Social groups

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<p>SOCIAL GROUPS</p> <p>SOCIAL GROUPSBy- Harsh Agrawal</p> <p>INTRODUCTIONSociology is the study of social relations. It is primarily concern with the social groups. A man cant be social by himself unless he has lived with others. Mans life is too vain enormous extent a group life. The groups we belong to are not all of equal importance to us. Some groups tend to influence many aspects of our life and bring us into personal and familiar association with others.</p> <p>WHAT IS A GROUP?A small collection of people who interact with each other, usually face to face, over time in order to reach goals. In order to be considered a group, members must:Interact Be interdependent -members rely on one anotherInteract for a length of time Be a particular sizeHave hopes of achieving one or more goals</p> <p>the Nature of GroupsAll social groups contain the following:Permanence beyond the the meeting of the group Means for identifying membersWays of recruiting new membersGoals and purposesSocial statuses, roles = norms for behaviorMeans of controlling members behavior5</p> <p>Types of Social GroupsPrimary group these are the initial groups that a person joins. Examples are the family, the barkada or peer group, play group, cliques, gangs, immediate school group. </p> <p>Primary Groupsinteraction among members who have an emotional investment in one another and in a situation, who know one another intimately and interact as total individuals rather than through specialized roles. (FAMILY) Charles Horton Cooley (1909) called primary groups the nursery of human nature.Described by saying we; it involves the sort of sympathy and mutual identification for which we is the natural expressionFamily members interact in terms of their entire personalities, not just as specific statuses7Characteristics of Primary GroupsThese are small groups where relationship is informal and personal.There is face-to-face association and cooperation. There is fusion of individualities into a common whole.There is sympathy and mutual identification.These groups are the nursery of human nature.</p> <p>Types of Social GroupsSecondary Groups these are the groups that an individual may join in the latter part of his life. Secondary Groupscharacterized by much less intimacy among its members. It usually has specific goals, is formally organized, and is impersonal. e.g. Political parties, co-workers, church members, town residents etc.10</p> <p>Characteristics of Secondary GroupsThese are large groups.Contacts may be face-to-face, indirect, fleeting, or in longer duration. Relationship is important insofar as they facilitate attainment of the goal. There is some sort of contractual relationship based on the attainment of the goal of the group. Loyalty and sense of belonging does not develop spontaneously. In-Groups vs. Out-GroupsThese are not actually physical groups. These are only mental perspectives of the WE and the THEY. The We are the in-groups; while the THEY are the out-group. Formal vs. Informal GroupsFormal groups - these are social structures deliberately organized for the attainment of specific goals which meet the fundamental needs of the members. Examples: Schools, churches, hospitals, industrial establishments, trade unions, government agencies, political parties, military, and civic organizationsFormal vs. Informal GroupsInformal groups - these are smaller groups formed within the Formal group. They may be dyads or triads. </p> <p>Types of GoalsIndividual Goals - the motives of each individual group member</p> <p>Group goals the ultimate outcome the group hopes to accomplish</p>