subsaharan africa. major geographic qualities a plateau continent that is physiographically unique...

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  • Major Geographic Qualities A plateau continent that is physiographically unique Comprised of dozens of nations and hundreds of ethnic groups A realm of people dependent on farming for their livelihood State boundaries represent colonial legacies Dislocated peoples and refugees Raw materials and resource potential Largest refugee population worldwide
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  • Africas Physiography
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  • Rift Valley in Kenya A. WinklerPrins
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  • Plate Boundaries
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  • Climate
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  • Medical Geography Millions suffer from: Malaria Yellow Fever AIDS
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  • Medical Geography Endemic - Exists in equilibrium with the population - Many develop an immunity of sorts - Saps energy, lowers resistance, shortens lives Epidemic - Sudden outbreak at local, regional scale Pandemic - Worldwide spread
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  • A global view of HIV infection in 2007 SOURCE: WHO/UNAIDS
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  • What can be done about AIDS in SSA? Awareness and acceptance of the problem Political will Lowering of cost of drugs A. WinklerPrins
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  • Importance of Farming in SS Africa Still main livelihood for the majority Mostly subsistence Vulnerable to famine Green revolution by-passed this realm
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  • Early Kingdoms
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  • The Atlantic Slave Trade
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  • Colonialism European colonial objectives Supply ports along the West African coast A water route to South Asia and Southeast Asia 1500s- looking for resources; Slaves 1850- industrial revolution occurs in Europe Increased demand for mineral resources Need to expand agricultural production
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  • Berlin Conference 1884 European states divided up Africa without consideration of indigenous cultures Results of superimposed boundaries: African peoples: divided Unified regions: ripped apart Hostile societies: thrown together Migration routes: closed off When independence returned to Africa after 1950, the realm had already acquired a legacy of political fragmentation.
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  • Independent states in Africa
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  • The Legacy Several hundred languages are spoken Antagonism between tribes (e.g., Rwanda) Low level of development is linked to colonization Poor Infrastructure High Poverty levels Low Standard of Living
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  • Cultural Patterns Population distribution Urbanization African languages Lingua franca Multilingualism Religions Christianity Islam Tribal religions
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  • Languages of Africa
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  • Population Distribution
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  • Urban Africa This is not an urban realm with relatively low overall urbanization (34%) changing rapidly as rate of urbanization is high City living is harsh informal sector