Social innovation social enterprise nyssens

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<ul><li> 1. 3rd EMES International Research Conference onSocial Enterprise (Roskilde, 4-7 July 2011) !What does the debate on social innovation add to the debate on social enterprise ? The issue of governanceMarthe NYSSENS (UCLouvain)Romo SHARRA (UCLouvain)</li></ul> <p> 2. OVERVIEW1. Three major conceptions of SE!" #$%&amp;()&amp;**$+,&amp;$*)-))./$%0--)*1)*)$2,%$30)3. What is at stake ? 3. 1. Three major conceptions of SE(Defourny, Nyssens, 2010)!The Earned Income school of thoughtThe Social Innovation school of thoughtThe EMES approach 4. The "Earned Income school of thought!1. Early version: the Commercial Non-Profit approach It focuses on earned-income strategies for NPOs Social enterprise: any earned-income business or strategy undertaken by a nonprofit to generate revenue in support of its social mission 2. Later version: the Mission-driven business approach Social enterprise: any business that trade for a social purpose 5. The Social Innovation school of thoughtIn line with Ashokas promotion of social entrepreneurs, socialinnovation processes are characterized by: Systemic nature of innovation Emphasis on outcomes rather than on incomes 6. In the public and the academic debate, both schools seemto converge to identify social entrepreneurship dynamics social innovation earned income and business methods Any kind of legal forms: for-profit, nonprofit, public body Social impact enlarged to blended value creation 7. !The EMES approach An "ideal-type" social enterprise dened by! An economic project! A continuous production with some paid work! An economic risk! Primacy of social aim ! Limited prot distribution! A participatory governance! A high degree of autonomy! Stakeholders involvement ! A decision-making power not based on capital ownership! 8. This governance pillar appears as a specicity of the EMES approach! The EMES insistence on specic governance structures rather than on the mission driven behavior of the social entrepreneur: ! reects the quest for more economic democracy ! a "signal" allowing public bodies to support social enterprises in various ways! 9. 2. Social innovation"social innovations are social both in their ends and in their means" !Bureau of European Policy Advisers (2010), socialinnovation as part of the Europe 2020 strategy! 10. Social Innovation as an outcome! Innovative activities (products, services, models) ! With an explicit aim to solve a social problem! Primacy of social aim! Innovative activities and services that are motivated by the goal of meeting a social need and that are developed and diffused through organizations whose primary purposes are social (Mulgan, 2007)A novel solution to a social problem that is more effective, efficient, sustainable, or just than existing solutions and for which the value created accrues primarily to society as a whole rather than private individuals (Phills, 2008) 11. Social Innovation as a process ! Complex network of partnerships between various stakeholders blurring the traditional boundaries between sectors!In most cases the success of the innovation will rest on theparticipation and involvement of a wide variety ofinterests the users and beneficiaries of the innovationas well as the producers and suppliers Murray et al.(2010)! 12. Participatory and empowering processes with a specic place for beneciaries!Some of the most effective methods for cultivating socialinnovation start from the presumption that people arecompetent interpreters of their own lives and competentsolvers of their own problems Mulgan (2007) Users seem to play a crucial role, by becoming involvedand empowering themselves Alvord et al., (2003).! Local development perspective!"innovation in the social relations between individualsand groups in neighborhoods and the wider territoriesembedding them Moulaert et al. 2005 13. 3. What is at stake ? Social value as an outcome : at the core of anydenition in the eld of social entrepreneurship andsocial innovation! Specicity of governance structure, absent fromtwo (dominant) schools of social entrepreneurship,is at the core of the analysis of social innovation andthe EMES approach! The social innovation debate is an interestingchannel to promote the debate about governancewhich is central in the EMES approach ? ! </p>