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  • Sixty-Fifth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of theHistory of Civilization (To December 1943)Author(s): George Sarton and Frances SiegelSource: Isis, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Winter, 1944), pp. 53-94Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: .Accessed: 14/06/2014 05:12

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    (TO DECEMBER 1943)

    THE latest Critical Bibliography to appear was the sixty-fourth which was published in Isis (34, 423- 62, 1943), but two bibliographies, nos. 58 and 59, are thus far unavailable to the majority of our readers because of the German invasion of Bel- gium. The bibliography no. 58 has actually been published in Isis (vol. 31, 491-608, April 1940), but only nine copies of the issue containing it (no. 84 of Isis completing vol. 31) have reached America.

    This sixty-fifth bibliography contains about 630 items. They have been kindly contributed by the eight following scholars:

    C. W. ADAMS (London) S. GANDZ (New York) C. A. KOFOID (Berkeley, Cal.) C. D. LEAKE (Galveston, Tex.) M. F. A. MONTAGU (Merion, Pa.) A. POGO (Cambridge, Mass.) G. SARTON (Cambridge, Mass.) C. ZIRKLE (Philadelphia).

    The sections dealing with the twentieth century are especially full, as I have liquidated as much as I could of my stock of notes concerning them. I have in my drawers a large number of notes which will be published as soon as it has been possible to check them upon the originals or otherwise.

    The historical classification (part II) contains a new section (IV), "The New World and Africa," divided into three subsections: (a) America, (b) Oceania, (c) Africa. (These subsections have not been numbered, in order not to disturb the num- bering of sections of Part III.)

    I entreat the authors of relevant books and papers to send me copies of them as promptly as possible in order that their studies may be regis- tered in this bibliography and eventually re- viewed and discussed. By so doing they will not simply help me and every other historian of science, but they will help themselves in the best manner, for they will obtain for their work the most valuable publicity and its certain incorpora- tion into the literature of the subject.

    Most of the notes were selected by me. They were typed by Miss FRANCES SIEGEL, and the typing and proofs read by Dr. A. POGO.

    GEORGE SARTON Harvard Library, 185 Cambridge 38, Mass. December 22, 1943

    PART I



    Taqizadeh, S. H. A new contribution to the materials concerning the life of ZOROASTER. Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, 8, 947-54, London, 1937.


    Stella, L. A. Importanza di ALCMEONE nella storia del pensiero greco. 55 p. (Accad. dei Lincei, Memorie, ser. VI, VIII, fasc. 4). Rome, Bardi, 1939.

    Reviewed by LUDWIG EDELSTEIN, American Journal of Philology, 63, 371-72, 1942.


    Edelstein, Ludwig. The Hippocratic oath. Text, translation and interpretation. vii+64 p. (Sup- plements to the Bulletin of the History of Medi- cine, no. 1). Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1943.

    "One must conclude that the Oath was not composed before the 4th century B.C. All the doctrines followed in the treatise are characteristic of Pythagoreanism as it was envisaged in the 4th century B.C. It is most probable even that the Oath was outlined only in the second half or towards the end of the 4th century, for the greater part of the parallels adduced are taken from the works of pupils of ARISTOTLE." . . . "As time went on, the Hippocratic Oath became the nucleus of all medical ethics. In all coun- tries, in all epochs in which monotheism, in its purely religious or in its more secularized form, was the accepted creed, the Hippocratic Oath was applauded as the em- bodiment of truth. Not only Jews and Christians, but the Arabs, the mediaeval doctors, men of the Renaissance, scientists of the Enlightenment, and scholars of the 19th century embraced the ideals of the Oath. I am not quali- fied to outline the successive stages of this historical process. But I venture to suggest that he who undertakes to study this development will find it better understandable if he realizes that the Hippocratic Oath is a Pythagorean mani- festo and not the expression of an absolute standard of medical conduct."

    Frankel, Hermann. ZENO OF ELEA'S attacks on plurality. American Journal of Philology, 63, 1-25, 193-206, 1942.

