soft furnishings - interior decoration

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  • SOFT FURNISHINGSCURTAINS, LOOSE COVERS, CUSHIONS, BEDSPREAD,

    Dr. Bhavya Khamesra

  • Soft furnishings include curtains, loose covers,

    cushions, bedspreads and quilts.(not carpets).

    -They have colour, pattern and texture and add to

    the interior decoration of the room.

    - They give protection, warmth, and comfort

    Fabric/ material used are of prime importance.

    Natural fabrics like cotton, silk, velvet, wool are

    used. Nowadays synthetic materials like terelyne,

    acrylic, rayon are also used.

  • CURTAINS

    Functions of curtains are:

    Give privacy

    Darken the room

    Bring character by colour, pattern and texture

    Reduce heat loss

    Reduce noise levels inside the room

  • The life expectancy of the fabric depends on the exposure to sunlight and degree of soiling , these causes fading and rotting of fabric and colours.

    Curtains have high fire risk due to combustible material. A fire retardant finish should be given

    Curtains should hold shape properly and drape well. They can be suspended from a horizontal rod or a transverse track made of metal, wood or plastic.

    The width of curtains should be 1.5 times that of width of window. The curtains may extend to both sides of window.

  • They may be of height of window, from window top

    to floor, from ceiling to floor. These all have different

    effects on the look of the room.

    They are fixed to rod by hooks or rings.

    The base of curtains should remain at least 1.5- 2

    cm above the floor so that do not get dirty.

    Different pattern on fabrics are used to give

    different effects.

  • Good curtains are usually lined. Lining means heavy curtains have a light curtain attached to it. Heavy curtains face the room side. Sheer/ light curtains face the window side/ sunlight. Light curtains are of light colours (white/ cream/ baize) as light colours do not fade

    During day time only sheer / light curtains are drawn. During night for privacy heavy curtains should be drawn.

    For public areas, lobby, restaurant rich, colourful, expensive and heavy curtains are used. For room light colours, less expensive material can be used. For bathroom curtains made of plastic / glass are used.

  • NON DRAWING CURTAINS

    These cannot be drawn like fabric curtains. These are

    of following types:

    Roller blinds roman blinds

    venetian blinds

    Shades bamboo shades

    wooden shutters

    Screen fabric on wooden frame

  • PELMET, VALENCE, SWAG

    Palmet: they are rigid, made of wood, hard board.

    May be painted or polished. They are used to hide

    the rod. Now a days pelmets are not used.

    Valence: a valance is made of frilled or pleated

    material and hangs from a valance rail.

    Swag: it is a draped finish to hide the curtain

    heading and is frequently completed with a tail.

  • NET CURTAINS

    They are sheer or light curtains. It softens or

    diffuses the light coming in the room.

    There should be sufficient weight at the bottom for

    proper drape. They are 2 to 3 times the width of

    window.

    White/ pale: patterned / plain material of cotton /

    manmade fabric are used to make net curtains.

  • NET CURTAINS

  • CARE AND CLEANING OF CURTAINS

    Keep rod and track free from dust with help of

    broom / vacuum cleaner.

    Shake the curtains often. Use vacuum cleaner to

    suck the dust.

    Reverse the position of curtains frequently.

    Have lined curtains dry cleaned. Have unlined

    curtains laundered.

    Solvent spray extraction machines may be used.

  • LOOSE COVERS

    Loose covers are detachable / removable covers

    fitted over upholstered chairs, stools, and sofa.

    They give a clean fresh look to the room but needs

    maintenance.

    They are used to protect the original fixed

    upholstery.

    They are tailored or fixed under chair. They are

    fastened by hooks and eyes, zip, touch and loose

    fasteners.

  • Closely woven fabric is preferred for loose covers

    as it does not allow dust to filter through. The

    material should not crease easily.

    They are available in a variety of patterns and

    texture.

    They can be laundered or dry-cleaned.

    Antimascarrars: they are used to protect

    upholstered furniture and shield the arms and back

    of sofa.

  • CARE AND CLEANING OF LOOSE COVERS:

    Shake and tidy frequently,

    brush or suction regularly

    Attend to repairs

    have laundered or dry-cleaned as required

  • CUSHIONS

    They are used to increase the comfort of chair or

    sofa. They come in various shapes, size, and are

    filled with down, kapok, foam, plastic, cotton. The

    shapes can be rectangle, square, cylinder.

  • BLANKETS

    Blankets provide warmth in bed. Often white/ pale/

    light coloured blankets are used.

    Top/ edges/ border are often binded. They have

    good insulation, ease of cleaning, and non

    inflammable. They are made of wool, synthetic

    material or mixtures or cotton.

    Cotton blankets are used in hospitals.

    Take precaution against moths and rodents. Repair

    ends immediately.

  • woolen

    Are attacked by moth

    Are warm /

    inflammable

    Have to be dry-cleaned

    Synthetic-acrylic/

    nylon

    Are warm light in

    weight

    Have low moisture

    absorbency

    Can be laundered/

    washed

  • QUILTS

    They are light bed coverings but expensive .They

    are placed under bedspread.

    DUVET

    They are used extensively. They have replaced

    blankets. They are generally filled with synthetic

    fibers or polyester fibers.

  • BEDSPREAD

    They are used to cover bed during day. They are

    removed during night/ evening service, folded

    and put away. Their colour and pattern must suit the

    dcor of the room and match / contrast the

    colour of curtain and carpet

    They may be fitted on bed or it can be of throw over

    type. They may have frills/ pleats to within

    an inch of the floor. Materials like satin, velvet,

    tapestry, candlewick are used to make

    bedspreads.

  • RUNNER