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RMIT English Worldwide 2004
Printed by Document Printing Australia PL (DPA)
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may
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prior written permission of the publisher.
RMIT English Worldwide, IELTS Preparation
ISBN: 0 86459 294 9 (set)
Published by RMIT Training Pty Ltd
PO Box 12058, ABeckett Street,
Melbourne Victoria 8006
Telephone 61 3 9925 8190
Fax 61 3 9925 8134
MaterialsThis edition developed by
Roslyn Mc Intosh
Text design and illustrationsDesigned by Erin Round
The writing team thanks all RMIT English Worldwide
staff for their support during the writing of this text.
Page ii IELTS Preparation
ContentsOverview Of The REW IELTS Preparation Course iv
Writing (Academic Module) 1Contents 2
UNIT 2/B: Analysing Graphs and Tables 3
UNIT 3B: Comparing and Contrasting Visual Information 9
UNIT 5: Writing Task 1 - Practice Test 13
UNIT 6: Task 2 - Writing an Introduction 18
UNIT 7/8B: Writing the Essay - Body and Conclusion 27
UNIT 9: Practice Test- Task 2 34
Writing (General Training Module) 45Contents 46
UNIT 2B: Personal Correspondence 47
UNIT 4: Requesting Assistance and Expressing Thanks 51
UNIT 5: Practice Writing Task 1 55
UNIT 6B: Writing Task 2 61
UNIT 7B: Signal Words and Cautionary Language 69
UNIT 9: Practice Writing Task 2 72
Listening 81 Contents 82
UNIT 5: Intonation and Signposting 83
UNIT 6: Paraphrases and Summaries 88
UNIT 7: Practice Listening Test 91
UNIT 8: Review 96
UNIT 1: Overview of the IELTS Speaking Test 101
UNIT 2: Giving Personal Information 105
UNIT 3: Improving Fluency and Coherence 109
UNIT 4 : Analysing the Long Turn Card 113
UNIT 5: Expressing Reasons and Opinions 119
UNIT 6: Abstract Topics 126
UNIT 7: Prediction and Speculation 131
UNIT 8: Practice Speaking Test and Review
Overview of the RMIT English Worldwide (REW) IELTS Preparation Course
This overview is designed to give you an understanding of the REW IELTS Preparation course. It also explains how you can effectively use the computer based self-learning section with the sections you will undertake in the classroom in preparation for taking your IELTS examination on completion of this course.
Aim of the CourseYou will be trained in key skills and strategies necessary for taking the IELTS test. The aim of the course is to improve your test taking skills in order to maximise your chances of success in the IELTS test.
Course ObjectivesThe course familiarises you with the structure, as well as the tasks and question types of the IELTS test. More specifi cally, at the end of the course you will be able to:
describe visual information (eg. graphs, charts) in at least 150 words in approximately 20 minutes of a 60 minute writing test - Academic Module
write a letter of approximately 150 words in response to a particular situation (eg. a letter of complaint) in approximately 20 minutes of a 60 minute writing test - General Training Module
write formal opinion essays of at least 250 words in approximately 40 minutes of a 60 minute writing test under examination conditions
use appropriate grammar for these written tasks
extract information from audio tapes to complete tasks in a 30 minute listening test under examination conditions
extract information from a variety of written texts to complete tasks in a 60 minute reading test
recognise or predict vocabulary from context
participate in an IELTS speaking test.
The course is divided into computer-based and classroom-based components.
Computer-based componentThe computer-based part allows you to work through some IELTS test type materials outside the classroom. Included in this section are homework activities, which you are required to bring to the classroom for correction and discussion with both your teacher and other students.The computer-based section comprises 20 hours of study. These are divided into subject areas as follows: a reading component of ten (10) hours a writing component of six (6) hours,
Academic Module: Units - 1; 2A; 3A; 4A and 8A
General Module: Units - 1; 2A; 3; 6A 7A and 8
a listening component of four (4) hours, comprising:
Units 1; 2; 3 and 4
You can work at your own pace, but you must ensure that you have completed the required homework tasks before attending the classroom.You are advised to keep personal fi les of your computer-based worksheets, both for personal reference and for revision prior to taking your IELTS examination.
IELTS Interactive PracticeA supplementary aspect of the course is IELTS Interactive Practice, a computer-based course which teaches you more about the IELTS test and provides practice exercises.
Classroom-based componentIn the classroom part of the course, activities that require you to work with other students and your teacher are used to help you strengthen the learning you are doing with the computer-based materials.The classroom units of work contain 20 hours of classroom learning. They have been designed to support the computer-based self-study units.The classroom units are divided as follows:
a speaking component of ten (10) hours a writing component of six (6) hours,
Academic Module: Units - 2B; 3B; 5; 6; 7/8B and 9
General Module: Units - 2B; 4; 5; 6B; 7B and 9
a listening component of four (4) hours, comprising:
Units - 5; 6; 7 and 8
Structure of the Course
Page vIELTS Preparation
IELTS Test FormatThe tests are always taken in the following order:
Listening4 sections, around 40 items
Reading3 sections, around 40 items
Writing2 tasks (150 & 250 words)
Listening and Speaking are the same for Academic and General English.
The Reading and Writing tests differ, depending on whether you need to take the test for academic or general purposes.
Academic ModuleWhen you decide that you would like to study in an English speaking country, the university or college you apply to will advise you of the minimum score you will need in order to enroll in the course of study of your choice. This score will probably be between 5.5 and 7.0. Some universities also require a minimum band score on a particular subtest, such as Writing or Speaking.
General Training ModuleThe General Trianing Module is suitable for candidates planning to undertake non-academic training or work experience, or for immigration purposes.
By the end of this course both Academic and General Training Module students will be able to undertake the IELTS examination fully aware of the requirements of the tests in each of the four skill areas.
IELTS Test Format
IELTS is not a test which you pass or fail. IELTS tells you something about your English language strengths and weaknesses.
There are four subtests Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. Your result from each of these subtests is given individually on a scale from 1-9 and then all four scores are averaged to give the Overall Band Score.
An outline of each Overall Band Score is shown on your right.
9 Expert UserHas fully operational command of the language: appropriate, accurate and fl uent with complete understanding.
8 Very Good UserHas fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriacies. Misunderstandings may occur in unfamiliar situations. Handles complex detailed argumentation well.
7 Good UserHas operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally handles complex language well and understands detailed reasoning.
6 Competent UserHas generally effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings. Can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.
5 Modest UserHas partial command of the language, coping with overall meaning in most situations, though is likely to make many mistakes. Should be able to handle basic communication in own fi eld.
4 Limited UserBasic competence is limited to familiar situations. Has frequent problems in understanding and expression. Is not able to use complex language.
3 Extremely Limited UserConveys and understands only general meaning in very familiar situations. Frequent breakdowns in communication occur.
2 Intermittent UserNo real communication is possible except for the most basic information