stop smoking brief interventions kerry briggs stop smoking manager pennine care nhs foundation trust
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Stop Smoking Brief Interventions
Kerry Briggs Stop Smoking ManagerPennine Care NHS Foundation Trust
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AimTo raise awareness of smoking related issues and harm and how to refer people for help to quit.ObjectivesDeepen understanding of why people smoke & the benefits of stopping.Explain nature & purpose of stop smoking brief interventions. Equip you to use brief interventions in your role.Raise profile of Trafford Stop Smoking Service including how to refer.
Recent Government Action on Smoking
Smoking and HealthEngland 2013462,900 hospital admissions attributable to smoking diseases. (Health & Social Care Information Centre, 2013). 79,100 deaths from smoking related diseases (Health & Social Care Information Centre, 2013).
Trafford 2013-141830 annual hospital admissions attributable to smoking diseases at a cost of nearly 5million (Tobacco Profiles, 2013-14).343 deaths from smoking related diseases (Public Health England, 2015).
Smoking & Health About half of all regular smokers will eventually die of their addictionA regular smoker on 15-20 cigarettes per day has a one in two risk of having a smoking related illness after the age of 35 yearsSmoking is the greatest cause of health inequalities & the largest single cause of preventable mortality and morbidity in England. In Trafford smoking prevalence rates in routine and manual groups is 30.2% compared to 19.6% in other groups (Tobacco Profiles, 2014).Two thirds of smokers start before the age of 18yrs and of those who try smoking between one third and one half will develop a regular habit.
Smoking and Health
Whats in a Cigarette
NicotineAddictive chemical derived from tobacco plant.Alters neurotransmitters(dopamine & noradrenaline) in brain.Causes nicotine hit/rush/buzz. Craving can happen 15mins after smoking last cigarette.A stimulant, raises blood pressure & constricts blood vessels.Increases metabolism slightly.Gives temporary pleasure feeling.Withdrawal causes craving, irritability & restlessness.
Stop smoking treatmentsNicotine Replacement Therapies (NRT) prescription or voucher schemePatch, gum, lozenge, nasal spray, quickmist, strips.
Varenicline Tartrate (Champix) - prescription only. Reduces craving for a cigarette by blocking nicotine receptors. Causes low level of dopamine release, thus reducing the need to smoke.
Buproprion (Zyban) - prescription only.Reduces craving for a cigarette by reducing the rate of dopamine re-uptake, thus reducing the need to smoke.
Secondhand SmokeIt is smoke exhaled (mainstream smoke) and smoke from the lit cigarette end (sidestream smoke).More than 80% is invisible & odourless.Dangerous to anyone. Children more vulnerable as they breathe more rapidly and have less developed lungs, airways & immune systems.Children breathing in other people's cigarette smoke results in 300,000 GP visits and 9,500 hospital admissions for children every year. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EsU79V7GbpY
E-CigarettesElectronic cigarettes are not cigarettes. They do not contain tobacco & using them is not smoking. Unlicensed nicotine containing product, also known as vapourisers.Regulated as general consumer products.Tobaco Products Directive May 2016 when products above 20mg of nicotine will require authorisation by MHRA as over the counter medicinal products.2.6 million people in UK using them.Now the most popular quitting aid.Evidence points towards health risks from e-cigs relatively small in comparison with cigarettes.
Benefits of quittingHealth & others healthFinancesSmell & tasteFire riskSelf esteem/confidence
Evidence based interventions to help people quit smoking
What is a brief intervention?
Brief advice (usually less than 5 minutes) given opportunistically by a health professional during routine consultations with people who smoke, whether or not they are seeking help with stopping
What does a brief intervention involve?
Trafford Stop Smoking Service
How to refer into the stop smoking service
Trafford Stop Smoking Service
Trafford Town HallTalbot RoadStretfordM32 0TH
Tel: 0300 456 firstname.lastname@example.org/SmokeFreeTraffwww.trafford.gov.uk/stopsmoking