statement of the problem

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Chapter I THE PROBLEM Introduction The tobacco plant scientifically known as Nicotiana Tabacum is a plant grown for its leaves w/c are smoked, chewed or sniffed for a vanity of effects. Tabacco is considered addicting because it contains the chemical nicotine Whenever someone lighten up a cigarette it inviting cancer. Cigarette smoking is a major cause of lung cancer and many other illnesses. although smoking among the adolescents and young adults is often associated as a bad, but temporarily habits. For college students the amount of harm it causes to their health and health of others are largely unknown. For them they have got to do what makes them happy, and smoking makes them happy. nothing can stop them from getting rid of something we know bad habit. even it will cause ruining of health of other people. Young adults ruin their health and health of their non- smoking friends, family members and neighbours by making them 1

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Chapter I THE PROBLEM Introduction The tobacco plant scientifically known as Nicotiana Tabacum is a plant grown for its leaves w/c are smoked, chewed or sniffed for a vanity of effects. Tabacco is considered addicting because it contains the chemical nicotine Whenever someone lighten up a cigarette it inviting cancer. Cigarette smoking is a major cause of lung cancer and many other illnesses. although smoking among the adolescents and young adults is often associated as a bad, but temporarily habits. For college students the amount of harm it causes to their health and health of others are largely unknown. For them they have got to do what makes them happy, and smoking makes them happy. nothing can stop them from getting rid of something we know bad habit. even it will cause ruining of health of other people. Young adults ruin their health and health of their non-smoking friends, family members and neighbours by making them breath in polluted by the cigarettes smoke air. Finally the decision to smoke is their choice.

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Statement of the Problem This study determined the factors of smoking among freshmen and sophomore college students of Camarines Norte State College, Daet Camarines Norte This Study answered the following: 1. What is the profile of the students who are smoking in terms of age, gender, course, consumption? 2. What are the factors to be considering why students are into a smoking? 3. What are the consequences that they may encounter because of smoking? Basic Assumptions This study is premised on the following assumptions. 1. The profile of the respondents vary 2. Factors to consider in smoking of freshmen and sophomore 3. Various effects that causes of smoking Significance of the Study This research is important and beneficial to the following: Students. This study will make them aware of the effects to the second hand smoke and causes why some are smoking at the early age. Future Researchers. This study may give them ideas in conceptualizing their own research problem.

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Government.

Will help for them to be aware of growth population among young who are smoking.

Parents.

For them to become aware of their children why they are into a smoking . To understand and guide their Children.

Teachers.

The results of this study maybe used by teacher educating students regarding the use of smoke.

Community.

The community will know the reasons why they have to stop smoking.

Scope and Delimitation This study focused on the factors and effects among young freshmen and sophomore college student of Camarines Norte State College. This study was conducted March 24, 2010

Definition of Terms Cancer. The proliferation of malignant cells that have capability for tissue or organ invasion Cigarette. A small roll of finely cut tobacco for smoking usually enclosed in a wrapper of thin paper. Filter-Tip Cigarettes. An instrument that put in the filter of cigar to lessen the amount of tar and nicotine absorption. Firsthand smoke. he one who is smokin

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Mainstream Smoke. Nicotine.

This is drawn into the smokers mouth. A poisonous alkaloid, derived from the tobacco plant, used in medicine and as pesticide.

Second-hand Smoke. Sidestraem Smoke. Smoking.

A non-smoker who accidentally inhale the sidestream smoke Rising from the burning end of the cigarette. To draw in and exhale smoke from a cigarette.

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Endnotes Ernest H. Rosenbaum Can you Prevent Cancer? St. Louis Toronto 1983 p159 Curt Dewees it pays to quit Manila, Philppines 1996 p4 The Grolier International Dictionary USA 1996 Bonenkamper,Thomas W. et. al,Health and Safety for You CA DIVISION OF THE McGRAW. Hill Companies(1954)pg.262

