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  • INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY

    ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY DIVISIONCOMMISSION ON SOLUBILITY DATA

    SOLUBILITY DATA SERIES

    Volume 45/46

    GASES IN MOLTEN SALTS

  • SOLUBILITY DATA SERIES

    Editor-in-ChiefJ. W. LORIMER

    The University of Western OntarioLondon, Ontario, Canada

    H. L. Clever (USA)Sub-editor

    Gas/Liquid Systems

    C. L. Young (Australia)Sub-editor

    Indexes

    EDITORIAL BOARD

    P. G. T. Fogg (UK)

    M. Gaune-Escard (France)

    F. W. Getzen (USA)

    L. H. Gevantman (USA)

    G. T. Hefter (Australia)

    M. Salomon (USA)

    Managing Editor

    P. D. GUJRAL

    IUPAC Secretariat, Oxford, UK

    INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRYIUPAC Secretariat: Bank Court Chambers, 2-3 Pound Way,

    Templars Square, Cowley, Oxford OX4 3YF, UK

    NOTICE TO READERS

    Dear ReaderIf your library is not already a standing-order customer or subscriber to the Solubility Data Series,may we recommend that you place a standing order or subscription order to receive immediatelyupon publication all new volumes published in this valuable series. Should you find that thesevolumes no longer serve your needs, your order can be cancelled at any time without notice.

    Robert MaxwellPublisher at Pergamon Press

    A complete list of volumes published in the Solubility Data Series will be found on p. 555.

  • SOLUBILITY DATA SERIES

    Volume 45/46

    GASES IN MOLTEN SALTS

    Volume Editors

    REGINALD P. T. TOMKINSNew Jersey Institute of Technology

    Newark, New Jersey, USA

    N. P. BANSALNASA

    Cleveland, USA

    Contributors

    NAROTTAM P. BANSALNational Aeronautics and Space

    AdministrationLewis Research Center, Cleveland

    Ohio, USA

    M. SHINMEIMIE University

    Kahihama, Japan

    R. P. T. TOMKINSNew Jersey Institute of Technology

    Newark, New Jersey, USA

    PERGAMON PRESS

    Member of Maxwell Macmillan Pergamon Publishing CorporationOXFORD . NEW YORK . BEIJING . FRANKFURT

    SEOUL . SYDNEY . TOKYO

  • U.K.

    U.S.A.

    PEOPLE'S REPUBLICOF CHINA

    GERMANY

    KOREA

    AUSTRALIA

    JAPAN

    Pergamon Press pic, Headington Hill Hall,Oxford OX3 OBW, England

    Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park,Elmsford, New York 10523, U.S.A.

    Maxwell Pergamon China, Beijing Exhibition Centre,Xizhimenwai OaJie, Beijing 100044, People's Republicof China

    Pergamon Press GmbH, Hammerweg 6,0-6242 Kronberg, Germany

    Pergamon Press Korea, KPO Box 315, Seoul 110-603,Korea

    Maxwell Macmillan Pergamon Publishing Australia PtyLtd., Lakes Business Park, 2 Lord Street, Botany, N.S.W.2019, Australia

    Pergamon Press, 8th Floor, Matsuoka Central Building,1-7-1 Nlshi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160, Japan

    Copyright 1991 International Union of Pure and AppliedChemistry

    All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may bereproduced, stored m a retrieval system or transmitted in anyform or by any means: electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape,mechanical, photocopymg, recording or otherwise, WIthoutpermission in writing from the copyright holders.

    First edition 1991

    The Library of Congress has catalogued this serialtitle as follows:

    Solubility data series.-Vol. 1-0xford; New York:Pergamon, c 1979-v.; 28 em.Separately catalogued and classified in LC before no. 18.ISSN 0191-5622 = Solubility data series.1. Solubility-Tables-Collected works.00543.S6629 541.3'42'05-dc19 85-641351AACR 2 MARC-S

    British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

    Gases In molten salts. - (Solubility data series,ISSN 0191-5622; v 45/46)I. TomkinS, R.P.T. (Reginald Percy Thomas!. 1938-II. Bansal, Narottam P. III. Series 546.34

    0080307353

    Printed in Great Britain by BPCC Wheatons Ltd., Exeter.

