substances social problems 112 byu-idaho october 27, 2009
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SubstancesSocial Problems 112BYU-IdahoOctober 27, 2009What is a drug?What is a drug?A substance that is taken to to produce a change in ones bodily functions, behavior, emotions, thinking, or consciousness. What is a drug?To be a drug, a substance does not have to be sold in an alley or be exchanged for money in a vanWe are born with the aid of drugs, and drugs ease our departure from lifeWe use drugs for sickness, to ease pain and discomfort, to calm anxiety and nervesSo Whats the Problem?Addiction/DependencePeople rely on the regular consumption of a drug (a fix) in order to function:I really need a cigaretteI cant get through the morning without my cup of coffeeThis would be fun if we got wasted first
So Whats the Problem?Withdrawal/CravingsIntense distress:NauseaVomitingAches and painsNervousnessAnxiety, depressionSo Whats the Problem?AbuseUsing drugs in such a way that they harm ones health, impair ones physical or mental functioning, or interfere with ones social life
So Whats the Problem?AbuseExample: AlcoholAlcohol abuse is drinking alcoholic beverages at a level that interferes with physical health, mental health, and social, family, or job responsibilities.Alcohol affects the central nervous system as a depressant. This leads to a decrease in:ActivityAnxietyInhibitionsTension
So Whats the Problem?Even a few drinks can change behavior, slow motor skills, and decrease the ability to think clearly. Alcohol can impair concentration and judgment. http://cognac.com/2670-drunk-driving-deaths-so-far-in-2009/
So Whats the Problem?AbuseOn average, someone is killed by a drunk driver every 40 minutes in USEach day 36 people die and almost 700 more are injured in vehicle crashes that involve a drunk driverHalf of all teenage fatalities is due to drunk drivingTop 5 states with highest number of alcohol related fatalities are Texas, California, Florida, Pennsylvania and IllinoisAbout 81% of all drunk drivers are male driversAs you read this article most probably the number of deaths caused by drunk driving has already changed
Functionalist PerspectiveHow do drugs play a part in society?
Functionalist PerspectiveHow do drugs play a part in society?Recreational drugs loosen people up, making them more sociableThose who grow, produce, distribute, sell drugs make money
Functionalist PerspectiveMarijuana Street terms?
Functionalist PerspectiveMarijuana Most commonly used illicit drugAccording to the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an estimated 102 million Americans aged 12 or older have tried marijuana at least once in their lifetimes, representing 41% of the U.S. population in that age group. The number of past year marijuana users in 2008 was approximately 25.8 million (10.3% of the population aged 12 or older) The number of past month marijuana users was 15.2 million (6.1%).
Functionalist PerspectiveMarijuana Money maker drug!Illegal dealers AND law makers make their money through this drug1937- Marijuana Tax Act
Functionalist PerspectivePrescription DrugsThe second most commonly abused category of drugs, behind marijuana and ahead of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and other drugs.In the 1950s, more than a half million Americans were locked in mental hospitalsSince then, our population has doubled, and thanks to the spread of doctors prescribing mood-altering drugs the number of patients in these institutions has shrunk, rather than increasing into the millions
Functionalist PerspectivePrescription drugsDrug companies, physicians, pharmacists all benefit from salesProzac, Xanax, and Zoloft each pull in over a BILLION dollars a year How?
Functionalist PerspectivePrescription drugsMedicalizing human problemsLegal abuse of legal drugsDoctors now prescribe drugs for conditions we used to assume were a normal part of lifeRowdy kids used to be seen as mere discipline cases, now their unacceptable behavior has a name- ADHD.
Functionalist PerspectivePrescription drugsAds for drugs you cannot buy over the counter are plastered in every type of mediaPeople imagine themselves living happy, carefree lives if they can just get their hands on some Zoloft or ProzacPhysicians do not want to lose business, so they write the prescriptions- locking in a patientDoctors make money for writing the prescriptions, pharmacists for filling them, and the drug companies themselves laugh all the way to the bank
Functionalist PerspectivePrescription DrugsAccording to the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), approximately 52 million Americans aged 12 or older reported non-medical use of any psychotherapeutic drug at some point in their lifetimes, representing 20.8% of the population aged 12 or older. Approximately 6.2 million Americans aged 12 or older reported current (past month) use of psychotherapeutic drugs for non-medical purposes, representing 2.5% of the population. In this report, psychotherapeutics include any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative but do not include over-the-counter drugs
Functionalist PerspectivePrescription Drugs Street Terms
TermDefinition80OxyContin pillDoctor ShoppingGoing from doctor to doctor to fraudulently obtain prescriptionsMurder 8FentanylPharmingConsuming a mixture of prescription substancesRitz and TsCombination of Ritalin and Talwin injectedConflict TheoryDrugs as a political tool Who has the power?If the use of a particular drug is common among some groups, by making that drug illegal the state can unleash its police power against that groupIn contrast, by keeping a drug legal, the state can protect favored groups that make money from itAlcoholTobacco
Conflict Theory1937 Marijuana Tax ActMarijuana was improperly labeled as a narcotic. Even though this is common knowledge now, no interest group is powerful enough to get this classification changed
Symbolic Interactionism420Symbolic Interactionism
Can We Change This?Solutions?Social Policy?Does Drug Education Help?Legalization of Pot?Medical MarijuanaShould we legalize marijuana?In 1972 marijuana was placed in Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, representing that the US government considered it to have "no accepted medical use in treatment in the United States." 13 of 50 US states currently have approved the medical use of marijuana for qualified patients. Medical MarijuanaShould we legalize marijuana?
ProConMarijuana has "accepted medical use in treatment in the US," and that it would easily meet the FDA criteria over "whether a new product's benefits to users will outweigh its risks." Marijuana, they claim, is a safe and effective treatment for dozens of conditions, such as cancer, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, pain, migraines, glaucoma, and epilepsy. Proponents say that thousands of yearly deaths from legal prescription drugs could be prevented if medical marijuana were legal.Marijuana has not been FDA-approved because it is too dangerous to use, and that various FDA-approved drugs make the use of marijuana unnecessary. Marijuana, they claim, is addictive, leads to harder drug use, injures the lungs, harms the immune system, damages the brain, interferes with fertility, impairs driving ability, and sends the wrong message to kids. They say that medical marijuana is a front for drug legalization, and that people who claim medical use are actually using it for recreational pleasure.Moral Perspective?D&C 89- Word of Wisdom7. And, again, strong drinks are not for the belly, but for the washing of your bodies. 8. And again, tobacco is not for the body, neither for the belly, and is not good for man, but is an herb for bruises and all sick cattle, to be used with judgment and skill18 . And all saints who remember to keep and do these sayings, walking in obedience to the commandments, shall receive health in their navel and marrow to their bones; 19. And shall find wisdom and great treasures of knowledge even hidden treasures; 20. And shall run and not be weary, and shall walk and not faint. 21. And I, the Lord, give unto them a promise, that the destroying angel shall pass by them, as the children of Israel, and not slay them. Amen.