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Chapter II Review of Related Literature And Studies The researchers conducted a review of related studies and literature to conceptualize their research problem. It was in this stage of the research undertaking that able to identify the research gap budget. They acquire concepts on preparing the draft of the questionnaire, its design and format together with its contents. They were able to gather a collection of studies literature that are integrated into this chapter. They consider this as their baptism of fire in the field research. Related literature The more serious diseases related to smoking include CORONARY HEART DISEASE which reduce blood flow through the lungs and the causes the lungs to absorb loss oxygen. This effects causes shortness of breath. Smoking has been linked to career of the lungs, larynx, pharynx, oral cavity, esophagus, pancreas and bladder. Emphysema may begin with a slight difficulty in breathing at times. Later, an activity such as a short walk ma result in breathlessness.(bone keeper, Thomas W. et. al, 1957) M.Mcginnis et al.,(1992) says that smoking is the single greatest cause of preventable death. By itself and the interaction with other risk factors. It may also be the chief cause of death in development countries. Mc Creary et. al. (1989) cigarettes smokes also appear to be generally less healthy-conscious and more likely to engage in other unhealthy behaviors than nonsmokers.

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Zwerling et al. (1992) smoker is also have more accidents and injuries at work, take of more sick time and use more health benefits than nonsmokers. Ershler et. al. (1989) smoking appears to serve as an entry-level drug for subsequent substance use and abuse. Trying cigarettes smoke one significantly more likely to use other drugs in the future. Bauman, Koch and fisher (1989) parental cigarette smoking may lower cognitive performance in adolescents by reducing the oxygen capacity of the blood and increasing carbon monoxide levels. E.Marshall (1986) the dangers of smoking are not confined to the smoker. Studies of secondhand smoke reveal that spouses, family members of the smokers, and coworkers at are risk for a variety of health disorders.

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Conceptual Framework The framework of this study is based on the system concept.This concept based on the input, the process, and the output. The input is on covered the all things that related to our respondents.In this research, the input refers to the personal profile. The process which transform input and output sometimes to the transformation functions. In this research provide the surveying and some questions. The process refers to the factors to be considered in smoking among freshmen and sophomore of students in Camarines Norte State College.Smoking Among Teenagers. The output system is focused to the some questioned that related to our respondents.

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Conceptual Paradigm

INPUT 1. Profile of the respondents 2. Factors in smoking of young college students.

PROCESS Data gathering through interviews and survey questionnaire.

OUTPUT Knowledge of the Effects of smoking in 1st hand smoke and second hand smoke.

Analysis and Interpreting Data

Factors why Freshmen and sophomore are into a smoking.

FEEDBACK

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Endnotes

Sherlly E. Taylor. health Behavior and Primary prevention. Health Psychology, fifth Edition, (2003) pg. 156-157 Tsuma Ted. K. et al. substances abuse. Health and safety for you. 7th Edition, (1987) pg. 260-262

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Chapter III Methodology This chapter presents the decision of the research methodology answer to the research problems. This gives detail of respondents, data gathering tools and statistical and treatment used in the study. RESEARCH DESIGN The researchers used the descriptive survey method to attain the objectives of the study. In gathering data, they constructed questionnaire which served as the main source of information about the subject. The researchers also conducted library research for some additional information about the subject.

RESPONDENT OF THE STUDY The respondent of the this study were the thirty (30) students of College of Business and Public Administration, Camarines Norte State College. They were chosen using the random sampling technique.

PREPARATION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE The researchers prepared a questionnaire which was used as used as the main data gathering instrument. Inquiries were also made likewise, books, magazines, and other references

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were read. The conglomeration of all information gathered served as the basis and guide in the preparation of the draft of questionnaire.

STATISTICAL TREATMENT OF DATA Statistical tools used in this study were weighted arithmetic mean and percentage. A. Percentage This tools was used to get the distribution of respondents according to their age, gender and course. Formula: P=f/N x 100 Where: P= percentage f= number of respondents with similar response of frequency of responses. N= total number of respondents 100= constant multiplier B. Weighted Mean This was used to determined the extent to which the rates assessed the items.

