Solid Waste Materials Management Israel Solid Waste Revolution Naama Ashur Ben Ari – Director, Solid Waste Division November 2012

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Solid Waste Materials Management Israel Solid Waste Revolution Naama Ashur Ben Ari Director, Solid Waste Division November 2012 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Content Progress made in implementing OECD legal instruments which Israel had requested timeframes for implementation. Results obtained and challenges in implementing the instruments on waste. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> 4.8 million tons Quantity of municipal solid waste generated in Israel per year 2 million tons Quantity of biodegradable solid waste 1.9 kilograms Quantity of solid waste per person per day Increase of 3% (estimation) in the annual quantity of solid waste Facts about municipal solid waste - Israel 2012 </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> % waste recycling 16%, 0.8 million ton per year % organic waste recycling- 12%, 0.22 million ton per year % paper &amp; cardboard recycling- 34%, 0.42 million ton per year % plastic recycling- 6%, 0.06 million ton per year Metal recycling- 250,000 ton per year 1.031 billion NIS= 200 million incentives for separation at source, recycling centers, waste to energy etc. 2 new laws based on the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) - Packaging Law and Electronic Waste &amp; Batteries Law (WEEE). The Tires Law is currently being amended. Facts about municipal solid waste - Israel 2012 </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> International ranking Kilograms per capita per year EU27 OECD Israel USA Source: OECD 2010 </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Adequate regulatory and enforcement infrastructure- all waste treatment facilities hold a business license and comply with the clean air act &amp; hazardous material permit. Monitoring &amp; control- obligatory Quarterly reports concerning waste treatment, safety/health requirements (Ministry of Trade &amp; Labor), laboratory monitoring, public information exchange law, ISO/standards. Main recycling plants are required to operate according to BAT. Round Table the Israeli Waste Forum includes stakeholders from government, municipalities, industry, academia, entrepreneurs, waste consultants etc. Land planning Policy- minimal distance requirements. Risk Management &amp; Prevention- MoEP. In 2012 the Knesset approved the PRTR Law. Reporting requirements will apply to about 500 facilities throughout Israel, including waste treatment plants and landfills. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Measures taken: MoEP has granted 150 million NIS (30 Million) for building or upgrading of Sorting &amp; Transfer Stations (MRF)- BAT. ListList MoEP has granted 190 million NIS (40 Million) for building A&amp;D and compost plants- BAT. In 2011 MoEP published new Business License conditions for waste transfer stations. More than 50% have received the new conditions. Professional standards and guidelines for rehabilitating existing landfills Recommendation of the Council on the environmentally sound management of waste [C(2004)100 amended by C(2007)97] </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Measures taken: 2008-2010- MoEP allocated 181 million NIS (36 Million) for separation at source including recycling centers and bins for paper. Regulations for the separation at source of paper and cardboard a draft was disseminated for comments by government ministries. Major increase in recycling of paper and cardboard. FigureFigure 2010 - a new recycling plant was established, with a capacity to treat 0.365 million ton per year out of 1.2 million ton per year of paper and cardboard. 2009 - Green government decision including targets for reduction in paper consumption and increasing the usage of products from recycled paper. According to the 2011 report 12 of 21 ministries reached the paper reduction targets; 7 reached the target of use of recycled paper. As a result the General Accountant published a tender for central government purchase of recycled paper. Recommendation of the Council on waste paper recovery [C(79)218] </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Recommendation of the Council on comprehensive waste management policy [c(76)155] Materials management integrated treatment of solid waste: reduction at source, re-use, recycling, recovery for energy and Landfilling. New Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) legislation: Beverage Containers Deposit Law (amended 2010) Packaging Law (2011) Electronic Waste &amp; Batteries Law (2012) Tires Law (2007, being amended) Polluter Pays Principle- Landfill Levy payments collected in dedicated Fund. In the last 4 Years the fund granted more than 200 million for recycling. DetailsDetails Separation at source- Targets for 2015: 450,000 households (1.5 million citizens) separating organic waste. Recycling of 350,000 tons of organic waste per year. Current situation: Citizens: Households: </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Recommendation of the Council on comprehensive waste management policy [c(76)155] Regulations for the separation of biodegradable solid waste- a draft was disseminated for comments by government ministries. MoEP green lifestyle campaign including consumption reduction. wwwwww Recycling &amp; Reuse Targets - The waste laws determine targets for recycling and recovery of waste. Market development The MoEP drafted a government decision that will obligate use of glass &amp; tires in construction. Removal of statutory barriers - listlist Support for anaerobic digestion plants of approximately 22 MW. Feed In Tariff for biogas from anaerobic digestion= 0.64 NIS for Kwh (0.13 EUR). PPP (private-public partnership) - Regional anaerobic digestion facility for 1,000 tons/day (10-12 MW) planned for 2016. Submissions to PQ until 29/01/2013. