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    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOURSOP (ANNONA MURICATA)POWDER

    PRODUCED BY SPRAY DRYING

    KHAIDATUL HASNI BTE MOHAMAD ALIAS @ AYIT

    A dissertti!" s#$%itted i" &rti' #'i''%e"t !

    te re*#ire%e"ts !r te +rd ! te de,ree !

    B-e'!r ! E",i"eeri", (Ce%i-' E",i"eeri",)

    F-#'t. ! Ce%i-' "d Nt#r' Res!#r-es E",i"eeri",U"i/ersiti M'.si P",

    APRIL0112

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    3I de-'re tt tis dissertti!" e"tit'ed 4P.si-' Pr!&erties ! S!#rs!& (Annona

    Muricata) P!+der Pr!d#-ed $. S&r. Dr.i",5 is te res#'t ! %. !+" reser-e6-e&t s-ited i" te reere"-es7 Te dissertti!" s "!t $ee" --e&ted !r ".

    de,ree "d is "!t -!"-#rre"t'. s#$%itted i" -"didt#re ! ". !ter de,ree7

    Si,"t#re8

    N%e 8 KHAIDATUL HASNI BTE MOHAMAD ALIAS @ AYIT

    Dte 8

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    T! %. $e'!/ed %!ter9 K%ri Bt Os%"

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    I" &re&ri", tis tesis9 I +s i" -!"t-t +it %". &e!&'e9 reser-ers9

    -de%i-i"s9 "d &r-titi!"ers7 Te. /e -!"tri$#ted t!+rds %. #"derst"di",

    "d t!#,ts7 I" &rti-#'r9 I +is t! e6&ress %. si"-ere &&re-iti!" t! %. %i"

    tesis s#&er/is!r9 Pr! Md. N!rdi" Bi" E"d#t9 !r e"-!#r,e%e"t9 ,#id"-e9

    -riti-s "d rie"dsi&7 Wit!#t er -!"ti"#ed s#&&!rt "d i"terest9 tis tesis +!#'d

    "!t /e $ee" te s%e s &rese"ted ere7 I $e'ie/e tt '' is d/i-e "d

    -!%%e"ts re !r te $e"eit ! &r!d#-i", te $est reser- &r!:e-t7

    M. e''!+ &!st,rd#te st#de"ts s!#'d 's! $e re-!,"i;ed !r teir s#&&!rt7 M.

    si"-ere &&re-iti!" 's! e6te"ds t! '' %. -!''e,#es "d !ters +! /e &r!/ided

    ssist"-e t /ri!#s !--si!"s7 Teir /ie+s "d ti&s re #se#' i"deed7 U"!rt#"te'.9 it

    is "!t &!ssi$'e t! 'ist '' ! te% i" tis 'i%ited s&-e7 Te e6&erie"-es "d

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    A'ST(ACT

    Te ,r!+i", ! r#its is 'i%ited i" %". -!#"tries t! -erti" ses!"s "d '!-'ities7 I"

    !rder t! %eet te de%"d ! te %r

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    A'ST(AK

    Pd

    d" $i:i $e"i7 B# d" :#s d#ri" $e'"d $is". di%$i' #"t#< %e",s

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    L!ST O) TA'LES

    TA'LE NO& T!TLE PAGE

    07= N#trie"t '#es "d Wei,ts =

    Are !r Edi$'e P!rti!" ! S!#rs!&9 R+

    070 Pr!&erties ! M't!de6tri" J7= Pr!-ess Yie'd O$ti"ed ! 0

    Te S&r. Dried P!+ders

    J70Pr!-ess Yie'd O$ti"ed ! te S&r.Dried J

    P!+ders +it =1 M't!de6tri" Additi!"

    J7 M!ist#re C!"te"t A"'.sis Res#'ts ! te ?

    Feed Mi6t#res

    J7J M!ist#re C!"te"t A"'.sis Res#'ts ! te S&r. Dried P!+ders

    J7H.,r!s-!&i-it. A"'.sis Res#'ts !( t)eS&r. ?1

    Dried P!+ders

    J7? S!'#$i'it. A"'.sis Res#'ts ! te S&r. ?0

    Dried P!+ders

    J7 Diss!'#ti!" A"'.sis Res#'ts ! te ?

    S&r. Dried P!+ders

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    L!ST O) )!G*(ES

    )!G*(ES NO T!TLEPA

    GE

    =7= S!#rs!& Fr#it 0

    07= L$!rt!r. s-'e s&r. dr.er 00070 F'!+ ! H!t Dr.i", Air 0J

    07 O/er/ie+ ! S&r. Dr.i", Pr!-ess 0?

    07J At!%i;er ! S&r. Dr.i", 0?

