sourcebook for land use, land-use change and forestry projects

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  • Sourcebook for Land uSe, Land-uSe change and foreStry ProjectS

    2005

    timothy Pearson, Sarah Walker and Sandra brown

    With input from Bernhard Schlamadinger (Joanneum Research), Igino Emmer (Face Foundation), Wolfram Kgi (BSS) and Ian Noble, Benoit Bosquet and Lasse Ringius (World Bank)

  • SouRcEBooK FoR LaNd uSE, LaNd-uSE

    chaNgE aNd FoREStRy PRoJEctS

    timothy Pearson, Sarah Walker and Sandra brown

    With input from Bernhard Schlamadinger, Igino Emmer, Wolfram Kgi, Ian Noble,

    Benoit Bosquet and Lasse Ringius

  • S o u r c e b o o k f o r L a n d u S e , L a n d - u S e c h a n g e a n d f o r e S t r y P r o j e c t S i i S o u r c e b o o k f o r L a n d u S e , L a n d - u S e c h a n g e a n d f o r e S t r y P r o j e c t Si

    1. PurPose and scoPe ......................................................................................................... 12. IntroductIon to the Kyoto Protocol and the clean develoPment

    mechanIsm Project cycle ........................................................................................... 2 2.1. TheCleanDevelopmentMechanism...................................................................................... 23. IntroductIon to the BIocarBon Fund and the BIocarBon Fund cycle ...... 34. concePts oF addItIonalIty, BaselIne, leaKage and Permanence .................... 4 4.1. Additionality........................................................................................................................ 4 4.2. Baseline............................................................................................................................... 4 4.3. Leakage............................................................................................................................... 5 4.4. Permanence......................................................................................................................... 55. sPecIFIc consIderatIons For the Kyoto Protocol .............................................. 6 5.1. CurrentlyAcceptableLULUCFProjects.................................................................................. 6 5.2. TheEligibilityofLands......................................................................................................... 6 5.2.1.31December1989Rule.............................................................................................. 6 5.2.2.DefinitionsofForest.................................................................................................... 6 5.2.3.TheEligibilityTool...................................................................................................... 6 5.3.AdditionalityTests.................................................................................................................. 7 5.4.ChoiceofBaseline................................................................................................................... 8 5.5.Crediting................................................................................................................................ 9 5.6.SubmissionofNewAfforesation/ReforestationMethodology..................................................... 106. develoPIng a measurement Plan ............................................................................... 11 6.1. TheConceptsofAccuracy,PrecisionandBeingConservative................................................... 11 6.2. DefinetheProjectBoundaries.............................................................................................. 12 6.3. StratifytheProjectArea....................................................................................................... 12 6.4. DecideWhichCarbonPoolstoMeasure............................................................................... 12 6.5. DetermineType,NumberandLocationofMeasurementPlots................................................ 13 6.5.1.TypeofPlots............................................................................................................. 13 6.4.2.NumberofPlots........................................................................................................ 15 6.5.3.LocationofPlots....................................................................................................... 18 6.6.DetermineMeasurementFrequency........................................................................................ 187. FIeld measurements ....................................................................................................... 19 7.1. PreparationforFieldwork.................................................................................................... 19 7.2. Trees,PalmsandLianas....................................................................................................... 20 7.2.1.Trees........................................................................................................................ 20 7.2.2.Palms....................................................................................................................... 21 7.2.3.Lianas...................................................................................................................... 21 7.3.Non-TreeVegetation.............................................................................................................. 21

    c o n t e n t S

  • 7.4.DeadWood.......................................................................................................................... 22 7.4.1.StandingDeadWood................................................................................................. 22 7.4.2.DownedDeadWood................................................................................................. 22 7.5.ForestFloor(LitterLayer)...................................................................................................... 22 7.6.Soil..................................................................................................................................... 238. analysIs .............................................................................................................................. 24 8.1. LiveTreeBiomass............................................................................................................... 24 8.2. BelowgroundTreeBiomass.................................................................................................. 27 8.3. Non-TreeVegetation........................................................................................................... 28 8.4. StandingDeadWood.......................................................................................................... 28 8.5. DownedDeadWood.......................................................................................................... 28 8.6. ForestFloor(LitterLayer).................................................................................................... 29 8.7. Soil................................................................................................................................... 29 8.9. EstimatingNetChange....................................................................................................... 30 8.9.1Uncertainty............................................................................................................... 309. non-co2 gases ................................................................................................................... 33 9.1 TransportandMachinery.................................................................................................... 33 9.2. Fertilisation........................................................................................................................ 33 9.3. Fire................................................................................................................................... 3310. QualIty assurance and QualIty control ............................................................ 34 10.1.QA/QCforFieldMeasurements.......................................................................................... 34 10.2.QA/QCforSamplePreparationandLaboratoryMeasurements............................................... 34 10.3.QA/QCforDataEntry....................................................................................................... 34 10.4.QA/QCforDataArchiving................................................................................................. 3511. guIdance on leaKage .................................................................................................. 3612. reFerences ...................................................................................................................... 38

    aPPendIX a: glossary....................................................................................................... 39aPPendIX B: creatIng BIomass regressIon eQuatIons ......................................... 40 Method1:DevelopingBiomassEquations..................................................................................... 40 MethodII:MeanTreeBiomassEstimate........................................................................................ 40aPPendIX c: PuBlIshed BIomass regressIon eQuatIons.........................................41 TemperateEquations:................................................................................................................... 41 TropicalEquations:...................................................................................................................... 43 AgroforestryEquations................................................................................................................. 44aPPendIX d: checKlIst For cdm aFForestatIon/reForestatIon Projects ..... 46

    S o u r c e b o o k f o r L a n d u S e , L a n

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