SIMPLE PAST PRESENT REGULAR VERBS

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PRONUNCIATION SIMPLE PAST -D-T-ID

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SIMPLE PAST

SIMPLE PASTREGULAR VERBSWhat is the simple past and when do we use it?The simple past is the most common way of talking about past events or states which have finished.The simple past is used to describe an action that occurred and was completed in the past.

Regular past simple forms

Regular past simple forms are formed by adding -edto the infinitive of the verb.startstartedkillkilledjumpjumpedIf the verb ends in e , you add d -> like -> likedIF the verb ends in a consonant and y, you change the y by the I and add ed. FOR EXAMPLE Study -> StudiedBut if the word ends in a vowel and -y, you add -ed. Play -played

What about the pronunciation OF THE ED ENDING?/d/ /t/ /d/arrivedaskedwantedfailedcrosseddecidedagreedstoppedstarted

rules to pronounce past tense verbs1ST RULE. If the verb base ends in a voiceless sound, then the ed ending sounds like t. Voiceless consonant sounds: p, f, k, s, sh, ch.WORK /K/->worked /T/Divorce /S/->DIVORCED /T/Stop /P/->STOPPED /T/Laugh /F/->LAUGHED /T/Cough /F/->COUGHED /T/

2nd RULE. If the verb base ends in a voiced sound, then the ed ending sounds like d. Voiced consonant sounds: b, v, g, z, j, l, m, n, r. All vowel sounds are voiced.

MOVE /V/->moved /D/RETURN /N/->returned /d/STAY /EI/->stayed /D/RAISE /z/->raised /D/TRAVEL /L/->traveled /D/3RD RULE The past tense (ed) is pronounced as (id) when the last sound in the present tense verb is t or d

START /T/->started /d/GRADUATE /T/->graduated /d/VISIT /T/->visited /d/DATE /T/->dated /d/ATTEND /D/->attended /d/ADD /D/->ADDED /d/