student centered learning

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The concept in TEFL has turned into more

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  • 1. STUDENT CENTEREDAPPROACHBy Fabiola Cabello R. R

2. BELIEFS ABOUTLEARNING Students learn indifferent ways 3. BELIEFS ABOUT LEARNINGLearningis an activedynamic process 4. BELIEFS ABOUTLEARNING Students respondwell when they areinvolved 5. BELIEFS ABOUT LEARNINGSs learn withguidance, notprescriptions 6. BELIEFS ABOUT LEARNING Knowledge isinternal;Ss build it 7. By the end of thisworkshop we willall be able toprovide the answersto the questionspreviously raised 8. WORK IN PAIRS: Watch the demo classes and take notes of the characteristics of each one.Discuss the insights with your peers 9. COMPARE THIS PICTURE TO THETWO CLASSES YOU HAVE JUST WATCHED 10. DISCUSS IN PAIRS:In your class Who produces more? You, as a teacher or. your students? 11. OLD TRADITIONALAPPROACH:Most class time is spent with theteacher lecturing and the studentswatching and listening. 12. Students work individually onassignments, and cooperation isdiscouraged. Activities have no meaningful purpose. 13. WE CAN GET THIS RESULT: Or maybe this one! 14. Student-centered methods shift the focus of activities from the teacher to the learners. KEY WORDS: Active learningcreate brainstormsolve problems explain discusSdebate answer questionsformulate questions of their own 15. MAIN CHARACTERISTICSOF A STUDENT CENTERED CLASSSs are active doers: Ss own 80% of the lesson Teachers are organizers:Little time on TTT (20% of the lesson) 16. A Checklistwe should meet inorder to achieve a SCL: When thinking about activities and tasks toinclude in ourLPs 17. A Checklist formeeting a SCL: The activityor task must containPrediction Self-discovery Lesson involvementKnowledge applicationVaried Ss interactionpatterns 18. WE CAN achieve this checklistthrough different kinds of activities:GAMES/SONGS WITH LEARNING VALUETASKSACTIVITIES WITH VARIEDINTERACTION PATTERNS 19. KEEP IN MIND All of the tasks andactivities that teachersprepare must facilitate a positive and effective learning environment. environment. 20. PRESENT A SC ACTIVITY: Using a page of your book demonstrate a SCactivity. Take into consideration the checklist andcharacteristics mentioned: Prediction Self-discovery Lesson involvement Knowledge application Varied Ss interaction patterns 21. NOW WE ARE STUDENTS 22. TCL vs. SCL S3S1S2 23. ANALYSIS AND REFLECTION: Work with your partner and make a listof conclusions based on the answer to thequestions disccussed at the beginning: Howcan we find out the different ways ourstudents learn? How can we get our students engage in learning? How can we involve SS? How can SS be encouraged to try things out anddiscover? Whats the teachers role? 24. Benefits of SCLStudents can work in small groups, at school / home have access to more materials are directly involved in what they study take ownership of their learning are more motivated and committedTeachers act as facilitators / guides help ss to work out learning strategies develop ss research ability 25. A good teacher isone who makeshimselfprogressivelyunnecessary.~Thomas Carruthers 26. REFERENCES: http://ehlt.fliners.edu.au/education/DLiT/2002/environs/scott/stucteac.htm http://shambles.net/pages/staff/EAL_ESL/ http://www.2vobs.at/methods/communicative_language_teaching