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Formula: W= f w/N x 100 Where: W= Weighted mean = summation sign f= frequency or number of responses w= weighted or category responses N=total number of respondents 100= constant multiplier

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End Notes Bardon, Jenalyn P.; et. al Effects of Smoking Among Fourth Year Students in Labo National High School, Labo, Camarines Norte (Undergraduate Thesis, 2001) p.9

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Chapter IV FACTORS TO BE CONSIDER IN SMOKING AMONG FRESHMEN AND SOPHOMORE STUDENTS IN CAMARINES NORTE STATE COLLEGE This chapter present analysis in interpretation of the date gathered. Profile of the respondent. Table 1.0 Age of the Respondents Age 16-17 18-19 20-21 22-23 Total Frequency 10 15 3 2 30 Percentage% 33.33 50 10 6.67 100

Table 1.0 show the age of the respondents out of 30,10 or 33.32% belong to 16-17 years old, 15 or 50 % belong to 18-19 years old, 3 or 10% belong to 20-21 years old then the last 30 or 6.67% belong to 22-23 years old. Majority of the students who take smoke is on 18-20 years old.

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Table 1.1 Sex of the Respondents Sex Male Female Total Frequency 14 16 30 Percentage % 46.67 53.33 100

Table 1.1 shows the sex of the respondents out of 30, 14 or 46.67 % belong to male, 16 or 53.33 % belong to female. Therefore the majority of our respondents is female than male.

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Table 1.2 Course of the Respondents Course Economics Entrepreneur BSCE HRM BSOA Total Frequency 8 9 7 4 2 30 Percentage % 26.67 30 23.33 13.33 6.67 100

Table 1.2 show the course of the respondents out of 30, 8 or 26.27 belong to Economics, 9 or 30 % belong to Entrepreneur, 7 or 23.33 % belong to B.S.C.E., 4 or 13.33 % belong to H.R.M., 2 or 6.67 % belong to B.S.O.A. Therefore the majority is on the course of entrepreneur based on our survey.

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Table 1.3 Personal Question # 1 Personal Question # 1 1. Yes No 2. Yes No 3. Yes No Frequency 9 21 24 6 10 20 Percentage % Total 30 70 80 20 33.33 66.67 100 100 100

Table 1.3 show the personal question out of 30 students, the 9 or 30 %belong to Yes, the 21 or 70% belong to No, 24 or 80 % belong to Yes, the 6 or 20 % belong to No, the 10 or 33.33 % belong also to Yes, 20 or 66.67% belong to No. Therefore, the majority answered of our respondents is No.

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Table 1.4 Personal Question # 2 Personal Question # 2 1. A B 2. A B C 3. A B C Total 30 100 10 33.33 9 30 Frequency 11 Percentage % 36.67

Table 1.4 show the personal question # 2 out of 30, 11 or 36.67 % is belong to number 1, 9 or 30 % belong to number 2, the 10 or 33.33 % is belong to 3. Therefore, the majority answered of our respondents is on personal question number 1.

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Chapter 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION This Chapter Presents Briefly the Summary, Conclusion that was drawn from the finding of the study. Summary This study determined the factors of smoking among freshmen and sophomore college students of Camarines Norte State College, Daet Camarines Norte This Study answered the following: 4. What is the profile of the students who are smoking in terms of age, gender, course, consumption? 5. What are the factors to be considering why students are into a smoking? 6. What are the consequences that they may encounter because of smoking? The researcher Conducted this study Strongly Believe that the findings is beneficial to the students Especially to those who are in minor age of freshman and sophomore of Camarines Norte State College, The study use Descriptive Method. The data were gathered using the sets of questionnaire and there are 30 respondents from different colleges of Camarines Norte State College. The Figures was analyzed by the researcher, presented and interpreted.

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FACTORS OF SMOKING IN FRESHMAN AND SOPHOMOR COLLEGE STUDENT OF CAMARINES NORTE STATE COLLEGE Findings After analyzing the data and Interview we gathered the following finding revealed: 1. Out of 30 respondents, 10 students or 37% consider to be smoking while 20 students or 67% are the non-smoking.It also came out that some are not well educated about the second hand smoke 20% or 6 respondents. But mostly students are aware about the effects of being a second hand smoke and a 1st hand smoke. 2. That some are smoking just to fulfil their wants, only for trip, some they say it is better to be 1st hand than second hand smoke due the severances of the effect. Some of them to calm down and relieve stress from school while others they get intensified sensation from mixing tobacco and alcohol. 3. Out of 10 respondents that are smoking 9 of them introduce cigarette between the age bracket of 16-18.5 of them are always smoking and taking 1-5 sticks per day. Another 5 students smoking occasionally especially when they are in party or w/friends.

