Slum networking, indore

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About the Slum networking project in Indore.

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Slum Networking Program

Slum Networking ProgramIshaan (UP1911) | Saurabh (UP2012)| Nikita (UP2212) |Anjali (UP2412)

Slum networking project

Slum Networking is a community driven approach which sees slums not as resource draining liabilities, but as opportunities of sustainable change for the city as a whole

It is an innovative concept, which exploits the linkage between the slums and the natural drainage paths that influence the urban infrastructure and environment of the city.

Slum networking is an integrated upgrading scheme wherein the city building process is used to transform the slums into settlements while mainstreaming the poor into the urban population.

Indore SNP is a holistic approach to a community based sanitation and environment improvement program.

Indore, MPClimateAnnual rainfall 750mm. During monsoon season rivers are sometimes flooded, while other times they serve as narrow sewage discharge channelsLocationSituated on the western part of Malwa plateau on the banks of Khan and Saraswati rivers.TopographyIndores average altitude is 550m. All slums are on the slopes along the banks of riversArchitectureIndore slums are not crowded like others, but were impregnable from exterior with pockets of open community space inside.Rivers meet at the center of the city, the historical chatri, where hindu temples and palaces are located

kutcha, or temporary, dilapidated structures, lacking hygiene, services, utilities and infrastructure.

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Why Slum Networking Project?Sewer lines built in 1936 served only 5% of the population and 10% of the city.All solid waste and city sewage were discharged into khan and saraswati rivers.Poor health and unhygienic conditions were prevailing in the area.Ironically, all the slums were along the river.About 28% of total population lives in slums. There are a total 183 slums within the networking system

Where was it implemented?

ProgramObjective of slum networking Improve the overall quality of life of the urban poor in terms of health, education, skill upgrading and access to finance for shelter improvement and income generation. Mobilisation of material resources for the development of the settlements. Transform the sanitation and environment of the entire slum matrix of cities within a set time scale. Converge the strengths of the communities, economic forces of the city and the government for the planning and implementation of the program.FormulationLaunched in March 1989 by IDA and financial assistance was provided by Overseas Development administration(ODA) of British Government.

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Improving sanitation and the environment.Upgrading city drainage system by using slum network as starting point .Linkage between old city sewerage with the new pipe sanitation.Channelling the clean treated water into nearly dying rivers.Functional Assessment

Philosophical FrameworkThe approach was from the designing body together with community participation from building of houses to maintaining them. Also many NGOs were involved in the whole process.Views and suggestions of the residents were also taken into consideration.The network created by the infrastructure resulted in housing upgradation through the following physical improvements: roads and footpaths, storm drainage, sanitation and sewerage, water supply, earthworks and landscaping, street lighting management and the removal of solid waste A community hall was built for social, economic, cultural and educational improvement.

Users28% of the slum population.The whole city in terms of riverfront and the environment

Technical AssessmentA key technique in the project was lowering the mud roads before paving them. The lowered streets and pathways serve as natural drainage channels during heavy rainstorms as well as reduce the effects of dust and mud.

Concrete roads are cheaper to build and easier to clean, the technology is simple and residents can take part in the construction process.

flies. Once the piped sewerage system was built, it was possible to clean the rivers, restore historic riverside structures and landscape the banksPrior to the improvement program, the polluted waterways were breeding grounds for mosquitos and

Local GovernmentOverall frameworkFinanceCity InfrastructureMaintenanceConvergence of other ProgrammmesLocal IndustriesFinanceSlum InfrastructureCommunity DevelopmentConsultantsTechnical SupportPlanning & DesignImplementationCOMMUNITYFinanceControlMaintenanceFinancial/ Bilateral InstitutionsFinanceTraining Support

NGOs Community SavingsHealthEducationTraining supportGovernment Org.(State Level/ Central)Legislative FrameworkNetworking at various levelsImplementation Structure

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Result of SNPA cleaner cityThe mainstreaming of urban settlement growth.The regulation of sewage and waste management.A landscaped garden with fountains for aeration created by the flow of treated water through the river.The revitalisation of the historical heritage in the city centre20 slums have reached 100 percent literacy level.A beautiful riverfront of 2km was built making a recreation space at a city level together with arcade shopping which generated revenue

Weakness of Indore habitat projectThe project was financed from a grant given by Overseas Development Administration. U.K. Although the community contributed substantiality in terms of house improvements and paying for community services, nevertheless, replicating of a grant based project can always be questioned. Solid waste component of the project was weak undermining the excellent work done in other areas of environmental sanitation. Community development activities and physical works did not always run in tandem.

LearningsCommunity based participation.Understanding the ground issues and taking suggestions from the residents.Including the slum into the urban fabric of the city.Conserving the heritage aspect of the city which was depleting.Transforming Slums and Transcending Poverty without Aid with an Innovative Water and Sanitation Paradigm

Ahmedabad- ParivartanAn integrated approach to development is steadily reaping results in Ahmedabad, Gujarats largest city.Slum communities, as target beneficiaries, have joined hands with government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector to improve the slums and mainstream them with the city. Parivartan (Change), as the project has been christened, is changing the lives of slum dwellers, who now have better access to water, sanitation, education, health, and livelihood opportunities. Thirty-four slum areas covering approximately 11,500 households have already benefited from the initiative, which is currently under way in another 13 areas.

Sourcehttp://architexturez.net/doc/az-cf-166249www.akdn.org/architecture/pdf/1826_Ind.pdfhydrologie.org/ACT/Marseille/works-pdf/wchp4-8.pdfhttp://www.changemakers.com/sustainableurbanhousing/entries/slum-networking-transforming-slums-and-transcendingReport: Slum networking of Indore city, Indore, India- 1998 Technical Review summary by Lailun Nahar Ekram

THANK YOU

The Governing principles of the National slum policies are:Endorse an upgrading and improvement approach in all slums. To ensure access to basic minimum services to these settlements. Slum-less cities, the goal of all urban planning for social and economic development.Emphasis on equity and distributive justice. Ensure continuous supply/recycling of serviced and semi-serviced land suitable for high density occupation by lower income groups. To empower poor by capacity building to improve their own living conditions. To ensure access to affordable land, house sites and services. To encourage community participation in capacity building. http://www.housingscience.org/html/publications/pdf/34-2-6.pdf