Spanish –er and –ir verbs

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Spanish er and ir verbs. Verbs in General. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Spanish er and ir verbs</p></li><li><p>Verbs in GeneralEnglish and Spanish both conjugate verbs. They can be organized as 1rst, 2nd, and 3rd person. If you need to, you may review the pronoun presentation on the main page. In English, we do not change the verb much according to the subject. In Spanish, the verb ending will often tell you who or what the subject is. Observe.</p></li><li><p>-er verb endingsoeseseemosen1rst person3rd person2nd personSingularPlural</p></li><li><p>-ir verb endingsoesseimosen1rst person3rd person2nd personSingularPlural</p></li><li><p>How they changeThis is a rule you can use for any regular er/ir verbs. To conjugate a regular ar verb, drop the er/ir and add the appropriate ending. The best way to see this is to demonstrate. Did you notice the only differences between er and ir verbs is in the nosotros and vosotros forms? We will use the verbs comer (to eat) and vivir (to live. Once you learn to conjugate one verb, you can conjugate any regular verb.</p></li><li><p>comer (to eat)yo comot comesl comeella comeUd. comenosotros comemosnosotras comemos(vosotros) comes(vosotras) comesellos comenellas comenUds. comen1rst person2nd person3rd personSingularPlural</p></li><li><p>What it means:When you say either Yo como or Como, you are saying I eat. You will note that como is only associated with the subject pronoun yo. Similarly, when you say T comes or Comes you are saying You eat. Notice that it is important to include the subject pronoun when you use 3rd person because the subject has different possibilities. Come can mean He eats, She eats, or You eat.</p></li><li><p>vivir (to live)Yo vivot vivesl viveella viveUd. viveellos* vivenellas** vivenUds. viven*mixed group or all guys**all girlsvosotros* vivsvosotras** vivsnosotros* vivimosnosotras** vivimos1rst person2nd person3rd personPluralSingular</p></li><li><p>Now it is time to learn.This is meant to be a review. If you have not studied it already, you may have difficulty.If you want to learn Spanish, you will need to learn the er and ir verb endings.You can often tell what the subject is by the verb. Therefore in Spanish, it is not always necessary to include the subject.Memorize these verb endings.</p></li></ul>

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