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Slide 2 Splash Screen Slide 3 Contents Chapter Introduction Section 1America and the World Section 2World War II Begins Section 3The Holocaust Section 4America Enters the War Chapter Summary Chapter Assessment Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides. Slide 4 Intro 1 Click the Speaker button to listen to the audio again. Slide 5 Intro 2 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Describe how postwar conditions contributed to the rise of antidemocratic governments in Europe. Explain why many Americans supported a policy of isolationism in the 1930s. Section 1: America and the World Slide 6 Intro 3 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Section 2: World War II Begins Explain why Hitler was able to take over Austria and Czechoslovakia. Describe the early events of the war and why Britain was able to resist the Nazis. Slide 7 Intro 4 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Section 3: The Holocaust Describe Nazi prejudices against Jews and early persecution of German Jews. Explain the methods Hitler used to try to exterminate Europes Jewish population. Slide 8 Intro 5 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Section 4: America Enters the War Explain how Roosevelt helped Britain while maintaining official neutrality. Trace the events that led to increasing tensions, and ultimately war, between the United States and Japan. Slide 9 Intro 6 Why It Matters After World War I, Europe was unstable. Fascists led by Benito Mussolini seized power in Italy, and Adolf Hitler and the Nazis took control of Germany. Meanwhile, Japan expanded its territory in Asia. As the Nazis gained power, they began a campaign of violence against Jews. When Germany attacked Poland, World War II began. The United States clung to neutrality until Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Slide 10 Intro 7 The Impact Today European events of this time serve as lessons for American leaders. The danger of ethnic and religious prejudice is more readily recognized than it was before. Many American leaders believe that international aggression cannot be ignored. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Slide 11 Intro 8 continued on next slide Slide 12 Intro 9 Slide 13 End of Intro Slide 14 Section 1-1 Guide to Reading In the years following World War I, aggressive and expansionist governments took power in both Europe and Asia. Benito Mussolini Main Idea Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Key Terms and Names fascism Vladimir Lenin Joseph Stalin Adolf Hitler Manchuria Neutrality Act of 1935 internationalism Slide 15 Section 1-2 Guide to Reading (cont.) Reading Strategy Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Taking Notes As you read about the events in Europe and Asia after World War I, use the major headings of the section to create an outline similar to the one on page 584 of your textbook. Describe how postwar conditions contributed to the rise of antidemocratic governments in Europe. Reading Objectives Explain why many Americans supported a policy of isolationism in the 1930s. Slide 16 Section 1-3 Guide to Reading (cont.) Section Theme Global Connections German and Japanese actions in the 1930s led President Roosevelt to work to prevent aggression. Slide 17 Section 1-4 Click the Speaker button to listen to the audio again. Slide 18 Section 1-5 The Rise of Dictators The treaty that ended World War I and the economic depression that followed contributed to the rise of dictatorships in Europe and Asia. (pages 584586) Italy developed the first major dictatorship in Europe. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Slide 19 Section 1-6 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. In 1919 Benito Mussolini founded Italys Fascist Party. Fascism was a kind of aggressive nationalism. Fascists believed that the nation was more important than the individual, and that a nation became great by expanding its territory and building its military. Facists were anti-Communist. Backed by the militia known as Blackshirts, Mussolini became the premier of Italy and set up a dictatorship. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 20 Section 1-7 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. In 1917 the Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, set up Communist governments throughout the Russian empire. The Russian territories were renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922. The Communists set up a one-party rule. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 21 Section 1-8 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. By 1926 Joseph Stalin had become the new Soviet dictator. In 1927 he began a massive effort to industrialize the country. Millions of peasants who resisted the Communist policies were killed. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 22 Section 1-9 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. After World War I, the political and economic chaos in Germany led to the rise of new political parties. The Nazi Party was nationalistic and anti-Communist. Adolf Hitler, a member of the Nazi Party, called for the unification of all Germans under one government. He believed certain Germans were part of a master race destined to rule the world. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 23 Section 1-10 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. He wanted Eastern Europeans enslaved. He felt Jews were responsible for many of the worlds problems. In 1933 Hitler was appointed prime minister of Germany. Storm troopers intimidated voters into giving Hitler dictatorial powers. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 24 Section 1-11 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Difficult economic times in Japan after World War I undermined the countrys political system. Many Japanese officers and civilians wanted to seize territory to gain needed resources. In 1931 the Japanese army, without the governments permission, invaded the resource-rich Chinese province of Manchuria. The military took control of Japan. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 25 Section 1-12 What dictatorships were established in Europe and Asia after World War I? Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 26 Section 1-12b Italy developed the first major dictatorship in Europe, with Benito Mussolini as its leader. In 1917 the Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, set up Communist governments throughout the Russian empire. The Russian territories were renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922. The Communists set up a one-party rule. By 1926 Joseph Stalin had become the new Soviet dictator. In 1933 Adolf Hitler was appointed prime minister of Germany. Storm troopers intimidated voters into giving Hitler dictatorial powers. In 1931 the Japanese army, without the governments permission, invaded the resource-rich Chinese province of Manchuria. The military took control of Japan. The Rise of Dictators (cont.) (pages 584586) Slide 27 Section 1-13 America Turns to Neutrality The rise of dictatorships in Europe and Asia after World War I, the refusal of European countries to repay war debts owed to the United States, and the Nye Committee findings that arms factories made huge profits caused Americans to support isolationism. (pages 587588) Slide 28 Section 1-14 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Many Americans wanted to avoid international commitments. Congress passed the Neutrality Act of 1935 making it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country at war. Congress passed the Neutrality Act of 1937, which continued the ban of selling arms to countries at war and required warring countries to buy nonmilitary supplies from the United States on a cash and carry basis. America Turns to Neutrality (cont.) (pages 587588) Slide 29 Section 1-15 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. President Franklin D. Roosevelt supported internationalism. Internationalists believe that trade between nations creates prosperity and helps to prevent war. America Turns to Neutrality (cont.) (pages 587588) Slide 30 Section 1-16 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Japan aligned itself with Germany and Italy, and these three countries became known as the Axis Powers. After Japan launched a full-scale attack on China in 1937, Roosevelt authorized the sale of weapons to China, saying that the Neutrality Act of 1937 did not apply, since neither China nor Japan had actually declared war. America Turns to Neutrality (cont.) (pages 587588) Slide 31 Section 1-17 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. What factors led many Americans to support isolationism after World War I? The rise of dictatorships in Europe and Asia after World War I caused Americans to support isolationism. Isolationist ideas increased when most debtor nations stopped paying their war debts during the Great Depression. The Nye Committee found evidence that arms factories made huge profits, creating the impression that these businesses influenced the United States to enter World War I. America Turns to Neutrality (cont.) (pages 587588) Slide 32 Section 1-18 Checking for Understanding __ 1.a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity __ 2.a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition A.fascism B.in

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