Sixty-eighth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization (to January 1945)

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<ul><li><p>Sixty-eighth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of theHistory of Civilization (to January 1945)Author(s): George Sarton and Frances SiegelSource: Isis, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Oct., 1945), pp. 22-69Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: .Accessed: 08/05/2014 17:25</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact</p><p> .</p><p>The University of Chicago Press and The History of Science Society are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize,preserve and extend access to Isis.</p><p> </p><p>This content downloaded from on Thu, 8 May 2014 17:25:32 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p></li><li><p>SIXTY-EIGHTH CRITICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY </p><p>OF THE </p><p>HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND OF THE HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION </p><p>(TO JANUARY 1945) </p><p>THE latest Critical Bibliography to appear was the sixty-seventh which was published in Isis, 35, 349- 62, 1945, but two bibliographies, nos. 58 and 59, are thus far unavailable to the majority of our read- ers because of the German invasion of Belgium. The bibliography no. 58 has actually been published in Isis (vol. 31, 49i-608, April 1940), but only nine copies of the issue containing it (no. 84 of Isis completing vol. 3I) have reached America. </p><p>This sixty-eighth bibliography contains about 630 items. They have been kindly contributed by the seven following scholars: </p><p>C. W. ADAMS (London) I. B. COHEN (Cambridge, Mass.) M. GRAUBARD (Washington, D. C.) C. D. LEAKE (Galveston, Texas) M. F. A. MONTAGU (Philadelphia, Pa.) G. SARTON (Cambridge, Mass.) C. ZIRKLE (Philadelphia, Pa.) </p><p>The sections dealing with the Middle Ages and Byzantium (sections 6-7) are especially full, as I have liquidated as much as I could of my stock of notes concerning them. I have in my drawers a large number of notes which will be published as soon as it has been possible to check them upon the originals or otherwise. </p><p>For the sake of new Isis readers, it is worth while to explain briefly the method of this bibliography. The fundamental classification is chronological by centuries, and from the fourth century B.C. on by half centuries. Thus, items concerning ARCHI- MEDES or HARVEY are dassified in the sections de- voted, respectively, to the second half of the third century B.C. or to the first half of the seventeenth century. Items which cannot be classified in that way are then listed, if possible, under one of the historical or ethnographical headings of Part II, which is subdivided as follows: </p><p>I. Antiquity: I. Antiquity (generalities); 2. Egypt; 3. Babylonia and Assyria; 4. Greece; 5. Rome. </p><p>I. Middle Ages: 6. Middle Ages (generalities); 7. Byzantium. </p><p>III. Oriental Science and Civilization: 8. Asia (generali- ties), Western Asia (including "The ancient East" in gen- </p><p>eral), Central Asia, Eastern Asia (including works relative to the whole of Buddhist Asia, or to India, Central and Eastern Asia combined); 9. India; i o. China; iI. Japan; I2. Israel (including works devoted to Palestine); I3. Iran; 14. Islam (also Arabia). </p><p>IV. New World and Africa: (a) America; (b) Oceania; (c) Africa (outside Egypt and Islam). </p><p>Thus, books or articles relating to Greek geome- try or Chinese medicine are classified, respectively, under 4. Greece or IO. China. </p><p>Finally, items irreducible to the classifications of Parts I and II are classified in Part III according to the branch of science to which they belong. Part III is subdivided as follows: </p><p>I. Science in general: i5. Bibliography of Science; I6. History of Science; I7. Organization of Science (internal organization is meant, see Isis, I, I95; for external organi- zation, national or international, see section 55); i8. Phi- losophy of Science. </p><p>II. Formal Sciences (knowledge of forms): i9. Logic and Theory of Knowledge; 20. Mathematics; 21. Statistics (History and methods. Tables and generalities. For the applications, refer to the sciences to which they are applied.). </p><p>III. Physical Sciences (knowledge of inorganic nature): 22. Mechanics (including celestial and atomical mechanics); 23. Astronomy; 24. Physics; 25. Chemistry, Physical Chem- istry, Industrial Chemistry; 26. Technology (For Mining, see 32. Geology; for Industrial chemistry, 25. Chemistry. See also Arts and Crafts under 45.). </p><p>IV. Biological Sciences (knowledge of organic nature): 27. Biology (generalities, "Natural history"); 28. Botany (Agronomy, Phytopathology, Palaeobotany); 29. Zoology. </p><p>V. Sciences of the Earth (implying knowledge of both organic and inorganic nature): 3o. Geodesy; 3 I. Geography and Oceanography; 