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Conclusion In view of these findings, the researcher derived the following conclusion 1. Majority of respondent are non-smoker and they are aware of the effect among smoker and the secondhand smokes. 2. Most of Young teenager, whom smokes are only for the leisure and recreation, some has no reason they just easily influence by the people around them. Recommendation The short-term benefits of quitting in smoking within one week your sense of taste and smell will improve, increasing your enjoyment of eating foods and drinking. Hands and feet will feel warmer, blood platelets will become activated, and coughing, wheezing and respiratory tract will improve. Stamina and energy will increase. Long-term benefits the longer we stay off in cigarette the longer our life will be. We reduce the risk of getting cancer or illness. Think of the money, today 2 php per stick times the consumptions per day is expensive it is like burning your money. Other benefits. Think of other, think of non smoker die from breathing secondhand smoke.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY A. Books Ernest H. Rosenbaum Can you Prevent Cancer? St. Louis Toronto 1983 p159 -198 Curt Dewees it pays to quit Manila, Philppines 1996 p4 -5 The Grolier International Dictionary USA 1996 Bardon, Jenalyn P.; et. al Effects of Smoking Among Fourth Year Students in Labo National High School, Labo, Camarines Norte (Undergraduate Thesis, 2001) p.9 Sherlly E. Taylor. health Behavior and Primary prevention. Health Psychology, fifth Edition, (2003) pg. 156-157 Tsuma Ted. K. et al. substances abuse. Health and safety for you. 7th Edition, (1987) pg. 260-262

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Appendix A THESIS PROPOSAL I. Title FACTORS OF SMOKING IN FRESHMAN AND SOPHOMOR COLLEGE STUDENT OF CAMARINES NORTE STATE COLLEGE II. Objectives 1. To determine the Factors of smoking among students 2. To Find Out what makes them to do it. 3. To know the various reasons of smoking of students III. Research Method IV. Proponents Judith D. Espinosa April Joy P. Lopez Leah L. Reyes Melanie Padilla Jessica R. Pilapil Ruby L. Samonte Descriptive Survey Method

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Appendix B March 24, 2010 Dear Respondents: Greetings! We would like to inform that we are conducting a Survey in connection of our subject Eng 02 Writing in the Dicsipline, we are deligated to work an undergraduate research paper as partial requirements for our subject in this school. In view of this we are requesting for your honest response to all questions. All data gathered would be confidential and it will use only for the purpose of this study. Thank You very much in your cooperation and God Bless. Truly Yours, Judith D. Espinosa April Joy P. Lopez Leah L. Reyes Melanie Padilla Jessica R. Pilapil Ruby L. Samonte

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Appendix C FACTORS OF SMOKING IN FRESHMAN AND SOPHOMOR COLLEGE STUDENT OF CAMARINES NORTE STATE COLLEGE Questionnaire: Explanatory: This questionnaire is formulated and administrate for the purpose of gathering information needed to complete the study. Direction: Please answer the following questions honestly and correctly. Name: _________________________ Age: _________________________ Year/Course: ________________________ Sex: ______________________________

Part I. Please check (/) the blank that corresponds your answer. YES 1. Are you smoking? _____ NO _____

2. Are you Aware of Second Hand Smoke?

_____

_____

3. Is there a chance that your family/friends influence you?

_____

_____

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Part II. 1. How often do you smoke? Occasionally _____ Always _____

2. How many sticks of cigarette do you take in a day? 1-3 ______ 4-6 ______ 7-up ______

3. At what age do you start smoking? 16-18 _____ 19-21 _____ 22-25 _____

4. Why are you smoking? Just for Trip ____ Leissure/Appitizer ____

To Relax and Calm from stress ___ Part of Self Life System ___

5. Are you aware of the effects of smoking? if yes state at least 3. _____________________________________________________________________

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Appendix D LIST OF RESPONDENTS

1. Abarca, Edmar T. 2. Abasolo, Sean D. 3. Alegre, John Carlo 4. Alto, Dominic John R. 5. Asis, Reggie 6. Autor, Hazel 7. Avenido, Joymie 8. Bautitsa, Divina S. 9. Bucaycay, Jesusa R. 10. Baluca, Jelmer 11. Calopez, Redrey U. 12. Capistra, Joshua 13. Dacillo, Carla M. 14. De Leon, Ryan Vener B. 15. De Vera, Jho Ana Mae S. 16. Ebona, Grace S. 17. Francisco, Geomil P. 18. Lacea, Vedda Rose 19. Lubiano, Christian 20. Mancenido, Baby Vanessa L.28

