Mechanized Farming Corporation Market Information System Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Ministry of Science and Technology (Sudan) National Authority for Radio and TV National Centre for Research Network for Natural Gums and Resins in Africa Non-governmental organization National Information Centre National Press and Publication Council National Telecommunication Corporation Planning and Corporate Services Personal Computer Participatory Rural Appraisal Question and Answer Service Rayaam Newspaper Rural Women School Sudanese Agriculturists Union Sudan Cotton Company Sudanese Genue (currency) Selective Dissemination of Information Shambat Library Complex Swedish International Development gency Sudan Internet Society Short message service Sudan National Radio Sudanese Telecommunication Company The Essential Electronic Library Technology Transfer and Extension Televisioniv

U of G U of K UAE UNDP UNEP UNESCO UNHCR US USAID VHS WAN WARDA WFP WHO WTO

University of Gezira University of Khartoum United Arab Emirates United Nations Development Programme United Nations Environment Programme United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees United States United States Agency for International Development Video Home System Wide Area Network Africa Rice Center World Food Programme World Health Organization World Trade Organization

Currency conversion rate: 1 Euro = 3.2 SDG 1 SDG = 0.31 Euro Source: Central Bank of Sudan available at: http://www.cbos.gov.sd/ viewed on 13 August 2008.

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Table of ContentsAcknowledgements ...................................................................................................... ii List of Acronyms.......................................................................................................... iii Executive summary ................................................................................................... viii INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................. 1 COUNTRY PROFILE ........................................................................................... 2 2.1 Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry and Livestock .................................................. 3 2.1.1 Agriculture .................................................................................................. 3 2.1.2 Fisheries ..................................................................................................... 4 2.1.3 Forestry ...................................................................................................... 4 2.1.4 Livestock .................................................................................................... 5 2.2 Brief Description of the Status of ICT Infrastructure and Recent Development in the Sector .............................................................................. 5 3. STATUS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT ............................................................................. 7 3.2 Operational Aspects .......................................................................................... 9 3.2.1 Description of agricultural information and services ................................... 9 3.2.2 Information sources .................................................................................. 10 3.2.3 Information products and services provided............................................. 11 3.2.4 Information and communication management capacity ........................... 13 3.3 Interventions Supporting Information and Communication for Agriculture and Rural Development........................................................................................ 15 4. INSTITUTIONAL NEEDS ANALYSIS ................................................................... 17 4.1 Information Needs ........................................................................................... 17 4.2 Capacity Building Needs ................................................................................. 19 4.3 Feedback on CTAS Products and Services ................................................... 23 5 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................... 24 5.1 Conclusions..................................................................................................... 24 5.1.1 Information needs ....................................................................

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