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  • Solid Waste Management Master Plan

    2018 – 2038

  • 1 | P a g e Approved by the Ramsey County Board of Commissioners October 10, 2017

    RAMSEY COUNTY SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT MASTER PLAN | 2018 - 2038

    CONTENTS Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 2

    Ramsey County Policies and Strategies ...................................................................................................... 11

    Chapter 1: Overarching Policies ............................................................................................................. 11

    Chapter 2: Governance .......................................................................................................................... 14

    Chapter 3: Community Engagement (Waste-Related) .......................................................................... 16

    Chapter 4: Health and Environmental Risk Reduction ........................................................................... 20

    Chapter 5: Waste Reduction, Reuse and Conservation ......................................................................... 23

    Chapter 6: Recycling and Organics (Including Yard Waste) ................................................................... 26

    A. Residential Recycling and Organics................................................................................................ 26

    B. Non-Residential Recycling and Organics ........................................................................................ 33

    C. Internal County Recycling and Organics ........................................................................................ 37

    Chapter 7: Processing ............................................................................................................................ 38

    A. Emerging Technologies .................................................................................................................. 40

    Chapter 8: Regulation ............................................................................................................................ 41

    Chapter 9: Land Disposal........................................................................................................................ 43

    Chapter 10: Construction, Demolition and Industrial Waste Management .......................................... 45

    Chapter 11: Performance Measurement ............................................................................................... 47

    Chapter 12: Cost and Finance ................................................................................................................ 49

    Chapter 13: Emergency Debris Management ........................................................................................ 51

    Appendix I: Solid Waste Management System Description ....................................................................... 53

    Appendix II: Ordinances ............................................................................................................................. 76

    Appendix III: Acronyms .............................................................................................................................. 85

    Appendix IV: Definitions............................................................................................................................. 86

    Appendix V: Master Plan Background, History and Development ............................................................ 95

    Appendix VI: County Oversight of the Private Sector/Waste Industry ...................................................... 97

    Appendix VII: Ramsey and Washington Counties Joint Waste Designation Plan ...................................... 99

    Appendix VIII: Amendment to the 2011-2030 Solid Waste Management Master Plan ............................ 99

  • 2 | P a g e

    RAMSEY COUNTY SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT MASTER PLAN | 2018 - 2038

    INTRODUCTION The Ramsey County Solid Waste Management Master Plan (Master Plan) is a policy-based community “blueprint” for the solid waste system that supports healthy people, a healthy economy and a healthy environment. Per Minnesota statute, county master plans and revisions to the plans are to be submitted to the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) for approval in response to the MPCA’s Solid Waste Management Policy Plan (Policy Plan) direction.

    Ramsey County’s policies for the solid waste system should not be viewed only through the narrow lens of the MPCA’s Policy Plan but are designed to align with the Ramsey County Board’s goals of wellbeing, prosperity, opportunity and accountability, and its vision for a vibrant community where all are valued and thrive. Additionally, solid waste planning for Ramsey County is embedded within the Saint Paul – Ramsey County Public Health Department and also aligns with the department’s values that focus on prevention, building relationships and health in all policies. Finally, Ramsey and Washington Counties are committed to working together through the Ramsey/Washington Recycling & Energy Board, which has led the view of waste as a resource, and the master plans together frame the future for waste and resource management within the two counties.

    These lenses, or viewpoints, have led Ramsey County to be a national leader in solid waste planning and program development. The strategies and policies identified in this Master Plan are designed to prevent waste, reduce risk to human health and the environment, and meet the specific needs of Ramsey County’s residents and businesses.

    Ramsey County is geographically the smallest yet most densely populated county in Minnesota. Although Minnesota is one of the top states for positive health outcomes, several communities within Ramsey County face glaring disparities in health outcomes. The focus of Ramsey County’s public health work, including this plan, is to address inequity in social determinants of health as a means to improve the health and wellbeing of all people in Ramsey County.

    Ramsey County is the most racially and ethnically diverse county in the state. The city of Saint Paul, the largest city in the county, is home to a very diverse set of residents, with 126 languages and dialects spoken in Saint Paul Public Schools; the most frequently spoken languages other than English are Hmong, Somali and Spanish. More specifically, African Americans make up 11% of the population in Ramsey County and 15.5% of Saint Paul’s population. 23% of Saint Paul residents live in poverty and in 2015, 12.7% of the population in Ramsey County were food insecure.

    Because this plan is viewed through these lenses, the strategies within it:

     Incorporate values identified and ideas from residents, businesses and local leaders;  Leverage the collaborative power of partnerships; and  Directly integrate health, racial and economic equity into all areas of solid waste programming.

  • 3 | P a g e

    RAMSEY COUNTY SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT MASTER PLAN | 2018 - 2038

    The Policy Plan is neither law nor rule, but is established in Minnesota Statute to guide solid waste system development. Within the Policy Plan are a number of requirements that master plans must meet. Some key themes that underlie all elements of the Policy Plan include:

     Accountability. All generators (a person or entity that produces waste) must hold themselves accountable. This includes, but is not limited to: state and local governments, private waste and recycling businesses, citizens, manufacturers of products, retailers and other businesses, and environmental groups.

     Solid waste management hierarchy. The solid waste management hierarchy, with its associated goals of protecting the state’s air, land, water, other natural resources and the public health, is central to attain the twin objectives of sustainability and solid waste management. Both Minnesota and Ramsey County’s solid waste management objectives emphasize the upper end of the hierarchy by promoting waste reduction, utilization of the reuse/rental/repair industries, recycling, recovering organic material and resource recovery to minimize land disposal.

     Product stewardship. Product stewardship means all parties involved in designing, manufacturing, selling and using a product take responsibility for environmental impacts at every stage of that product’s life. In particular, product stewardship requires manufacturers to share in the financial and physical responsibility for collecting and recycling products at the end of their useful lives.

    Figure 1. Environmental justice, waste as a resource and risk reduction are three important lenses of this Master Plan. Look for these icons throughout the Master Plan to see highlighted program areas featuring these concepts.

    Figure 2. The solid waste management hierarchy ranks waste management methods from most to least preferred.

  • 4 | P a g e

    RAMSEY COUNTY SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT MASTER PLAN | 2018 - 2038

     Waste-to-energy. It is important to support new and emerging technologies that are able to produce energy and/or recover fuels from waste. Waste can be considered a resource, saving money and energy and reducing pollution.

     Government as a leader. Government, in all its functions, generate

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