21. Mancenido, Christine A. 22. Ocol, Lea 23. Oresca, Annelyn V. 24. Panotes, Reinoel G. 25. Refferente, Jomar R. 26. Siocson, Louie T. 27. Torzar, Rowena M. 28. Villagracia,Wilmore 29. Villamor, Julius 30. Yarte, Emmanuel

PERSONAL DATA Name: Address: Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Civil Status: Nationality: Religion: Parents: Reyes, Leah L. P-6 Magallanes Iraya Daet Camarines Norte September 25, 1992 Daet Camarines Norte Single Filipino Latter Day Saints Vicente A. Reyes Felipa L. Reyes

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Tertiary: Camarines Norte State College Daet Camarines Norte BSBA Major in Human Resource Management 2009 - Present Secondary: Moreno Integrated School Daet Camarines Norte 2007 - 2008 Elementary: Baldovino Elem. School Daet Camarines Norte 2003 - 2004

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PERSONAL DATA Name: Address: Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Civil Status: Nationality: Religion: Parents: Espinosa, Judith D. Brgy. Site Pob. 1 Basud, Camarines Norte March 18, 1993 Sariaya, Quezon Single Filipino Roman Catholic Espinosa, Rodrigo Espinosa, Victoria

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Tertiary: Camarines Norte State College Daet Camarines Norte BSBA Major in Human Resource Management 2009 - Present Secondary: Basud National High School Basud Camarines Norte 2008 - 2009 Elementary: Basud, Elementary School Basud Camarines Norte 2004 2005

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PERSONAL DATA Name: Address: Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Civil Status: Nationality: Religion: Parents: Samonte, Ruby L. Basud Camarines Norte August 8, 1992 Pinagwarasan Basud Camarines Norte Single Filipino Roman Catholic Samonte, Rodel Samonte, Gina

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Tertiary: Camarines Norte State College Daet Camarines Norte BSBA Major in Human Resource Management 2009 - Present Secondary: Plaridel High School Basud Camarines Norte 2008 - 2009 Elementary: Plaridel Elementary School Basud Camarines Norte 2002 - 2003

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PERSONAL DATA Name: Address: Pilapil, Jessica R. Purok 3 Brgy. San Lorenzo Sta. Elena Camarines Norte Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Civil Status: Nationality: Religion: Parents: August 7, 1992 San Lorenzo Sta. Elena Camarines Norte Single Filipino Iglesia Ni Cristo Pilapil, Serafin Pilapil, Welyn

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Tertiary: Camarines Norte State College Daet Camarines Norte BSBA Major in Human Resource Management 2009 - Present Secondary: Rizal National High School Sta. Elena Camarines Norte 2008 - 2009 Elementary: M-Hebrado Elem School San Lorenzo, Sta. Elena Camarines Norte 2004 - 2005

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PERSONAL DATA Name: Address: Lopez, April Joy P. Door #2 Lopez Apt. H-dames St. Daet Camarines Norte Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Civil Status: Nationality: Religion: Parents: April 5, 1984 Manila Single-Parent Filipino Roman Catholic Lopez, Mauro F. Padillo, Evangelina Jill C.

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Tertiary: Camarines Norte State College Daet Camarines Norte BSBA Major in Human Resource Management 2008 - Present Secondary: La Consolacion College of Daet Daet Camarines Norte 2000 - 2001 Elementary: La Consolacion College Of Daet Daet Camarines Norte 1996 - 199733

PERSONAL DATA Name: Address: Padillla, Melanie P2 Brgy. Camagsaan Capalonga Camarines Norte Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Civil Status: Nationality: Religion: Parents: August 20, 1992 Capalonga Camarines Norte Single Filipino Roman Catholic Padilla, Nestor R. Padilla, Evangieline M.

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Tertiary: Camarines Norte State College Daet Camarines Norte BSBA Major in Human Resource Management 2009 - Present Secondary: Capalonga Parochial School Capalonga Camarines Norte 2008 - 2009 Elementary: Cap. Central Elem. School Capalonga Camarines Norte 2004 - 2005

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