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Decision of the Council concerning the Control of Transboundary Movements of Wastes Destined for Recovery Operations [C(2001)107] Decision of the Council on Transfrontier Movements of Hazardous Wastes [C(88)90] Decision-Recommendation of the Council on the reduction of transfrontier movements of wastes [C(90)178] Decision-Recommendation of the Council on exports of hazardous wastes from the OECD area [C(86)64] Decision-Recommendation of the Council on transfrontier movement of hazardous waste [C(83)180] Transboundary Movements of waste </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Non Hazardous (Green) wastes Measures taken: Israel amended (October 2012) the Free Import and Export Orders according to the OECD Decision C(2001)107. Green wastes have been excluded from the Free Import Order. Green wastes listed in the Free Export Order will be subject to licensing only in cases of export to non-OECD countries. A written Procedure for the transboundary movement of non-hazardous waste, explicitly exempts transboundary movement of such wastes for recovery within the OECD area from any licensing process. The procedure will be published on the websites of the MoEP and the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor (MoITAL). As a result, transboundary movements of green list wastes for recovery within the OECD area are subject only to the controls usually applied in commercial transactions and do not require a license. Transboundary Movements of waste </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Challenges Low landfill levy 60 NIS ( 12 EUR) and low tipping fee 50-70 NIS ( 10-14)- makes the recycling and recovery less cost efficient. Enforcement Public awareness and education. Local governance structure- in Israel most of the municipalities are not organized in municipal waste associations. This leads to difficulties regarding contracts and market development due to lack of economy of scale advantages and large number of stakeholders. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Thank you! </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Packaging Law In 2011 the Knesset approved the Packaging Law based on the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility. From 2020, the landfilling of packaging waste will be prohibited The law establishes obligatory targets for recycling. According to our estimates the target for 2012 will be achieved. Back General TargetWoodPlasticMetalGlass and paper &amp;cupboardYear 401522.530402012 501522.540502013 551522.545552014 601522.560 2015 Onwards </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Based on the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility. The law sets standards for collection and treatment in sorting &amp; recycling facilities. The law encourages the employment of disabled persons. From 2021, the landfilling of EE &amp; Batteries waste will be prohibited. Recycling targets: Back The Law for Treatment of Electronic Equipment &amp; Batteries Back </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> The Tires Law 50,000 used tires are added every year. Based on the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility. 85% recycling target. From 2013 the landfilling of tires waste will be prohibited. The amendment includes: New definitions of: recycling, re-use and recovery. New target for each treatment Back </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> ApplicantDaily treated quantity of solid waste Amount of support Eilat150 tonsNIS 6,000,000 Jerusalem1,236 tonsNIS 17,601,750 Northern District500 tonsNIS 5,059,350 Ashkelon1,035 tonsNIS 13,263,750 Central district200 tonsNIS 3,600,000 Northern District1,000 tonsNIS 20,250,000 Hadera500 tonsNIS 17,054,483 Afula385 tonsNIS 10,689,750 Southern district1,265 tonsNIS 29,533,000 Ashdod500 tonsNIS 16,081,308 Acre260 tonsNIS 10,400,000 Total7,031 tonsNIS 149,533,391 Sorting transfer stations approved within the Tender framework Back </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Incentives The MoEP granted more than 200 million 2008-2009 Separation at source - recycling centers and bins for paper, cardboard, plastic. Preparation of master plan for two waste streams. 2010+2012 100 Million for 40 local authorities that voluntarily separate organic waste, Breakdown of types of support to the selected authorities Breakdown of types of support to the selected authorities 2011 150 million NIS for MRF. 2011+2012 190 million NIS for construction and upgrading of facilities for the production of green electricity &amp; compost back back </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Breakdown of types of support to the selected authorities Total support: NIS 342,370,399 (68 Million) back </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Back Progress in paper &amp; cardboard recycling </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Removal of statutory barriers Updating the National Outline Plan for waste: Shortening the planning processes necessary for the grant of permits for waste treatment facilities in industrial areas. Establishment of waste regional subcommittees Obligation to present solutions to waste treatment in local plans and in plans for significant expansion Back </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Construction and Demolition Waste 3.7 million tons of C&amp;D waste (not including 4 million ton of dust waste) % recycled waste (screening and crushing)- 72%. Target for 2016- 85% % usage of recycled waste- 5%, target for 2016- 20%. Amendment of the Maintenance of Cleanliness Law (1984)- will obligate the municipalities to collect the waste and transfer it for recycling. The municipalities can utilize a specific tax to be paid by the waste producer. Draft bill was disseminated for comments by government ministries. Increasing the usage of recycling C&amp;D waste The MoEP drafted a government decision that will obligate reuse of at least 20% in construction projects. 20 Million NIS (4 Million) incentives to support rehabilitation of C&amp;D waste nuisances. Back </li> </ul>

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