skeletal system functions and long bones. functions 1.framework –the bones form a framework to...

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  • Skeletal System Functions and Long bones
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  • Functions 1.Framework The bones form a framework to support the bodys muscles, fat, and skin
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  • Functions 2. Protection Bones surround vital organs for protection
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  • Functions 3.Levers Muscles attach to bones to help provide movement
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  • Functions 4. Production of blood cells - Bones help produce red and white blood cells and platelets 5. Storage - Bones store most of the calcium supply of the body
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  • Review What are the five functions of the skeletal system?
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  • Long Bones
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  • Skeletal System Axial Skeleton Skull, spinal column, ribs, and breastbone Appendicular skeleton Shoulder girdle, arm bones, pelvic girdle, leg bones
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  • Skull Cranium Made of eight bones One frontal, two parietal, two temporal, one occipital, one ethmoid, and one sphenoid Facial Made of 14 bones One mandible, two maxilla, two zygomatic, two lacrimal, five nasal, two palatine
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  • Skull Sutures Areas where the cranial bones have joined together Sinuses Air spaces in the bones of the skull Foramina Openings in bones that allow nerves and blood vessels to enter or leave the bone
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  • Review How many bones make the cranium? Name all the bones of the cranium. How many bones comprise the facial bones?
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  • Spinal Column Made of 26 bones called vertebrae Protect the spinal cord and provide support for the head and trunk
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  • Ribs 12 pairs of ribs First seven are called true ribs because they attach directly to the sternum Bottom five pairs are called false ribs
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  • Sternum Breastbone Manubrium Gladiolus Xiphiod process
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  • Shoulder Girdle Consists of 2 Clavicles 2 Scapulas
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  • Review How many vertebrae make up the spine? What are the two functions of the spine? How many pairs of ribs do humans have? What is the proper name for the breastbone? What bones make the shoulder girdle?
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  • Arm Humerus Upper arm Radius On thumb side Ulna Larger of the two lower arm bones Carpals wrist Metacarpals Palm of hand Phalanges fingers
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  • Review What bones comprise the upper extremity? Which side is the radius located?
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  • Pelvic Girdle 2 Os Coxae (hip bones) Join with sacrum
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  • Review What is the name of the two bones that join the sacrum to comprise the pelvic girdle?
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  • Bones of the lower extremity Femur Patella Tibia Fibula 7 tarsals ankle 5 metatarsals Instep of foot Phalanges toes
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  • Femur Patella Tibia Fibula
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  • What is the weight bearing bone of the lower leg? Tibia
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  • Review Which bones comprise the lower extremity? How many tarsal bones do you have? How many metatarsals do you have?
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  • Joints Areas where two or more bones join together Three main types of joints Diarthrosis Amphiarthrosis Synarthrosis
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  • Joints Diarthrosis Freely movable; examples include the ball-and- socket joints of the shoulder and hip, or the hinge joints of the elbow and knee
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  • Joints Amphiarthrosis Slightly movable; an example is the attachment of the ribs to the thoracic vertebrae
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  • Joints Synarthrosis Immovable; an example is the cranium
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  • Review What are the three main type of joints?
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  • Diseases and Abnormal Conditions Arthritis Inflammation of the joints Bursitis Inflammation of the busae (small fluid-filled sacs surrounding the joints)
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  • Diseases and Abnormal Conditions Fracture Crack or break in a bone Dislocation When a bone is forcibly displaced from a joint
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  • Diseases and Abnormal Conditions
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  • Sprain Twisting action tears the ligaments at a joint Osteomyelitis Bone inflammation usually caused by a pathogenic organism Osteoporosis Increased porosity or softening of the bones
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  • Diseases and Abnormal Conditions Ruptured Disk Herniated or slipped pad separating the vertebrae
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  • Abnormal curvatures of the spine Kyphosis hunchback Scoliosis Side-to-side or lateral curvature Lordosis swayback
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  • Review List at least five diseases or abnormal conditions of the skeletal system.


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