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Skilled Migrants - Your journey commences here
Express Entry is the immigration platform used to manage applications for permanent
residence under these federal economic immigration programs:
the Federal skilled worker program
the Federal skilled Trade program and
The Canadian Experience Class.
It is a process whereby skilled immigrants are chosen and permitted as permanent residents in
Canada based on their ability to settle in Canada and take part in the economy is called express
This process begins with filling an online express entry profile, to a pool in which highest ranking
candidates are selected and issued an invitation to apply for permanent residence. Candidates will
be awarded points for:
a job offer, and/or
a nomination from a province or territory, and/or
skills and experience factors.
You have 60 days to submit an online application for permanent residence after your entry pool
has been selected. The majority of completed applications will be processed in 6 months or
less. Candidates can stay in the pool for up to 12 months. If you do not get an Invitation to Apply
for permanent residence within 12 months of submitting an Express Entry profile, then you can
submit a new profile. You will can selected if you meet the criteria in the new profile.
THE FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM:
CANADA – IMMIGRATION PROCESS
This program only applies to skill type 0, which involves management jobs, skill Level A,
which involves Professional jobs (with a degree) and skill Level B, which involves
Technical Jobs/Skilled Trade (diploma/apprenticeship).
1. Skilled work experience:
Experience must be:
at least one year (1,560 hours total / 30 hours per week), continuous full-time or an equal
amount in part-time,
paid work (volunteer work, unpaid internships do not count),
in the same job,
within the last 10 years, and
at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC).
The classification is as follows:
The job information is broken down into a number of groups. For immigration purposes,
the main groups are:
1. Skill Type 0 (zero) – management jobs.
o examples: restaurant managers, mine managers, shore captains (fishing)
2. Skill Level A — professional jobs. People usually need a degree from a university
for these jobs.
o examples: doctors, dentists, architects
3. Skill Level B — technical jobs and skilled trades. People usually need a college
diploma or to train as an apprentice to do these jobs.
o examples: chefs, electricians, plumbers
4. Skill Level C — intermediate jobs. These jobs usually need high school and/or job-
o examples: long-haul truck drivers, butchers, food and beverage servers
5. Skill Level D — labor jobs. On-the-job training is usually given.
o examples: cleaning staff, oil field workers, fruit pickers
30 hours/week for 12 months = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)
15 hours/week for 24 months = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)
30 hours/week for 12 months at more than one job = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)
It must be shown that a candidate did the duties set out in the lead statement of the
occupational description in the NOC, including all the essential duties and most of the
main duties listed.
If it cannot be shown that work experience meets the description in the NOC, a candidate
will not be eligible under this program.
2. Language Ability: Candidate must prove ability in reading, listening, speaking and
writing English or French. A
language test will be taken by the candidate invited to apply and test results will be
submitted with the application. Recognized tests include: Canadian English
Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP). Or International English
Language Testing System (IELTS). If a candidate scores 67 and above in tests,
he may qualify. For
a skill type 0 or a skill level A job, a candidate needs a CLB 7 (English) and for a
skill level B, a CLB 5 (English) to qualify.
Work Experience: Candidates working experience adds points for qualification.
1 year 9 points
2 – 3 years 11 points
4 – 5 years 13 points 6
or more years 15 points
3. Age: A candidate under the age of 18, and over the age of 47 will not be qualified
4. Adaptability: A candidate must show that he has a valid job offer for full time and
permanent work in an occupation that falls into the accepted skill category, prior to
applying. Anyone who does not already have a job offer supported by a Labor
Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) (if you need one), or a nomination from a
province or territory, must register with Employment and Social Development
Canada’s (ESDC) Job Bank. Job Bank will help connect Express Entry candidates
with eligible employers in Canada.
http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/offer.asp http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/hire/offers.asp http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/hire/offers.asp
Candidates are also encouraged to promote themselves to employers in other ways, such
as using job boards, recruiters etc.
For a job offer to be valid in Express Entry and receive points, employers will need an
LMIA from ESDC. The LMIA process ensures employers have made an effort to hire
Canadians and permanent residents for available jobs. There will be no LMIA fee for
permanent resident applications
FEDERAL SKILLED TRADE PROGRAM
The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for people who want to become permanent residents
based on being qualified in a skilled trade.
To be eligible, A candidate must:
Plan to live outside the province of Quebec (Note: The province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers. )
meet the required levels in English or French for each language ability (speaking, reading, writing and listening),
have at least two years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work experience) In a skilled trade within the five years before you apply,
meet the job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification (NOC), except for needing a certificate of qualification, and
Have an offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least one year or a
certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial or
territorial authority. Similar working hours criteria apply as at that of the Federal
Skilled Worker. Up to two employers can commit to employing a candidate for at
least one year of continuous full-time work, meaning a total of at least 30 hours
of work per week.
In Canada, provinces and territories issue certificates of qualification in the
skilled trades. To get a certificate, the provincial or territorial trades authority
must assess the candidates training, trade experience and skills to decide if a
candidate is eligible to write an exam to be certified.
There is no education requirement for the Federal Skilled Trades Program. But, if you
wants to earn points on education under express entry, you need either:
a Canadian post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree
a completed foreign credential, and
an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report from an agency approved by CIC.
[The report must show that the candidate’s foreign education is equal to a completed
Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree.]
http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/language.asp http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/offer.asp http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/helpcentre/glossary.asp#educational_credential http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/assessment.asp
A candidate must:
You must meet the minimum language level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5
for speaking and listening, and Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4 for reading and
You must take a language test approved by Cit