subject---verb agreement

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Subject---Verb Agreement. 主谓一致. “ 一致 ” 是指句子成分之间或词语之间在性、数等方面应保持一致。 “ 主谓一致 ” 是指谓语动词与主语必须在人称、性、数上保持一致,即主语是复数,谓语也用复数形式,如 are, were, have 等,主语是单数, 谓语要用单数形式,如: is, was, has, works 等。. 学习主谓一致所应注意的原则. 英语中,主语的单复数形式决定着谓语动词的单复数形式。主谓一致需遵循以下三条原则:语法一致原则、意义一致原则、就近一致原则。. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Subject---Verb Agreement

  • are, were, have is, was, has, works

  • .The boy _____ diving.They _____ diving.isareThe students of Class One_____not wrongare

  • A young man and a girl want to go there. The singer and the writer are famous to many young people. .and

    Both Jack and Tim _____ diving.are

  • 1).The singer and writer is famous to everyone.A pen and book is what I need.A needle(and thread(was found on the floor.

  • 2).eachand each, everyand every, noand no, many aand many a. No man and no animal is to be found on the moon. Many a doctor and many a nurse is busy with their work.

  • 3). Ancient(and modern history are the subjects we are studying.The last and most difficult lesson is lesson14.

  • 1).cattle, police, peopleThe police are investigating the crime.The cattle are kept in his farm.

  • 2).foliage(machinery( clothing, furniture, traffic, jewellery, baggage, equipment, luggage merchandise(All the machinery in this factory is made in China.Clothing is badly needed in this flooded area.

  • 3).audience,class, crew, committee, family, team, group,army,police The football team is being recognized. The football team are having baths and are coming back here for tea.

  • ---- A: How many people are there in your family? --- B: There are six.--- A: Woo! Your family ___ a big one. Can you tell me your hobbies?--- B: Ok! My parents like running, my two sisters like swimming, my brother and I like playing football.--- A: So your family all ____ sports.islike

  • 1). each,another,the other, either, neither some, any, no, every + one/thing/body Neither has gone through regular training. Nobody wants to go there. Something has been done to end the strike.

  • anyone, anybody, anything, everyone, everybody, everything, someone, somebody, something, no one, nobody, nothing, each, the other

  • 2). None neither Neither of them ___________ (know) how to teach English.None of them ___________ (know) how to teach English. knows/know knows/know

  • 3). both,(a) few, many, several Both (of) the instruments are not precise ones.4). all All is well that ends well. All are eager to reach an agreement.

  • .:or, eitheror , neithernor not onlybut also ,

  • .:, with, along with, together with, as well as, like, rather than, but, except, besides, includingin addition to,

  • Mr. Black , as well as two women, ______ at the office.isMr. Black with, together with, along with

  • . there here

  • 1.

  • 2.Thirty-six from forty leaves six.Six times seven are/is forty-two.

  • 3.-ics-sthe United States, the New Times, Arabian Nights

  • 4.: the Alps, the Philippines, Niagara FallsNiagara Falls are a splendid scene.

  • 5.trousers, pants, shorts, glasses, scissorsclothes, goodsa/the pair of

  • the+/the+/The sick here are very well cared for.The true is to be told from the false.

  • one of++1. one of ++This is one of the rooms that were damaged in the fire.

  • 2. the (only) one of++Mary is the only one of the youngest girls who is studying the major of International Law in this university.

  • -ing1.what What caused the accident is a complete mystery. What his father left him are a few English books.

  • 2.-ingTo learn English well is difficult.

  • 3.whatWhat I say and think are none of your business.

  • 4.who, why, how, whetherthatWhy she did this is not and why, when and whereWhen and where we will have the meeting has not been decided.

  • 5. andWhat caused the accident and who was responsible for it remain a mystery to us.

  • Supplementary Exercises

  • Multiple choice:

    1. On the wall______ two large portraits. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. hanging2. News of victories _____ pouring in as our army advances, the company commander said. A. keep B. keeps C. kept D. have kept3. There _____ a lot of milk in the bottle. A. are B. is C. were D. has4. Zhangs family ____ rather big, with twelve people in all. A. is B. are C. being D. was5. Nobody but Jane ____ the secret. A. know B. knows C. have known D. is known

  • 6. All but one _____ here just now. A. is B. was C. has been D. were7. A library with five thousand books ____ to the nation as a gift. A. is offered B. has offered C. are offered D. have offered 8. Not only I but also Jane and Mary __ tired of having one exam after another. A. is B. are C. am D. be 9. The number of people invited ____ fifty, but a number of them ____ absent for different reasons. A. were; was B. was; was C. was; were D. were; were 10. When and where to build the new factory _____ yet. A. is not decided B. are not decided C. has not decided D. have not decided

  • Good Bye