    7= L$!rt!r. S-'e S&r. Dr.er U"it (SD1?) J0

    70S!#rs!&P!+der J

    7S-)e%ti- di,r% (!r t)e &r!-ess t! -!"/erts!#rs!& B1

    #i-e t!&!+der

    J7= Te Ee-t ! I"'et Air Te%&ert#re "d BM't!de6tri" Additi!"KC!"-e"trti!" !" Pr!-essYie'd

    J70 Te Ee-t ! I"'et Air Te%&ert#re +it BB

    =1 M't!de6tri" Additi!" !" Pr!-ess Yie'd

    J7 Te Ee-t ! I"'et Air Te%&ert#re !" B?

    M!ist#re C!"te"t ! Feed Mi6t#res

    J7J Te Ee-t ! I"'et Air Te%&ert#re !" BI

    M!ist#re C!"te"t ! S&r.Dried P!+ders

    J7 Te Ee-t ! I"'et Air Te%&ert#re !" ?1

    H.,r!s-!&i-it. ! S&r.Dried P!+ders

    J7? Te Ee-t ! I"'et Air Te%&ert#re !" ?0

    S!'#$i'it. ! S&r.Dried P!+ders

    J7 Te Ee-t ! I"'et Air Te%&ert#re !" ?J

    Diss!'#ti!" ! S&r.Dried P!+ders

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    L!ST O) APPEND!CES

    APPEND!+ T!TLEPAGE

    A

    Res#'ts (!r e6&eri%e"ts t! re/ise t)e &r%eter

    setti",

    B Pi-t#res ! e*#i&%e"ts "d &&rt#s=

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    CHAPTE( ,

    !NT(OD*CT!ON

    ,&, 'a-ground

    Te ,r!+i", ! r#its "d /e,et$'es is 'i%ited i" %". -!#"tries t!

    -erti" ses!"s "d '!-'ities7 I" !rder t! %eet te de%"d ! te %r

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    Tere re $!#t ?1 !r %!re s&e-ies ! te ,e"#s Annona9 %i'.

    Annonaceae7 B#t r!% tt e"tire s&e-ies9 te s!#rs!& is te %!st tr!&i-'

    "d!"'. itse' is $est s#it !r &reser/i", "d &r!-essi",7

    )igure ,&,. Soursop )ruit

    1 Co$$on Na$e. Soursop

    2 /ernaular Na$es. Sour sop0 Guana#ana0 Soursap

    3 Sientifi Na$e. Annona $uriata

    4 Spei$ens )ro$. Mala"sia

    Te s!#rs!& is 's!

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    t!""es re ,r!+" i" A#str'i e/er. .er i" tr!&i-' "!rt #ee"s'"d7 It is 's!

    "ti/e t! te Cri$$e"9 Ce"tr' "d S!#t A%eri-7 I" te USA it s 'i%ited

    &r!d#-ti!" i" F'!rid7 S!#rs!&9

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    Se/er' %et!ds %. $e #sed !r &r!d#-ti!" ! :#i-ed &!+der9 $#t te %!sts#--ess#' i"-'#de ree;edr.i",9 !% %t dr.i",9 s&r. dr.i", "d t#""e'dr.i",7 Reser-ers /e s#--ess#''. #sed ree;e dr.i", t! -!"/ert :#i-ed&r!d#-ts i"t! &!+der 't!#, ree;e dr.i", is

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    /e'!-it. :et "!;;'es7 H!t ir -!"t-ts +it s!'id &r!d#-ts s#- s ,ri"s9 /e,et$'es"d r#its '&s "d dr. te%7 Tese dr.ers "eed '!", ti%e !r dr.i", &r!-esses7L!+ &r!d#-t te%&ert#re "d s!rt dr.i", ti%e ''!+ s&r. dr.i", ! /er. etse"siti/e &r!d#-ts s#- s !!ds9 dir. &r!d#-ts "d r#it :#i-es7 P!+der tt&r!d#-ed $. it is i" ,!!d *#'it.9 '!+ +ter -ti/it. "d esier tr"s&!rt "dst!r,e7 Tis is d#e t! te red#-ti!" ! /!'#%e "d '!",er se' 'ie7 Besides9 s&r.

    dried &!+der +s st$'e "d -!#'d $e &r!d#-ed t '!+er -!st7

    S&r. dr.i", -!"sists ! te !''!+i", #"it !&erti!"s8

    1 Pre-!"-e"trti!" ! 'i*#id (!r %!re e-!"!%i- !&erti!"9 si"-e

    e/&!rti!" is e6&e"si/e)

