Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and

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  • Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets ROBINET Patrick / ROTA Maurizio GDF SUEZ / ROBUR

  • 2

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Energy consumption in building : a reinforced regulatory context Strong efforts required in the short and medium run

    Evolving building needs

    New constraints

    And still demanding clients expectations

    2011 - 2013 2020

    RT 2012 thermal regulation & its labels

    RT 2005

    Energy Climate Pack : 3 * 20 objective + 20 % Energy efficiency

    20 % CO2 emissions + 20 % renewable energy

    Grenelle de lenvironnement

    Zero energy buildings (BEPOS) -38 % energy consumption in existing buildings

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

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    GAHP (Gas Absorption Heat Pump) Among best solutions from portfolio of gas technologies to address these challenges

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    1990 2000 2010 2020

    Coupling with renewable energy

    sources

    10%

    0%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50% Fuel Cell

    Gas Engine Heat Pump

    Stirling m-CHP

    Gas Absorption Heat pump

    Mini Cogeneration

    Primary energy savings compared to a standard boiler

    Low temperature Boiler

    Standard Boiler

    Condensing Boiler

    Hybrid Boiler

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

  • GAHP (Gas Absorption Heat Pump) - Introduction of the technology

    Similar to any heat pump (use of a cold renewable source to heat the building), but the compression is replaced by a thermally reaction driven by a natural gas burner

    4

    Natural gas combustion

    Cold source

    Expansion

    Refrigerant: NH3

    Condensation

    Evap

    orat

    ion

    Hea

    ting

    loop

    3 heat productions Flue gas condensation Absorption Working fluid Condensation

    Compression

    Absorption (sorbent: H2O)

    Thermally driven reaction

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    http://jchichegblancbrude.blog.lemonde.fr/files/2008/07/soleil.1217197731.jpg

  • An ultra efficient solution for heating and hot water production, with a high renewable energy share 30% to 40% energy saving compared to a condensing boiler Capacity stability at low temperatures Reduced surface area of sensors for ground source GHP (~2x) Natural working fluid without global warming potential Reliability, quietness and easy maintenance (absence of compressor due to the absorption principle) No electrical network constraints

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    GAHP (Gas Absorption Heat Pump) - Key assets

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

  • MAIN ADVANTAGES OF WATER AMMONIA TECHNOLOGY

    GAHP: a strategic technology

    A ready to employ technology

    The actual legislative situation

    New challenges for Absorption Technology

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    6

    Commercial market

  • GAHP: a strategic technology The vision for the future

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    7

    Commercial market

  • A ready to employ technology Commercial Building example

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    8

    Commercial market performance in real applications

  • A ready to employ technology Commercial Building example Carrefour Italy - Points of sale - retrofitting

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    9

    Commercial market performance in real applications

  • A ready to employ technology Commercial Building example

    Results:

    Average pay-back time of the systems is 4 years

    Rate of return of the investment is 16%

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Commercial market performance in real applications

    10

  • Ecodesign Energy Lab RES Directive

    EPBD

    Ecolabel GPP

    F-GAS EC842/06

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    The actual legislative situation Compliance with EU norms and regulations

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Commercial market legislation

    11

  • The actual legislative situation New certifications for local regulations

    Source www.cetiat.fr:

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Commercial market legislation

    12

  • Conto Energia Termico

    Department of Energy & Climate Change

    Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI)

    ww.rhincentive.co.uk

    BAFA

    Promoting efficient heat pumps in existing buildings for: - combined space heating and hot water production in residential buildings - space heating of non-residential buildings - provision of process heat or heat for heating networks

    www.bafa.de

    The actual legislative situation New incentive programs

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Commercial market legislation

    13

  • MAIN ADVANTAGES OF WATER AMMONIA TECHNOLOGY

    GAHP: a strategic technology

    A ready to employ technology

    The actual legislative situation

    A REAL SOLUTION FOR GAS PLAYERS

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Commercial market

    14

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    New challenges Its time to act!

    Without your support the technology will adopt its own, SLOW, pace! If you think this technology can help your own objectives, the time is now:

    Incentives and financing programs Awareness programs for engineers & installers Installation campaign in gas companys premises

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Commercial market Domestic market

  • 16 Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    New challenges Its time to act! A brand new 18kW product

    New markets

    Urgency to overcome the economies

    of scale barrier for current products

    and the future 18kW unit

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Domestic market

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    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Domestic market

    HEAT4U: Laboratory tests > Pre-testing on ROBUR conceptual

    prototype during public enquiry standard prEN12309 (at EON RUHRGAS): Seasonal performance (heating only) =

    1,23 (radiator) Seasonal performance (heating only) =

    1,34 (floor heating)

    > Laboratory testing on HEAT4U prototype respecting HEAT4U protocol for heating and DHW service : Starting in June 2013 (POLITECNICO DI

    MILANO, FRAUNHOFER ISE)

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

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    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Domestic market

    HEAT4U: 5 field tests in 5 countries (October 2013 October 2014)

    > Base load Heating by GAHP, peak load

    Heating & DHW by condensing boiler in Poland (FLOWAIR),

    > Base load Heating by GAHP, peak load Heating & DHW by condensing boiler, base load DHW by solar panel in Germany (EON RUHRGAS),

    > 100% Heating & DHW service by GAHP in UK with biogas ratio in the gas grid (BRITISH GAS),

    > 100% Heating & DHW service by GAHP in France (GDF SUEZ- GrDF),

    > 100% Heating & DHW service by GAHP in Italy (ENEA),

    Poland Germany

    UK France

    Italy

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

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    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    GAHPs avoid energy expensive conversion of primary energy needed for EHPs. Therefore GAHP can obtain outstanding values of renewable energy use and reduction of primary energy use, They are mature solutions for the markets of collective dwellings and light commercial buildings, First available results from development projects in domestic market are very hopeful in term of seasonal performances, Special effort has to be maintain for regulation, standard, certifications aspects, and lobby at European level.

    Conclusion

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

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    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets

    Thank you for your attention

    Patrick ROBINET / Maurizio ROTA

    Successful development of gas heat pumps in domestic and commercial heating markets Energy consumption in building : a reinforced regulatory contextStrong efforts required in the short and medium runGAHP (Gas Absorption Heat Pump) Among best solutions from portfolio of gas technologies to address these challengesGAHP (Gas Absorption Heat Pump) - Introduction of the technolog

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