  • CONTENTS

    ForewordPrefaceIntroduction to the Solubility of Gases in Molten SaltsAcknowledgements

    ixxixiixvii

    1. He 1Single component nitrates 1Single component fluorides 7Binary nitrates 8Binary fluorides 9Ternary f1uondes 14

    2. Ne 16Binary fluorides 16Ternary fluorides 18

    3. Ar 19Single component nitrates 19Single component chlorides 36Single component bromides 43Single component iodides 44Binary nitra tes 45Binary fluorides 46Binary oxides 49Ternary fluorides 53

    4. Xe 54Binary fluorides 54Ternary fluorides 57

    5. H2 58Single component hydroxides 58Single component fluorides 60Binary fluorides 61Binary nitrates 62Binary hydroxides 63Binary carbonates 64Binary acetates 65Ternary carbonates 67

    ~ 6. D2 68Single component fluorides 68

    '"72 69

    ~Single component nitrates 69Single component carbonates 72

    -{ Single component sulfates 74Binary nitrates 75Binary carbonates 77Binary oxides 84Mixed carbonate chloride systems 88

    ~Binary sulfates 89Ternary carbonates 90Ternary oxides 94

    ~

    v

  • 8. N2 95

    Single component nitrates 95

    Single component chlorides 107

    Binary nitrates 108

    Ternary carbonates 110

    9. F2 111Binary chlorides 111

    10. Cl2 114

    Single component chlorides 114

    Binary chlorides 145

    Ternary chlorides 175Multi. component chlorides 177

    11. Br2 179Single component bromides 179

    Binary bromides 185

    12. 12 186

    Single component iodides 186

    Binary nitrates 188

    Binary chlorides 189

    Binary iodides 190

    13. CO 191Single component chlorides 191Single component carbonates 195

    Binary nitrates 196

    Binary chlorides 198Binary carbonates 200

    Ternary carbonates 203

    14. CO2 205Single component nitrates 205Single component chlorides 220Single component fluorides 246Single component bromides 248Single component iodide 252Single component carbonates 255Binary nitrates 256Binary fluorides 261Binary chlorides 262Mixed - oxide chloride systems 266Mixed - oxide fluoride systems 270Ternary carbonates 273Oxide - binary fluoride 275

    15. N02 276Binary nitrates 276

    16. S02 277Single component sulfates 277

    17. HF 279Single component fluorides 279Binary fluorides 280Multi - component fluorides 290

    18. DF 291Binary fluorides 291

    vi

  • 19. HCl 293Single component fluorides 293Single component bromides 324Binary chlorides 325ternary chlondes 337

    20. HN03 340Binary nitrates 340

    21. H2O 341Single component nitrates 341Single component nitrites 352Single component chlorides 353Single component bromides 358Single component perchlorates 362Single component hydroxides 363Binary nitrates 366Nitrate nitrite systems 384

    Binary chlorides 386Nitrate chloride systems 387Binary hydroxides 388Nitrate Dichromate systems 389Binary acetates 390Ternary nitrates 391Nitrate two component nitrites 400Two component nitrate chloride systems 402

    22. D20 403Binary nitrates 403

    23. H2S 404Binary nitrates 404

    24. NH3 405Single component nitrates 405Binary nitrates 411Binary perchlorates 416Ternary nitrates 417

    25. SiCI4 418Single component chlorides 418Binary chlorides 420

    26. TiCI4 421Single component chlorides 421Binary chlorides 435

    27. VOCl3 442Single component chlorides 442Binary chlorides 444

    28. CH4 445Binary nitrates 445

    29. CHCI3. (CH3>2 CO 446Binary nitrates 446

    30. BF3 448Multi component fluorides 448

    vii

  • 31. Molten Slag SystemsWater binary oxidesWater ternary oxidesWater four componentNitrogen ternary oxidesNitrogen four component oxides

    System IndexRegistry Number IndexAuthor IndexSolubility Data Series: Published and Forthcoming Volumes

    viii

    449449474522524537

    538547550555

  • FOREWORD

    If the knowledge IS

    undigested or sImply wrong.

    more IS not beller.

    The Solubility Data Series is a project of Commission V.S (Solubility Data) of the International Union ofPure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). The project had its origins in 1973, when the analytical Chemistry Divisionof IUPAC set up a Subcommission on Solubility Data under the chairmanship of the late Prof. A.S. Kertes. Whenpublication of the Solubility Data Series began in 1979, the Committee became a full commission of IUPAC, agamunder the chairmanship of Prof. Kertes, who also became Edllor-In-Chlef of the Series. The Series has as Itsgoal the preparation of a comprehensive and critical compilation of data on solubilities in all physical systems,including gases, liquids and solids.

    The motivation for the Series arose from the realization that, while solubility data are of importance in awide range of fields in science and technology, the existing data had not been summarized in a form that was atthe same time comprehensive and complete. Existing compilations of solubility data indeed existed, but theycontained many errors, were in general uncritical, and were seriously out-of-date.

    It was also realized that a new series of compilations of data gave educational opportunities, in that carefulcompilations of existing data could be used to demonstrate what constitutes data of high and lasting quality. Aswell, if the data were summarized in a sufficiently complete form, any individual could prepare his or her ownevaluation, independently of the published evaluation. Thus, a special format was established for each volume,consisting of individual data sheets for each separate publication, and critical evaluations for each separate system,provided sufficient data from different sources were available for comparison. The compilations and, especially,the evaluations were to be prepared by active scientists who were either involved in producing new data, or wereinterested in using data of high quality. With minor modifications in format, this strategy has continued throughoutthe Series.

    In the standard arrangement of each volume, the Critic

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