    1 At!%i;ti!" (-reti!" ! dr!&'ets)

    2 Dr.i", i" stre% ! !t9 dr. ,s (#s#''. ir)

    3 Se&rti!" ! &!+der r!% %!ist ,s

    4 C!!'i",

    5 P-

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    $et+ee" s!%e %et's i"tr!d#-es #rter -!%&'e6it.7 Te -''e",e is t! i"-resete &!+der .ie'd9 i%&r!/e te &!+der *#'it. "d red#-e te &r!d#-ti!" -!st7Tis re*#ires $!t t!r!#, #"derst"di", ! te &r!-ess "d -!%&ree"si/e e6&eri%e"t' i"/esti,ti!" i" !rder t! ,#ide te desi," ! te ,st!%i;er "d t! deter%i"e !&ti%' setti",s ! -riti-' &r!-ess /ri$'es7

    Tere!re9 it is i%&!rt"t t! !&ti%i;e te dr.i", &r!-ess i" !rder t! !$ti"

    &r!d#-ts +it $etter &er!r%"-e i"-'#ded se"s!r. "d "#triti!"' -r-teristi-s

    "d $etter &r!-ess .ie'd7 I" dditi!" t! te &!+der &r!d#-ti!"9 te *#'it. ! !!d

    s&r. dr.er de&e"d te !&erti", /ri$'es7 St#d.i", te ee-t ! !&erti",

    &r%eters !" &!+der &.si-' &r!&erties e'& #s i" !$ti"i", te !&ti%#%

    !&erti", -!"diti!"s ! s&r. dr.er "d &!+der -r-teristi-s7

    ,&1 Pro#le$ State$ent

    Se/er' /rieties ! te r#its re ,r!+" !r e6&!rt "d !r '!-' -!"s#%&ti!"7

    S!%e ! te r#it is9 !+e/er9 +sted t te &r!d#-ti!" &!i"ts d#e t! "!"/i'$i'it.

    ! s#i-ie"t st!r,e9 tr"s&!rtti!" "d &r!-essi", -i'ities7 S!#rs!& #ti'i;ti!" s

    +e -" see +eter i" te &r!d#-er -!#"tr. !r !r e6&!rt t! &re%i#% %r

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    tese &r!d#-ts re e6tre%e'. &eris$'e "d -""!t $e %r

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    s!%e -rrier ,e"ts9 'i

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    ,&2 O#%eti3es of the Stud"

    Tere re -!"sider$'. s#$st"ti' %!#"t ! +!r

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    ,&5 (ationale and Signifiane

    Tis st#d. is t! !$ti" te $est &r!d#-t ! s!#rs!& tt s i,er /'#es i"

    %r

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    CHAPTE( 1

    L!TE(AT*(E (E/!EW

    1&, Soursop0Annona muricata

    1&,&, Na$e Histor"

    Te s!#rs!&9 Annona muricataL79 is !"e ! te e6!ti- r#its tt -" $e

    !#"d i" M'.si7 A-t#''. tere re $!#t ?1 !r %!re s&e-ies ! te ,e"#s

    Annona9 %i'. Annonaceae $#t te 'r,estr#ited9 "d te !"'. !"e 'e"di",

    itse' +e'' t! &reser/ti!" "d &r!-essi", is Annona Muricata.It is $r!d'e

    '!+eri", e/er,ree" tree "ti/e t! Me6i-!9 Ce"tr' A%eri-9 te Cri$$e" "d

    "!rter" S!#t A%eri-7 N!+d.s9 it is 's! ,r!+" i" s!%e res ! S!#test

    Asi7 T#s9 tere +i'' $e diere"t "%e !r s!#rs!& i" diere"t -!#"tr.7 I"

    M'.si it %. $e -''ed durian belanda, durian maki !r seri kaya belanda7 Te

    "%e %. /e !ri,i"''. -!%e r!% te D#t- V;##r;

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    i"di-te s!%eti", !rei," "d %de

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    J1

    d.s 'ter7 Te '/!#r /ries r!% &!!r ('i

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    J=

    1&,&4 Har3esting

    Te s!#rs!& te"ds t! '!+er "d r#it %!re !r 'ess -!"ti"#!#s'.9 $#t i"

    e/er. ,r!+i", re tere is &ri"-i&' ses!" ! ri&e"i",7 Te r#it is &i-

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    J0

    1&,&5 Nutrition and Medial *ses

    Ta#le 1&,. Nutrient 3alues and 6eights are for edi#le portion of Soursop0

    ra6

    /alu

    e

    Nutrient*nits

    per

    ,77

    gra

    $s

    Pro8i$ates

    ,&77 + , fruit 9:; 8 5