strands in the study of geography. (final) end of year project: 05/22/14 create a game about world...
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- Strands in the Study of Geography
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- (Final) End of Year Project: 05/22/14 Create a game about World Geography. Game will be played by classmates. Teams will be comprised of 4 members or less. Teams will have to create a playable game and promotional poster by due date.
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- Eight Strands of Social Studies History Geography Economics Government Citizenship Culture Science, Technology, and Society Social Studies Skills
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- Social Studies Strand - History People, events, and issues from the past that affect people presently will continue to affect people in the future Explains how individuals and societies interact over time
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- Social Studies Strand - Geography Relationships among people, places, and environment that result in patterns on the Earths surface Meant to help people Compete in a global economy Make sure the environment stays healthy Understand different cultures and how they live together in the same planet
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- Social Studies Strand - Economics Meant to organize systems based on what is produced, what is distributed, and what is consumed
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- Social Studies Strand - Government Structures of power and authority Power is meant to provide order and stability
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- Social Studies Strand - Citizenship Requires that people understand their Responsibilities as citizens Rights as citizens Ethical behavior People fully participate when they understand Civic ideals Citizenship practices Basis for constitutional republics
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- Social Studies Strand - Culture How people develop, learn, and adapt cultures Meant to help people understand variety of human cultures in the community and around the world
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- Social Studies Strand Science, Technology, and Society How people live, learn, and work - past, present, and future based on their relationship with science, technology, and the environment
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- Social Studies Strand Social Studies Skills Used to acquire, organize, and use information for problem-solving and decision- making. Meant to help people become better problem-solvers, decision-makers, and independent lifelong learners
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- Exploring Geography You should now understand what is meant by the following terms: History Geography Economics Government Citizenship Culture Science, Technology, and Society Social Studies Skills
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- Chapter 1: The Earth
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- Space The Earth is the third planet from the sun and is a terrestrial planet. Two types of planets: Terrestrial planets (made up of rocky crusts) Giant gaseous planets (more gaseous and less dense)
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- Spheres Hydrosphere- All of earths water. Lithosphere- The earths crust. Atmosphere- The earths air. Biosphere- The part of the earth that supports life.
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- Landforms The four major landforms are mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains. The seven most visible landforms are the continents: Africa, Asia, Antarctica, Australia, Europe, North America, South America.
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- Water About 70% of Earths surface is water. 97% is saltwater and 3% is freshwater. Many parts of the world are already suffering from water shortages.
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- Climate and Weather Weather is what is occurring in one place during a short period of time. Climate describes long term weather patterns.
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- What Effects Climate? Latitude The Atmosphere Elevation Ocean/Wind Currents ?
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- Latitude- Middle of Earth gets the most rays. The areas between The Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn receive the suns direct rays and are thus warmer. The farther you get from the middle, the colder it gets.
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- The Atmosphere and Climate The atmosphere keeps heat from escaping too quickly into space. This is key to life on earth.
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- Pollution and the Greenhouse Effect Pollution traps more of the Suns rays. Increasing the temperature.
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- Chinese Smog
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- Altitude/Elevation and Climate As you increase the elevation. The air thins out. This leads to two things: less air, colder temperatures.
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- Wind The Coriolis Effect causes prevailing winds to blow diagonally. These winds are the major trade winds of the world. They used to move ships. They still move climate and precipitation.
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- Ocean Ocean currents moderate the temperature. Making places less cold and less hot. Vacation time!
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- Forces of Change
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- Dynamism Inside Earth There is extreme heat and pressure inside of the Earth. In fact, temperatures there reach 8,500 *F. Magma is in the Mantle. The Crust is a thin layer of rock that is about 2 miles thick. The crust is broken into plates that float on the upper mantle.
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- Plate Movement 500 million years ago, our continents were together in one supercontinent called Pangaea. The plates have since moved apart.
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- Internal Forces of Change The same forces that move the continents, also create mountains, islands, volcanoes and earthquakes.
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- Erosion Erosion is the wearing away of the Earths surface by wind, glaciers, and moving water. A terrible example would be the Dust Bowl that devastated America during the 1930s.
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- Chapter 2 The Human World
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- Culture The way of life of a group of people Share similar beliefs and customs Group of people with common characteristics
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- Elements of Culture 1.History 2.Language 3.Religion 4.Entertainment/Recreation 5.Cultural Expression 6.Social Classes 7.Social Groups 8.Economic Activities 9.Government 10.Culture Regions
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- World Religions
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- World Culture Regions
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- Culture We are very familiar with culture because we see it everyday
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- Cultural Change Does culture stay the same? Internal and external factors are always changing cultures Internal: new ideas, lifestyles, & inventions External: trade, migration, war Cultural Diffusion The spread of ideas from one culture to another
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- Cultural Diffusion I. Agricultural Revolution We used to be nomads (people that move from place to place) The invention of farming allowed people to settle in one place creating CIVILIZATIONS
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- Cultural Diffusion Cultural Hearths centers of civilizations whose ideas and practices spread to surrounding areas Most influential Egypt Iraq Pakistan China Mexico
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- World Culture Hearths
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- Cultural Diffusion Trade the development of civilizations allowed for the creation of technology The invention of new technology gave way to long distance trade and the spread of ideas
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- Cultural Diffusion Permanent Migration the movement of people gives way to the movement of ideas Migrants carry their cultures with them, and their ideas and practices often blend with those of the people already living in the migrants adopted country
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- Cultural Diffusion Industrial & Informational Revolution Industrial the transformation of economies led to social changes Informational globalization!
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- Exploring Geography Culture Cultural Diffusion Culture Hearths Culture Region
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- Population Growth Demographics Tell you specific statistical information about population Example: El Paso is 72% Latino Example: University of Texas at El Paso is 55% Female
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- Growth Rates Death rate the # of deaths per year for every 1000 people Birth rate the # of births per year for every 1000 people Growth rate = Birthrate Death Rate How much the population is growing by, total Can be positive, more people being born than dying Negative Population Growth When more people dying than being born Death rate is greater than birth rate Zero Population Growth When birth rate and death rate are equal
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- Population distribution Pattern of human settlement is uneven People live where the following are available Fertile soil Water Climate without harsh extremes Terrain that allows for human life Areas where population is highly concentrated are typically metropolitan areas
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- **population density How crowded a country or a region is measured by population density Sparsely Populated Densely Populated Not too much population in one area A lot of population in one area
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