3z. Geology, Mineralogy, Palaeontol- ogy, Mining. (For Palaeobotany, Palaeozoology, and Pa- laeoanthropology, see, respectively, 28. Botany, 29. Zoology, and 39. Prehistory.); 33 Meteorology, Climatology, Ter- restrial Physics. </p><p>VI. Anthropological and Historical Sciences (knowledge of man, past and present): 34. Anatomy; 35. Physical An- thropology (Anthropometry and Races of Man); 36. Physi- ology (human and comparative); 37. Psychology (human and comparative); 38. Archaeology (generalities, meth- ods), History of archaeology and erudition; 39. Prehistory; 4o. Ethnology (primitive and popular science); 41. Super- stition and Occultism; 42. Economics (Economic doctrines and history. Commerce. Transportation and communica- tions); 43. Sociology, Jurisprudence, and Positive Polity; 44. History of Civilization (General history, Historical methods, Biography, Chronology); 45. History of Art (Art </p><p>22 </p><p>This content downloaded from on Thu, 8 May 2014 17:25:32 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p></li><li><p>Xth B.C. to Ist (I) 23 </p><p>and Science, Iconography, Arts and Crafts); 46. History of Language, Writing and Literature; 47. History of Morals (Moral organization of Society); 48. History of Philosophy (See also above i 8. Philosophy of Science); 49. History of Religion (Science and Religion). </p><p>VII. Medicine: 50. History, organization, and philos- ophy of medicine; 5 '. Epidemiology. History of special dis- eases. Medical geography. Public health. Balneology. Social Medicine; 52. History of hospitals, of medical teaching, and of the medical profession; 53. Pharmacy. Pharmacology. Toxicology. </p><p>VIII. Education (methods of accumulating, imparting, and diffusing knowledge): 54. Education (generalities, methods, colleges, universities); 55. Academies, societies, congresses. National and international organization of sci- ence (Societies and congresses devoted to particular sciences are classified under those sciences. For the internal organiza- tion of science, see section 17); 56. Bibliography (methods, libraries); 57. Museology (museums and collections). </p><p>58. Catalogues of second-hand books on the History and Philosophy of Science; 59. Memoria technica; 6o. Errata. </p><p>This classification was devised to satisfy the needs of historians of science in general, rather than those of historians of particular sciences. For example, a student of the history of physiology will find only a few of the physiological items under the heading 36. Physiology. Studies devoted to definite physiologists wotuld be found in the chronological section of Part 1, and those devoted to, say, Hindu physiology in section 9. India of Part II. It would not take him very long, however, to glance through the whole bibliography and mark with a pencil the items per- tinent to his own investigations. No method of clas- sification can satisfy immediately every need, but we believe that ours is sufficiently clear to be of use to every scholar willing to take the few necessary pains. </p><p>I entreat the authors of relevant books and papers to send me copies of them as promptly as possible in order that their studies may be registered in our bibliographies and eventually reviewed and discussed. By so doing they will not simply help me and every other historian of science, but they wfll help them- selves in the best manner. </p><p>Most of the notes were selected by me. They were typed by Miss FRANCES SIEGEL, and the typ- ing and proofs read by Dr. A. POGO. </p><p>GEORGE SARTON Harvard Library, I85 Cambridge 38, Mass. January I6, 1945 </p><p>P4RT 1. </p><p>FUNDIIMENTIIL CLSSJIFIC4TION (CENTURJIIL) </p><p>IXTH CENTURY B.C. </p><p>Fritz, K. von. Noos and noen in the Homeric poems. Classical Philology, 38, 79-93, 1943. </p><p>VIIITH CENTURY B.C. </p><p>Phifippson, Paula. Genealogie als mythische Form. Studien zur Theogonie des HESIOD. 37 p. (Symbolae Osloenses, fasc. supplet. VII). Oslo, 1936. </p><p>IVTH CENTURY B.C. (whole and first half) </p><p>Jaeger, Werner. Paideia: the ideals of Greek culture. Translated from the German manuscript by GILBERT HIGHET. Volume II. In search of the Divine Centre. xviii+442 p. New York, Oxford University Press, I943. </p><p>Reviewed by AUBREY DILLER, Isis, 35, I88-89, 194.4. </p><p>IVTH CENTURY B.C. (second half) </p><p>Aristotle. Generation of animals. With an Eng- lish translation by A. L. PECK. lxxviii+6o8 p. (Loeb Classical Library). Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1943. </p><p>Reviewed by GEORGE SARTON, Isis, 35, i8i, 1944. </p><p>DeWift, Norman W. EPICURUS: all sensations are true. Transactions and Proceedings of the dmerican Philological Association, 74, 19-32, 1943- </p><p>"The aim of this article is to show reasons for believ- ing that the statement in the heading is false as usually understood. It is absurd; the documentation is deficient, misleading, and from prejudiced sources; advocates of its validity go beyond their authorities. It is inconsistent with EpiCURUS' theory of perception, his terminology, his account of vision, his classifications, his treatment of the criteria in his Principal Doctrines, his account of heavenly phenomena in the letter to PYTHOCLES, and his recommendations to students. Ancient proofs of it are polemical sophistries. Modern misinterpretations have arisen from the ambiguity of alethes, which has three meanings in Epicureanism: I. real or self-existent; 2. relatively true; 3. absolutely true. Sensations have been confused with judgments." </p><p>IST CENTURY B.C. (second half) </p><p>Knight, W. F. Jackson. Roman Vergil. viii+ 348 p. Faber and Faber, 1944. </p><p>Reviewed by R. G. AUSrIN, Antiquity, i8, I67-68, 1944. </p><p>Olson, Lois. Vergfl and conservation. Agricul- tural History, I8, 153-5 5, 1944. </p><p>A paper in a series on pioneer soil conservationists of the Western Mediterranean World. C. Z. </p><p>IST CENTURY (whole and first half) </p><p>Hamilton, Robert A. B. Archaeological sites in the Western Aden protectorate. Geographical Journal, 101, 110-17, 1943. </p><p>This content downloaded from on Thu, 8 May 2014 17:25:32 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p></li><li><p>24 Ist (i) to Vth (i) </p><p>"In the foothills of the Haid Dhiyan there is a system of hill aqueducts dating probably from the first or sec- ond centuries. They are V-shaped channels, carefully sited and plaster-lined, cut in the sides of the hills, so that rainwater was collected in them, carried into aque- ducts, and taken out to the fertile land beyond the hills." </p><p>C. W. A. </p><p>Morland, Henning. CELSUS und die lateinischen Oribasiusiubersetzungen. Symbolae Osloenses, 4, 68-7I, 1926. </p><p>Wolfson, Harry A. PHILO on Jewish citizenship in Alexandria. Journal of Biblical Literature, 63, I65-68, I944. </p><p>IST CENTURY (second half) </p><p>[Pliny the Elder]. The Elder PLINY'S chapters on chemical subjects. Edited, with translation and notes by KENNETH C. BAILEY. Part I, 249 p.; Part II, 299 p. London, Edward Arnold, I929-32. </p><p>"It has not always been easy to determine which pas- sages should be included in a work of this description. I have been guided by the following principles. It seems clear that PLINY'S Natural History can only be edited at the present day in an adequate manner by those who have a competent knowledge of the branches of science in- volved. This means that a complete edition must be Inade in sections, of which 'The Elder Plinv's Chapters on the History of Art' by JEx-BLAKE and SELLERS miYay be re- garde(l as the first, and the present work (to be completed in two volumes) constitutes the second. The chapters on Botany, Zoology, Medicine, and other subjects must receive treatment from those who are expert in those sciences. When, therefore, it was necessary to take sec- tions from the earlier books of the Natural History, books which consist mainly of non-chemical matter, only those sections which are directly concerned with clhemical sub- jects were selected. On the other hand, the whole of Book XXXIII (except a few paragraphs already edited by JEx-BLAKE and SELLERS) has been included, even parts which have little connection with chemiiistry, for only tlhus can the whole of the Natural History be covered by such a scheme as I have outlined above." </p><p>Volume II contains the text and translation of parts from Books XXXIV to XXXVI. Elaborate notes and indices in both volumes. G. S. </p><p>IIND CENTURY (whole and first half) Heegaard, Poul. P. Osl. 6. The date of the </p><p>horoscope of Philoe. Papyri Osloenses, fasc. II, 146-5 I, Oslo, 1931. </p><p>"Among the papyri belonging to the University Li- brary at Oslo is a horoscope cast for an otherwise un- known girl or lady named PHILOE. S. EITREM has edited it in Papyri Osloenses, fasc. I, 'Magical Papyri,' p. 2i.z1 According to HEEGAARD the date is close to March I 1, 150 A.D. G. S. </p><p>Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos or Quadripartite. Being four books of the influence of the stars. Newly </p><p>translated from the Greek paraphrase of PROCLUS with a preface, explanatory notes and an appendix. Containing extracts from the Al1magest of PTOLEMY and the whole of his Centiloquy to- gether with a short notice of Mr. RANGER'S zodiacal planisphere and an explanatory plate, by J. M. ASHMAND. New edition. xxiv+ I64 P. Chicago, Aries Press, 1936. </p><p>Reviewed by GEORGE SARTON, Isis, 35, i 8 i-82, facs., 1944. </p><p>IIIRD CENTURY (second half) </p><p>Merlan, Philip. PLOTINus Enneads 2.2. Trans- actions of the American Philological Association, 74, '79-9I, I943. </p><p>IVTH CENTURY (whole and first half) </p><p>Haraszti, Zoltan. Two Donatus fragments. More Books, 20, 9-26, facs., Boston, I945. </p><p>Apropos of the acquisition of two DONATUS fragments by the Boston Public Library; review of the intricate Coster-Gut...</p></li></ul>


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