    Myres, J. L. An attempt to reconstruct the maps used by HERODOTUS. Geographical Journal, 8, 605-31, 1896.


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  • Vth B.C. to Ilnd (1)

    An elaborate paper with 10 diagrammatic maps. Add. to Introd., 1, 106. C.W.A.

    IVTH CENTURY B.C. (whole and first half)

    Klibansky, Raymond. PLATO'S Parmenides in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. A chap- ter in the history of Platonic studies. Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies, 1, 281-330, 1943.

    "No other Platonic dialogue, perhaps no other philo- sophical work, has undergone such strange vicissitudes as the Parmenides. Considered by one group of exegetes as a mere exercise in dialectic, regarded by another as an important contribution to the theory of ideas, rejected by some as spurious, viewed by a few as a humorous parody, and extolled by many as the supreme expression of Pla- tonic theology, its character was no less disputed in the schools of Antiquity than among modern interpreters."

    IVTH CENTURY B.C. (second half)

    Boyer, C. A. An early reference to division by zero. American Mathematical Monthly, 50, 487-91, 1943.

    "Historical evidence points to ARISTOTLE, rather than to BRAHMAGUPTA, as the one who first considered division by zero."

    IIIRD CENTURY B.C. (whole and first half)

    Breloer, Bernhard. MEGASTHENES (etwa 300 v. Chr.) iiber die indische Gesellschaft. Z. d. D. M. G., 88, 130-64, 1934.

    Breloer, Bernhard. MEGASTHENES iiber die in- dische Stadtverwaltung. Z. d. D. M. G., 89, 40- 67, 1935.

    IIIRD CENTURY B.C. (second half)

    Solmsen, Friedrich. ERATOSTHENES as Platonist and poet. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, 73, 192-213, 1942.

    "In his Platonicus ERATOSTHENES clarified and set forth his views regarding a number of concepts which PLATO in the Timaeus had used to construct and explain the Uni- verse. The same concepts not only reappear in ERATOS- THENES' own philosophy but also play an important part in his mathematical studies and in his musical theory. In geography too, his principal contribution may be under- stood as an application of a Platonic point of view. ERATOS- THENES shared PLATO'S belief in a pre-existence of the souls. Finally, one of his poems, the Hermes, embodies the out- lines of a Platonic cosmology and at the same time reflects some of ERATOSTHENES' own scientific convictions and interests."

    IST CENTURY B.C. (whole and first half) Boyance, Pierre. Etudes sur le songe de SCIPION.

    192 p. (Bibliotheque des Universites du Midi, XX). Bordeaux, 1936.

    Reviewed by F. CUMONT, Revue de l'histoire des reli- gions, 116, 224-25, 1937. "La these essentielle que defend

    l'auteur est que le Songe n'est pas, comme on l'a soutenu, une adaptation de quelque reverie mystique de POSIDONIUS, ni une version plus ou moins fidele de quelque autre modele grec, mais une creation litteraire de CICERON lui-meme, qui a voulu renouveler le theme traditionnel du reve eschatologique. Nous croyons que, sur ce point capital, il faut lui donner raison."

    Deutsch, Rosamund E. The pattern of sound in LUCRETIUS. viii+188 p. Bryn Mawr, 1939.

    Reviewed by RAYMOND MANDRA, American Journal of Philology, 63, 376-77, 1942.

    Getty, R. J. The astrology of P. NIGIDIUS FIGU- LUS. The Classical Quarterly, 35, 17-22, 1941.

    Green, William M. The dying world of LUCRE- TIUS. American Journal of Philology, 63, 51-60, 1942.

    IST CENTURY B.C. (second half)

    Deferrari, Roy J.; Barry, M. Inviolata; McGuire, Martin R. P. A concordance of OVID. ix+2220 p. Washington, Catholic Uni- versity of America Press, 1939.

    Concordances are very useful when they are kept within bounds, but I fail to see the use of extending them to the most common words of the language, such as et and que. If a pedant wanted to see for himself how OVID used those words, he would not consult the