south africa colonisation
Post on 18-Jul-2015
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South Africa ColonizationDutch, british, apartheid, anything else?.
DUTCH COLONIZATIONIn 1652 Jan Van Riebeeck established a settlement on behalf of Dutch East India Company.The Dutch shipped slaves from Indonesia, Madagascar and India as labour for the colonists in Cape Town.They began a series of war, called de Cape Frontier Wars.
BRITISH COLONIZATION.Great Britain took over the Cape Town Area in 1795, to stop it from falling under control of the First French Republic, which had invaded Holland. They used Cape Town as an interim port for its merchants.
- British returned Cape Town to the Dutch in 1803, but soon afterwards the Dutch East India Company declared bankruptcy- The British annexed the Cape Colony in 1806
- During the 1830s, approximately 12,000 Boers departed from the Cape Colony, where they had been subjected to British control. They migrated to the future Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal regions. The Boers founded the Boer Republics: the South African Republic and the Orange Free State- The discovery of diamonds in 1867 and gold in 1884 in the interior encouraged economic growth and immigration.
ANGLO-BOER WARS (1880-81/ 1899-1902) .Guerrilla War. Concentration camps.After the peace treaty, the two republics were annexed into the British Empire.In 1910 South Africa became a member of the Commonwealth.
The Natives Land Act of 1913 severely restricted the ownership of land by blacks. In the Boer republics and subsequent south african governments, the system became legally institutionalised segregation.
The government established three classes of racial stratification: white, coloured and black, with rights and restrictions for each.In 1931 United Kingdom granted the independence as a member of the Commonwealth.In 1948 the National Party was elected to the power.On 31st May 1961 a whites-only referendum, the country became a Republic and left the Commonwealth.
SOUTH AFRICA AND DIAMONDS: DE BEERS.Cecil Rhodes founded the company after the diamond rush in 1871. Soon after he joined to Rothschild family. When Rhodes died in 1902, de Beers controled 90% of the world's diamonds production.
Where are the diamonds?, Kimberley Mine, Cullinan Diamond.
AND, WHY NOT???