simple present tense versus present continuous

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Aula de Ingls

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I am doing (PRESENT CONTINUOUS) and I do ( PRESENT SIMPLE )

I am doing (PRESENT CONTINUOUS)

and

I do ( SIMPLE PRESENT )COMPARESIMPLE PRESENTAo ocorre com determinada frequncia :John is a writer . He writes interesting books.Sandra is a teacher. She teaches English.Neymar is a soccer player.He plays soccer very well.PRESENT CONTINUOUSAo ocorre no tempo da fala :John is writing a book.Sandra is teaching English at the moment.Is Neymar playing soccer at the moment ?Agora observe a seguinte situao :Tom e Paul esto conversando no intervalo da escola .Tom diz a Paul : __ I am reading an interesting book at the moment. I will lend it to you when Ive finished it . ( Eu estou lendo um livro interessante no momento. Eu o emprestarei a voc quando eu terminar a leitura.) Tom no est lendo o livro no momento em que conversa com Paulo. Ele quis dizer a Paulo que comeou a ler o livro mas ainda no terminou de l-lo.

Concluso : Usamos o Present Continuous no necessariamente para nos referir apenas a uma ao que est acontecendo agora , mas tambm quando queremos nos referir a aes que esto ocorrendo dentro de um perodo de tempo. Veja mais exemplos :You are working hard today. ( Voc est trabalhando muito hoje.)Is Susan working this week ? ( Susan est trabalhando esta semana ?)The population of the world is rising very fast. (A populao mundial est crescendo muito rpido.)

CompareSituao temporriaPresent ContinuousHe is working hard today . ( Ele est trabalhando muito hoje.)I am living with some friends until I find a flat. ( Eu estou morando com alguns amigos at encontrar um apartamento.)I am not driving this week because my car has broken. ( Eu no estou dirigindo esta semana porque meu carro quebrou.)Situao permanenteSimple PresentHe is not lazy. He works very hard most of the time.(Ele no preguioso. Ele trabalha muito a maior parte do tempo.) My parents live in London. ( Meus pais moram em Londres.)I drive every day . ( Eu dirijo todos os dias.)Confuses com o Present Continuous e Simple PresentAlguns verbos so erroneamente usados no Present Continuous quando deveriam ser usados no Simple Present . Veja :

I am not understanding you.

I do not understand you .

Understand = compreender , entender.

Verbos que NO so normalmente usados nos tempos contnuosLike , love, hate, want, see, hear, smell , taste, need, prefer, know, realise, suppose, mean, understand , believe, think ( = believe) , remember , forget , belong ,own, have (= possess ), contain, consist , depend,seem , appear (= seem), look ( = seem) , feel ( = have the opinion that) , see (= understand ) .Erros com o uso do Simple Present :Im tired . I am wanting to go home. Im tired. I want to go home .

This room is smelling . Lets open a window.This room smells . Lets open a window.

You are seeming worried.You seem worried .

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSEUSOS :

A) Comunicar aes ou acontecimentos que ocorrem com certa frequncia : Exemplos: My brother always forgets my birthday. (Meu irmo sempre esquece meu aniversrio.) She rarely eats meat. ( Ela raramente come carne.) I go to the movies once a week . ( Eu vou aos cinemas uma vez por semana.)

Adverbs of frequencyAlways ---- 100%

Usually ---- 70%

Sometimes ------ 50 %

Rarely -------- 20 %

Never ---------- 0%

B ) Comunicar verdades universaisExemplos : Dogs bark . (Ces latem.) Children play . ( Crianas brincam.)C ) Comunicar aes ou acontecimentos que esto programados para ocorrer no futuro ( geralmente com tomorrow, next week, next month etc)Exemplos : Paul travels to England next week. ( Paulo viaja para Inglaterra prxima semana.) See you tomorrow. ( Vejo voc amanh.)

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I

I I You

You You

We

work We do not / dont work

Do

We You

You You

They They They Simple Present Tense work ?

AffirmativeNegativeYes , I doNo, I dont Yes , you doNo, you dontYes, we do No, we dont Yes, you doNo, you dont Yes, they doNo, they dont Short Answers SIMPLE PRESENT You dont talk during my English classes . Thats good !!!

IMPERATIVE FORM Dont talk during my English classes, please ! X Affirmative formNegative formInterrogative formHe works well.

He does not ( doesnt) work well.

Does he work well ?She works well.

She does not ( doesnt) work well.

Does she work well ?

It works well.

It does not ( doesnt) work well.

Does it work well ?

Third person singularAffirmative

Negative

Yes , he does No, he doesnt Yes , she doesNo, she doesntYes, it does No, it doesntShort AnswersRegra geral :

Acrescenta-se S maioria dos verbos na 3 pessoa do singular .

Exemplos : She reads books about New York. He works from Monday to Friday.Forma afirmativa : 3 pessoa do singularVerbos terminados em ch,s,sh,x,z e o recebem ES na 3 pessoa do singular

Exemplos :brush brusheswatch watchesgo goesdress dressesfix fixesbuzz buzzes Dica : regra similar ao plural de substantivos .

Particularidades18Verbos terminados em Y precedido de consoante, trocam o Y por IES.

Exemplos : try tries study studies dry dries Dica : regra similar ao plural de substantivos . Ex : city ( cidade ) - cities ( cidades)

No tempo presente, o verbo HAVE tem a forma HAS para a 3s pessoas do singular .

Exemplos : She has a car. She has not (hasnt) a car. ( Ingls britnico ) Has she a car ? ( Ingls britnico ) Does she have a car ? ( Ingls americano) She does not have (doesnt have) a car. (Ingls americano )Construes erradas : You not like Brazil. She speaks Spanish ?

Construes corretas :You do not like Brazil.Does she speak Spanish?Omisso de auxiliares em negaes e perguntas

A forma do auxiliar DO idntica a do verbo to do no presente e no passado simples (did ). Por isso, a palavra DO pode aparecer duas vezes na mesma frase : What do you do ? ( O que voc faz ? )

Outros exemplos : Do you do your homework regularly ? ( Voc faz seu dever de casa regularmente?) I dont do it regularly. ( Eu no o fao regularmente.)

Do (fazer) X Do (auxiliar)Usos de formas interrogativas com o verbo TO BE , Present Continuous e Simple Present Tense : What time is it ? (Que horas so?) Where are you ? ( Onde voc est ? ) Where were you ? ( Onde voc estava? ) Where do you live ? ( Onde voc mora? ) Where are you going ? ( Onde voc est indo ? ) How old are you ? ( Qual a sua idade ? ) How often do you study English ? ( Com que frequncia voc estuda Ingls ? )How are you ? /How do you do ? ( Como vai voc ? )

Pronomes interrogativos