skeletal identification

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<p>PowerPoint Presentation</p> <p>Skeletal Identification Axial SkeletonWhat are the bones that make up the orbit of the skull? Frontal boneZygomatic bone Maxillary bone Sphenoid bone Ethmoid bone Lacrimal bone Palatine bone </p> <p>Hyoid </p> <p>The hyoid is a U shaped bone that helps support the tongue. Skull</p> <p>The skull is a framework that closes the brain, it has many different bones that are put together to make the skull. Mastoid Process </p> <p>A protrusion on the temporal bone behind the ear, neck muscles are attached It contains small air filled cavities which are called mastoid cells that communicate with the middle ear. External Occipital Protuberance </p> <p> The External Occipital Protuberance is near the middle of the occipital squama and is also knows as the inionExternal Auditory Meatus </p> <p>Is the ear canal, a curved tube extending from the auricle into the temporal bone, ending at the tympanic membrane.Zygomatic Process </p> <p>Zygomatic process is a protrusion of the skull, most of it belongs to the Zygomatic bone. However, there are other bones contributing to it too, known as the frontal bone, maxilla and temporal bone.Bones in skull:</p> <p>Frontal BoneParietal BoneTemporal boneOccipital boneSphenoid boneBones in skull cont.:</p> <p>Ethmoid boneNasal boneMaxillary boneMandible boneLacrimal boneVomer boneInferior nasal conchaStapes, Malleus, and incus:</p> <p>#1: Incus#2: Stapes#3: MalleusSpinal Column:</p> <p>AtlasAxisCervical vertebrae's (7)Thoracic vertebraes (12)Lumbar Vertebrae's (5)Sacrum &amp; coccyx</p> <p>SacrumCoccyxSternum &amp; ribs:</p> <p>True ribs (7)False ribs (5)ManubriumBodyXiphoid processThere are a total of 12 ribs in your body, 7 of those are called true ribs, 5 are called false ribs and out of the 5 false ribs there are two that are floating ribs. True Ribs are called true ribs because they are the only ribs that fully connect to your sternum. False ribs dont each connect to the sternum so that is why they are called false ribs and the floating ribs dont connect to anything, thats why they are called floating ribs.</p> <p>Appendicular SystemUpper extremity:</p> <p>ClavicleScapula:</p> <p>SpineAcromion processCoracoid process (on anterior side)Supraspinous fossaInfraspinous fossaSubscapular fossa (on anterior side)Humerus:</p> <p>HeadNeckGreater tubercleIntertubercle grooveLesser tubercleDeltoid tuberosityMedial EpicondyleLateral EpicondyleCapitulumTrochleaOlecranon fossaRadius &amp; ulna</p> <p>Carpals, metacarpals, &amp; Phalanges:</p> <p>There are three types of bones in the hand which are carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges. You start with the thumb and count to five. Eight small bones in the bottom of the hand are Pisiform, triquetrum, lunate, scaphoid, hamate, capitate, trapezoid, trapezium. All of these bones are important for movement and structure. Lower Extremity:</p> <p>Femur &amp; patella</p> <p>Tibia &amp; fibula</p> <p>Tarsals, metatarsals, &amp; phalanges</p>